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Central station (MTR)

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Central

中環
MTR MTR rapid transit station
Platforms 1 and 2 on the Tsuen Wan line in January 2018
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese中環
Simplified Chinese中环
Cantonese YaleJūngwàan
Literal meaningCentral ring
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinZhōnghuán
Yue: Cantonese
Yale RomanizationJūngwàan
JyutpingZung1waan4
General information
LocationDes Voeux Road Central/Chater Road, Central
Central and Western District, Hong Kong
Coordinates22°16′55″N 114°09′27″E / 22.2820°N 114.1576°E / 22.2820; 114.1576
Owned byMTR Corporation
Operated byMTR Corporation
Line(s)
Platforms
Tracks4
Connections
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Platform levels3
AccessibleYes
Other information
Station codeCEN
History
Opened
  •   Kwun Tong line : 12 February 1980; 44 years ago (1980-02-12)
  •   Island line : 23 May 1986; 37 years ago (1986-05-23)
Previous namesChater (Tsuen Wan line)
Pedder (Island line)
Services
Preceding station MTR MTR Following station
Terminus Tsuen Wan line Admiralty
towards Tsuen Wan
Sheung Wan
towards Kennedy Town
Island line Admiralty
towards Chai Wan
Transfer at Hong Kong
Terminus Airport Express
transfer at Hong Kong
Kowloon
Tung Chung line
transfer at Hong Kong
Kowloon
towards Tung Chung
Track layout
03/2019 collision accident
1
3
L2 (uppermost)
2
L3
4
L4 (lowest)
Location
Hong Kong MTR system map
Hong Kong MTR system map
Central
Location within the MTR system
Hong Kong MTR system map
Hong Kong MTR system map
Central
Central (Hong Kong urban core)
Hong Kong MTR system map
Hong Kong MTR system map
Central
Central (Hong Kong Island)
The platforms of the Tsuen Wan line are located under Chater Road, next to the Court of Final Appeal Building. Taken in November 2007.
Platform 3 on the Island line in June 2021

Central (Chinese: 中環; Cantonese Yale: Jūngwàan) is an MTR station located in the Central area of Hong Kong Island. The station's livery is firebrick red but brown on the Tsuen Wan line platforms. The station is the southern terminus of the Tsuen Wan line, a stop on the Island line, and connects to Hong Kong station, which serves the Tung Chung line and the Airport Express.

The station was originally named Chater. It was initially conceived to cater to 330,000 passengers daily and was planned to be 380 m (1,250 ft) long – one of the longest stations in the world.[1] More than 200,000 passengers use this station daily. The longest distance between two exits is approximately 700m.

History

Early plans

Central station was included in the Hong Kong Mass Transport Study, a system proposed in September 1967.[2] Together with Western Market station, it was to serve as an interchange station of the Kwun Tong line and Island line. In the recommended system, the Tsuen Wan line would terminate at Admiralty. The station was originally planned to be located under Des Voeux Road Central between Jubilee Street and Pedder Street.

In 1970, in the Hong Kong Mass Transit Further Studies, the station was proposed as two separate but connected stations: Chater station (遮打站) under Chater Road and Pedder station (必打站) under Pedder Street), which would serve the Kong Kow line (now Tsuen Wan line) and Island line respectively.

Modified Initial System and opening

The station first opened as Chater station on 12 February 1980 as the terminus of the Kwun Tong line.[clarify] Only a portion of the station came into operation as the Island line had not been opened yet.

The station was named Chater in English but 中環 (Central)[citation needed] in Chinese. This would be misleading[to whom?] as many[who?] thought that the Chinese name would be 遮打, a transliteration and the Chinese name of the namesake road. When the Island line between Admiralty and Chai Wan opened on 31 May 1985, MTR renamed Chater to Central[3][4] together with the renaming of some other stations on the Kwun Tong and Tsuen Wan lines.[5][6]

Construction for the Island line was carried out in early 1983 and connected the new platforms with the original structure. The Island line began servicing Central on 23 May 1986 when it was extended beyond Admiralty to Sheung Wan and the Island line platforms came into service.

Passageway to Hong Kong station

One component of the Airport Core Programme[7] between 1991 and 1998 was a railway connecting the new Hong Kong International Airport to the city centre. To link Central with the nearby Hong Kong station, the southern terminus of the Tung Chung line and the Airport Express, a passageway was built under Connaught Road Central to connect the two stations. The passageway starts at the Pedder Street concourse and was built with a design similar to that of Hong Kong station. The passage connects the paid areas of both stations (particularly from Central to the Tung Chung line of Hong Kong station). There is no unpaid link (though access to the Airport Express line at Hong Kong station from other lines at Central or vice versa requires an out-of-system transfer as the Airport Express line follows a separate fare scheme from the rest of the MTR system).

Panorama of Platform 3 on the Island line towards Chai Wan in September 2013

Station layout

Central station has four platforms on three levels.

The top level includes platform 3 and is built beneath Des Voeux Road Central at the intersection of Pedder Street, stretching from World-Wide House to Alexandra House, on the northern side of the road. The platform serves Chai Wan-bound trains on the Island line and this level includes the connecting walkway to Hong Kong station.

The middle level includes platforms 1 and 2 using a shared island. They serve the Tsuen Wan line and were built directly under Chater Road, extending from Des Voeux Road Central to Club Street.

The bottom level, two levels from the top level, is platform 4, for Island line trains in the direction of Kennedy Town.

Passengers from platform 3 transferring to platforms 1 or 2 use the regular escalators on the Chater Road concourse. There are designated escalators from platforms 1 and 2 to platform 4 for the sole purpose of transfer.[8]

The Tsuen Wan line platforms are straight and were built by cut-and-cover. Most of the length of the Island line platforms is the same, although the eastern part (towards Admiralty) is curved and the gap is large, as they are located in sections of bored tunnels and have the curved walls typical of most other stations on the Island line.

The end of the Admiralty stabling siding shared by Tsuen Wan and Island lines is located below the Tsuen Wan line platforms.[9][10][11]

G Street level Exits
P Chater Road concourse
L1 Pedder Street concourse Customer Service, MTRShops
Hang Seng Bank, vending machines
Octopus promotion machine
Chater Road concourse Customer Service, MTRShops
ATM
L2 Chater Road concourse Customer Service, MTRShops
Hang Seng Bank, vending machines
Pedder Street concourse Customer Service, MTRShops
Subway to Hong Kong station for      Tung Chung line &      Airport Express
Octopus promotion machine, i-centre internet service
Side platform, doors will open on the left
Platform 3      Island line towards Chai Wan (Admiralty)
L3 Platform 1      Tsuen Wan line towards Tsuen Wan (Admiralty)
Island platform, doors will open on the left or right
Platform 2      Tsuen Wan line towards Tsuen Wan (Admiralty)
L4 Side platform, doors will open on the right
Platform 4      Island line towards Kennedy Town (Sheung Wan)

[8]

Entrances and exits

Central station stretches underneath Chater Road from Statue Square in the east and underneath Des Voeux Road to Li Yuen Street East in the west. The distance between the easternmost and westernmost exits is approximately 700m. There are 13 entrances, connecting buildings, shopping malls, main roads and ground transport facilities nearby.[12]

Pedder Street Concourse
Chater Road Concourse

Transport connections

Central station is one of the transport hubs of Hong Kong. The area around Central station and Hong Kong station offers a wide range of transport options, including the tramway, buses, ferries, minibuses and more. (See also Transport in Hong Kong)

References

  1. ^ "MTR briefing for public". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. 3 December 1976.
  2. ^ Freeman, Fox (1967). Hong Kong Mass Transport Study. Wilbur Smith & Associates.
  3. ^ "Specialist - Diaphragm Wall, Barrette & Slurry Wall". 19 September 2023. Retrieved 10 May 2024.
  4. ^ "Hong Kong's favorite MTR station". Time Out Hong Kong. 20 May 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2024.
  5. ^ https://www.facebook.com/mtrhk/photos/a.478848920150/10154092551550151/?type=&app=fbl
  6. ^ Leung, Jimmy (25 February 1985). "All change for MTR station names". South China Morning Post.
  7. ^ "(map)". Hong Kong Airport Core Programme. Archived from the original on 5 April 2005.
  8. ^ a b "Central Station layout" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  9. ^ Environment, Transport and Works Bureau (February 2005). "LegCo paper no. CB(1)1012/04-05(03) - Legislative Council Panel on Transport - Subcommittee on matters relating to railways - Government's assessment on the independent review by Lloyd's Register Rail on the MTR system" (PDF).
  10. ^ https://www.legco.gov.hk/yr09-10/english/panels/tp/tp_rdp/papers/tp_rdp0326cb1-1377-1-e.pdf
  11. ^ https://www.districtcouncils.gov.hk/central/doc/2016_2019/en/committee_meetings_doc/tts/15940/20190718_TTC_WQ11_2019_Annex_I.pdf
  12. ^ "Central Station street map" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
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Central station (MTR)
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