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Asago, Hyōgo

Asago
朝来市
Asago City Hall
Asago City Hall
Flag of Asago
Official seal of Asago
Location of Asago in Hyōgo Prefecture
Location of Asago in Hyōgo Prefecture
Asago is located in Japan
Asago
Asago
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°20′N 134°51′E / 35.333°N 134.850°E / 35.333; 134.850
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
PrefectureHyōgo
Government
 • MayorKatsuaki Taji (since May 2009)
Area
 • Total403.06 km2 (155.62 sq mi)
Population
 (March 31, 2022)
 • Total28,971
 • Density72/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address213-1 Higashitani, Wadayama-cho, Asago-shi, Hyogo-ken 669-5292
ClimateCfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
FlowerCherry blossom
TreeZelkova serrata
Ruins of Takeda Castle

Asago (朝来市, Asago-shi) is a city located in northern Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 March 2022, the city had an estimated population of 28,971 in 12245 households and a population density of 72 persons per km2.[1] The total area of the city is 403.06 square kilometres (155.62 sq mi).

Geography

Asago is located in the north of Hyōgo Prefecture. It is located in the east of Chūgoku Mountains, and the mountains and forests were occupy 93% of the town.[2] The Maruyama flows from south to north in the town.[3] The Tataragi Dam was built across the Tataragi stream, a tributary of the Maruyama.[4]

Neighbouring municipalities

Hyōgo Prefecture

Kyoto Prefecture

Climate

Asago has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool to cold winters. Precipitation is significantly higher in summer than in winter, though on the whole lower than most parts of Honshū, and there is no significant snowfall. The average annual temperature in Asago is 13.4 °C (56.1 °F). The average annual rainfall is 2,091.8 mm (82.35 in) with July as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.7 °C (78.3 °F), and lowest in January, at around 1.9 °C (35.4 °F).[5] The highest temperature ever recorded in Asago was 38.0 °C (100.4 °F) on 20 August 2020; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −12.8 °C (9.0 °F) on 28 February 1981.[6]

Climate data for Ikuno, Asago (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1978−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.0
(59.0)
20.2
(68.4)
23.8
(74.8)
28.8
(83.8)
32.4
(90.3)
34.4
(93.9)
37.5
(99.5)
38.0
(100.4)
37.0
(98.6)
31.8
(89.2)
25.2
(77.4)
20.0
(68.0)
38.0
(100.4)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
7.0
(44.6)
11.4
(52.5)
17.7
(63.9)
22.9
(73.2)
25.9
(78.6)
29.7
(85.5)
31.3
(88.3)
26.3
(79.3)
20.5
(68.9)
14.7
(58.5)
8.9
(48.0)
18.5
(65.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
2.5
(36.5)
6.0
(42.8)
11.6
(52.9)
16.8
(62.2)
20.7
(69.3)
24.7
(76.5)
25.7
(78.3)
21.4
(70.5)
15.4
(59.7)
9.6
(49.3)
4.4
(39.9)
13.4
(56.1)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −1.3
(29.7)
−1.1
(30.0)
1.3
(34.3)
6.0
(42.8)
11.2
(52.2)
16.4
(61.5)
21.2
(70.2)
21.9
(71.4)
17.7
(63.9)
11.3
(52.3)
5.5
(41.9)
0.9
(33.6)
9.3
(48.7)
Record low °C (°F) −9.7
(14.5)
−9.9
(14.2)
−7.3
(18.9)
−2.5
(27.5)
0.8
(33.4)
6.2
(43.2)
13.3
(55.9)
14.2
(57.6)
7.8
(46.0)
1.3
(34.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
−7.1
(19.2)
−9.9
(14.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 97.0
(3.82)
107.4
(4.23)
161.3
(6.35)
172.0
(6.77)
205.5
(8.09)
228.7
(9.00)
285.7
(11.25)
196.3
(7.73)
263.8
(10.39)
173.8
(6.84)
101.3
(3.99)
99.1
(3.90)
2,091.8
(82.35)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 13.2 13.6 13.7 11.4 11.4 12.8 14.8 11.2 12.6 9.8 10.4 12.3 147.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 85.3 89.0 136.9 177.6 186.3 126.5 132.1 173.3 127.4 144.1 115.6 97.8 1,592
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[6][5]
Climate data for Wadayama, Asago (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1977−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.1
(64.6)
22.1
(71.8)
24.7
(76.5)
32.2
(90.0)
34.1
(93.4)
35.7
(96.3)
37.8
(100.0)
38.3
(100.9)
36.7
(98.1)
31.4
(88.5)
25.5
(77.9)
21.7
(71.1)
38.3
(100.9)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 7.1
(44.8)
8.1
(46.6)
12.6
(54.7)
19.0
(66.2)
24.1
(75.4)
26.9
(80.4)
30.6
(87.1)
31.9
(89.4)
27.3
(81.1)
21.7
(71.1)
15.9
(60.6)
10.1
(50.2)
19.6
(67.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
3.1
(37.6)
6.6
(43.9)
12.2
(54.0)
17.6
(63.7)
21.5
(70.7)
25.4
(77.7)
26.2
(79.2)
21.9
(71.4)
15.9
(60.6)
10.2
(50.4)
5.1
(41.2)
14.0
(57.3)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −0.9
(30.4)
−0.9
(30.4)
1.4
(34.5)
5.8
(42.4)
11.7
(53.1)
17.1
(62.8)
21.7
(71.1)
22.2
(72.0)
18.0
(64.4)
11.6
(52.9)
5.8
(42.4)
1.2
(34.2)
9.6
(49.2)
Record low °C (°F) −11.2
(11.8)
−12.8
(9.0)
−9.6
(14.7)
−2.9
(26.8)
0.1
(32.2)
6.6
(43.9)
13.8
(56.8)
14.9
(58.8)
7.0
(44.6)
1.2
(34.2)
−2.3
(27.9)
−7.8
(18.0)
−12.8
(9.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 122.5
(4.82)
109.7
(4.32)
120.8
(4.76)
101.0
(3.98)
121.9
(4.80)
151.6
(5.97)
187.7
(7.39)
145.7
(5.74)
224.5
(8.84)
147.2
(5.80)
85.4
(3.36)
110.2
(4.34)
1,628
(64.09)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 64
(25)
66
(26)
11
(4.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
26
(10)
170
(67)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 16.7 15.4 14.7 10.8 9.9 11.5 12.6 9.7 12.2 10.6 11.2 14.9 150.2
Average snowy days (≥ 3 cm) 6.5 5.6 1.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.3 15.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 86.2 87.4 129.1 168.9 182.9 132.7 141.6 186.2 123.4 123.6 106.7 93.9 1,559.8
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[7][8]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, the population of Asago in 2020 is 28,989 people.[9] Asago has been conducting censuses since 1960.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 47,118—    
1965 43,637−7.4%
1970 39,506−9.5%
1975 37,763−4.4%
1980 36,850−2.4%
1985 37,149+0.8%
1990 36,625−1.4%
1995 36,766+0.4%
2000 36,069−1.9%
2005 34,791−3.5%
2010 32,819−5.7%
2015 30,805−6.1%
2020 28,989−5.9%
Asago population statistics[9]

History

The area of Asago was in ancient Tajima Province and is the location of many burial mounds from the Kofun period. These include the Chasuriyama Kofun in Wadayama, one of the largest enpun (円墳)-style elliptical burial mounds in the Kansai region. The Ikuno Silver Mine opened in 807 in the early Heian period and mining continue through the Edo Period. During the Sengoku period the area was under the control of the Yamana clan, the shugo of Tajima Province and Takeda Castle was the stronghold their retainers, the Otagaki clan. Following the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate, the area was mostly tenryō territory under direct control of the shogunate due to the importance of the silver mine, with some small areas undertone control of Toyooka Domain or Izushi Domain. Following the Meiji restoration, the area was under"Toyooka Prefecture" until incorporated into Hyōgo Prefecture in 1876. The town of Ikuno and the villages of Yamaguchi and Akagawa were created with the establishment of the modern municipalities on April 1, 1889. Asago was founded on March 31, 1954, from the merger of the former villages of Yamaguchi and Nakagawa.[3] By 2004, the town had an estimated population of 7,465 and a density of 57.33 persons per km2. The total area was 130.20 km2.[10] On April 1, 2005, Asago absorbed the towns of Ikuno, Santō and Wadayama (all from Asago District) to create the city of Asago.

Government

Asago has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 18 members. Asago contributes one member to the Hyogo Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Hyōgo 5th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Asago has mostly a rural economy based on agriculture and commerce. Local industries include food processing, metal products, electrical machinery, and non-ferrous metals.

Education

Asago has seven public elementary schools and four public middle schools operated by the city government and two public high schools operated by the Hyōgo Prefectural Department of Education. There is also one private middle school and one private high school. The prefecture also operates one special education school for the handicapped.

Transportation

Fukuchiyama branch office of JR West on Toyooka.

Railway

JR WestSan'in Main Line

JR WestBantan Line

Highways

International relations

Sister cities

Friendship cities

Local attractions

Noted people from Asago

References

  1. ^ "Asago city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ 平成15年度「循環・共生・参加まちづくり表彰」表彰団体概要 [The Outline of Organization Commended as "Circulation, Coexistence and Participation Town planning Awards" in 2003] (pdf) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. p. 2. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
  3. ^ a b 兵庫県大百科事典 (上巻) [Hyogo Prefecture Encyclopaedia (first volume)]. Kobe Shimbun. 1983. ISBN 9784875211006.
  4. ^ 奥多々良木発電所6号機の営業運転開始について [Sixth Generator Was Started at Okutataragi Pumped Storage Power Station] (in Japanese). Kansai Electric Power Company. April 10, 1998. Archived from the original on June 3, 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  6. ^ a b 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  7. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  8. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  9. ^ a b Asago population statistics
  10. ^ 平成16年1月1日現在 兵庫県推計人口 [Population Estimates in Hyogo Prefecture on January 1, 2004] (in Japanese). Hyōgo Prefecture. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
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Asago, Hyōgo
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