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Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute

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Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute
CSIR-CMERI, Durgapur
The logo of the Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute
Mottoयन्त्र मेवास्माकम मंत्र:
(yantra mewasmaakam mantra)
Motto in English
Machine is our Incantation.
Established26 February 1958; 66 years ago (26 February 1958)
ChairmanPrime Minister of India
DirectorDr. Naresh Chandra Murmu[1] [2]
Director GeneralDr. N. Kalaiselvi
Administrative staff
418: 125 scientists, 293 technical/supporting personnel.[3]
MG Avenue
, , ,

23°32′37″N 87°17′39″E / 23.54361°N 87.29417°E / 23.54361; 87.29417

The Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (also known as CSIR-CMERI Durgapur or CMERI Durgapur) is a public engineering research and development institution in Durgapur, West Bengal, India. It is a constituent laboratory of the Indian Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).[4] This institute is the only national level research institute in the field of mechanical engineering in India.[5]

The CMERI was founded in February 1958 under the endorsement of the CSIR. It was founded to develop national mechanical engineering technology, particularly in order to help Indian industries. During its first decade, the CMERI mainly focused its efforts towards national technology and import substitution. Currently, the institute is making R&D efforts in the front-line areas of research such as Robotics, Mechatronics, Microsystem, Cybernetics, Manufacturing, Precision agriculture, Embedded system, Near net shape manufacturing and Biomimetics. Besides conducting research, the institute works towards different R&D-based mission mode programs of the country to provide suitable technological solutions for poverty alleviation, societal improvement, energy security, food security, aerospace, mining, automobile, and defense.[6]


Institute Main Building, CMERI Durgapur

CMERI has one office campus and three residential campuses in Durgapur. Office campus spans in an area of 81 acres with more than 16 buildings. The campus is located 7.80 kilometers from Durgapur railway station and 1.6 kilometers from Durgapur City Center. The campus is adjacent to National Institute of Technology, Durgapur and National Power Training Institute, Durgapur. An extension center of CMERI, Durgapur is situated in Bardhaman District, an industrial town of West Bengal.

Three residential campuses extended over 72 acres of land and has civic amenities like Staff Quarters, Scientist Apartments, Children Park, Health Center, Staff Club, Guest Houses, Executive Hostels, Academic Hall of Residence, Dispensary, Market, Gymkhana and Schools. Kendriya Vidyalaya[7] is situated inside the campus for providing the education from primary to higher secondary students and meant mainly for ward of the employees. A state-funded free primary school named Shishu Bani is also available in the campus to serve the educational need of nearby poor people. The institute also runs a free children computer training center named CSIR Kids' i-zone, which is situated in the colony campus.

Organizational Structure

This institute has an extension centre named as CMERI-Centre of Excellence for Farm Machinery situated at Ludhiana in Punjab.


The CMERI has developed many products and processes, out of which 26 have been awarded prestigious national awards. The CMERI has filed more than 100 patents. Over 120 licensees have learned from the institute's products and processes for commercial exploitation.[6]

During 1956–1962, Man Mohan Suri, the then director of CMERI, has developed a novel concept of an integrated power pack involving reverse-governing techniques for the diesel engine superimposed on a hydro-mechanical transmission called Suri-Transmission.[8] This has resulted in substantially increasing the efficiency of diesel locomotives. Suri-Transmission and its improvements are covered by 36 patents in 11 major countries.

Swaraj Tractor is the first indigenous tractor designed and manufactured in India.[9]
Sonalika Tractor
CMERI developed Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV-150)
CMERI developed All Terrain Robot (ATR-II)
CMERI designed Solar Power Tree

In the mid-sixties, the Green Revolution triggered large-scale tractor usage in India. To meet this growing demand in 1965, CMERI initiated a project for design and development of 35 HP tractor[10] based on indigenous know how. The developed tractor technology has been named as Swaraj[11] by Indira Gandhi (the then Prime Minister of India). Recently, the institute developed the Soleckshaw electric rickshaw under the CSIR-800 community project program,[12] to reduce the carbon footprint of the city[13] and simultaneously mitigating the drudgery of the manual rickshaw puller.[14] The institute in collaboration of West Bengal Renewable Energy Development Agency (WBREDA),[15] also developed a smart card based prepaid energy meter for use with renewal energy sources.[16][17] Scientists of the institute have developed India's first cricket-ball stitching machine to bring uniformity in cricket balls and repeatability in performance.[18]

The institute is one of the nodal points of National Knowledge Network connectivity program under multi-gigabit pan-India network to share intellectual property and knowledge-base among premier R&D labs/institutes/universities of the country.[19]

Notable Technologies Developed

  • Suri Transmission[8]
  • Coil Expanding & Spreading Machine[20]
  • Automatic submerged arc welding machine
  • Hydraulic Bolt Tensioner
  • Portable oxy-gas cutting machine
  • TIG cutting machine
  • Cable Making Machine
  • Calendar Sealing Machine[21]
  • Hand Pump Attachable Iron Removal Plant[22]
  • Swaraj 35 HP Tractor[23]
  • Sonalika Tractor[24]
  • Deep Sea-bed Mining System[25]
  • Remotely Operated Vehicle[26]
  • Spouted Bed Dryer[27]
  • Fluidized Bed Dryer[28]
  • 50 TPD Oil Expeller[29]
  • Placer Sand Mining System[30]
  • Mark II Hand Pump [31]
  • Rotillor
  • Single Spindle Automatic Turret Lathe
  • SPM for Automatic Reaming of Bores
  • Electric Slag Refining Plant
  • Friction Welding Machine & TIG Cutting Torch
  • Self Propelled Combine Harvester
  • Inter Row Rotary Cultivator for Wide Row Crops
  • SPM for Manufacturing of Globoidal Cam Indexing Units
  • SCARA Manipulator of 60 kg Payload
  • Vision Guided Robotic System
  • Radio Frequency Quadruple (RFQ) LINAC
  • Design and Analysis of high 'Q' 75 MHz Radio Frequency (RF) Cavity for DRIFT Tube LINAC
  • Fluidised Bed Dryer for Oilseeds
  • 1 TPD Oil Expeller
  • Epoxy Concrete Technology
  • Process Development for manufacture of ADI crankshaft for cars and single cylinder agricultural pump engines
  • Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV-150)
  • Sub-Terrain Robot
  • All Terrain Robot
  • Five Axis μ-CNC Milling Machine
  • Reconfigurable Micro Factory Test Bed
  • 600 Litre/Day Capacity Semi Continuous Type Biodiesel Plant
  • A Prepaid Smart Card Operated Electronic Energy Meter with Online Load Optimizer for Solar Power Application
  • Orientation Unit for a Fruit Sorting and Grading Machine
  • Mobile Bridge Inspection Unit
  • Pneumatic Precision Planter for Vegetables
  • Domestic Type Filtration unit for defluoridation of drinking water
  • Appropriate Mechanization Project at the Durgapur Steel Plant
  • Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV): 500 m Depth Qualification
  • Design & development of an Autonomous Mobile Robot
  • Autonomous Intelligent Robotic Wheel Chair
  • Design and Development of an Outdoor Mobile Robot
  • Teleoperated Rotary-Wing Aerial Robot (RWAR)
  • Colposcope- a Medical Device
  • Plasma Disposal of Plastic Waste and Generation of Syngas for Power Generation
  • Washing Unit for Freshly Harvested Ginger/Turmeric
  • Improved Cabinet Dryer for Ginger & Turmeric
  • Agricultural Implements
  • Krishi Shakti Tractor 10 HP Tractor[32][33][34]
  • Soleckshaw-Solar Electric Rickshaw[35]
  • Improved Iron Removal Plant[36]
  • Solar Power Tree[37]
  • Oxygen Enrichment Unit[38]

Awards and Accolades

Extension Centre

CMERI-CoEFM, Ludhiana is the extension center of CMERI, Durgapur.

The CMERI Centre of Excellence for Farm Machinery (CMERI-CoEFM) (Erstwhile MERADO), Gill Road, Ludhiana, Punjab.[45] The CMERI-CoEFM was established as Mechanical Engineering Research & Development Organization (MERADO) at Ludhiana as an extension center of CMERI to concentrate on the technology development and expertise needs of around 65,000 small & medium scale industries, concentrated in and around Ludhiana, Punjab. In the past, a major component of R&D carried out at this center has gone towards the development of appropriate machinery for productivity enhancement in the agricultural and post-harvest processing sectors. A series of oil expellers of different capacities (from 1TPD to 50TPD) are developed with a patented technology to produce pungent oil from mustard seed, which was released to several industries. In the industrial front, the center developed many products ranging from single needle flat bed & post bed leather sewing machines and high-speed safety stitching industrial sewing machines for the textile industry, brick molding machines for the construction industry, radial drilling machines, friction welding machines, and rough terrain forklift truck for the manufacturing industry.

This extension center of CMERI, Durgapur is now concentrating on precision farming, multi-cropping, and productivity improvement of available land, which would lead to conservation of seed, water, and fertilizer through the development of advanced farm machinery equipped with advanced sensors.

At present, the major R&D thrust of this center is directed towards the exploration of various sources of bio-fuels and perfecting its extraction technology. CMERI-CoEFM has taken the initiative for the development of a small biodiesel plant suitable for farmers in rural sector. The center also has started experiments for utilization of de-oiled cakes for generation of bio-gas, which can be used by farmers for self-reliance in energy.


The institute offers integrated M.Tech.-PhD.[46] programmes from the Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research in New Delhi[47] in Mechatronics, and applied and Computational Mechanics.[48] New Postgraduate diploma Program [49] in Robotics, Maintenance Engineering, and Advanced Manufacturing Technology are being offered with a target to provide in-depth exposure to the engineering concepts, scientific principles, implementation methodology and hands-on experience to freshers and Industry professionals. Other on-demand short-term courses are also arranged in the area of mechanical engineering and allied disciplines. The CMERI offers opportunities to do projects[50] twice a year for B.E./ B.Tech./ M.C.A./ M.Tech. to students from reputed engineering colleges like IITs, NITs etc. in Robotics, Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics, Computer Science, Mechatronics and Material Science.[51]

Further reading

  • Vantika Dixit, Narayanan Suresh (July 2009). "Solar Powered Cycle". MIT Technology Review. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.


  1. ^ . Biodata of Director, CSIR-CMERI. Retrieved on 2023-02-06.
  2. ^ Dr. Naresh Chandra Murmu
  3. ^ . Career at CSIR-CMERI. Retrieved on 2017-05-04.
  4. ^ "Home".
  5. ^ "Welcome to CMERI". Archived from the original on 5 May 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  6. ^ a b "CSIR Innovation Complex @ Kolkata". Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  7. ^ "Kendriya Vidyalaya, CMERI, Durgapur". Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  8. ^ a b "Engineering Services". Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  9. ^ "Swaraj: The Untold Story Of India's First Indigenous Tractor". Retrieved 21 May 2024.
  10. ^ "History". Archived from the original on 20 August 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  11. ^ "History". Archived from the original on 20 August 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  12. ^ "CSIR-800 community project program". Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  13. ^ "Solar rickshaws to power green city dreams". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 9 December 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  14. ^ ""Solekshwa" Eco-Friendly Dual-Powered Rickshaw Launched". Archived from the original on 18 April 2009. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  15. ^ "Home".
  16. ^ "Recharge your energy... with a card!". Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  17. ^ "Smard Card Operated Prepaid Energy Meter". Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  18. ^ "Sewing-machine swing to bowlers' woes". Calcutta, India: Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  19. ^ "National Knowledge Network - Connecting Knowledge Institutions". Archived from the original on 27 November 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  20. ^ "National Research Development Corporation". Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  21. ^ "Calendar Sealing Machine". Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  22. ^ "Hand Pump Attachable Iron Removal Plant". Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  23. ^ "Swaraj: The Untold Story Of India's First Indigenous Tractor". Retrieved 21 May 2024.
  24. ^ "Sonalika Tractor". Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  25. ^ "Deep Sea Bed Mining System". Archived from the original on 18 July 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  26. ^ "Scientists develop ocean probe device". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  27. ^ "Spouted Bed Dryer". Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  28. ^ "Fluidized Bed Dryer". Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  29. ^ "Oil Expeller". Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  30. ^ "Environmental studies of coastal placer minerals". Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  31. ^ "Technology Profile of CSIR-CMERI". Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  32. ^ "10 HP Krishi Shakti Tractor: Empowering the Indian Farmer" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2015. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  33. ^ Mudur, G.S. (22 February 2014). "Bengal tractor to put bullocks out of work". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. Archived from the original on 22 January 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  34. ^ Mehta, Nikita (20 November 2014). "CSIR launches tractor for farmers with small land holdings". Live Mint. Calcutta, India. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  35. ^ "Soleckshaw-Solar Electric Rickshaw". Archived from the original on 18 April 2009. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  36. ^ "Improved Iron Removal Plant" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 August 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  37. ^ "Dr. Harsh Vardhan launches the 'Solar Power Tree' – an Innovation aimed at utilizing minimum land to harness maximum Solar Energy". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  38. ^ "OEU Manufactured by CSIR-CMERI, Durgapur may be used for High-Altitude Defence Purpose: Prof (Dr) Harish Hirani". United News Of India 3;34pm IST. 28 May 2021. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
  39. ^ Padma Shri Awards (1960–69)
  40. ^ "ENGINEERING SCIENCES". Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  41. ^ "WTI Award". Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  42. ^ "Awards and Honors" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  43. ^ "CSIR Technology Award 2013" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  44. ^ [# "CSIR Technology Award 2017"]. Retrieved 27 September 2017. ((cite web)): Check |url= value (help)
  45. ^ "CSIR-CMERI-CoEFM, Ludhiana". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  46. ^ AcSIR Programmes at CSIR-CMERI
  47. ^ "AcSIR - Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research | An Institution of National Importance, India". Retrieved 2 April 2023.
  48. ^ Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research Programmes
  49. ^ Post Graduate Diploma Programs
  50. ^ Internship at CSIR-CMERI, Durgapur
  51. ^ Academic opportunities in CSIR-CMERI
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Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute
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