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Braunfels

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Braunfels
Aerial view
Aerial view
Coat of arms of Braunfels
Location of Braunfels within Lahn-Dill-Kreis district
DietzhölztalHaigerEschenburgSiegbachDillenburgBreitscheidDriedorfGreifensteinBischoffenHerbornSinnMittenaarHohenahrEhringshausenAßlarLahnauWetzlarHüttenbergSolmsLeunBraunfelsSchöffengrundWaldsolmsNorth Rhine-WestphaliaRhineland-PalatinateMarburg-BiedenkopfGießen (district)WetteraukreisHochtaunuskreisLimburg-Weilburg
Braunfels is located in Germany
Braunfels
Braunfels
Braunfels is located in Hesse
Braunfels
Braunfels
Coordinates: 50°31′N 8°23′E / 50.517°N 8.383°E / 50.517; 8.383
CountryGermany
StateHesse
Admin. regionGießen
DistrictLahn-Dill-Kreis
Subdivisions6 Stadtteile
Government
 • Mayor (2018–24) Christian Breithecker[1]
Area
 • Total47.29 km2 (18.26 sq mi)
Elevation
236 m (774 ft)
Population
 (2022-12-31)[2]
 • Total11,131
 • Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
35619
Dialling codes06442
Vehicle registrationLDK
Websitewww.braunfels.de

Braunfels (German pronunciation: [ˈbʁaʊ̯nˌfɛls] ) is a town in the Lahn-Dill-Kreis in Hesse, Germany. It is located on the German Timber-Frame Road.

Geography

Location

The climatic spa of Braunfels lies at a height of some 100 m above the Lahn valley. It is 9 km southwest of Wetzlar, and 28 km northeast of Limburg an der Lahn.

Neighbouring communities

Braunfels borders in the northwest on the town of Leun, in the north on the town of Solms, in the east on the community of Schöffengrund, in the southeast on the community of Waldsolms (all in the Lahn-Dill-Kreis), in the south on the community of Weilmünster, and in the west on the town of Weilburg and the community of Löhnberg (all three in Limburg-Weilburg).

Constituent communities

Besides the main town, which bears the same name as the whole, there are outlying centres called Altenkirchen, Bonbaden, Neukirchen, Philippstein and Tiefenbach

Currently, Bonbaden, is home to about 1600 people.[citation needed] Bonbaden has a primary school (levels 1-4) and an Evangelical and Catholic church. A cultural highlight is the Freilichtbühne Bonbaden (Bonbaden Open-Air Stage), which presents two different plays for children each summer, and an evening play for adults.[citation needed]

History

The town and district seat of Braunfels were first mentioned in 1246. Braunfels has had town rights since 1607. In 1950 Braunfels had a population of 3,337. In the course of municipal reforms, the aforesaid constituent communities, formerly all independent villages, were amalgamated with Braunfels in 1972.

Bonbaden had its first documented mention in 772, and so celebrated 1200 years of existence in 1972. Bonbaden is therefore one of Lahn-Dill's oldest inhabited places.

Braunfels Castle [de], a stately home that had been built from a castle built in the 13th century by the Counts of Nassau, served as of about 1260 as the Solms-Braunfels noble family's residential castle. After Solms Castle had been destroyed by the Rhenish League of Towns in 1384, Braunfels Castle became the seat of the Counts of Solms. Over the castle's more than 750-year-long history, building work was done many times. Particularly worthy of mention is the town and castle fire of 1679, which burnt much of Braunfels and its stately seat down. Both were then built into a Baroque residence. Braunfels Castle was rebuilt out of materials that were still on hand. The town was given a regular marketplace, which is still preserved today and lies before the town wall.

Politics

Town council

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (July 2021)

The municipal elections on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:

CDU 14 seats
SPD 12 seats
FWG 5 seats
FDP 3 seats
Greens 3 seats

Note: FWG is a citizens' coalition.

Coat of arms

The town's coat of arms is the same as that used by the Counts of Solms-Braunfels, except that the colours in the lower half are reversed, simply to differentiate the town's arms from the old noble family's. The arms were designed and granted in 1937, and granted again on 14 October 1982. Formerly, the arms were identical to the Counts' arms.[3]

Town partnerships

Braunfels maintains partnerships with the following towns:

Sightseeing

Braunfels Castle [de]
  • Braunfels Castle [de]: The last makeover, which defines the Schloss as it is seen today, took place starting in 1880, and was undertaken according to neo-Gothic plans by builder Edwin Oppler. Art works in the Schloss include works by the Dutch Masters, among them van Eyck, works by the Hessian Tischbein family of painters, the Altenberg Altar, parts of which are found in the Städel in Frankfurt and the Bavarian National Museum in Munich, and Saint Elizabeth's legendary ring. Sites in the castle include the courtyard, the knights' hall, the guest rooms and painting gallery, the sacral exhibition pieces from the Altenberg Monastery, the hunting paintings by Johannes Deiker, and the cannon square. Other things to visit are the Princely Family Museum and the castle church with displays about the church's building history.[citation needed]
  • Old Town: The inner Old Town has distinctive defensive features. There are a Baroque expansion with a marketplace and great spa gardens.
  • Dr. Kanngießer'sches Waldmuseum (a whimsical museum)
  • Stadtmuseum Obermühle, a museum of local history, built in a former mill.
  • Burg Philippstein: These castle ruins lie on a slope and are separated from the surrounding mountainside by a dry moat, although nowadays this is partly filled in. Still preserved are the round keep, remains of the cellar and parts of the surrounding wall.

Mediaeval Spectacle

Every year, the local Aktionsring Braunfels e.V. organizes the Mittelalterliches Spektakulum, which over several days attracts tourists, and showmen, for which occasion, the spa gardens are turned into a knightly encampment.[citation needed]

People

Karl von Schönhals 1849

References

  1. ^ "Ergebnisse der letzten Direktwahl aller hessischen Landkreise und Gemeinden" (XLS) (in German). Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt. 5 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung in Hessen am 31.12.2022 nach Gemeinden" (XLS) (in German). Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt. June 2023.
  3. ^ "Deutsche Wappen (Gemeindewappen Kreiswappen) - BRAUNFELS". Archived from the original on 2005-07-31. Retrieved 2006-06-20.

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Braunfels
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