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Ano Syros

Ano Syros
Άνω Σύρος
General view of Ano Syros
General view of Ano Syros
Ano Syros is located in Greece
Ano Syros
Ano Syros
Location within the regional unit
Coordinates: 37°28′N 24°56′E / 37.467°N 24.933°E / 37.467; 24.933
CountryGreece
Administrative regionSouth Aegean
Regional unitSyros
MunicipalitySyros-Ermoupoli
Area
 • Municipal unit67.0 km2 (25.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Municipal unit
3,611
 • Municipal unit density54/km2 (140/sq mi)
 • Community
1,856
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Vehicle registrationEM

Ano Syros (Greek: Άνω Σύρος, “Upper Syros”) is a town and a former municipality on the island of Syros, in the Cyclades, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Syros-Ermoupoli, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] The municipal unit includes the uninhabited islands Gyaros (lying to the northwest of Syros) and Varvaroúsa. Population 3,611 (2021 census); land area 67.014 square kilometres (25.874 square miles).[3] The municipal unit shares the island of Sýros with the municipal units of Ermoupoli and Poseidonia.

History

Ano Syros is the medieval settlement of Syros. It was built during the late Byzantine era or early Frankokratia. It is a classical cycladic medieval settlement that is densely built with narrow roads, circular order and a radial street plan.[4] Its overall landscape resembles a fortified citadel. Ano Syros is inhabited by Catholic Greeks. The reason for it is the long period of Frankokratia in Syros that started immediately after the fourth crusade. Frankokratia ended during the 16th century but the Catholics of Syros came under French protection and Catholicism survived in the island.[5] After founding of nearby Hermoupolis, Ano Syros ceased to be the administrative centre of Syros. Nevertheless, the settlement remained a religious centre since it is the seat of Roman Catholic Diocese of Syros and Milos.

During WW2 the city was occupied by the Italians, who wanted to create an Italian province with administrative capital in Ano Syros:

Among the civilian population there was a substantial approval of the Italian presence only in the area of the capital of Siro and in the island of Tino, where many boasted distant Venetian roots and were numerous Catholics for centuries - especially in the town "Ano Syros", founded in 1200 by the Venetians. Ano Syros, the Catholic stronghold in Siro, supported the Italianization of the Cyclades even if moderately: this was assisted by the Italian authorities and did not suffer death from the famine that damaged the Greek population especially in February 1942. Many Catholic inhabitants of Ano Syros (and someone from Tino) were later imprisoned by the Greeks (Orthodox) with the charge of collaborationism in 1945. BD[6]

Places of interest

  • Church of Saint George: The church is built in the top of the hill of Ano Syros. It was originally built in 1208 but has been destroyed three times since and has been rebuilt.[7]
  • Capuchin monastery: It is a catholic monastery that was founded in 1637.[8]
  • Vamvakaris museum: It is a museum dedicated to Markos Vamvakaris

Twin towns — sister cities

Ano Syros is twinned with:

People

References

  1. ^ "Αποτελέσματα Απογραφής Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2021, Μόνιμος Πληθυσμός κατά οικισμό" [Results of the 2021 Population - Housing Census, Permanent population by settlement] (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 29 March 2024.
  2. ^ "ΦΕΚ B 1292/2010, Kallikratis reform municipalities" (in Greek). Government Gazette.
  3. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.
  4. ^ "Syros". Foundation of the Hellenic world. Archived from the original on 3 July 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Ano Syros". hermoupolis.gr. Archived from the original on 15 January 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  6. ^ Italian occupationof Ano Syros
  7. ^ "Ιστορία Άνω Σύρου". teipir.gr. Archived from the original on 24 December 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  8. ^ "Μοναχικά τάγματα και ιερές μονές". cathecclesia.gr. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  9. ^ "Twinnings" (PDF). Central Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-06-30. Retrieved 2013-08-25.


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