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Bourgade inscriptions

Bourgade inscriptions
KAI 133
WritingPunic
Discovered1852
KAI 134
KAI 135

The Bourgade inscriptions are approximately 40 Punic language inscriptions, found in the 1840s and early 1850s in Husainid Tunisia, which had just been opened up to French influence following the 1846 meeting between Ahmad I ibn Mustafa and Antoine, Duke of Montpensier.[1][2]

  • 17 ex-voto religious offerings: 13 texts and 4 bas-reliefs;[1]
  • 34 funerary epitaphs: 28 texts and 6 bas-reliefs.[1]

Bourgade also republished two notable steles named "Carthaginian A" and "Carthaginian B", which were discovered in 1845 on the port-island of Carthage.[1]

Some of the inscriptions were found near the ruins of Carthage or the surrounding area, and the rest at various points of the Regency of Tunis. Several were discovered by an archaeologist named Honnegger. Most of the stones were the property of the Tunisian public, both in the countryside and the cities.[1]

A number of the most notable inscriptions have been collected in Kanaanäische und Aramäische Inschriften, and are known as are known as KAI 133-135.

They were published in 1852 by François Bourgade in his Toison d'Or de la Langue Phénicienne.

The Inscriptions

KAI 133:

(1) ṭʻnʼ ʼbn z lbʻlš(2)mʻ bn mʻsqlʼ-(3)ʼ bn šʻnt šbʻm

Erected (was) this stone for Baʻalsamoʻ the son of MʻSQLʼʼ, a “son” of seventy years.

KAI 134:

(1) ṭnʼ ʻbn z lplks bn (2) pʻwstʼ wkn šnt šlš(3)tm bʻym

Erected (was) this stone for Felix the son of PʻWSTʼ. And he was three years. He was good in (his) day (during his lifetime).

KAI 135:

(1) ṭʻ(nʼ) ʼ(b)n z lbrk(b)ʻl (2) bt yʻšdby (3) wʻwʻ šʻnt (4) ʼsrm wʻmš

Erected (was) this stone for Biricbal daughter of YʻŠDBY. And she lived twenty-five years.

Bibliography


References

  1. ^ a b c d e Bourgade, François (1852). Toison d'or de la langue phénicienne. B. Duprat. pp. 12–. Cette Collection renferme 41 inscriptions, trouvées, quelques-unes sur les ruines de Carthage ou aux environs ; les autres, sur divers points de la régence de Tunis. Plusieurs ont été découvertes par feu M. Honnegger, archéologue distingué, qui a exploré la régence de Tunis. Les pierres, passées en plusieurs mains, ont demeuré longtemps exposées au public, partie à la campagne, partie à la ville. Les fac-simile ont été pris par M. Sulema, professeur de dessin au collége Saint-Louis de Tunis. Les planches sont gravées par M. Delamare, l'un des graveurs les plus distingués de Paris... La Collection se divise en deux principales catégories, dont l'une renferme treize textes et quatre bas-reliefs; l'autre, vingt-huit textes et six bas-reliefs. Les inscriptions de la première catégorie présentent des ex-voto; celles de la seconde, presque toutes, des épitaphes. Les pierres de la Carthaginoise A et de la Carthaginoise B, premiers textes de la Collection, ont été découvertes en 1845 à la petite île du port Cothon.
  2. ^ Clancy-Smith, Julia Ann (2011). Mediterraneans: North Africa and Europe in an Age of Migration, C. 1800-1900. University of California Press. pp. 452–. ISBN 978-0-520-25923-2.
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Bourgade inscriptions
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