For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Civil aviation authority.

Civil aviation authority

A civil aviation authority (CAA) is a national or supranational statutory authority that oversees the regulation of civil aviation, including the maintenance of an aircraft register.

Role

Due to the inherent dangers in the use of flight vehicles, national aviation authorities typically regulate the following critical aspects of aircraft airworthiness and their operation:

  • design of aircraft, engines, airborne equipment and ground-based equipment affecting flight safety
  • conditions of manufacture and testing of aircraft and equipment
  • maintenance of aircraft and equipment
  • operation of aircraft and equipment
  • licensing of pilots, air traffic controllers, flight dispatchers and maintenance engineers
  • licensing of airports and navigational aids
  • standards for air traffic control.

Depending on the legal system of the jurisdiction, a CAA will derive its powers from an act of parliament (such as the Civil or Federal Aviation Act), and is then empowered to make regulations within the bounds of the act. This allows technical aspects of airworthiness to be dealt with by subject matter experts and not politicians.[1][2]

A CAA may also be involved in the investigation of aircraft accidents, although in many cases this is left to a separate body (such as the Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) in Australia or the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) in the United States), to allow independent review of regulatory oversight.[3]

A CAA will regulate the control of air traffic but a separate agency will generally carry out air traffic control functions.

In some countries a CAA may build and operate airports, including non-airside operations such as passenger terminals; the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal and the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines being among such authorities. In other countries, private companies or local government authorities may own and operate individual airports.

Civil aviation authorities do not regulate military aviation. Military aviation will typically have a completely separate personnel licensing system. In the United Kingdom, military aviation is regulated by the Military Aviation Authority.

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) refers to civil aviation authorities as National Airworthiness Authorities (NAA), particularly when referring to an authority in its capacity as an airworthiness authority; or sometimes as National Aviation Authorities (also NAA).[4][5][6] EASA refers to them as National Aviation Authorities.[7]

History

The independent development of CAAs resulted in differing regulations from country to country. This required aircraft manufacturers in the past to develop different models for specific national requirements (such as the BAe Jetstream 31), and impeded airline travel into foreign jurisdictions. The Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention) was signed in 1944 and addressed these issues. This then led to the establishment by the United Nations of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in 1947 which now oversees member states, and works to implement regulatory changes to ensure that best practice regulations are adopted.[8]

The Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) was founded in 1970, for cooperation between European CAAs. It published the Joint Aviation Requirements (JAR), to create minimum standards across agencies. It was replaced by the European Aviation Safety Agency and disbanded in 2009.

The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) was created in 2003 as an agency of the European Union, replacing the Joint Aviation Authorities. It standardises aviation regulations across the European Union and the European Free Trade Association. Member states continue to have their own agencies, which implement EASA rules. EASA has working relationships with non-member states including Armenia, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. It was renamed the European Union Aviation Safety Agency in 2018.

List of civil aviation authorities

This is a list of national and supra-national civil aviation authorities.

Country Authority name in English Authority name in local language(s)

(If the local language is not English)

Website
 United Nations International Civil Aviation Organization
  • Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale
  • Organización de Aviación Civil Internacional
  • Международная организация гражданской авиации
  • 国际民用航空组织
www.icao.int
 Afghanistan Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation د افغانستان اسلامی جمهوریت، د ترانسپورت او ملکي هوايي چلند وزارت www.motca.gov.af
 Albania Albanian Civil Aviation Authority Autoriteti i Aviacionit Civil të Shqipërisë www.aac.gov.al
 Algeria Directorate of Civil Aviation and Meteorology Établissement de Gestion de Services Aéroportuaires d'Alger (EGSA), Établissement Nationale de la Navigation Aérienne (ENNA) www.egsa-alger.dz www.enna.dz
 Angola National Civil Aviation Authority of Angola Autoridade Nacional da Aviação Civil (ANAC) www.anac.ao/ao/
 Argentina National Civil Aviation Administration Administración Nacional de Aviación Civil www.anac.gov.ar
 Armenia General Department of Civil Aviation of Armenia Քաղաքացիական Ավիացիայի Գլխավոր Վարչություն www.aviation.am
 Aruba Department of Civil Aviation of Aruba www.dca.gov.aw
 Australia Civil Aviation Safety Authority www.casa.gov.au
 Austria Austro Control Österreichische Gesellschaft für Zivilluftfahrt www.austrocontrol.at
 Azerbaijan State Civil Aviation Agency of Azerbaijan Azərbaycan Respublikasının Dövlət Mülki Aviasiya Agentliyi www.caa.gov.az
 Bahamas Department of Civil Aviation of Bahamas www.bahamas.gov.bs
 Bahrain Department of Civil Aviation Affairs شئون الطيران المدني www.caa.gov.bh
 Bangladesh Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh বেসামরিক বিমান চলাচল কর্তৃপক্ষ www.caab.gov.bd
 Barbados Civil Aviation Department of Barbados bcad.gov.bb
 Belarus Aviation Department of Belarus Департамент по авиации www.avia.by
 Belgium Federal Public Service Mobility and Transport Service public fédéral Mobilité et Transports
Federale overheidsdienst Mobiliteit en Vervoer
mobilit.belgium.be/fr/transport_aerien%20mobilit.belgium.be/fr/ - French
mobilit.belgium.be/nl/luchtvaart%20mobilit.belgium.be/nl/ - Dutch
 Benin National Civil Aviation Agency Agence Nationale de l'Aviation Civile du Bénin www.anac.bj
 Bermuda Bermuda Civil Aviation Authority www.bcaa.bm
 Bhutan Bhutan Civil Aviation Authority www.bcaa.gov.bt
 Bolivia Directorate General of Civil Aeronautics Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil www.dgac.gob.bo
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Directorate of Civil Aviation Bosna i Hercegovina Direkcija za civilno zrakoplovstvo www.bhdca.gov.ba/eng/
 Botswana Civil Aviation Authority of Botswana www.caab.co.bw
 Brazil National Civil Aviation Agency of Brazil Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil (ANAC) www.anac.gov.br
 Brunei Department of Civil Aviation of Brunei Jabatan Penerbangan Awam www.dca.gov.bn
 Bulgaria Civil Aviation Administration (Bulgaria) Главна дирекция "Гражданска въздухоплавателна администрация www.caa.bg
 Cambodia Secretariat of State for Civil Aviation រដ្ឋលេខាធិការដ្ឋានអាកាសចរស៊ីវិល www.civilaviation.gov.kh
 Cameroon Cameroon Civil Aviation Authority www.ccaa.aero
 Canada Transport Canada Civil Aviation Directorate (Transport Canada Civil Aviation) Transports Canada Direction générale de l'aviation civile www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/menu.htm - English
www.tc.gc.ca/fra/civilaviation/menu.htm - French
 Cayman Islands Civil Aviation Authority of the Cayman Islands www.caacayman.com
 Chile Directorate General of Civil Aviation Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil www.dgac.gob.cl
 China Civil Aviation Administration of China 中国民用航空局 www.caac.gov.cn
Clipperton Island Clipperton Department of Civil Aviation DCA Clipperton www.dca.clipperton-gov.co
 Colombia Special Administrative Unit of Civil Aeronautics Unidad Administrativa Especial de Aeronáutica Civil www.aerocivil.gov.co
 Cook Islands Pacific Aviation Safety Office www.paso.aero
 Costa Rica Directorate General of Civil Aviation of Costa Rica Dirección General de Aviación Civil de Costa Rica www.dgac.go.cr
 Croatia Croatian Civil Aviation Agency Hrvatska agencija za civilno zrakoplovstvo www.ccaa.hr
 Cuba Institute of Civil Aeronautics of Cuba Instituto de Aeronáutica Civil de Cuba www.cubagob.cu Archived 2008-12-16 at the Wayback Machine
 Cyprus Department of Civil Aviation of Cyprus Τμήμα Πολιτικής Αεροπορίας www.mcw.gov.cy/mcw/dca/dca.nsf/DMLindex_en/DMLindex_en?OpenDocument
 Czech Republic Civil Aviation Authority of the Czech Republic Úřad pro civilní letectví Česká republika www.caa.cz/en/index.php
 Denmark Danish Transport Authority Trafikstyrelsen www.trafikstyrelsen.dk
 Dominican Republic Dominican Institute of Civil Aviation Instituto Dominicano de Aviación Civil www.idac.gov.do
 Ecuador Directorate General of Civil Aviation of Ecuador Dirección General de Aviación Civil www.aviacioncivil.gob.ec
 Egypt Ministry of Civil Aviation of Egypt وزارة الطيران المدني www.civilaviation.gov.eg
 El Salvador Civil Aviation Authority of El Salvador Autoridad de Aviación Civil www.aac.gob.sv
 Estonia Estonian Civil Aviation Administration Lennuamet www.transpordiamet.ee
 Eswatini Eswatini Civil Aviation Authority www.eswacaa.co.sz
 Ethiopia Ethiopian Civil Aviation Authority የኢትዮጵያ ሲቪል ኤቪዬሽን ባለሥልጣን www.ecaa.gov.et
 European Union European Aviation Safety Agency easa.europa.eu
 Fiji Civil Aviation Authority of Fiji www.caafi.org.fj
 Finland Finnish Transport and Communications Agency Liikenne- ja viestintävirasto
Transport- och kommunikationsverket
www.traficom.fi
 France Directorate General for Civil Aviation Direction Générale de l'Aviation Civile www.dgac.fr
 Gabon National Civil Aviation Agency Agence Nationale de l'Aviation Civile (ANAC) www.anacgabon.org
 Gambia Gambia Civil Aviation Authority www.gambia.gm/gcaa/
 Georgia Georgian Civil Aviation Administration საქართველოს სამოქალაქო ავიაციის სააგენტო gcaa.ge/en/
 Germany Federal Aviation Office Luftfahrt-Bundesamt (LBA) www.lba.de/EN/
 Ghana Ghana Civil Aviation Authority www.gcaa.com.gh
 Greece Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority Υπηρεσία Πολιτικής Αεροπορίας (ΥΠΑ) www.hcaa.gr
 Guatemala Directorate General of Civil Aviation of Guatemala Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil www.dgacguate.com
 Guernsey and  Jersey Office of the Director of Civil Aviation cidca.aero
 Guyana Guyana Civil Aviation Authority www.gcaa-gy.org
 Hong Kong Civil Aviation Department 民航處 www.cad.gov.hk
 Iceland Icelandic Transport Authority Samgöngustofa www.icetra.is
 India Directorate General of Civil Aviation dgca.gov.in
 Indonesia Directorate General of Civil Aviation Direktorat Jenderal Perhubungan Udara hubud.dephub.go.id
 Iran Iran Civil Aviation Organization سازمان هواپیمایی كشوری [fa] en.caa.gov.ir
 Iraq Iraq Civil Aviation Authority سلطة الطيران المدني العراقي www.icaa.gov.iq
 Ireland Irish Aviation Authority Údarás Eitlíochta na hÉireann www.iaa.ie
 Israel Civil Aviation Authority רשות התעופה האזרחית caa.gov.il
 Isle of Man Isle of Man Aircraft Registry www.gov.im/ded/aircraft/
 Italy National Agency for Civil Aviation Ente nazionale per l'aviazione civile https://www.enac.gov.it/Home/
 Jamaica Jamaica Civil Aviation Authority www.jcaa.gov.jm
 Japan Japan Civil Aviation Bureau 航空局 www.mlit.go.jp/en/koku/index.html
 Jordan Civil Aviation Regulatory Commission of Jordan www.carc.jo
 Kazakhstan Civil Aviation Committee Азаматтық авиация комитеті aviation.mid.gov.kz/en
 Kenya Kenya Civil Aviation Authority www.kcaa.or.ke
 Democratic People's Republic of Korea Civil Aviation Administration of Korea 조선민항
 South Korea Korea Office of Civil Aviation 대한민국 국토교통부 항공정책실 koca.go.kr
 Kiribati Pacific Aviation Safety Office www.paso.aero
 Kosovo Civil Aviation Authority of Kosovo Autoriteti i Aviacionit Civil të Kosovës www.caa-ks.org
 Kuwait Directorate General of Civil Aviation الإدارة العامة للطيران المدني www.dgca.gov.kw
 Kyrgyzstan Civil Aviation Agency of Kyrgyz Republic Агентство Гражданской Авиации Кыргызской Республики www.caa.kg
 Laos Department of Civil Aviation of Laos ກົມການບິນພົນລະເຮືອນແຫ່ງ ສປປ ລາວ www.dcal.gov.la
 Latvia Civil Aviation Agency of Latvia Civilās aviācijas aģentūra www.caa.lv
 Lebanon Lebanese Civil Aviation Authority مصلحة الطيران المدني اللبناني www.dgca.gov.lb
 Lesotho Department of Civil Aviation of Lesotho www.civilair.gov.ls
 Libya Libyan Civil Aviation Authority مصلحة الطيران المدني www.lycaa.org
 Liechtenstein Office of Civil Aviation of Liechtenstein
 Lithuania Transport Competence Agency Transporto Kompetencijų Agentūra tka.lt
 Luxembourg Directorate of Civil Aviation of Luxembourg Direction de l'Aviation Civile www.dac.public.lu
 Macau Civil Aviation Authority 民航局
Autoridade de Aviação Civil
www.aacm.gov.mo/english/comm/e-comm-index.html
 Malaysia Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia Pihak Berkuasa Penerbangan Awam Malaysia www.caam.gov.my
 Malawi Department of Civil Aviation of Malawi www.malawi.gov.mw/Transport/Home%20CivilAviation.htm
 Maldives Civil Aviation Department of the Maldives www.aviainfo.gov.mv
 Malta Civil Aviation Directorate of Malta Direttorat tal-Avjazzjoni Ċivili www.transport.gov.mt/aviation/civil-aviation-directorate
 Marshall Islands Directorate of Civil Aviation of the Marshall Islands rmipa.com/airports/
 Mauritius Department of Civil Aviation of Mauritius civil-aviation.govmu.org
 Mexico Federal Civil Aviation Agency Agencia Federal de Aviación Civil www.gob.mx/afac/en
 Moldova Civil Aviation Administration of Moldova Autoritatea Aeronautică Civilă a Republicii Moldova en.caa.md
 Mongolia Civil Aviation Authority of Mongolia Иргэний Нисэхийн Ерөнхий Газар www.mcaa.gov.mn?page_id=6161
 Monaco Monaco Civil Aviation Authority Service de l'Aviation Civile du Principauté de Monaco en.gouv.mc/Government-Institutions/The-Government/Ministry-of-Public-Works-the-Environment-and-Urban-Development/Civil-Aviation-Authority
 Montenegro Civil Aviation Agency of Montenegro Agencija za civilno vazduhoplovstvo www.caa.me
 Morocco Directorate General of Civil Aviation Direction Générale de l'Aviation Civile https://www.aviationcivile.gov.ma/
 Mozambique Civil Aviation Institute of Mozambique Instituto de Aviação Civil de Moçambique www.iacm.gov.mz
 Myanmar Department of Civil Aviation ေလေၾကာင္းပို႔ေဆာင္ေရးၫႊန္ၾကားမႈဦးစီးဌာန www.mot.gov.mm/dca/
 Namibia Namibia Civil Aviation Authority www.dca.com.na
 Nauru Pacific Aviation Safety Office www.paso.aero
 Nepal Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal नेपाल नागरिक उड्डयन प्राधिकरण caanepal.gov.np
 Netherlands Human Environment and Transport Inspectorate Inspectie Leefomgeving en Transport (ILT) english.ilent.nl/themes/themes/aviation
 New Zealand Civil Aviation Authority of New Zealand www.caa.govt.nz
 Nicaragua Nicaraguan Institute of Civil Aviation Instituto Nicaragüense de Aeronáutica Civil www.inac.gob.ni
 Nigeria Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority www.ncaa.gov.ng
 Niue Pacific Aviation Safety Office www.paso.aero
 North Macedonia Civil Aviation Agency of North Macedonia Агенција за цивилно воздухопловство www.caa.gov.mk
 Norway Civil Aviation Authority of Norway Luftfartstilsynet luftfartstilsynet.no/caa_no/
 Oman Civil Aviation Authority- Sultanate of Oman هیئه الطیران المدنی-سلطنة عمان www.caa.gov.om
 Pakistan Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority مقتدرۂ شہری طیران پاکستان www.caapakistan.com.pk
 Panama Civil Aviation Authority of Panama Autoridad Aeronáutica Civil www.aeronautica.gob.pa
 Papua New Guinea Civil Aviation Authority of Papua New Guinea
Pacific Aviation Safety Office
www.casapng.gov.pg
www.paso.aero
 Paraguay Directorate National of Civil Aeronautics Dirección Nacional de Aeronáutica Civil www.dinac.gov.py
 Peru Directorate General of Civil Aviation of Peru Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil portal.mtc.gob.pe/page_english/front-end/civilaviation/index.html
 Philippines Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines Pangasiwaan sa Abyasyong Sibil ng Pilipinas www.caap.gov.ph
 Poland Civil Aviation Authority Urząd Lotnictwa Cywilnego www.ulc.gov.pl
 Portugal National Authority of Civil Aviation of Portugal Autoridade Nacional de Aviação Civil (ANAC) www.anac.pt
 Qatar Civil Aviation Authority of Qatar للهيئة العامة للطيران المدني www.caa.gov.qa
 Romania Romanian Civil Aeronautical Authority Autoritatea Aeronautică Civilă Română www.caa.ro
 Russia Federal Air Transport Agency Федеральное агентство воздушного транспорта www.favt.ru
 Rwanda Rwanda Civil Aviation Authority www.caa.gov.rw
 Samoa Pacific Aviation Safety Office www.paso.aero
 San Marino San Marino Civil Aviation and Maritime Authority Autorità per l'Aviazione Civile e la Navigazione Marittima www.caa-mna.sm
 Saudi Arabia General Authority of Civil Aviation للهيئة العامة للطيران المدني www.gaca.gov.sa
 Senegal National Civil Aviation Agency of Senegal Agence Nationale de l'Aviation Civile du Sénégal www.anacim.sn
 Serbia Civil Aviation Directorate Директорат Цивилног Ваздухопловства www.cad.gov.rs
 Seychelles Seychelles Civil Aviation Authority www.scaa.sc
 Singapore Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore Penguasa Penerbangan Awam Singapura www.caas.gov.sg
 Slovakia Civil Aviation Authority of the Slovak Republic Letecký úrad Slovenskej republiky www.caa.sk
 Slovenia Civil Aviation Authority of the Slovenian Republic Javna agencija za civilno letalstvo Republike Slovenije www.caa.si
 Solomon Islands Pacific Aviation Safety Office www.paso.aero
 Somalia Somali Civil Aviation and Meteorology Authority Hay'adda Duulista Rayidka & Saadaasha Hawada Soomaaliyeed www.scama.so
 South Africa South African Civil Aviation Authority www.caa.co.za
 Spain Spanish Aviation Safety and Security Agency Agencia Estatal de Seguridad Aérea (AESA) www.seguridadaerea.gob.es/en
 Sri Lanka Civil Aviation Authority of Sri Lanka ශ්‌රී ලංකා සිවිල් ගුවන් සේවා අධිකාරිය www.caa.lk
 Sudan Civil Aviation Authority of Sudan www.caa-sudan.net
 Suriname Civil Aviation Department of Suriname www.cadsur.sr
 Sweden Swedish Transport Agency Transportstyrelsen www.transportstyrelsen.se/en/aviation/
 Switzerland Federal Office for Civil Aviation
  • Office fédéral de l'aviation civile (OFAC)
  • Bundesamt für Zivilluftfahrt (BAZL)
  • Ufficio federale dell'aviazione civile (UFAC)
www.bazl.admin.ch/index.html?lang=en
 Syria Syrian Civil Aviation Authority المؤسسة العامة للطيران المدني scaa.sy
 Taiwan Civil Aeronautics Administration 交通部民用航空局 www.caa.gov.tw
 Tanzania Tanzania Civil Aviation Authority Mamlaka ya Usafiri wa Anga Tanzania www.tcaa.go.tz
 Thailand The Civil Aviation Authority of Thailand สำนักงานการบินพลเรือนแห่งประเทศไทย www.caat.or.th
 Timor-Leste Civil Aviation Division of Timor-Leste gov.east-timor.org/CAA/
 Togo Civil Aviation Agency of Togo Agence Nationale de l'Aviation Civile du Togo (ANAC-TOGO) www.anac-togo.tg
 Tonga Pacific Aviation Safety Office www.paso.aero
 Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Civil Aviation Authority www.caa.gov.tt
 Tunisia Office of Civil Aviation and Airports Office de l'aviation civile et des aéroports www.oaca.nat.tn/index_eng.htm
 Turkey Directorate General of Civil Aviation of Turkey Sivil Havacılık Genel Müdürlüğü web.shgm.gov.tr
 Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands Civil Aviation Authority tcicaa.org
 Tuvalu Pacific Aviation Safety Office www.paso.aero
 Uganda Civil Aviation Authority of Uganda Ekitongole kya Uganda ekikola ku by'ennyonyi caa.go.ug
 Ukraine State Aviation Administration of Ukraine Державна авіаційна служба України (Державіаслужба) www.avia.gov.ua
 United Arab Emirates General Civil Aviation Authority هيئة الطيران المدني www.gcaa.ae
 United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority www.caa.co.uk
 United States Federal Aviation Administration www.faa.gov
 Uruguay National Civil Aviation and Aviation Infrastructure Direction Dirección Nacional de Aviación Civil e Infraestructura Aeronáutica www.dinacia.gub.uy
 Vanuatu Pacific Aviation Safety Office www.paso.aero
 Venezuela National Institute of Civil Aviation Instituto Nacional de Aviación Civil www.inac.gov.ve
 Vietnam Civil Aviation Administration of Vietnam Cục Hàng không Việt Nam www.caa.gov.vn
 Yemen Civil Aviation and Meteorological Authority of Yemen الهيئة العامة للطيران المدني و الأرصاد www.cama.gov.ye
 Zambia Department of Civil Aviation www.dca.com.zm
 Zimbabwe Civil Aviation Authority of Zimbabwe www.caaz.co.zw

See also

References

  1. ^ "Australian Civil Aviation Act, 1988". Archived from the original on 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2010-01-02.
  2. ^ Federal Aviation Act of 1958, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Library
  3. ^ "About the Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB)". Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-01-02.
  4. ^ "The Postal History of ICAO". applications.icao.int. Retrieved 25 February 2023.
  5. ^ "Performance-based Navigation (PBN) Manual. Doc 9613 AN/937. Third Edition — 2008" (PDF). ICAO. Retrieved 25 February 2023.
  6. ^ "ICAO Doc 10075" (PDF). Retrieved 25 February 2023.
  7. ^ "Drone incident management at airports" (PDF). EASA. Retrieved 25 February 2023.
  8. ^ "ICAO's Aims". ICAO. Archived from the original on 6 June 2007.
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Civil aviation authority
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.

X

Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?