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Cabildo of Buenos Aires

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Cabildo of Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires Cabildo
Cabildo of Buenos Aires is located in Buenos Aires
Cabildo of Buenos Aires
Location in Buenos Aires
General information
TypeMuseum
Architectural styleBaroque
AddressBolívar 65
Town or cityBuenos Aires
CountryArgentina
Coordinates34°36′32″S 58°22′25″W / 34.60889°S 58.37361°W / -34.60889; -58.37361
OwnerGovernment of Argentina

The Cabildo of Buenos Aires (Spanish: Cabildo de Buenos Aires) is the public building in Buenos Aires that was used as a seat of the town council during the colonial era and the government house of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.[1] Today the building is used as a museum.

History

The Cabildo in 1867, with 11 arches.

Mayor Manuel de Frías proposed the building of the cabildo in what is now the Plaza de Mayo on March 3, 1608, since the government of the city lacked such a building.[2] Its construction was financed with taxes from the port of Buenos Aires, the building was finished in 1610 but was soon found to be too small and had to be expanded.

In 1682, due to lack of maintenance, the building was almost in ruins, and the construction was planned of a new cabildo that was two stories high and 11 arches wide. Construction of the new building did not start until 23 July 1725, was suspended in 1728, and restarted in 1731. Soon construction was, however, again suspended due to lack of funds. The tower of the new cabildo was finished in 1764, yet even by the time of the May Revolution in 1810 the cabildo was still not completely finished.

In 1880 the architect Pedro Benoit raised the tower by 10 meters and with a dome covered with glazed tiles, instead of the traditional colonial red tiles. The tower was demolished nine years later in 1889 to create space for the Avenida de Mayo avenue and the three northernmost arches of the original eleven were demolished. In 1931, to create room for Julio A. Roca Avenue, the three southernmost arcs were removed, thereby restoring the central place of the tower, but leaving only five of the original arches.

In 1940, the architect Mario Buschiazzo reconstructed the colonial features of the Cabildo using various original documents. The tower, the red tiles, the iron bars on the windows and the wooden windows and doors were all repaired.

71st Regiment of Foot guidon of the British Army captured by Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata troops during the first British invasion in 1806 and exhibited as a war trophy at the National Museum of the Cabildo and the May Revolution, in Buenos Aires.

National Museum of the Cabildo

Currently, the cabildo hosts the National Museum of the Cabildo and the May Revolution (Museo Nacional del Cabildo y la Revolución de Mayo), in which paintings, artifacts, clothes and jewelry of the 18th century are on display. The patio of the cabildo still has its 1835 ornamental water well.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Engel, Emily (2020-03-23). Pictured Politics: Visualizing Colonial History in South American Portrait Collections. University of Texas Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-1-4773-2059-4.
  2. ^ Slatta, Richard W. (1997). Comparing Cowboys and Frontiers. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-8061-2971-6.
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Cabildo of Buenos Aires
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