For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Boris Belousov (chemist).

Boris Belousov (chemist)

Boris Belousov
Boris Pavlovich Belousov in the 1930s
Born
Boris Pavlovich Belousov

(1893-02-19)19 February 1893
Died12 June 1970(1970-06-12) (aged 77)
AwardsLenin Prize, 1980 (posthumous)
Scientific career
FieldsToxicology, oscillating chemical reactions
InstitutionsZürich, Military laboratory of the USSR, Ministry of Health of the USSR

Boris Pavlovich Belousov (Russian: Бори́с Па́влович Белоу́сов; 19 February 1893 – 12 June 1970) was a Soviet chemist and biophysicist who discovered the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction (BZ reaction) in the early 1950s. His work initiated the field of modern nonlinear[disambiguation needed] chemical dynamics.[1]

The Belousov family had strong anti-Tsarist sympathies and, after the Russian Revolution of 1905, they were arrested and later forced to leave the country.[2] They settled in Switzerland, where Boris studied chemistry in Zürich.

Returning to Russia at the beginning of World War I,[3] Belousov tried to join the army, but was denied for health reasons. He took up a job in a military lab under the direction of the chemist Vladimir Ipatiev.[3] His value to the institute is indicated by the high military rank, Brigade Commander, roughly corresponding to General, that he attained.

After leaving the military, he took a job in the Laboratory of Biophysics in the Ministry of Health of the USSR, where he worked in toxicology. It was while seeking an inorganic analog of the biochemical citric acid cycle that Belousov chanced to discover an oscillating chemical reaction. He tried twice over a period of six years to publish his findings, but the incredulous editors of the journals to which he submitted his articles rejected his work[4] as "impossible". He took this very hard.

The biochemist Simon El'evich Shnoll, at the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics in Pushchino, heard of Belousov's work and tried to encourage him to continue. Belousov gave Shnoll some of his experimental notes and agreed to publish an article in a rather obscure, non-reviewed, journal,[5] but then essentially quit science. Shnoll gave the project to a graduate student, Anatol Zhabotinsky, who investigated the reaction in detail and succeeded in publishing his results.[6] The reaction now bears the names of both Belousov and Zhabotinsky.[7]

Belousov was posthumously awarded the Lenin Prize in 1980 for his work on the BZ reaction.[7]

References

  1. ^ Karl A. Gschneidner; LeRoy Eyring; M. Brian Maple (1978). Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths. Elsevier. ISBN 0-444-52142-9.
  2. ^ "Симон Шноль. Б. П. Белоусов и его колебательная реакция". Archived from the original on 18 March 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
  3. ^ a b Ник. Горькавый. Сказка о химике Белоусове, который изготовил жидкие часы: Ж. НиЖ №2, 2011 г.
  4. ^ Winfree, A. T. (1984). "The Prehistory of the Belousov-Zhabotinsky Oscillator" (PDF). Journal of Chemical Education. 61 (8): 661–663. Bibcode:1984JChEd..61..661W. doi:10.1021/ed061p661.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Boris P. Belousov (1959). "Периодически действующая реакция и ее механизм" [Periodically acting reaction and its mechanism]. Сборник рефератов по радиационной медицине. 147: 145.
  6. ^ Anatol M. Zhabotinsky (1964). "Периодический процесс окисления малоновой кислоты растворе" [Periodical process of oxidation of malonic acid solution]. Биофизика. 9: 306–311.
  7. ^ a b Зачернюк А. Б., Открытие колебательных химических реакций – ЛЕТОПИСЬ ВАЖНЕЙШИХ ОТКРЫТИЙ.
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Boris Belousov (chemist)
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.

X

Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?