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Corriere della Sera

Corriere della Sera
La libertà delle idee
("The freedom of ideas")
Front page on 15 July 2009
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBerliner
Owner(s)RCS MediaGroup
Founder(s)Eugenio Torelli Viollier
Managing editor, designLuciano Fontana [it]
Founded5 March 1876; 148 years ago (1876-03-05)
Political alignmentLiberalism
Centrism
Formerly:
Fascism (1925–1945)
Conservatism
Anti-communism
LanguageItalian
HeadquartersMilan, Italy
CountryKingdom of Italy (1876–1946)
Italy (since 1946)
Circulation206,874 (print, 2018)
170,000 (digital, 2019)
Sister newspapersLa Gazzetta dello Sport
ISSN1120-4982
Websitewww.corriere.it Edit this at Wikidata

Corriere della Sera (Italian: [korˈrjɛːre della ˈseːra]; English: "Evening Courier") is an Italian daily newspaper published in Milan with an average circulation of 246,278 copies in May 2023.[1][2] First published on 5 March 1876, Corriere della Sera is one of Italy's oldest newspapers and is Italy's most read newspaper. Its masthead has remained unchanged since its first edition in 1876. It reached a circulation of over 1 million under editor and co-owner Luigi Albertini between 1900 and 1925. He was a strong opponent of socialism, clericalism, and Giovanni Giolitti, who was willing to compromise with those forces during his time as prime minister of Italy. Albertini's opposition to the Italian fascist regime forced the other co-owners to oust him in 1925.[3][4]

A representative of the moderate bourgeoisie,[5] Corriere della Sera has always been generally considered centre-right-leaning, hosting in its columns liberal and democratic Catholic views. In the 21st century, its main competitors are Rome's la Repubblica and Turin's La Stampa.[6] Until the late 1970s and early 1980s, when the country underwent a nationalization process, Corriere della Sera and La Stampa were not real national daily newspapers, as their geographical area of circulation was mostly limited to Lombardy for Corriere della Sera and Piedmont for La Stampa; thus, both papers shared a readership that was linked to its place of residence and its social class, mostly from the industrialist class and financial circles.[7] Corriere della Sera is considered the Italian national newspaper of record.[8][9][10] Corriere della Sera is the "major daily" and one of the main national newspapers in Italy, alongside la Repubblica, La Stampa, Il Sole 24 Ore, and Il Messaggero.[11]

History and profile

The paper headquarters in Milan

Corriere della Sera was first published on Sunday, 5 March 1876,[12] by Eugenio Torelli Viollier [it].[13] In 1899, the paper began to offer a weekly illustrated supplement, La Domenica del Corriere ("Sunday of the Courier").[14] In the 1910s and 1920s, under the direction of Luigi Albertini, Corriere della Sera became the most widely read newspaper in Italy, maintaining its importance and influence into the present century.[13] It was Corriere della Sera that introduced comics in Italy in 1908 through a supplement for children, namely Corriere dei Piccoli ("Courier of the Little Ones").[15]

The newspaper's headquarters has been in the same buildings since the beginning of the 20th century, and therefore it is popularly known as "the Via Solferino newspaper", after the street where it is still located. As the name indicates, it was originally an evening paper. During the Fascist regime in Italy, Corriere della Sera funded the Mussolini Prize, which was awarded to the writers Ada Negri and Emilio Cecchi, among the others.[16] Mario Borsa, a militant anti-fascist, was appointed the editor-in-chief of Corriere della Sera in May 1945;[17] the next year, the paper was relaunched as Il Nuovo Corriere della Sera, a name that it kept until 1959, to distance itself from its support of Fascism.[18] Borsa was fired because of his political leanings in August 1946 and was replaced by Guglielmo Emanuel, a right-wing journalist.[17] Emanuel served in the post until 1952.[17]

In the 1950s, Corriere della Sera was the organ of the conservative establishment in Italy and was strongly anti-communist and pro-NATO.[17] The paper was functional in shaping the views of the Italian upper and middle classes during this period.[17] The owners of the Corriere della Sera, the Crespi family,[19] sold a share to the RCS MediaGroup in the 1960s and was listed in the Italian stock exchange. Its main shareholders were Mediobanca, the Fiat group, and some of the biggest industrial and financial groups in Italy. In 1974, the RCS Media moved on to control the majority of the paper.[20][21]

The 1980s and 1990s

The newspaper was heavily affected by the P2 scandal started in 1981; it would regain its lost readers only in 1989.

During the early 1980s, Alberto Cavallari was the editor-in-chief of the paper.[19] In 1981, the newspaper was laterally involved in the Propaganda Due scandal when it was discovered that the secret Freemason lodge had the newspaper's editor Franco Di Bella and the former owner Angelo Rizzoli on its member lists. In September 1987, the paper launched the weekly magazine supplement Sette, which is the first in its category in Italy.[22][23] From 1987 to 1992, the editor-in-chief of Corriere della Sera was Ugo Stille.[24]

The 1988 circulation of Corriere della Sera was 715,000 copies, making it the second most read newspaper in Italy.[25] The paper started its Saturday supplement, IO Donna, in 1996.[26] In 1997, Corriere della Sera was the best-selling Italian newspaper with a circulation of 687,000 copies.[27]

The 21st century

Corriere della Sera had a circulation of 715,000 copies in 2001.[28] In 2002, it fell to 681,000 copies.[20] In 2003, its then editor Ferruccio de Bortoli resigned from the post.[12] The journalists and opposition politicians stated that the resignation was due to the paper's criticism of Silvio Berlusconi.[12]

In 2004, Corriere della Sera launched an online English section focusing on Italian current affairs and culture. That same year, it was the best-selling newspaper in Italy with a circulation of 677,542 copies.[29] In May 2007, the paper's website was listed 15th among the top 30 brands of the month in Italy, with over 4 million unique visitors, and behind only la Repubblica among daily newspapers;[30] during the same month, the paper had sold about 594,000 copies compared to the circa 566,000 copies of la Repubblica.[31] Its circulation in December 2007 was 662,253 copies;[12] excluding digital copies, its circulation in December 2013 was 99,145 copies.[32] By 2015, the paper had the country's highest circulation at about 308,000 copies.[5] One of the most visited Italian-language news websites, attracting over 2,4 million readers every day in July 2019,[33] the online version of the paper was the thirteenth most visited website in the country in 2011.[34]

In 2004, Angelo Agostini [it] categorized Corriere della Sera as an institution daily (quotidiano-istituzione), alongside La Stampa, in contrast to the agenda daily (quotidiano-agenda) like la Repubblica, and the activist daily (quotidiano-attivista) like Il Foglio, Libero, and l'Unità.[35] On 24 September 2014, Corriere della Sera changed its broadsheet format to the Berliner format.[36] On 7 March 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy, Corriere della Sera leaked a draft decree to put into lockdown several northern provinces particularly affected by the virus. The leaked news sparked a panic exodus to the south, and the threat of further contagion led to COVID-19 lockdowns in Italy.[37]

Content and sections

Corriere della Sera journalists interviewing Russian President Vladimir Putin in June 2015

Terza pagina ("Third Page"), a one page-survey dedicated to culture, used to feature the main article "Elzeviro" (named after the House of Elzevir font originally used), which over the years published contributions from all the editors, as well as major novelists, poets, and journalists. On Monday, Corriere della Sera is published alongside L'Economia ("The Economy"), a weekly finance and business magazine. On Thursday, it is published with Sette ("Seven"), a current events magazine. On Sunday, it is published along with la Lettura ("The Reading"), a weekly literary supplement.

Contributors past and present

The Italian novelist Dino Buzzati was a journalist at the Corriere della Sera. Other notable contributors include Adolfo Battaglia,[38] Eugenio Montale, Curzio Malaparte, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Enzo Bettiza, Italo Calvino, Alberto Moravia, Amos Oz, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Guido Piovene, Giovanni Spadolini, Oriana Fallaci, Alessandra Farkas, Lando Ferretti, Brunella Gasperini, Enzo Biagi, Indro Montanelli, Giovanni Sartori, Paolo Brera, Francesco Alberoni, Tracy Chevalier, Goffredo Parise, Sergio Romano, Sandro Paternostro, Arturo Quintavalle, Roberto Gervaso, Alan Friedman, Tommaso Landolfi, Alberto Ronchey, Maria Grazia Cutuli, Camilla Cederna, Marida Lombardo Pijola, and Paolo Mieli.

Editors

  • Luciano Fontana (editor-in-chief)
  • Barbara Stefanelli (vice editor-in-chief)
  • Massimo Gramellini (deputy editor ad personam)
  • Federico Fubini (deputy editor ad personam)
  • Daniele Manca (deputy editor)
  • Venanzio Postiglione (deputy editor)
  • Giampaolo Tucci (deputy editor)

Columnist and journalists

  • Alberto Alesina (columnist)
  • Pierluigi Battista (journalist)
  • Giovanni Bianconi (journalist)
  • Francesca Bonazzoli (journalist)
  • Isabella Bossi Fedrigotti (journalist)
  • Ian Bremmer (columnist)
  • Goffredo Buccini (journalist)
  • Sabino Cassese (columnist)
  • Aldo Cazzullo (journalist)
  • Benedetta Cosmi (corsivista)
  • Lorenzo Cremonesi (journalist)
  • Ferruccio de Bortoli (columnist, former editor-in-chief)
  • Dario Di Vico (journalist)
  • Michele Farina (journalist)
  • Luigi Ferrarella (journalist)
  • Antonio Ferrari (journalist)
  • Massimo Franco (journalist)
  • Davide Frattini (Jerusalem correspondent)
  • Milena Gabanelli (journalist)
  • Massimo Gaggi (New York correspondent)
  • Ernesto Galli della Loggia (columnist)
  • Mario Gerevini (journalist)
  • Francesco Giavazzi (columnist)
  • Aldo Grasso (columnist)
  • Marco Imarisio (journalist)
  • Luigi Ippolito (London correspondent)
  • Paolo Lepri (journalist)
  • Claudio Magris (columnist)
  • Dacia Maraini (columnist)
  • Viviana Mazza (journalist)
  • Paolo Mereghetti (columnist)
  • Paolo Mieli (columnist, former editor-in-chief)
  • Stefano Montefiori (Paris correspondent)
  • Guido Olimpio (journalist)
  • Angelo Panebianco (columnist)
  • Mario Pappagallo (columnist)
  • Magda Poli (journalist)
  • Antonio Polito (columnist)
  • Maurizio Porro (journalist)
  • Sergio Romano (columnist)
  • Arianna Ravelli (journalist)
  • Nicola Saldutti (journalist)
  • Guido Santevecchi (Beijing correspondent)
  • Giuseppe Sarcina (Washington correspondent)
  • Fiorenza Sarzanini (journalist)
  • Beppe Severgnini (journalist)
  • Lina Sotis (columnist)
  • Gian Antonio Stella (journalist)
  • Danilo Taino (journalist)
  • Paolo Valentino (Berlin correspondent)
  • Chiara Vanzetto (journalist)
  • Franco Venturini (columnist)
  • Francesco Verderami (journalist)

Supplements

  • L'Economia (on Monday)
  • Buone Notizie (on Tuesday)
  • ViviMilano (on Wednesday, only in the province of Milan)
  • Sette (on Thursday)
  • Liberi Tutti (on Friday)
  • IO Donna (on Saturday)
  • La Lettura (on Sunday)
  • Corriere della Sera Style (monthly)
  • Corriere Innovazione (monthly)

Local editions

See also

References

  1. ^ Accertamenti Diffusione Stampa, May 2023.
  2. ^ "Corriere Della Sera". groups.google.com. Retrieved 23 January 2024.
  3. ^ Niek Nelissen, "The Corriere della Sera and the Rise of the Italian Nationalist Association." European History Quarterly (1982) 12#2 pp: 143-165.
  4. ^ Paul Devendittis, "Luigi Albertini: Conservative Liberalism in Thought and Practice", European History Quarterly (1976) 6#1 pp: 139–146
  5. ^ a b Brändle, Verena; Cinalli, Manlio; Eisele, Olga; Lahusen, Christian; Trenz, Hans-Jörg (13 April 2021). Solidarity in the Media and Public Contention over Refugees in Europe. London: Routledge. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-000-37048-5. Retrieved 27 June 2023 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ Filistrucchi, Lapo (August 2004). "The Impact of Internet on the Market for Daily Newspapers in Italy" (PDF). European University Institute. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  7. ^ Saitta, Eugénie (April 2006). "The Transformations of Traditional Mass Media Involvement in the Political and Electoral Process" (PDF). Nicosia, Cyprus: European Consortium for Political Research. p. 9. Archived from the original (Conference Paper) on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  8. ^ Sanderson, Rachel (20 April 2014). "Corriere della Sera to give away 20m free copies". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 30 December 2023. Retrieved 30 December 2023. Corriere della Sera ... is Italy's national newspaper of record
  9. ^ Thurman, Judith (27 March 2010). "Counterfeit Roth". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 13 October 2021. Retrieved 30 December 2023. Corriere della Sera, Italy's newspaper of record
  10. ^ "A little less tangled". The Economist. 29 June 2013. Archived from the original on 30 December 2023. Retrieved 30 December 2023. in Corriere della Sera, Italy's daily newspaper of record.
  11. ^ "Italy media guide". BBC News Online. 3 July 2023. Archived from the original on 30 December 2023. Retrieved 30 December 2023.
  12. ^ a b c d "Communicating Europe: Italy Manual" (PDF). European Stability Initiative. 19 May 2008. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  13. ^ a b "Palazzo Corriere della Sera". milano.it. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  14. ^ Weiss, Ignazio (May 1960). "The Illustrated Newsweeklies in Italy". International Communication Gazette. 6 (2). Archived from the original on 9 April 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
  15. ^ Gino Moliterno, ed. (2005). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Italian Culture (PDF). London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-203-74849-2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  16. ^ Ben-Ghiat, Ruth (2001). Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945 (PDF). Berkeley: University of California Press. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 December 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  17. ^ a b c d e Bruti Liberati, Luigi (2011). "Witch-hunts and Corriere della Sera. A conservative perception of American political values in Cold War Italy: The 1950s". Cold War History. 11 (1): 69–83. doi:10.1080/14682745.2011.545599. S2CID 218575864.
  18. ^ Messina, Dino (17 April 2016). "L'indimenticabile (e terribile) '56. Il Congresso in cui Kruscev denunciò i 'crimini di Stalin'". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Archived from the original on 20 April 2016. Retrieved 8 July 2023.
  19. ^ a b Kamm, Henry (14 March 1983). "Scandals of Italy entangle its flagship newspaper". The New York Times. Milan. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  20. ^ a b "Annual Report 2003" (PDF). RCS Media Group. 31 December 2003. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  21. ^ Hanretty, Chris (2009). "The Italian media between market and politics" (PDF). Chris Hanretty. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  22. ^ Argentesi, Elena (2004). "Demand estimation for Italian newspapers" (PDF). ECO Working Papers (28). Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  23. ^ "Sette". Image Diplomacy. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  24. ^ Stille, Alexander (31 July 2007). The Sack of Rome: Media + Money + Celebrity = Power = Silvio Berlusconi. Penguin Group US. p. 308. ISBN 978-1-101-20168-8. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  25. ^ Humphreys, Peter (1996). Mass Media and Media Policy in Western Europe. Manchester University Press. p. 90. ISBN 9780719031977. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  26. ^ "Factsheet". Publicitas. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  27. ^ Alvarez, Jose L.; Mazza, Carmelo Mazza; Mur, Jordi (October 1999). "The management publishing industry in Europe" (PDF). University of Navarra. Archived from the original (Occasional Paper No:99/4) on 30 June 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  28. ^ Smith, Adam (15 November 2002). "Europe's Top Newspapers". Campaign. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  29. ^ "European Publishing Monitor. Italy" (PDF). Turku School of Economics and KEA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2015. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  30. ^ "Nielsen//NetRatings comunica i dati Internet relativi al mese di maggio 2007: utenza e consumi in crescita rispetto ad aprile" (PDF). Nielsen-Netratings.com (in Italian). Nielsen//NetRatings. 29 June 2007. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 29 June 2023.
  31. ^ Macrì, Piero (February 2008). "I giornali e internet verso un modello sostenibile" (PDF) (in Italian). European Journalism Observatory. p. 25. Retrieved 29 June 2023.
  32. ^ Circulation data. Accertamenti Diffusione Stampa (in Italian). 7 February 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2023.
  33. ^ "Audiweb: Italiaonline prima tra le concessionarie digital a luglio 2019". Engage.it. Archived from the original on 20 September 2019. Retrieved 18 September 2019. Sono, invece, La Repubblica, con 2,9 milioni di utenti unici e oltre 10.000 pagine viste nel giorno medio, Corriere della Sera, con 2,4 milioni di utenti unici e 7.600 pagine viste, e TgCom24, con 2,2 milioni di utenti unici e 8.100 pagine viste, i siti più visitati.
  34. ^ Mazzoleni, Gianpietro; Vigevani, Giulio (10 August 2011). "Mapping Digital Media: Italy" (report). Open Society Foundation. p. 22. Retrieved 29 June 2023. According to Alexa, among the top 20 websites consulted in Italy, those for news are followed by portals, community sites and providers, and social networks. The website of the daily newspaper La Repubblica comes 10th (ahead of Google, Yahoo!, Facebook, YouTube, MSN, and others); Corriere.it, belonging to the daily Corriere della Sera, comes 13th, and Gazzetta.it, the site of the sports daily La Gazzetta dello Sport, 18th. More than half of the users, 52.6 percent, who consult the internet mainly for news still obtain information by going to the websites of the traditional news publishers: La Repubblica, Corriere della Sera, and Gazzetta dello Sport. These are, in fact, the most popular newspapers in Italy.
  35. ^ Saitta, Eugénie (April 2006). "The Transformations of Traditional Mass Media Involvement in the Political and Electoral Process" (PDF). Nicosia, Cyprus: European Consortium for Political Research. pp. 5–6. Archived from the original (Conference Paper) on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  36. ^ "Italy: new Corriere della Sera - back to the future". Publicitas. 9 September 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
  37. ^ Giuffrida, Angela; Tondo, Lorenzo (8 March 2020). "Leaked coronavirus plan to quarantine 16m sparks chaos in Italy". Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  38. ^ "Autore: Adolfo Battaglia". First Online (in Italian). Retrieved 12 January 2022.

Further reading

  • Merrill, John C.; Fisher, Harold A. (1980). The World's Great Dailies: Profiles of Fifty Newspapers. pp. 104–110.
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Corriere della Sera
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