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Austrian Decoration for Science and Art

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Austrian Decoration
for Science and Art
Neck badge of the Austrian
Decoration for Science and Art
TypeState decoration
Awarded for"...superior creative and commendable services in the areas of the sciences or the arts."[1]
CountryRepublic of Austria
EligibilityAustrian and foreign citizens[1]
MottoLitteris et Artibus
StatusCurrently awarded
Established1955[1]

Decoration for Science and Art

Cross of Honour for Science and Art, First Class

Cross of Honour for Science and Art
Precedence
Next (higher)Varies by grade[1]
Next (lower)Varies by grade[1]

The Austrian Decoration for Science and Art (German: Österreichisches Ehrenzeichen für Wissenschaft und Kunst) is a state decoration of the Republic of Austria and forms part of the Austrian national honours system.

History

The "Austrian Decoration for Science and Art" was established by the National Council as an honour for scientific or artistic achievements by Federal Law of May 1955 (Federal Law Gazette No. 96/1955 as amended BGBl I No 128/2001). At the same time, the National Council also established the "Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art", which is awarded as "Cross of Honour, First Class" (German: Ehrenkreuz 1. Klasse) and "Cross of Honour" (German: Ehrenkreuz). While not technically counted as lower classes of the Decoration for Science and Art, these crosses are nevertheless affiliated with it.

Divisions

Decoration for Science and Art

The number of living recipients of the Decoration for Science and Art is limited to a maximum of 72 at any one time (36 recipients for science and 36 for arts). In each of these two groups there are 18 Austrian citizens and 18 foreign nationals.

Cross of Honour for Science and Art, First Class

There are no limits on the number of recipients.

Cross of Honour for Science and Art

There are no limits on the number of recipients.

Precedence

Grade Preceding Following
Decoration for Science and Art Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Star for Services to the Republic of Austria Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold for Services to the Republic of Austria
Cross of Honour for Science and Art 1st Class Military Merit Decoration Grand Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
Cross of Honour for Science and Art Grand Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria Decoration of Honour in Gold for Services to the Republic of Austria

Recipients

Decoration for Science and Art

Cross (and Cross 1st Class)

Cross of Honour for Science and Art, First Class
Cross of Honour for Science and Art

Forfeiture

Forfeiture of this honour became possible with Federal Law Gazette I No 128/2001, changing Act § 8a. It allows the government to strip recipients of their honours if deemed unworthy. The best known example of such a forfeiture is of the Nazi physician Heinrich Gross.[citation needed]

On 5 August 2008 the Austrian Science Minister Johannes Hahn decided not to withdraw the award from inventor Johann Grander.[citation needed] – see also Wikipedia German version and see also Austrian ministry

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Bundespraesident.at: Decorations of Honour". Bundespraesident.at. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Paul Holdengraber". PEN American Center. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012.
  3. ^ Haag, John. "Adolf, Helen (b. 1895)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Gale Research Inc. Archived from the original on 10 June 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2013.(subscription required)
  4. ^ Austrian Cross of Honor for Science and Art, Leo Baeck Institute, retrieved 17 August 2016
  5. ^ "Jubilar: Gesellschaft als Leinwand: Medienkünstler Richard Kriesche wird 75". www.kleinezeitung.at. 27 October 2015.
  6. ^ Gruber, Kommunikation-Land Steiermark, Markus. "Bundesauszeichnungen für besondere Verdienste". www.kommunikation.steiermark.at.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ "Auszeichnung für den Managementexperten: Malik erhielt das Österreichische Ehrenkreuz für Wissenschaft und Kunst". OTS.at.
  8. ^ ORF
  9. ^ "Auszeichnung für Schulforscher Michael Schratz". www.uibk.ac.at.
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Austrian Decoration for Science and Art
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