For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Antonio Cafiero.

Antonio Cafiero

Antonio Cafiero
Antonio Cafiero in 1988
National Senator
In office
10 December 1993 – 10 December 2005
ConstituencyBuenos Aires
7th Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers
In office
30 December 2001 – 2 January 2002
PresidentEduardo Camaño
Preceded byLuis Lusquiños
Succeeded byJorge Capitanich
Governor of Buenos Aires
In office
10 December 1987 – 10 December 1991
LieutenantLuis María Macaya
Preceded byAlejandro Armendáriz
Succeeded byEduardo Duhalde
Personal details
Born(1922-09-12)12 September 1922
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died13 October 2014(2014-10-13) (aged 92)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Political partyJusticialist Party
SpouseAna Goitía
Alma materUniversity of Buenos Aires

Antonio Francisco Cafiero (12 September 1922 – 13 October 2014) was an Argentine Justicialist Party politician.[1] Cafiero held a number of important posts throughout his career, including, most notably, the governorship of Buenos Aires Province from 1987 to 1991, the Cabinet Chief's Office under interim president Eduardo Camaño from 2001 to 2002, and a seat in the Senate of the Nation from 1993 to 2005.

Early and personal life

Cafiero was born in Buenos Aires. He joined Catholic Action in 1938, and enrolled at the University of Buenos Aires, becoming President of the Students' Association. He graduated as an accountant in 1944, and earned a Doctor in Economic Sciences in 1948, teaching in the discipline as a professor from 1952 to 1984. Cafiero became a militant Peronist from the 17 October 1945 mass demonstrations in support of populist leader Juan Perón, and entered public service in 1952 as Minister of Foreign Trade in the latter's administration, serving until 1954. He married the former Ana Goitía, and they had ten children.[2]

Cafiero lost his wife of fifty years, Ana Goitía, in 1994.[2] His son, Juan Pablo Cafiero, was appointed as Ambassador to the Holy See in 2008.[3] He had been a national deputy for the Peronists and for FrePaSo, Minister for Social Development under Presidents Fernando de la Rúa and Eduardo Duhalde, and as Minister of Security for Buenos Aires Province.[4][5] Another son, Mario Cafiero, served as a National Deputy from 1997 to 2005. His grandson, Santiago Cafiero (Juan Pablo's son) served as Cabinet Chief and Foreign Minister.

Political career

Cafiero held offices in the National Justicialist Movement from 1962, as well as in different institutions within the Justicialist Party at the national level and in Buenos Aires Province. Following the return of Peronists to power in the 1973 elections, Cafiero was appointed Secretary of Commerce in Perón's last term (1974). Following Perón's death and his replacement by his wife, Vice-President Isabel Perón, he was appointed Federal Interventor of Mendoza Province (1974–1975), and as Ambassador to the European Economic Community and Belgium (1975). Cafiero was appointed Economy Minister in August. He grappled with the aftermath of the June 1975 Rodrigazo (economic shock treatment enacted by a predecessor) with no success, and he was dismissed in February 1976, serving briefly as Ambassador to the Holy See until the March 1976 coup.

Cafiero announces the establishment of the Peronist Renewal movement on 9 September 1982.

Governor of Buenos Aires

He founded the Movement for Unity, Solidarity and Organization in September 1982, a reformist faction of the Justicialist Party, ahead of the 1983 return of democracy. The group, known as Renovación Peronista (Peronist Renewal), was defeated in the party's September 1983 nominating convention, however, by more conservative figures supported by Lorenzo Miguel of the Steelworkers' Union. Cafiero was elected to the Argentine Chamber of Deputies in 1985, and in 1987, Governor of Buenos Aires Province. Elected President of the Justicialist Party National Council, he ran in the May 1988 primary election for the upcoming presidential campaign. He failed to regain the support of the CGT, or to sway delegates from the smaller provinces, and lost to less well-known Carlos Menem, who subsequently won the 1989 general election.

Later career

Menem appointed Cafiero Ambassador to Chile in 1992, and Cafiero returned to elected office as a Senator in 1993. He took part in the convention negotiating the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution, which allowed for Menem's re-election. The amended Argentine Constitution included article 129, which guaranteed Buenos Aires greater self-governance. The Indentente (appointed Mayor) was replaced by a Jefe de Gobierno (elected Mayor), and the city council by the Buenos Aires City Legislature. Shortly before the historic, June 30, 1996, elections to these posts, however, Senator Cafiero succeeded in limiting the city's autonomy by advancing National Law 24.588, which reserved control of the Argentine Federal Police (the federally administered city force), the Port of Buenos Aires and other faculties to the national government. The controversial bill, popularly known afterward as Ley Cafiero (the "Cafiero Law") was signed in 1996 by President Menem, remaining a sticking point between successive Presidents (most of whom have been Peronist) and Buenos Aires Mayors (none of whom have been).[6]

Cafiero was re-elected as Senator in 2001. The aging lawmaker, who had severe hearing loss by then, took leave to act as Cabinet Chief during the transitional presidency of Eduardo Camaño (2001–02), returning to the Senate and retiring in 2005.

Cafiero was formally accused in 2006, along with Isabel Perón and several of her former ministers, of involvement in the forced disappearance of a minor in 1976. President Isabel Perón and her cabinet had signed decrees on October 6, 1975, ordering "military and security operations that may be needed to annihilate subversive elements throughout the territory of the country" (see Dirty War for historical context).[7] Cafiero, during the Trial of the Juntas in 1985, had stated that the Isabel Perón government (which presided over the early phase of the Dirty War) believed that common police tactics were not enough to combat the guerrilla threat, and that he learned of human rights violations committed at the time only after Perón's overthrow in the March 1976 coup d'état.[8]

Cafiero served as President of COPPPAL, the Permanent Conference of Political Parties of Latin America and the Caribbean, from 2005 to 2011.[9]

He died on 13 October 2014 in Buenos Aires.[10]


  1. ^ Official website.
  2. ^ a b "Antonio Cafiero: soy leyenda". La Nación.
  3. ^ Designan a Juan Pablo Cafiero embajador ante el Vaticano, La Nación, 22 October 2008.
  4. ^ El Frepaso aceptó regresar al Gobierno con Juan Pablo Cafiero como ministro Archived 2008-05-26 at the Wayback Machine, Clarín, 26 April 2001.
  5. ^ Un dialoguista muy vinculado con la Iglesia, La Nación, 20 September 2008.
  6. ^ "Qué dice la Ley Cafiero". Infobae. Archived from the original on 2012-03-28. Retrieved 2011-06-16.
  7. ^ Clarín, 9 November 2006. Conceden la eximición de prisión a Cafiero en una causa por desaparecidos durante la dictadura Archived 2010-04-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Trial of the Juntas, 22 April 1985. Testimony of Antonio Cafiero Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ "Autoridades". COPPPAL. Archived from the original on 2012-03-25.
  10. ^ Legendary Peronist leader Antonio Cafiero dies at 92
Preceded byAlejandro Armendáriz Governor of Buenos Aires 1987–1991 Succeeded byEduardo Duhalde Preceded byLuis Lusquiños Chief of Cabinet of Ministers 2001–2002 Succeeded byJorge Capitanich
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Antonio Cafiero
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.


Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?