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Chicoasén Dam

Chicoasén Dam
The Chicoasén Dam, view from the reservoir.
Chicoasén Dam is located in Mexico
Chicoasén Dam
Location of Chicoasén Dam in Mexico
Official namePresa Manuel Moreno Torres
CountryMexico
LocationChicoasén, Chiapas
Coordinates16°56′30″N 93°06′02″W / 16.94167°N 93.10056°W / 16.94167; -93.10056
StatusIn use
Construction began1974
Opening date1980
Owner(s)Comisión Federal de Electricidad
Dam and spillways
ImpoundsGrijalva River
Height261 m (856 ft)
Length485 m (1,591 ft)
Reservoir
CreatesChicoasén Reservoir
Total capacity1,613,000,000 m3 (1,307,680 acre⋅ft)
Catchment area52,600 km2 (20,309 sq mi)
Power Station
Commission date1980-2005
Turbines5 x 300 MW, 3 x 310 MW Francis turbines
Installed capacity2,430 MW

The Chicoasén Dam (officially known as Manuel Moreno Torres) is an embankment dam and hydroelectric power station on the Grijalva River near Chicoasén in Chiapas, Mexico. The dam's power plant, officially named for Manuel Moreno Torres, contains 5 x 300 MW, 3 x 310 MW Francis turbine-generators. Torres was Comisión Federal de Electricidad's (the dam's owner) Director General in the later 1950s. The original generators were first operational in 1980 while the 310 MW units were ordered in 2000 and operational by 2005. Since then, the hydroelectric power station is the largest in Mexico.[1] The dam was designed in the early 1970s and constructed between 1974 and 1980 under topographical and geological constraints. It is an earth and rock fill embankment type with a height of 261 m (856 ft) and length of 485 m (1,591 ft).[2] It withholds a reservoir of 1,613,000,000 m3 (1,307,680 acre⋅ft) and lies at the head of a 52,600 km2 (20,309 sq mi) catchment area.[3] It is the tallest dam in North America.

References

  1. ^ "Hydroelectric Power Plants in Mexico". Industcards. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
  2. ^ "Chicoasén Dam in Mexico". Chinese National Committee on Large Dams. Archived from the original on 15 March 2012. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
  3. ^ A. A. Borovoi, I. S. Moiseev (1976). "Construction of the Chicoasen dam". Hydrotechnical Construction. 11 (5). Mexico: 534–537. doi:10.1007/BF02403609. S2CID 109908559.
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Chicoasén Dam
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