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Cayenne jay

Cayenne jay
In Porto Grande, Amapá
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Corvidae
Genus: Cyanocorax
Species:
C. cayanus
Binomial name
Cyanocorax cayanus
(Linnaeus, 1766)
Synonyms

Corvus cayanus Linnaeus, 1766

The Cayenne jay (Cyanocorax cayanus) is a species of bird in the family Corvidae. It is found in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, and heavily degraded former forest.

In 1760 the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson included a description of the Cayenne jay in his Ornithologie based on a specimen collected in Cayenne, French Guiana. He used the French name Le geay de Cayenne and the Latin Garrulus Cayanensis.[2] Although Brisson coined Latin names, these do not conform to the binomial system and are not recognised by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature.[3] When in 1766 the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus updated his Systema Naturae for the twelfth edition, he added 240 species that had been previously described by Brisson.[3] One of these was the Cayenne jay. Linnaeus included a brief description, coined the binomial name Corvus cayanus and cited Brisson's work.[4] This species is now placed in the genus Cyanocorax that was introduced by the German zoologist Friedrich Boie in 1826.[5][6] No subspecies are recognised.[7]

Description

The cayenne jay is a medium sized jay, roughly 33 cm (13 in) long. It has a generally purplish back with white undersides. Its back and tail are a purplish-brown, with a white tail-tip. Its wings fade from the purplish-brown of the back to a darker purplish-blue. Its neck is a sooty grey, fading to white on its undersides. Its face and throat are generally black, with white spots above and below the eye, and along the malar. The edges of these white spots fade to a mauve colour. It has a short black crest on the top of its head. Its beak has a black beak and tarsus, with light blue or white irises. Juveniles are overall duller in colour. The tip of the tail is less white and more violet, and the white spots above and below the eyes are smaller or missing altogether.[8][9]

Males and females are generally the same size, with females weighing 174.6 g (6.16 oz) and males 174.8 g (6.17 oz). The wing length of females averages 159.8 mm (6.29 in) and males average 159.5 mm (6.28 in). For both sexes, the average tail length is 140 mm (5.5 in), the average bill length is 36 mm (1.4 in), and the average tarsus length is 46 mm (1.8 in).[8]

References

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Cyanocorax cayanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22705720A94032514. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22705720A94032514.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ Brisson, Mathurin Jacques (1760). Ornithologie, ou, Méthode contenant la division des oiseaux en ordres, sections, genres, especes & leurs variétés (in French and Latin). Vol. 2. Paris: Jean-Baptiste Bauche. pp. 52–54, Plate 4 fig 1. The two stars (**) at the start of the section indicates that Brisson based his description on the examination of a specimen.
  3. ^ a b Allen, J.A. (1910). "Collation of Brisson's genera of birds with those of Linnaeus". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 28: 317–335. hdl:2246/678.
  4. ^ Linnaeus, Carl (1766). Systema naturae : per regna tria natura, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis (in Latin). Vol. 1, Part 1 (12th ed.). Holmiae (Stockholm): Laurentii Salvii. p. 157.
  5. ^ Boie, Friedrich (1826). "Generalübersicht". Isis von Oken (in German). Col 975.
  6. ^ Mayr, Ernst; Greenway, James C. Jr, eds. (1962). Check-list of birds of the world. Vol. 15. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 220.
  7. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Crows, mudnesters, birds-of-paradise". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  8. ^ a b Kumar, Alexander V. (4 March 2020). Schulenberg, Thomas S. (ed.). "Cayenne Jay (Cyanocorax cayanus)". Birds of the World. doi:10.2173/bow.cayjay1.01. Retrieved 24 February 2024.
  9. ^ Goodwin, Derek; Gillmor, Robert (1976). Crows of the world. Ithaca, N.Y: Cornell Univ. Press. pp. 300–301. ISBN 0801410576.


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Cayenne jay
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