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Chongchon River

Ch'ongch'on River
Location of the Ch'ongch'on River
CountriesNorth Korea (PRK)
Physical characteristics
SourceRangrim Mountains
 • coordinates40°25′30″N 126°43′10″E / 40.42500°N 126.71944°E / 40.42500; 126.71944
MouthYellow Sea
 • coordinates
39°34′38″N 125°25′59″E / 39.57722°N 125.43306°E / 39.57722; 125.43306
Length217 km (135 mi)
Chongchon River
Revised RomanizationCheongcheon-gang

The Ch'ŏngch'ŏn is a river in North Korea having its source in the Rangrim Mountains of Chagang Province and emptying into the Yellow Sea at Sinanju. The river flows past Myohyang-san and through the city of Anju, South P'yŏngan Province. Its total length is 217 km (135 mi), and it drains a basin of 9,553 km2 (3,688 sq mi).


In 612, at the Battle of Salsu (Salsa - the former name of the Cheongcheong River), the troops of the Korean kingdom of Goguryeo utterly defeated the Chinese army of the Sui Empire that had invaded Korea.

In November–December 1950, in the Battle of the Ch'ongch'on River, detachments of the Korean People's Army and Chinese volunteers won a major victory over the troops of the Americans and their allies during the Korean War.

Important Bird Area

The river's estuary has been identified by BirdLife International as an 8000 ha (19,768 acre) Important Bird Area (IBA) because it supports significant numbers of the populations of various bird species. These include swan geese, bean geese, whooper swans, Oriental storks, black-faced spoonbills, Chinese egrets, great bustards, white-naped cranes, hooded cranes, red-crowned cranes, Far Eastern curlews and spotted greenshanks. The site includes the 800 ha (1,977 acre) Mundok Nature Reserve.[1]

Hydroelectric dams

North Korea is building 10 new hydroelectric dams on the Chongchon River to spur rapid development.[2]


See also


  1. ^ "Chongchon River estuary (including Mundok Nature Reserve)". Important Bird Areas factsheet. BirdLife International. 2013. Archived from the original on 10 July 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  2. ^ "nknews- "North Korea building 10 new hydroelectric dams"". December 11, 2014. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
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Chongchon River
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