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Bursa Province

Bursa Province
Bursa ili
Pine trees seen from Uludağ Road
Pine trees seen from Uludağ Road
Location of the province within Turkey
Location of the province within Turkey
CountryTurkey
SeatBursa
Government
 • MayorMustafa Bozbey (CHP)
 • ValiMahmut Demirtaş
Area
10,813 km2 (4,175 sq mi)
Population
 (2022)[1]
3,194,720
 • Density300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Area code0224
Websitewww.bursa.bel.tr
www.bursa.gov.tr

Bursa Province (Turkish: Bursa ili) is a province and metropolitan municipality in Turkey along the Sea of Marmara coast in northwestern Anatolia. It borders Balıkesir to the west, Kütahya to the south, Bilecik and Sakarya to the east, Kocaeli to the northeast and Yalova to the north. Its area is 10,813 km2,[2] and its population is 3,194,720 (2022).[1] Its traffic code is 16.

Almost all of Bursa Province (including the city of Bursa) is in the Marmara Region, but the districts of Büyükorhan, Harmancık, Keles and Orhaneli are in the Aegean Region.

The city of Bursa was the capital of the Ottoman State between 1326 and 1365, until the Ottoman conquest of Edirne, then known as Adrianople. Adrianople was the capital until 1453, when Constantinople became the final Ottoman capital.

Geography

Köppen map of Bursa Province and surrounding regions:[3]
  •   BSk
  •   Csa
  •   Csb
  •   Cfa
  •   Dsb
  •   Dsc

Bursa mostly experiences a Mediterranean climate (Csa and Csb). Inner parts of the province are higher in elevation and show continental characteristics (Dsb and Dsc). Uludağ is the highest mountain in the province with 2,543 meters of elevation.

Districts

Ottoman Architecture in Bursa
Uludağ

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1927401,595—    
1940461,648+1.08%
1950545,919+1.69%
1960693,894+2.43%
1970847,884+2.02%
19801,148,492+3.08%
19901,603,137+3.39%
20002,125,140+2.86%
20102,605,495+2.06%
20182,994,521+1.75%
20242,116,000 1.44%—    
source:[4][5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Address-based population registration system (ADNKS) results dated 31 December 2022, Favorite Reports" (XLS). TÜİK. Retrieved 19 September 2023.
  2. ^ "İl ve İlçe Yüz ölçümleri". General Directorate of Mapping. Retrieved 19 September 2023.
  3. ^ "Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution". Nature Scientific Data. DOI:10.1038/sdata.2018.214.
  4. ^ Genel Nüfus Sayımları
  5. ^ tuik

40°09′00″N 29°01′15″E / 40.15000°N 29.02083°E / 40.15000; 29.02083

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Bursa Province
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