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Bocholt, Germany

Bocholt
Town hall
Town hall
Flag of Bocholt
Coat of arms of Bocholt
Location of Bocholt within Borken district
Borken (district)North Rhine-WestphaliaKleve (district)Wesel (district)Coesfeld (district)Coesfeld (district)Lower SaxonySteinfurt (district)NetherlandsRaesfeldHeidenRhedeBocholtBorkenRekenVelenStadtlohnHeekAhausGescherLegdenSchöppingenGronauVredenSüdlohnIsselburg
Bocholt is located in Germany
Bocholt
Bocholt
Bocholt is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Bocholt
Bocholt
Coordinates: 51°50′N 6°37′E / 51.833°N 6.617°E / 51.833; 6.617
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionMünster
DistrictBorken
Subdivisions12
Government
 • Mayor (2020–25) Thomas Kerkhoff[1] (CDU)
Area
 • Total119.37 km2 (46.09 sq mi)
Elevation
25 m (82 ft)
Population
 (2022-12-31)[2]
 • Total71,930
 • Density600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
46361–46399
Dialling codes02871
02874 (Suderwick)
Vehicle registrationBOR, AH, BOH
Websitewww.bocholt.de

Bocholt (German pronunciation: [ˈbɔxɔlt]) is a city in the north-west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, part of the district Borken. It is situated 4 km (2+12 miles) south of the border with the Netherlands. Suderwick is part of Bocholt and is situated at the border annex to Dinxperlo.

Geography

The northern border of the city of Bocholt is the German border with the Netherlands. Bocholt borders the district of Wesel, in the administrative region of Düsseldorf, in the southwest.[3]

Bocholt is bordered in the north by the Dutch municipalities of Aalten and Winterswijk, in the east by the city of Rhede, in the south by the city of Hamminkeln, and in the west by the city of Isselburg.

The climate in the region of Bocholt and West Münsterland is temperate with distinct maritime influences, with very mild winters in comparison to other German regions because of the proximity to the ocean and the low elevation. Summers are moderately warm. The average temperature in January is 2.7 °C (37 °F) and in July 18.4 °C (65 °F).

In the average year there are 12 days of snow cover, about 31 sunny days (high temperature of 25 °C; 77 °F or higher) and 6 hot days (30 °C; 86 °F or higher) on average. In the average year there is about 750 mm (30") of precipitation, with June (78 mm; 3") and April (41 mm; 1+12") being the driest months.

History

Bocholt was first written about in 779, when Charlemagne won a battle against the Saxons nearby. However the settlement was probably much older. Bishop Dietrich III von Isenburg from Münster gave Bocholt city rights in 1222.

In the 15th century the city flourished. The engraver Israhel van Meckenem lived and worked in the city.

Between 1803 and 1810 Bocholt was the capital of the Principality of Salm. The Principality of Salm was governed by the prince of Salm-Salm and the prince of Salm-Kyrburg.

During the Second World War the city survived generally unscathed until an Allied bombing raid on 22 March 1945 which destroyed most of the city. The city was then captured by the British a week later on 28 March. The city was the site of the Stalag VI-F POW camp.

In 1975 the former municipalities Barlo, Biemenhorst, Hemden, Holtwick, Liedern, Lowick, Mussum, Spork, Stenern and Suderwick were merged into Bocholt.[4]

Population development

  • 1871: 6,125
  • 1880: 8,534
  • 1890: 13,034
  • 1900: 21,278
  • 1910: 26,404
  • 1925: 30,182
  • 1933: 33,441
  • 1939: 35,099
  • 1945: 29,443
  • 1950: 37,674
  • 1961: 45,675
  • 1970: 48,852
  • 1980: 65,352
  • 1987: 67,028
  • 2000: 72,138
  • 2007: 73,560
  • 2010: 73,170
  • 2015: 71,443

Economy

Bocholt is a manufacturing town. It was centered on the textile industry for most of the 19th and 20th centuries. Today there are still several successful textile manufacturers in town, but the importance of the textile industry has greatly declined. The major employers today in Bocholt are Gigaset (Communications) and Mechanical Drives (formerly Flender) (Siemens) - a leading manufacturer of transmissions, especially for wind energy plants. Most of Bocholt's industries are smaller and manufacture highly specialized products. Some of them are international leaders in their particular fields - A Good example is the bicycle company ROSE Bikes. Local industries profit from cooperation with the University of Applied Sciences (Fachhochschule) also located in Bocholt as well as with similar institutions in the region.

Bocholt is also a regional centre for shopping in the West-Münsterland area and draws consumers from the neighbouring rural and small town areas of the Netherlands. The town features an attractive old town shopping area as well as a popular new shopping mall.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms shows a beech tree, which has been the symbol for the city since the 13th century. Bocholt translated into English roughly means "beechwood". [1]

Cyclists Bocholt

Bocholt is a designated bicycle city, and almost every citizen has one or more bikes, the bicycle network is vast and convenient. In the summer, foreign motorists need to take care because of the popularity of cycling in the city, and even in winter, many people travel only by bike. Group cycling tours, called "Pättkestouren", are particularly popular in the spring. Between 2005 and 2006 the city of Bocholt won the ADFC and BUND title of "most bicycle-friendly city in Germany" in the category of cities under 100,000 inhabitants. Bocholt is the first city in Germany to have a guarded bike station at a Bustreff and not at a railway station. A second bike station in Bocholt went into operation in 2008.

Transport

Bocholt is the last stop on a 25-minute 2-way-1-track train route starting in Wesel traveling north to Bocholt. From Wesel one can transfer to trains that travel south to Düsseldorf Airport, Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof or northwest to Emmerich am Rhein or Arnhem in the Netherlands. In 2021 a new railway line between Bocholt and Düsseldorf main station started.

Notable people

Melchior von Diepenbrock around 1850

International relations

Since 1978 students from Bocholt have participated in an exchange program with students from Canton, Massachusetts.[5]

Twin towns – sister cities

Bocholt is twinned with:[6]

Friendly cities

Bocholt has friendly relations with:[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 19 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2022 – Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes auf Basis des Zensus vom 9. Mai 2011" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 20 June 2023.
  3. ^ bocholt Rathaus Ortsrecht Archived 2019-05-17 at the Wayback Machine bocholt.de
  4. ^ Amt Liedern-Werth, Archive in Nordrhein-Westfalen
  5. ^ "A GOOD AGE: Canton High teacher, 81, leading 38th student trip to Germany".
  6. ^ a b "Städtepartnerschaften". bocholt.de (in German). Bocholt. Archived from the original on 2021-02-12. Retrieved 2021-02-10.
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Bocholt, Germany
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