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Black Press

Black Press Group Ltd.
Company typePrivate
IndustryNewspapers
Founded1975; 49 years ago (1975)
Headquarters15288 54A Avenue, Surrey, British Columbia, Canada[1]
Area served
Canada: Alberta, British Columbia, Northwest Territories, and Yukon
United States: Alaska, Hawaii, and Washington
Key people
David Holmes Black (Chair)
Owners
  • David Holmes Black
  • (100%, 1975-2002)
  • David Holmes Black
  • (80.65%, 2002-24)
  • Torstar
  • (19.35%, 2002–24)
  • Carpenter Media Group
  • (2024–present)
SubsidiariesNorthern News Services Ltd.
Oahu Publications Inc.
Sound Publishing Inc
Websitewww.blackpressmedia.com Edit this at Wikidata

Black Press Group Ltd. (BPG) is a Canadian commercial printer and newspaper publisher founded in 1975 by David Holmes Black,[2] who has no relation to Canadian-born media mogul Conrad Black. Based in Surrey, British Columbia, it was previously owned by the publisher of Toronto Star (Torstar, 19.35%) and Black (80.65%).[3]

In March 2024, it was announced that Carpenter Media Group had completed its acquisition of the firm, in a deal that involved Canso Investment Counsel, Ltd.[4]

Overview

Also known as Black Press Media, the company publishes in the United States through two subsidiaries, Oahu Publications in Hawaii and Sound Publishing in Alaska and Washington. It also owns Northern News Services based in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories.

After acquiring three newspapers on the Kitsap Peninsula,[5] it formed Sound Publishing in 1987 and has since operated all of its titles in Washington and Alaska. In turn, after purchasing Honolulu Star-Bulletin,[6] the publisher passed the responsibility for maintaining its titles in Hawaii to Oahu Publications, a subsidiary formed in 2001 by BPG.

As of 2022, News Media Canada reported Black Press publishes 106 editions across Canada with a combined circulation of 1,295,243. The number of titles include 70 in British Columbia, 11 in Alberta, two in Northwest Territories and one in Yukon.[7][8]

History

Canadian business deals (1969–present)

In 1969, Alan Black and Clive Stangoe acquired the Williams Lake Tribune of Williams Lake, British.[9] The weekly newspaper had previously been owned by Northwest Publications, where Alan Black worked as a manager. After the company dissolved, he acquired a majority stake in the company's smallest title alongside Stangoe,[10] who worked as the paper's publisher.[9] The two owned the paper under the name Cariboo Press Ltd.

In 1975, Alan Black and Stangoe sold the Williams Lake Tribune to Alan Black's son David Black [11] for $60,000.[12] Black operated the Tribune exclusively for four years until purchasing the husband-and-wife owned Ashcroft-Cache Creek Journal in nearby Ashcroft in 1979. Black continued to purchase other newspapers over time and soon formed newspaper clusters around Victoria and Vancouver.[13]

There was never a big plan to get big. It's just that another opportunity would come over the hill. Usually an independent would phone, wanting to retire or sell out, asking if we were interested in buying them.[13]

— David Black

In June 1980, Black acquired the Lakes District News Houston Today. At some point prior he had also acquired the Smithers Interior News.[14]

In 1984, Black purchased a majority stake in three newspapers and two web printing plants on Vancouver Island. The sale included Goldstream Gazette, Ladysmith-Chemainus Chronicle and Parksville-Qualicum News-Advertiser. The papers were merged into a new company which would also manage Sidney Review, which had been acquired earlier. The sale brought the total number of newspapers owned by Black up to 12.[15]

In 1987, Black acquired the Salmon Arm Observer group on newspapers, which included the Chase-Shuswap Weekly, Eagle Valley News and Salmon Arm Observer.[16]

In 1992, Black acquired the 100 Mile House Free Press.[17]

In 1997, Black acquired 33 publications in western Canada from Trinity International Holdings PLC of Britain for $58 million.[18] The sale included the Red Deer Advocate.[19] By this time Black Press Ltd. had been established as Cariboo Press's parent company.

On September 19, 2002, Torstar Corporation announced that it was investing $20 million to acquire a 19.35% share in Black Press. At that time Black Press published 88 newspapers and had 11 printing plants. Annual revenues at the time were $240 million.[20]

In 2006, Black Press acquired UsedEverywhere.com, a Canadian online classified website.[21] The website re-branded to Used.ca in 2015.[22]

On June 27, 2007, Black Press announced a $405 million takeover offer for Osprey Media, putting it in competition with Quebecor Media for Osprey's assets. Quebecor put in a higher bid and won ownership of Osprey. As of 2008 it owned about 150 newspapers.[23]

In July 2010, Black Press acquired the Red Deer Express from Great West Newspapers, LP.[24] The company acquired two other Central Alberta publications, the Sylvan Lake News and Eckville Echo, in June 2011. The two weekly newspapers were owned by Barry and Darlene Hibbert.[25]

In July 2011, Black Press purchased of the Cranbrook Daily Townsman and the Kimberley Daily Bulletin by Don Kendall. At the time the two dallies published Monday to Friday, had a combined circulation of 5,000.[26]

In 2013, Black Press and Glacier Media Inc. exchanged four community newspapers in British Columbia. That led to the closure of Abbotsford Times. In 2014, Black Press negotiated deals with Glacier Media Inc. to take effect in March 2015 that would exchange a dozen British Columbia newspapers that consolidated ownership of competing community papers on Vancouver Island and the Lower Mainland. Black Press obtained Harbor City Star, Nanaimo Daily News, Cowichan Citizen, Parksville Oceanside Star, Tofino/Ucluelet Westerly News, Comox Valley Echo, Campbell River Courier, Surrey Now and Langley Advance.[27]

In August 2014, Black Press acquired Yukon News from owner Stephen Robertson.[28]

In March 2021, Black Press purchased Northern News Services Limited of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, which publishes five newspapers in the Northwest Territories and two in Nunavut.[29]

In April 2023, Black Press entered a partnership with Village Media to license its custom content management system called Villager. The migration of Black Press sites will be completed in 2024.[30]

On January 15, 2024, Black Press entered CCAA bankruptcy protection and announced a sales agreement. Founder David Black resigned as president shortly after the announcements.[31][32] On January 16, Black Press filed for Chapter 15 bankruptcy in the United States.[33] At the time of the bankruptcy, Black Press has 144 publications, including 35 in Washington under its Sound Publishing subsidiary.[34]

Washington business deals (1987-Present)

In 1987, David Black sold a 21% equity stake in his company to Shaw Communications to fund the purchase of about 15 newspapers. He bought stake back in 1990.[18]

Black Press purchased the Whidbey Press Newspaper Group in 1987 from newspaperman Wallie Valentine Funk. The sale included the Whidbey News-Times, South Whidbey Record and Naval Air Station Whidbey Crosswind. In 1988, Black Press purchased the Port Orchard Independent, followed soon by the acquisition of the Bainbridge Island Review. In 1994, the subsidy was renamed to Sound Publishing. A year later the company acquired the Vashon Island Beachcomber. The Tacoma Daily Index was acquired next in 1997. A year later the company purchases Friday Harbor Journal and launches the Federal Way Mirror in response to Seattle Times Co. closing the Federal Way News.[35]

In 2006, Black Press purchased nine newspapers from the family-owned Horvitz Newspapers Inc. The sale included the 41,000-circulation daily King County Journal; two weeklies, the Mercer Island Reporter and Snoqualmie Valley Record; and seven bi-weeklies, the Auburn Reporter, Bellevue Reporter, Bothell/Kenmore Reporter, Covington/Maple Valley Reporter, Kent Reporter, Redmond Reporter and Renton Reporter.[36]

The King County Journal printed its last issue on Jan. 21, 2007. Forty full-time employees were laid off. Ten staffers were moved to weekly sister publications, and one was moved to marketing staff.[37]

In June 2008, Black Press purchased The Enumclaw Courier-Herald, along with a 4-year-old sibling publication that serves the Bonney Lake/Lake Tapps area. The paper's were previously owned by the estate of Ted Natt along with John Natt, David Natt and current publisher Bill Marcum.[38]

By July 2008, Black Press owned 15 community newspapers around the Seattle area, including 12 under the Reporter Newspapers brand, including the newly created Issaquah/Sammamish Reporter and the Sumner/Lake Tapps Reporter. Overall, the mostly free weeklies in King County reached about 300,000 households at the time.[39]

In October 2008, Black Press purchased the Marysville Globe, Arlington Times, the regional Express Shopper and monthly business publications the Wenatchee Business Journal and the Bellingham Business Journal from Sun News Inc.[40] The 3,400-circulation Wenatchee Business Journal was traded in August 2011 to CW Media, Inc. in exchange for the Okanogan Valley Gazette-Tribune.[41] The Globe, The Times, and Bellingham Business Journal were are closed in April 2020 due to the COVID-19 recession in the United States.[5][42]

In November 2011, Olympic View Publishing Company was purchased by Black Press from Brown M. Maloney. The sale included Sequim Gazette and Forks Forum.[43] That same month Black Press acquired Peninsula Daily News and Sequim This Week from Horvitz Newspapers.[44]

In January 2013, Voice Media Group sold Seattle Weekly to Black Press.[45] The alt-weekly ceased its print edition and became an online-only publication in February 2019.[46]

In February 2013, Black purchased The Everett Herald, a daily newspaper near Seattle. It had previously been owned for 35 years by the Washington Post Company.[47]

In October 2014, Black Press purchased six newspapers from Stephens Media, including The Daily World in Aberdeen, the Montesano Vidette, the North Coast News in Ocean Shores and the South Beach Bulletin in Westport.[48]

Hawaii business deals (2001-Present)

Black Press purchased the Honolulu Star-Bulletin in 2001.[13] The newspaper had previously been owned by Liberty Newspapers LP, of Florida. The company planned to close the Star-Bulletin two years prior, but a federal antitrust lawsuit was filed and a judge ordered the paper be sold instead. Black Press emerged as the new owner for $10,000.[18] Also in 2001, Black Press acquired RFD Publications, which owned the 280,000 circulation MidWeek.[49]

The Honolulu Advertiser[50] was acquired in 2010 and merged with the Star-Bulletin to create the Honolulu Star-Advertiser.[51][52][53]

In October 2014, Black Press purchased six newspapers from Stephens Media. The sale included West Hawaii Today and Hawaii Tribune-Herald, as well as a 50% interest in Hawaii.com.[48]

Akron Beacon Journal (2006-2018)

In 2006, Black Press acquired the Akron Beacon Journal, the former Knight Ridder flagship in Northeast Ohio, for $165 million.[54]

Black Press sold the paper in April 2018 to GateHouse Media and acquired the Juneau Empire, Peninsula Clarion and Homer News in Alaska from GateHouse.[55]

San Francisco Media Co. (2011-2020)

In 2011, David Black was one of several newspaper industry veterans who joined as investors in the San Francisco Newspaper Company to buy the former Hearst flagship The San Francisco Examiner from Clarity Media Group.[56]

Media outlets initially reported the paper was purchased by Black's company Black Press,[57] but Black only participated as a private investor and held shares in the Examiner separately from Black Press.[56] The other owners included Todd Vogt and Pat Brown. Vogt was named president and CEO while Brown was named chief financial officer of the newly created San Francisco Media Co.[58]

The company acquired the San Francisco Bay Guardian from Bruce Brugmann in April 2012[59] and SF Weekly from Voice Media Group in January 2013.[60]

In May 2014, Vogt announced plans to sell his shares of the company to Black Press' Hawaiian-subsidy Oahu Publications Inc., or to buy Black out of the company by the end of the month.[61]

"Unless I can find local partners, I'm not gonna do the deal," Vogt told staff. "I've got 25 days to do a deal or sell out."

Vogt did sell to Oahu, which subsequently became San Francisco Media Co.'s parent company. Dennis Francis, president of Oahu Publications, became the company's new president, and in August 2014, Glenn Zuehls was named publisher.[62]

In October 2014, Zuehls announced Bay Guardian, saying "the obstacles for a profitable Bay Guardian are too great to overcome."[63]

In 2020, San Francisco Media Co., including the Examiner and SF Weekly, was sold to Clint Reilly Communications.[64]

Newspapers in Canada

Alberta

Farm Press Publications

  • Farmer Stockman Ad-visor (Alberta South)
  • Farmer Stockman Ag-visor (Alberta North)
  • Saskatchewan Farm Life
  • Manitoba Farm Life

British Columbia

Interior - North

Interior - South

Lower Mainland

Vancouver Island

Territories

Nunavut

Northwest Territories

Yukon

Newspapers in United States

Hawaii

Oahu Publications Inc., a subsidiary of Black Press, publishes the largest daily newspaper in Hawaii, the Honolulu Star-Advertiser, along with several community newspapers, magazines and other titles including the entertainment weekly Midweek.

Washington and Alaska

Sound Publishing Inc., a subsidiary of Black Press, is based in Everett, Washington, and is the largest community news publisher by circulation in the state of Washington.[65] The company's holdings include four daily newspapers, The Herald, the Peninsula Daily News, The Daily World and the Tacoma Daily Index government listings publication. Sound Publishing acquired three newspapers in Alaska in 2018.[66] Community newspapers owned by Sound Publishing are:[67]

Defunct newspapers

Controversies

Nisga'a Treaty editorials

In 1998, company owner David Black instructed his British Columbia papers to publish a series of editorials opposing the Nisga'a Treaty, which was the first modern treaty in B.C. history, and not to publish editorials in favor of the treaty.

In January 1999, the NDP government filed a complaint to the B.C. Press Council against Black Press, arguing that its policy breached its duty to act in the public interest and violated the council's constitution. Black Press said that news coverage was not affected and editors were free to publish their opinions on their letters page.

The Press Council sided with Black Press based on finding that its newspapers "did in fact carry a diversity of opinion on the Nisga'a Treaty, including those of Premier Glen Clark, Liberal Leader Gordon Campbell, Reform Party President Bill Vander Zalm as well as those of ordinary British Columbians".[75]

Advertiser concerns

In August 2007, a story in the Victoria News sparked a complaint from an advertiser and led to the firing/resignation of three senior Black Press employees. Victoria News reporter Brennan Clarke quit the publication after a story he wrote about buying cheaper cars in the United States led to a complaint from Victoria car dealership Dave Wheaton Pontiac Buick GMC. Black Press claimed the article was not balanced, and said that reporters and editors should not purposely jeopardize advertising revenue with their stories, because that revenue pays their salaries. The company also fired the Victoria News long-time editor, Keith Norbury, in part because of the complaint, and Black Press's Vancouver Island Newsgroup regional editor, Brian Lepine, resigned in protest.[76][77]

The Canadian Association of Journalists publicly questioned the credibility and independence of the Victoria News, wondering how many stories Black Press kills behind the scenes because of advertising concerns.[78]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Contact Us". Black Press. Retrieved 2017-07-09.
  2. ^ "About Us". Black Press. Retrieved 2017-07-09.
  3. ^ MacQueen, Ken (May 21, 2009). "Black's Magic". Maclean's. Retrieved 2023-02-07.
  4. ^ "Carpenter Media Group completes acquisition of Black Press Media". Editor & Publisher. 26 March 2024. Retrieved 2024-03-26.
  5. ^ a b c d Cornfield, Jerry (2020-04-28). "Amid falling revenue, Sound Publishing lays off 70 workers". HeraldNet.com. Retrieved 2023-03-26.
  6. ^ Schaefers, Allison (2010-06-07). "Star-Advertiser owner known for embracing risk". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved 2022-09-09.
  7. ^ "Snapshot 2022 Canada's Newspaper Industry" (PDF). News Media Canada. Retrieved 2023-04-27.
  8. ^ "Black Press Flyers 2022 Media Kit" (PDF). Black Press Media. Retrieved March 25, 2023.
  9. ^ a b Lamb-Yorski, Monica (2018-07-13). "Media mogul makes it big with small town news". Williams Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2022-06-15.
  10. ^ "Former Trib Owner Dies". Williams Lake Tribune. 2006-03-09. p. 1. Retrieved 2023-12-04.
  11. ^ Lee, Jeff. "Media mogul David Black knows how to recognize a business opportunity". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  12. ^ Pryne, Eric (2007-01-21). "Publisher from B.C. makes inroads into Seattle suburbs". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  13. ^ a b c Ward, Don (July 16, 2008). "Betting on David Black". Seattle Weekly. Seattle, Wash. Retrieved March 10, 2012.
  14. ^ "News, Houston Today join Cariboo Press". Lake District News. 1980-06-04. p. 13. Retrieved 2023-12-04.
  15. ^ "Cariboo Press adds operations on Vancouver Is". The Tribune. 1984-02-07. p. 2. Retrieved 2023-12-04.
  16. ^ "Observer changes hands". Salmon Arm Observer. 1987-09-30. p. 1. Retrieved 2023-12-04.
  17. ^ "New owner for Free Press". 100 Mile House Free Press. 1992-11-10. p. 1. Retrieved 2023-12-04.
  18. ^ a b c Hanson, Kim (2001-05-21). "Canada's other media Black makes a splash in Hawaii". National Post. p. 37. Retrieved 2023-12-04.
  19. ^ "Trinity sells Canadian newspapers". Star-Phoenix. 1997-01-03. p. 40. Retrieved 2023-12-04.
  20. ^ "Torstar Announces Investment In Black Press Ltd". Bloomberg.com. 2002-09-12. Retrieved 2023-02-07.
  21. ^ "Used.ca celebrates 20 years of being a local legend - Campbell River Mirror". www.campbellrivermirror.com. 2023-02-27. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  22. ^ "Black Press rebrands Used.ca classifieds listings - Penticton Western News". www.pentictonwesternnews.com. 2015-10-20. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  23. ^ "Community and Suburban Papers: The Industry's Sweet Spot". Editor & Publisher. Duncan McIntosh. October 2008. Retrieved 2021-02-25.
  24. ^ "Black Press buys Red Deer Express newspaper - Red Deer Advocate". www.reddeeradvocate.com. 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2023-04-29.
  25. ^ "Black Press acquires more Central Alberta publications - Red Deer Advocate". www.reddeeradvocate.com. 2011-06-24. Retrieved 2023-04-29.
  26. ^ "Black picks up two B.C. dailies - Vernon Morning Star". www.vernonmorningstar.com. 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  27. ^ Bradshaw, James (Dec 17, 2014). "Black Press, Glacier Media strike deal to swap B.C. community newspapers". Report on Business, The Globe and Mail.
  28. ^ Ronson, Jacqueline (2013-08-30). "Black Press buys Yukon News - Yukon News". www.yukon-news.com. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  29. ^ Ritchie, Haley (2021-03-11). "Black Press Media acquires Northern News Services papers in NWT and Nunavut". Yukon News. Retrieved 2022-09-11.
  30. ^ "VILLAGE NEWS: Black Press Media and Village Media enter landmark licensing agreement to strengthen local news coverage". Longmont Leader. 2023-04-25. Retrieved 2023-04-27.
  31. ^ "Black Press Ltd. files for creditor protection, announces sale". CBC News. The Canadian Press. January 15, 2024. Retrieved February 8, 2024.
  32. ^ Kloster, Darron (January 16, 2024). "Black Press files for creditor protection, announces sale". Times Colonist. Retrieved February 8, 2024.
  33. ^ "Canadian Newspaper Co. Pursues Sales With Ch. 15 Relief". Law360. January 16, 2024. Retrieved January 16, 2024.
  34. ^ Taylor, Chuck; Simon, Jim (February 3, 2024). "Major Shakeup in Washington State and Hawaii Journalism". Post Alley. Retrieved February 8, 2024.
  35. ^ "Our History". Sound Publishing, Inc. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  36. ^ Richman, Dan (2006-06-20). "King County Journal for sale". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  37. ^ James, Andrea (2006-12-28). "King County Journal to close". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  38. ^ "Courier-Herald sale is finalized". pnwlocalnews.com. 2008-06-11. Archived from the original on 2009-09-02. Retrieved 2023-04-25.
  39. ^ Lamm, Greg (2008-06-13). "As dailies retrench, Black expands his newspaper empire". Puget Sound Business Journal. Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2023-04-25.
  40. ^ "Sound Publishing buys newspapers". Snoqualmie Valley Record. 2008-10-02. Retrieved 2023-04-27.
  41. ^ Irwin, Mike (4 August 2011). "Page turns for Business Journal". The Wenatchee World. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  42. ^ a b Roland, Mathew (2020-03-27). "The Bellingham Business Journal to discontinue publishing | BBJ Today". bbjtoday.com. Retrieved 2023-03-31.
  43. ^ "Sequim Gazette and Forks Forum purchased by Sound Publishing". Sound Publishing. 2011-11-01. Archived from the original on 2012-03-02. Retrieved 2023-04-25.
  44. ^ Brown, Leslie (2011-11-01). "Black Press purchases several publications serving communities on the Olympic Peninsula". Vashon-Maury Island Beachcomber. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  45. ^ "Seattle Weekly and SF Weekly Sold in Separate Transactions | Industry News | AAN.org". www.altweeklies.com. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  46. ^ Connelly, Joel (2019-02-25). "Seattle Weekly: Once-great writers' paper stops print publication". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  47. ^ Muhlstein, Julie; Stevick, Eric (2013-02-06). "Daily Herald Co. being sold to Sound Publishing". HeraldNet.com. Retrieved 2023-04-27.
  48. ^ a b Solinsky, Kolby (2014-10-01). "Black Press purchases six U.S. newspapers in Washington, Hawaii - Kelowna Capital News". www.kelownacapnews.com. Retrieved 2023-04-27.
  49. ^ Daysog, Rick. "Bulletin buyer Black to acquire MidWeek". archives.starbulletin.com. Retrieved 2023-04-29.
  50. ^ Magin, Janis L. (Feb 25, 2010). "Star-Bulletin's Black will buy Advertiser". www.bizjournals.com. Retrieved 2022-09-09.
  51. ^ Schaefers, Allison (May 2, 2010). "Newspaper giant leaves the islands". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Archived from the original on 2010-05-06.
  52. ^ Daysog, Rick (May 3, 2010). "Press Run Ends for Gannett in Isles". Honolulu Advertiser. Archived from the original on 2010-05-06.
  53. ^ Kerr, Keoki (May 12, 2010). "Merged Honolulu Star-Advertiser Begins June 7". KITV. Archived from the original on January 21, 2012.
  54. ^ Pryne, Eric (2007-01-21). "Publisher from B.C. makes inroads into Seattle suburbs". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2023-02-07.
  55. ^ Resneck, Jacob (2018-04-12). "Juneau Empire and Alaska sister papers sold again". Alaska Public Media. Retrieved 2022-09-09.
  56. ^ a b Staff, Examiner (12 November 2011). "San Francisco Examiner sold to group of newspaper executives". San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  57. ^ Torres, Blanca (Nov 11, 2011). "San Francisco Examiner sold to Black Press Group". www.bizjournals.com. Retrieved 2022-09-09.
  58. ^ Club, San Francisco Press (2011-11-12). "Examiner sold to group that includes Canadian publisher". San Francisco Press Club. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  59. ^ Ross, Andrew S. (2012-04-26). "Bruce Brugmann sells Bay Guardian to S.F. Examiner". SFGATE. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  60. ^ "Voice Media Group Today Announces Sale Of SF Weekly To San Francisco Newspaper Company". Voice Media Group. 2013-01-09. Archived from the original on 2013-01-12. Retrieved 2023-04-25.
  61. ^ Staff, SF Weekly (6 May 2014). "Todd Vogt, San Francisco Print Media Company President, Likely to Sell SF Weekly, Bay Guardian, Examiner". SFWeekly. Retrieved 2023-04-28.
  62. ^ Dudnick, Laura (2014-07-02). "New publisher named for San Francisco Media Co". San Francisco Examiner. Archived from the original on 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2023-04-25.
  63. ^ Eskenazi, Joe (2014-10-14). "San Francisco Bay Guardian Closed by San Francisco Media Company". SF Weekly. Archived from the original on 2014-10-14. Retrieved 2023-04-25.
  64. ^ Staff, Examiner (17 December 2020). "SF Examiner and SF Weekly sold to local owners". San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved 2023-03-25.
  65. ^ "Sequim Newspaper Sells to Sound Publishing". Bremerton Patriot. November 1, 2011. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
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  67. ^ "Sound Publishing Products". SoundPublishing.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
  68. ^ a b Schaefers, Allison (June 7, 2010). "Star-Advertiser Owner Known for Embracing Risk". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  69. ^ James, Andrea (December 28, 2006). "King County Journal to Close". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  70. ^ a b Field, Terry (July 15, 2010). "Closing of Two Small BC Dailies is Good Business, New Owners Say". Troy Media. Calgary, Alta. Archived from the original on January 5, 2013. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
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  73. ^ "Message from the publisher: Vidette to suspend publication". The Daily World. 2020-04-01. Retrieved 2023-04-01.
  74. ^ "Boundary Creek Times E-Editions | Greenwood News". www.boundarycreektimes.com. 2016-12-13. Retrieved 2023-05-06.
  75. ^ Smith, Charlie (March 4, 2010). "Black Press-owned Web site upsets Grand Chief David Harper with racist ad". The Georgia Straight. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
  76. ^ Public Eye Online – Black on Black
  77. ^ Lupick, Travis (Aug 29, 2007). "Black press dogged by ad controversy". The Georgia Straight. Archived from the original on 20 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  78. ^ Public Eye Online – A question of credibility
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