For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Baghdadi Arabic.

Baghdadi Arabic

This article includes a list of general references, but it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (October 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this message)
Baghdadi Arabic
اللهجة البغدادية
Native toMesopotamia
Arabic alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3
acm – Mesopotamian Arabic
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Baghdadi Arabic is the Arabic dialect spoken in Baghdad, the capital of Iraq. During the 20th century, Baghdadi Arabic has become the lingua franca of Iraq, and the language of commerce and education. It is considered a subset of Iraqi Arabic.[1]



The vowel phoneme /eː/ (from standard Arabic /aj/) is usually realised as an opening diphthong, for most speakers only slightly diphthongised [ɪe̯], but for others a more noticeable [iɛ̯], such that, for instance, lēš ("why") will sound like leeyesh, much like a drawl in English. There's a vowel phoneme that evolved from the diphthong (/aw/) to resemble more of a long (/o:/) sound, as in words such as kaun ("universe") shifting to kōn. A schwa sound [ə] is mainly heard in unstressed and stressed open and closed syllables.

The Vowel Phonemes of Baghdadi Arabic
Short Long
Front Back Front Back
Close /ɪ/ /u/ /iː/ /uː/
Mid /ə/ /eː/ /oː/
Open /æ/ /aː/


Even in the most formal of conventions, pronunciation depends upon a speaker's background.[2] Nevertheless, the number and phonetic character of most of the 28 consonants has a broad degree of regularity among Arabic-speaking regions. Arabic is rich in uvular, pharyngeal, and pharyngealized ("emphatic") sounds. The emphatic coronals (/sˤ/, /tˤ/, and /ðˤ/) cause assimilation of emphasis to adjacent non-emphatic coronal consonants.[citation needed] The phonemes /p/پ⟩ and /v/ڤ⟩ (not used by all speakers) are not considered to be part of the phonemic inventory, as they exist only in foreign words and they can be pronounced as /b/ب⟩ and /f/ف⟩ respectively depending on the speaker.[3][4]

Baghdadi Arabic consonant phonemes
Labial Dental Coronal Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
plain emphatic
Nasal m n
Stop/Affricate voiceless (p) t t͡ʃ k (q) ʔ
voiced b d d͡ʒ g
Fricative voiceless f θ s ~ ɕ ʃ x ~ χ ħ ~ ʜ h
voiced (v) ð z ~ ʑ ðˤ ɣ ~ ʁ ʕ ~ ʢ
Tap r
Approximant l ɫ j w

Phonetic notes:

  • /p/ and /v/ occur mostly in borrowings from Persian, and may be assimilated to /b/ or /f/ in some speakers.
  • [q] is heard in borrowings of non-Arabic languages.
  • /ɡ/ is pronunciation of /q/ in Baghdad Arabic and the rest of southern Mesopotamian dialects.
  • The gemination of the flap /ɾ/ results in a trill /r/.

See also


  1. ^ Hann, Geoff (7 August 2015). Iraq: The Ancient Sites & Iraqi Kurdistan: The Bradt Travel Guide. Bradt Travel Guides. ISBN 978-1-84162-488-4. OCLC 880400955.
  2. ^ Holes (2004:58)
  3. ^ Teach Yourself Arabic, by Jack Smart (Author), Frances Altorfer (Author)
  4. ^ Hans Wehr, Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic (transl. of Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart, 1952)


Further reading

{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Baghdadi Arabic
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.


Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?