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Ansar, Lebanon

Ansar
أنصار
Insar
village
Ansar is located in Lebanon
Ansar
Ansar
Location in Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°23′N 35°21′E / 33.383°N 35.350°E / 33.383; 35.350
Country Lebanon
GovernorateNabatieh Governorate
DistrictNabatieh District
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)+3

Ansar (Arabic: أنصار; also spelled Insar) is a village in the Nabatieh Governorate region of southern Lebanon located between Nabatieh and Tyre, Lebanon, next to the village of Doueir. It has a population of 31,970.

History

Ansar detention camp

After the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon, the IDF built a prison camp outside Ansar. The prisoners lived in tents with the camp divided into sections, each containing fifty 3x3 metre tents and surrounded by 4 metre high barbed wire fences. At its peak the camp held 9,000 prisoners. Six months after the camp was opened the commanding officer was replaced following reports of routine beatings, food and water being withheld, prisoners blindfolded for long periods and insufficient sanitation. In February 1983, during a mass hunger strike, several prisoners were shot dead. On the first anniversary of the invasion there were demonstrations during which guards were afraid to enter the compounds.[1] On 8 August 1983, several prisoners escaped in a tunnel that had taken 45 days to dig.[2] In October three prisoners were buried alive after the guards discovered their tunnel.[3] The following month 4,500 prisoners from Ansar were released in exchange for six Israeli soldiers held by the PLO. Previously 200 prisoners had been transferred to Israel. They were not included in the exchange. 1,100 of those released were bussed into Israel and then flown to Algeria. The Israeli prisoners were taken in a small boat to a French warship off Tripoli. A new camp was subsequently built close by with huts instead of tents. By January 1984 it held 200 prisoners.[4] In 1985 one source estimated that the camp held 15,000 prisoners, mainly Lebanese Shiites.[5] An Israel Army reservist who had served at Ansar was quoted in the newspaper Maariv as saying that the old camp had been sitting on top of a tunnel system.[6][7] In 1988 when the Israeli army opened a prison camp in the Negev close to the Egyptian border, Ktzi'ot Prison, to hold prisoners detained during the First Intifada, it became known as Ansar III. It is still being used.

During the 2006 Lebanon War, the village was bombed by Israeli forces and five civilians were killed.[8][9]

Ansar is the hometown of the poet and journalist Said Fayad (1921 - 2003).

Home of Said Fayad in Ansar

References

  1. ^ Tveit, Odd Karsten (2010) Goodbye Lebanon. Israel's First Defeat. Rimal Publication. Translated by Peter Scott-Hansen. ISBN 978-9963-715-03-9 pp.39-40
  2. ^ Tveit pp.42-43
  3. ^ Tveit p.67
  4. ^ Tveit p.68
  5. ^ Hirst, David (2010) Beware of Small States. Lebanon, battleground of the Middle East. Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-23741-8 p.202. Quoting Rosemary Sayigh Too Many Enemies p.131
  6. ^ "ISRAEL CLEARS CAMP OF INMATES". The New York Times. 1983-08-28. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  7. ^ "6 Detainees Die in Accident At Israeli Camp in Lebanon". The New York Times. 1983-11-05. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
  8. ^ Mouawad, Jad (2006-08-07). "As Shelling Continues, Few Residents Remain in Towns That Once Took Refugees". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  9. ^ HRW, 2007, p. 132

Bibliography

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Ansar, Lebanon
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