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Silver gull (Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Laridae
Genus: Chroicocephalus
Eyton, 1836
Type species
Larus capistratus[1] = Larus ridibundus
Temminck, 1820

See list

Chroicocephalus is a genus of medium to relatively small gulls which were included in the genus Larus until recently.[2] Some authorities also include the Saunders's gull in Chroicocephalus. The genus name Chroicocephalus is from Ancient Greek khroizo, "to colour", and kephale, "head".[3]

Representatives of this genus are found in regions/subregions all over the world, each species usually being confined to a region.


Image Common Name Scientific name Distribution
Silver gull Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae Australia, New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands, Tasmania, New Zealand
Black-billed gull Chroicocephalus bulleri New Zealand
Hartlaub's gull Chroicocephalus hartlaubii coastline of South Africa and Namibia.
Saunders's gull Chroicocephalus saundersi China, Hong Kong, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Macau, Russia, Taiwan, and Vietnam.
Brown-hooded gull Chroicocephalus maculipennis Argentina, Brazil, Chile, the Falkland Islands, and Uruguay
Grey-headed gull Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus South America and Africa south of the Sahara.
Andean gull Chroicocephalus serranus Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
Brown-headed gull Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus Tajikistan to Ordos in Inner Mongolia.
Black-headed gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus Palearctic including Europe and also in coastal eastern Canada.
Slender-billed gull Chroicocephalus genei the Mediterranean and the north of the western Indian Ocean
Bonaparte's gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia northern North America



  1. ^ "Laridae". The Trust for Avian Systematics. Retrieved 2023-07-26.
  2. ^ Pons J.M.; Hassanin, A.; Crochet P.A. (2005). "Phylogenetic relationships within the Laridae (Charadriiformes: Aves) inferred from mitochondrial markers" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution. 37 (3): 686–699. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.05.011. PMID 16054399. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-09. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  3. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 104. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
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