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Central Academy of Fine Arts

Central Academy of Fine Arts
中央美术学院
Former names
National Beijing Art College[1]
TypePublic
Established1918; 106 years ago (1918)
PresidentLin Mao (林茂)
Party SecretaryGao Hong (高洪)
Academic staff
572
Students4,700
Location,
CampusUrban, 33 ha (82 acres)
Websitecafa.edu.cn
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese中央美术学院
Traditional Chinese中央美術學院
East gate of CAFA main campus

The Central Academy of Fine Arts (CAFA; 中央美术学院) is the only institution of higher education for fine arts under the direct charge of the Ministry of Education of China. The Manila Bulletin calls the school "China’s most prestigious and renowned art academy."[2] It is one of the most selective universities in the country and turns away more than 95% of applicants every year.[3] The acceptance rate was only 1.58% in 2019. Central Academy of Fine Arts is included in the Chinese state Double First-Class Construction as a Double First Class University. Central Academy of Fine Arts was the first national school of fine arts in Chinese history, and also the beginning of Chinese modern education of fine arts. Since its establishment in 1918, it has produced many notable Artists.

Overview

The history of the National Art School in Beiping (国立北平艺术专科学校) dates back to the founding of the National School of Fine Arts in Beijing in 1918, advocated by the educator Cai Yuanpei. It was the first national school of fine arts in China and also the beginning of Chinese modern education of fine arts. The academy was founded in April 1950, as a result of a merger between the National Art School in Beiping and the department of fine arts at the third campus of North China University. The former principals of CAFA include Xu Beihong, Jiang Feng, Wu Zuoren, Gu Yuan, Jin Shangyi, Pan Gongkai, and Fan Di'an. Lin Mao has been the president Since 2023.[4] The current director of academic commission is Jin Shangyi.

The academy comprises six specialty schools: Fine Art, Chinese Painting, Design, Architecture, Humanities and Urban Design. A post-graduate education school and high school of fine arts are also affiliated. There are 534 teachers and staff for 3,800 undergraduate and graduate students and over 100 international students. Its museum of fine arts boasts precious collections, including more than 2,000 Chinese scroll paintings from the Ming dynasty. CAFA edits, publishes and distributes two national first-class academic magazines, "Fine Arts Study" and "Fine Arts of the World".

The design programme of CAFA was renewed in 1995 in the name of the Department of Art Design after a break of some forty years and became the School of Design in October 2002. The university's goal of preparing and training the students as future professionals in design with creative thinking and practical capabilities, the School of Design offers undergraduate, graduate and Ph.D. degrees in programs ranging from visual communication design, product design, fashion design, photography, digital media to design theory and history. The School of Design plays an important role in promoting design in China and is intensively involved in design activities, most noticeable of which are its designs for the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

The new CAFA Art Museum, designed by Japanese architect Arata Isozaki, is located at the northeast corner of CAFA campus at No.8, Huajiadi Nan Street, Wangjing, with an area of 3546 m2 and a total floor area of 14,777 m2. The Museum opened in October 2008 for the University's 90th anniversary. The new six-floor museum has several notable collections, including over 2,000 historic Chinese scroll paintings from the Ming Dynasty. The museum hosts rotating exhibitions.[citation needed]

The school drew media attention during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 when the students created a large statue called the Goddess of Democracy.[5] Each of the eight art academies signed a statement explaining the purpose of the statue.[6]

In 2018 the asteroid 118418 Yangmei was named in honor of the academy.

Schools and colleges

2016 graduation exhibition

Faculty of Art and Design

Graduate school

  • Master's Degree Course
  • Doctoral Degree Course

Museum of CAFA

Set up in the early 1960s, the Museum of Central Academy of Fine Arts (formerly CAFA Gallery), has a collection of 13,000 works which cover a wide variety of genres and styles, including representative works by ancient and modern Chinese masters as well as fine student works. Since the incorporation of the foundation of the Academy in 1950 it has contained Chinese painting, oil painting, print, sculpture and folk art such as New Year picture, embroidery and minority ethnic costume and objects, along with Chinese relics of bronze, pottery, engravings and rubbings.[7]

Designed by Arata Isozaki, a renowned Japanese architect, the new museum of CAFA is a building of 14,777 square meters on a land of 3,546 square meters, with four floors above ground and two floors underground. The museum opened in September 2008, together with the collection warehouse, permanent and temporary exhibition halls, as well as supporting facilities including artist studios, lecture and conference rooms and cafeteria and bookstore.

Library

CAFA‘s Library has a long history. As one of the largest professional libraries in China it has 360,000 books and paintings of various kinds, whose special collection includes woodblock New Year pictures, string-bound ancient books with illustrations, rubbings from stone-engraved portraits of Han Dynasty, tablets of various dynasties and the first-hand copies from engraved seals, etc. The library has reading rooms for art books, social science books and magazines and multi-media reading. The library provides CJFD and CDMD of CNKI e-books on the Shushing website, National Palace Museum-Online and Taiwan Doctor/Master Dissertations Database and its own fine arts reference full-text database and dissertation names in core journals collected by CAFA, etc.

Rankings and reputation

The Manila Bulletin calls the school "China’s most prestigious and renowned art academy."[2] The acceptance rate was only 1.58% in 2019. It is one of the most selective universities in the country and turns away more than 95% of applicants every year.[3] Central Academy of Fine Arts (CAFA) is ranked No.1 in Fine Arts by the Development Centre for Academic Degrees and Postgraduate Education, Ministry of Education, China.[citation needed]

It has been consistently ranked the best in China among universities specialized in Arts in the recognized Best Chinese Universities Ranking.[8]

As of 2023, the university was ranked 15th globally for "art and design" in the QS World University Rankings.[9]

Notable alumni

See also

References

  1. ^ "About CAFA". Official website of Central Academy of Fine Arts. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b "OIA".
  3. ^ a b Barboza, David (2008-03-30). "Central Academy of Fine Arts - China - Art". The New York Times.
  4. ^ "中央美术学院-学院概况-学院领导". Central Academy of Fine Arts. Retrieved 20 November 2023.
  5. ^ Tsao Tsing-yuan (1994). Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom and Elizabeth J. Perry (ed.). Essay "The Birth of the Goddess of Democracy" from Popular Protest and Political Culture in Modern China. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press. pp. 140–7.
  6. ^ Minzhu Han (1990). Cries For Democracy: Writings and Speeches from the 1989 Chinese Democracy Movement. Princeton University Press.
  7. ^ www.cafa.edu.cn, 中国中央美术学院 China Central Academy of Fine Arts (CAFA). "Museum of CAFA About - 中央美术学院". www.cafa.edu.cn. Retrieved 2018-11-11.
  8. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Best Chinese Universities Ranking". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 2023-12-26.
  9. ^ "QS World University Rankings for Art & Design 2023". Top Universities. Retrieved 2023-12-26.
  10. ^ "Zhang Dali". Archived from the original on 2011-10-22. Retrieved 2011-10-19.

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Central Academy of Fine Arts
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