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Ayta ash Shab

Ayta ash Shab
عيتا الشعب
City
Ayta ash Shab
Ayta ash Shab
Map showing the location of Ayta ash Shab within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Ayta ash Shab within Lebanon
Ayta ash Shab
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°05′50″N 35°20′04″E / 33.09722°N 35.33444°E / 33.09722; 35.33444
Grid position181/277 PAL
Country Lebanon
GovernorateNabatieh Governorate
DistrictBint Jbeil District
Elevation
650 m (2,130 ft)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Dialing code+961

Ayta ash Shab (Arabic: عيتا الشعب; also transliterated Ayta al-Sha'b)[1] is a village located in southern Lebanon, about 1 km northeast of the Israeli border.

History

Ottoman era

Ruines of Hazzirya, by C.W.M. Van De Velde, 1851

In 1596, it was named as a village, 'Ayta Bani Salman in the Ottoman nahiya (subdistrict) of Tibnin under the liwa' (district) of Safad, with a population of 5 Muslim households. The villagers paid a fixed tax of 25% on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, goats and beehives, in addition to "occasional revenues"; a total of 930 akçe.[2][3]

In 1875 Victor Guérin noted: "The village has taken the place of a small town surrounded by a wall, of which some remains still exist in well-cut stones and a fort measuring forty paces long by twenty-five broad. Beneath this building lies a large cistern vaulted with circular arches, and built of regularly cut stones. It is covered by a platform, on part of which has been built, later on, a little mosque, now falling into ruins. Here one may remark columns which come from an older building, the site of which is marked by a mass of blocks regularly cut, and by mutilated shafts lying upon the ground.
Below the village, the upper slopes of the hill are cultivated in terraces, and planted with vines, fig-trees, pomegranates, olives, and filberts. Here I found several cisterns, a great sepulchral cave, ornamented with arched arcosolia, each surmounting two sarcophagi, contiguous and parallel, a press with two compartments, one square and the other circular, the whole cut in the living rock.
Ascending towards the east, I passed beside an ancient pool half cut in the rock and half built. Not far is an old evergreen oak, one of the most remarkable that I have seen in Palestine, to which the inhabitants offer a kind of worship. It is protected by a little wall which supports the venerable trunk."[4]

In 1881, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it: A well-built village of stone, situated on hill-top, with figs, olives, and arable land. It contains about 200 Moslems (Guerin says Metawileh), and has water from several cisterns and birket near.[5] "Here are foundations of walls, built with well-dressed stones. Several sarcophagi were observed. On the east, south and west of village there are also two olive-presses and two rock-cut cisterns."[6]

The ruins of Khirbet Hazireh (Hazzirya) are located 2 km northeast of Ayta ash Shab, described by C.W.M. Van De Velde in 1851.

Modern era

During the 2006 Lebanon War 85% of Ayta ash Shab's homes were destroyed, and heavy ground fighting ensued between Israeli forces and Hezbollah.[7] On July 20, one civilian in the village was killed by Israeli fire, and three civilian villagers were killed the next day, also by Israeli fire.[8] Despite repeated attacks the Israeli army was unable to take control of the village and lost 28 soldiers killed in the fighting.

In 2023, during the Israel-Palestine conflict, some Hezbollah members were firing missiles at Israel and Israel launched an airstrike.[9] [10]

References

  1. ^ "The tall mountain of the spur", according to Palmer, 1881, p. 66
  2. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 180
  3. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 Archived 2019-04-20 at the Wayback Machine writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  4. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 119; as translated by Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 219
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 200
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 219
  7. ^ Rosen, N. (2007-01-01). "The Mayor, the Martyr, and the Pomegranate Trees". Mother Jones. Retrieved 2016-08-09.
  8. ^ HRW, 2007, pp. 107-108
  9. ^ https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/10/8/israel-hezbollah-exchange-fire-raising-regional-tensions
  10. ^ https://www.barrons.com/news/israeli-strike-on-lebanon-kills-hezbollah-member-officials-65ff6a82

Bibliography

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Ayta ash Shab
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