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Colinus virginianus
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Odontophoridae
Genus: Colinus
Goldfuss, 1820
Type species
Tetrao virginianus[2]
(Linnaeus, 1758)

Colinus cristatus
Colinus leucopogon
Colinus nigrogularis
Colinus virginianus[1]

Colinus is a genus of birds in the New World quail family, Odontophoridae. Members of the genus are commonly known as bobwhites.[1]


Extant species

Image Scientific name Subspecies Common name Distribution
Colinus cristatus (Linnaeus, 1766)
  • C. c. mariae Wetmore 1962 (Tres Marias crested bobwhite)
  • C. c. panamensis Dickey & van Rossem 1930 (Panamanian crested quail)
  • C. c. decoratus (Todd 1917) (Magdalena crested bobwhite)
  • C. c. littoralis (Todd 1917) (littoral crested bobwhite)
  • C. c. cristatus (Linnaeus, 1766)
  • C. c. horvathi (Madarász 1904) (Horvath's crested bobwhite)
  • C. c. barnesi Gilliard 1940 (Barnes' crested bobwhite)
  • C. c. sonnini (Temminck 1815) (Sonnini's crested bobwhite)
  • C. c. mocquerysi (Hartert 1894) (Mocquerys's/Cumana crested bobwhite)
  • C. c. leucotis (Gould 1844) (white-eared crested bobwhite)
  • C. c. badius Conover 1938 (Cauca Valley crested bobwhite)
  • C. c. bogotensis Dugand 1943 (Bogotá crested bobwhite)
  • C. c. parvicristatus (Gould 1843) (short-crested bobwhite)
crested bobwhite northern South America, extending through Panama to just reach Costa Rica
Colinus leucopogon (Lesson, 1842)
  • C. l. incanus Friedmann 1944 (Guatemalan white-breasted bobwhite)
  • C. l. hypoleucus (Gould 1860) (El Salvador white-breasted bobwhite)
  • C. l. leucopogon (Lesson 1842) (white-throated bobwhite)
  • C. l. leylandi (Moore 1859) (Leyland's spot-bellied bobwhite)
  • C. l. sclateri (Bonaparte 1856) (Sclater's spot-bellied bobwhite)
  • C. l. dickeyi Conover 1932 (Dickey's spot-bellied bobwhite)
spot-bellied bobwhite El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica
Colinus nigrogularis (Gould, 1843)
  • C. n. caboti van Tyne & Trautman 1941 (Yucatan black-throated bobwhite)
  • C. n. persiccus van Tyne & Trautman 1941 (Progreso black-throated bobwhite)
  • C. n. nigrogularis (Gould 1843) (Honduras black-throated bobwhite)
  • C. n. segoviensis Ridgway 1888 (Segovia black-throated bobwhite)
Yucatan bobwhite, black-throated bobwhite Central America where its range extends from the Yucatan Peninsula southwards to Honduras and Nicaragua
Colinus virginianus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • C. v. graysoni subspecies-group
    • C. v. graysoni (Lawrence 1867) (Grayson's bobwhite)
    • C. v. nigripectus Nelson 1897 (puebla bobwhite)
  • C. v. pectoralis subspecies-group
    • C. v. pectoralis (Gould 1843) (black-breasted bobwhite)
    • C. v. godmani Nelson 1897 (Godman's bobwhite)
    • C. v. minor Nelson 1901 (least bobwhite)
    • C. v. thayeri Bangs & Peters 1928 (Thayer's bobwhite)
  • C. v. coyolcos subspecies-group
    • C. v. nelsoni (Nelson's bobwhite)
    • C. v. ridgwayi Brewster 1885 (Masked bobwhite)
    • C. v. insignis Nelson 1897 (Guatemalan bobwhite)
    • C. v. salvini Nelson 1897 (Salvin's bobwhite)
    • C. v. coyolcos (Statius Müller 1776) (Coyolcos Bobwhite)
    • C. v. harrisoni Orr & Webster 1968 (Harrison's bobwhite)
    • C. v. atriceps (Ogilvie-Grant 1893) (black-headed bobwhite)
  • C. v. virginianus subspecies-group
    • C. v. aridus (Lawrence 1853) Aldrich 1942 (Jaumave bobwhite)
    • C. v. cubanensis (Gray 1846) (Cuban bobwhite)
    • C. v. floridanus (Coues 1872) (Florida bobwhite)
    • C. v. maculatus Nelson 1899 (spot-bellied bobwhite)
    • C. v. virginianus (Linnaeus 1758) (eastern bobwhite)
    • C. v. taylori Lincoln 1915 (plains bobwhite)
    • C. v. texanus (Lawrence 1853) (Texas bobwhite)
northern bobwhite[1] United States from the Great Lakes and southern Minnesota east to Pennsylvania and southern Massachusetts, and extending west to southern Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Colorado front-range foothills to 7000 feet, and all but westernmost Texas

Fossil species

  • Colinus eatoni
  • Colinus suilium Brodkorb 1959
  • Colinus hibbardi Wetmore 1944


  1. ^ a b c "Colinus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-09-28.
  2. ^ Peters, JL (1934). Check-list of birds of the world. Vol. 2. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. pp. 46–51.
  • Media related to Colinus at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Colinus at Wikispecies
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