For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Cetin Castle.

Cetin Castle

Cetin Castle
Cetingrad, Croatia
Cetingrad castle remains
Map
Cetin Castle is located in Croatia
Cetin Castle
Cetin Castle
TypeFortress
Site information
Controlled byKing of Hungary (before 1387)
Frankopan family (1387~1408)
Zrinski family (1408~1413)
Frankopan family (1387~1408)
Counts of Okić (1429~1439)
Frankopan family (1449-1536)
Ottoman Empire(1536~1559)
Habsburg Empire(1559~1584)
-deserted (1584-1646)
Ottoman Empire(1646~1790)
Habsburg Empire(1790~1809)
French Empire(1809~1815)
Austrian Empire(1815~1866)[1]
Conditionruins
Site history
Builtunknown
TypeProtected cultural good
Reference no.Z-276[2]

The fortress of Cetin is situated 5 kilometres (3 mi) south of Cetingrad above the village of Podcetin, in Croatia. The castle and its immediate surrounding represent a monument of great value for Croatian national history because on this place in 1527 Croatian nobility elected Ferdinand I Habsburg a king of Croatia.[3] From that moment on, Croatia remained a part of Habsburg Monarchy until the end of World War I.

Etymology

According to Croatian historian Radoslav Lopašić, the name Cetin means: " a place covered with dense and dark forest".[4]

History

The moment when Cetin castle was built is unknown. There are some indications that a settlement existed there in the times of the Roman Empire. The Parish of All Saints, in which the fortress is situated, was first mentioned in 1334. In 1387, king Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, donated Cetin to Ivan of Krk, hence the castle became the property of the Frankopan family.

The Middle Ages were the golden era of Cetin. In the 15th century, the Cetinski branch of Frankopan family was formed. It only lasted a hundred years. Ivan Frankopan of Cetin died in the Battle of Krbava field. His brother Grgur and son Franjo Frankopan became archbishops of Kalocsa. Franjo Frankopan was the last member of the Frankopan Cetinski family. After him, the fortress became property of the Frankopan Slunjski family.

Cetin played an important role in the history of Croatia. After the defeat at the Battle of Mohács in 1526, Croatian nobility gathered at the Parliament on Cetin (Cetinski sabor). On 1 January 1527, they elected Ferdinand I, Archduke of Austria as the king of Croatia. The chart signed by Croatian nobles and representatives of Ferdinand of Habsburg is among the most important documents of Croatian statehood and it is preserved in the Austrian State Archives in Vienna. In 1537, the castle garrison consisted of 30 haramijas.[5]

In the following centuries, Cetin was part of the Croatian Military Frontier - the borderland between the Habsburg monarchy and the Ottoman Empire. During this period, the Ottoman Army managed to take control of it several times. The fortress was often damaged and repaired. Two stone plates with Ottoman Turkish inscriptions in the Croatian History Museum testify about reconstructions made in this period.

In 1790, Habsburg Army troops under the command of general Walisch finally reconquered Cetin Castle for the Habsburg monarchy. The siege lasted one month, and after the battle several officers were decorated, including Johann I Josef, Prince of Liechtenstein. Cetin's status was finally confirmed during the peace conference in Sistova.

In 1809, Ottoman forces once again occupied Cetin but they withdrew the following year under the threats of Marshal Marmont, governor-general of Illyrian provinces. He forced Ottomans to withdraw from Cetin after briefly occupying Bihać.[6] He was promised to not enter again to French Croatia. Once the Ottoman threat petered out the fortress was abandoned and turned into a quarry. Administrative control of the surrounding area was transferred to the village of Cetingrad, which developed north of Cetin.

Description

Close to the castle, there used to be a Franciscan monastery of st Mary and several churches. In the aftermath of the 1790 siege the Austrians used the remains of the old monastery to repair the fortifications on the fort.[7]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Lopašić, 106-124
  2. ^ "Ruševine starog grada Cetina". Registar Kulturnih Dobara. Retrieved 2023-06-01.
  3. ^ "Cetinski sabor | Hrvatska enciklopedija". enciklopedija.hr. Retrieved 2023-06-01.
  4. ^ 106
  5. ^ Lopašić, 119
  6. ^ "Mittheilungen des k.u.k. Kriegs-Archivs - Supplement (1892) | Könyvtár | Hungaricana".
  7. ^ Lopašić, 102

Literature

  • Radoslav Lopašić: Oko Kupe i Korane, Matica hrvatska, 1895, Zagreb
  • Milan Kruhek: Cetin, grad izbornog sabora Kraljevine Hrvatske 1527, Karlovac County, 1997, Karlovac
  • Iz memoara maršala Marmonta: ilirske uspomene 1806–1811, Čakavski Sabor, 1977, Split
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Cetin Castle
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.

X

Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?