For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Bahraini Gulf Arabic.

Bahraini Gulf Arabic

Bahraini Gulf Arabic
Bahraini Sunni Arabic
Native toBahrain
Native speakers
70,000 (2019)[1]
Official status
Official language in
Not official in any country
Regulated byNot recognised as a language
Language codes
ISO 639-1none
ISO 639-3

Bahraini Gulf Arabic (Arabic: لهجة بحرينية, romanizedLahjat Baḥraynīyah) is a Gulf Arabic dialect spoken in Bahrain. It is spoken by Bahraini Sunni Arabs and is a dialect which is most similar to the urban dialect spoken in Qatar, the dialect spoken in Kuwait and Iraq.

An sociolinguistic feature of Bahrain is the existence of three distinct dialects: Bahrani Arabic (a dialect primarily spoken by Baharna in Shia villages and some parts of Manama), Sunni and Ajami Arabic.[2]

In Bahrain, the Sunni muslims form a minority of the population, but the ruling family is Sunni. Therefore, the Arabic dialect represented on TV is almost invariably that of the Sunni population. Therefore, power, prestige and financial control are associated with the Sunni Arabs. This is having a major effect on the direction of language change in Bahrain.[3]

As with all Bahraini dialects, it is heavily influenced by the Persian language.


  1. ^ Arabic, Gulf Spoken at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) Closed access icon
  2. ^ Bassiouney, Reem (2009). "5". Arabic Sociolinguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. pp. 105–107.
  3. ^ Holes, C. (1984). Bahraini dialects: sectarian differences exemplified through texts.' Zeitschrift fur arabische Linguistik 10. pp.433–457.
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Bahraini Gulf Arabic
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.


Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?