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Cairo Tower

Cairo Tower
Arabic: برج القاهرة
Borg El-Qahira
Cairo tower in 2012
Map
General information
StatusCompleted
TypeCommunications, observation, restaurants, visitor attraction
Architectural styleAncient Egypt
LocationCairo, Egypt
Coordinates30°02′45″N 31°13′28″E / 30.04583°N 31.22444°E / 30.04583; 31.22444
Construction started1956
Completed1961
Opening1961[1]
CostAround $US1-3 million
OwnerGovernment of Egypt
Height
Architectural187 m (613.5 ft)
Antenna spire187 m (613.5 ft)
Roof160 m (524.9 ft)
Top floor143 m (469.2 ft)
Observatory143 m (469.2 ft)
Technical details
MaterialConcrete
Floor count16[2]
Lifts/elevators3
Design and construction
Architect(s)Naoum Shebib
Website
cairotower.net
(requires Adobe Flash; in English)
References
[3][4][5][6][7][8]

The Cairo Tower (Egyptian Arabic: برج القاهرة, Borg El-Qāhira) is a free-standing concrete tower in Cairo, Egypt. At 187 m (614 ft), it was the tallest structure in Egypt for 37 years until 1998, when it was surpassed by the Suez Canal overhead powerline crossing. It was the tallest structure in North Africa for 21 years until 1982, when it was surpassed by the Nador transmitter in Morocco. It was the tallest structure in Africa for one year until 1962, when it was surpassed by Sentech Tower in South Africa.

One of Cairo's well-known modern monuments, sometimes considered Egypt's second most famous landmark[citation needed] after the Pyramids of Giza, it stands in the Gezira district on Gezira Island in the River Nile, close to downtown Cairo.

Tower Renovation

The Cairo Tower was renovated in work that lasted about two years, from 2006 to 2009, by the Egyptian Arab Contractors Company. The restoration and repair process cost about 15 million pounds, which includes treating and restoring the tower's concrete and adding 3 floors of metal structures at the bottom of the tower inlaid with the tower's body, and another floor above the entrance. Directly to the main building, constructing an emergency staircase and an elevator for visitors, developing the tower entrance, as well as finishing the tower's facades and adding new external lighting.[9]

History

Built from 1956 to 1961, the tower was designed by the Egyptian architect Naoum Shebib, inspired by the Ancient Egyptian Architecture.[1] Its partially open lattice-work design is intended to evoke a pharaonic lotus plant, an iconic symbol of Ancient Egypt.[10] The tower is crowned by a circular observation deck and a revolving restaurant[11] that rotates around its axis occasionally[12] with a view over greater Cairo.[13]

According to documents published by Major General Adel Shaheen, the funds for the construction of the tower were originated from the Government of the United States through the CIA that represented by Kermit Roosevelt, which had provided around $US1-3 million to Gamal Abdel Nasser as a personal gift to him with the intent of stopping his support for Algerian Revolution and other African independence movements.[10][14][15] Affronted by the attempt to bribe him, Nasser decided to publicly rebuke the U.S. government by transferring all of the funds to the Egyptian government for the use of the tower construction, which he stated would be "visible from the US Embassy just across the Nile, as a taunting symbol of Egypt's, Africa and the Middle East's resistance, revolutions and pride".[14][16]

The book also stated that the General Intelligence Service took full responsibility for everything related to the design and planning work, including the selection of the architect who was assigned to design, the construction work, and even providing the necessary materials for the building with the aim of giving the heroic character of the president.[10] However, its design was controversial as the Egyptians called it the "waqf Roosevelt" ("Roosevelt's endowment"), which was then mistakenly interpreted by the Embassy of Egypt in Washington, D.C. as the "waqef Roosevelt" ("Roosevelt's erection"). This prompted the Americans to react by calling it "Nasser's prick".[15] Because of that, a local Islamic group issued a fatwa to demolish the tower in the 1990s, stating that it "could excite Egyptian women", but this failed to be implemented due to its influence on national history and popularity among the nation and tourists.[17][18]

Between 2006 and 2009, the tower underwent an £E15 million restoration project that included a new installation of light decoration. It was stated that the project used the LED lamp for its efficiency on energy consumption.[19]

In 2023, during the war between Israel and Hamas, a photo of the tower with the Palestinian flag circulated on social media. However, the photo was actually a modified version of the photo that was taken in 2010.[20]

Gallery

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b Dunn, Jimmy. "The Cairo Tower in Cairo Egypt". touregypt.com. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
  2. ^ "Cairo Tower". SIS. Retrieved 27 September 2023.
  3. ^ "Cairo Tower". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  4. ^ "Cairo Tower". emporis.com. Emporis. Archived from the original on January 9, 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Cairo Tower". skyscraperpage.com. SkyscraperPage. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  6. ^ "Cairo Tower in Cairo". phorio.com. Phorio. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Cairo Television Tower". structurae.net. Structurae. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  8. ^ Heinle & Leonhardt 1997, p. 243.
  9. ^ "تطوير وتجديد برج القاهرة | المقاولون العرب". www.arabcont.com. Retrieved 2024-01-31.
  10. ^ a b c Raouf, Ali Abdul (9 April 2017). "الأسطورة والزعيم والمبنى". Aljazeera.net (in Arabic). Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  11. ^ "Cairo Tower". LonelyPlanet.com. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  12. ^ "Cairo Tower". egypt.travel. Egyptian Tourism Authority. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  13. ^ Huiwo, Wu (25 November 2019). "Scenery Seen from Cairo Tower". xinhuanet.com. Xinhua News Agency. Archived from the original on November 28, 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  14. ^ a b Abdulaal, Mirna (1 November 2019). "How the Cairo Tower Gave Birth to Modern Egypt". EgyptianStreets.com. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  15. ^ a b Raafat, Samir (16 October 1997). "The Cairo Tower". egy.com. Cairo Times. Archived from the original on 15 June 2008. Retrieved 21 March 2005.
  16. ^ Mousa, Sarah. "Commemorating the United Arab Republic". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  17. ^ Richardson 2013, section 16.
  18. ^ Halime, Farah (17 May 2016). "Egyot's Giant Middle Finger to America". ozy.com. Ozy. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  19. ^ Ramadan, Ahmed (20 June 2010). "New Lighting Puts Cairo Tower Back on the Map". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  20. ^ "برج القاهرة وعلم فلسطين.. حقائق لا تعرفها". Al-Ain. 2023-10-09. Retrieved 2023-10-13.

Books

Records Preceded byGreat Pyramid of Giza Tallest structure in Egypt187 m (613.5 ft) 1961 – 1998 Succeeded bySuez Canal overhead powerline crossing Tallest free-standing structure in Africa187 m (613.5 ft) 1961 – 1962 Succeeded byAlbert Hertzog Tower Preceded byUnknown Tallest telecommunications tower in Africa187 m (613.5 ft) 1961 – 1962
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Cairo Tower
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