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Canadian National Police Service

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Canadian National Police Service
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Common nameCN Police Service, CN Police North America
AbbreviationCNPS
Agency overview
Formed1923
Jurisdictional structure
International agency
CountriesCanada
United States
Legal jurisdictionFederal, State, Provincial
Constituting instrument
  • Railway Safety Act of Canada
    49 U.S. Code 28101
General nature
Specialist jurisdiction
  • Railways, tramways, and/or rail transit systems.
Operational structure
Headquarters935 de La Gauchetière Street West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Constables95 (as of 2016)[1]
Special Agents15 (as of 2016)[1]
Agency executive
  • Stephen Covey, Chief of Police and Chief Security Officer
Parent agencyCanadian National Railway
Website
CN Police Service

The Canadian National Police Service (commonly referred to as the CN Police or the CN Rail Police) is a private railway police force protecting the property, personnel, and rail infrastructure of the Canadian National Railway in Canada and the United States.

History

The old CN Rail police Toronto detachment in 2015.

Prior to the First World War, the Government of Canada owned four independent railways: the Intercolonial Railway, which had been established to link the Grand Trunk Railway's line in Montreal with the Port of Halifax; the Prince Edward Island Railway, which fell into Government ownership after going bankrupt in the late 19th century; the Hudson Bay Railway, which had been established to finish a portion of the Canadian Northern Railway; and the National Transcontinental Railway, which had been established to construct the Grand Trunk line from Winnipeg to Moncton.[2] These four railways were organized under Canadian Government Railways, which operated each constituent railway separately.[2] After the war, the Government Railways became increasingly centralized, absorbing the Canadian Northern and Grand Trunk Pacific railways before being renamed Canadian National and finally absorbing the Grand Trunk Railway in January 1923.[3][4] The Canadian National Police Service was first established on April 1 of that year, as the Department of Investigation.[5]

As the responsibilities of the Canadian National Railway expanded, so too did the responsibilities of its police service. Up until the late 20th-century, the force was responsible for the Crown corporation's airline, ferries, hotels, and the CN Tower, which was only severed from the railway in the 1990s.[3][6]

After the railway was privatized in 1992, the police service expanded through acquisitions and amalgamations with other railway police forces: the Illinois Central and Illinois Central Gulf police forces in 1998, the Wisconsin Central Railroad police in 2001, the Bessemer and Lake Erie and Affiliated Railroads Police in 2004, and the BC Rail police in 2005.

Organization

Authority

Canada

Challenge coin for Canadian officers

In Canada, members are federally sworn in under section 44.1 of the Railway Safety Act granting powers as police constables and have the same powers of arrest as any police officer in Canada anywhere in Canada as 'Peace Officers' under Section 2 of the Criminal Code. Police constables are employed by Canadian National and are also considered public servants, sworn to the Crown to uphold the law and protect.

The CN Police federal oath of office primarily directs their duties 'on and along' CN infrastructure, protecting properties owned and administered by CN. CN Police have additional provincial appointments which allow them to extend provincial enforcement such as the Highway Traffic Act outside the boundaries set under the Railway Safety Act of Canada.

Under section 26.1 of the Railway Safety Act, it is an offence for any person to "enter on land on which a line work is situated". Offenders can be dealt with in multiple ways such as being compelled to Federal Court by means of a promise to appear, or being issued a ticket through the relevant provincial Contravention Act and released. Maximum penalties for contravention of the act for any offence can be up to a $10,000 fine and imprisonment in the case of a private person. A company may also face up to a $200,000 fine for contravention of this act.

United States

Challenge coin for U.S. officers

In the U.S., each state in which CN operates grants police powers to CN police officers and special agents. State specific powers are also augmented by interstate authority granted by the United States Secretary of Transportation (Code 49 U.S.C. 28101), meaning officers have police powers related to the railway in all states the CN railway operates. Individual states may expand this authority within their borders.[7]

Divisions

The Police Service's corporate headquarters is located in Montreal, Quebec, while its regional headquarters (serving the United States) is located in Homewood, Illinois.[8]

Canada

Canada is divided into six operational divisions: the Pacific Division, based in Surrey, British Columbia; the Mountain Division, based in Edmonton, Alberta; the Great Lakes North Division, based in Vaughan, Ontario; the Great Lakes South Division, based in Sarnia, Ontario; and the Champlain Division, based in Montreal, Quebec.[8]

United States

In the United States, CN Police operations are divided into three divisions: the North Division, based in Lake Orion, Michigan; the Central Division, based in Harvey, Illinois; and the South Division, based in Memphis, Tennessee.[8]

Training

In Canada, all CN police officers are trained at the Ontario Police College in Aylmer, Ontario.[1]

Equipment

A Chevrolet Uplander used by the Canadian National Railway Police.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Riding along with the CN Police". Richmond News. October 4, 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Canadian National Railway". Toronto Railway Historical Association.
  3. ^ a b "Canadian National Railway". The Canadian Encyclopedia.
  4. ^ "Grand Trunk Railway of Canada". The Canadian Encyclopedia.
  5. ^ "CN Police celebrates 100 years!". CN.
  6. ^ "Railway Police still serve a vital function". Canadian Military History.
  7. ^ "CN Police Service". CN. Canadian National Railway. Archived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
  8. ^ a b c Stephen Covey. "Letter on COVID-19 Vaccination Policy" (PDF). CN Police Service.
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Canadian National Police Service
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