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Ankara Province

Ankara Province
Ankara ili
Ankara skyline
Location of the province within Turkey
Location of the province within Turkey
CountryTurkey
SeatAnkara
Government
 • MayorMansur Yavaş (CHP)
 • ValiVasip Şahin
Area
25,632 km2 (9,897 sq mi)
Population
 (2022)[1]
5,782,285
 • Density230/km2 (580/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Area code0312
Websitewww.ankara.bel.tr
www.ankara.gov.tr

Ankara Province (Turkish: Ankara ili, pronounced [ˈaŋkaɾa iˈli]) is a province and metropolitan municipality of Turkey with the capital city Ankara. Its area is 25,632 km2,[2] and its population is 5,782,285 (2022).[1]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1927404,720—    
1940602,965+3.11%
1950819,693+3.12%
19601,321,380+4.89%
19702,041,658+4.45%
19802,854,689+3.41%
19903,236,626+1.26%
20004,007,860+2.16%
20104,771,716+1.76%
20205,663,322+1.73%
20225,782,285+1.04%
source:[3][4][5][1]

History

The site of the modern city has been home to settlements by many historic Anatolian civilizations in antiquity and classical times, including Phrygians, Lydians, Persians and Alexander the Great, Romans, and Galatians. The city of Ankara became a fortified stronghold of the Byzantines; it fell to the Seljuk Turks and later the Ottoman Empire. It was finally chosen by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and the Turkish National Movement as the site of the provisional government and the Turkish parliament in 1920, and in 1923 as the capital city of the newly established Republic of Turkey.

Districts

Ankara has 25 districts.[1]

Ankara Province
Ankara City
Number Plates
(İlçe Kayıt)
District Population
(31.12.2022)
Area (km²) Density
(per km²)
1872 Akyurt 40,625 369 110
1130 Altındağ 413,994 123 3,365
1157 Ayaş 12,998 1041 12
1167 Bala 20,521 1,851 11
1187 Beypazarı 48,357 1,697 28
1227 Çamlıdere 8,100 782 10
1231 Çankaya 942,553 483 1,951
1260 Çubuk 95,449 1,198 80
1302 Elmadağ 44,379 647 69
1922 Etimesgut 614,891 273 2,252
1924 Evren 2,952 222 13
1744 Gölbaşı 150,047 1,364 110
1365 Güdül 8,079 540 15
1387 Haymana 26,016 2,164 12
1815 Kahramankazan 59,123 547 108
1427 Kalecik 12,794 1,110 12
1745 Keçiören 939,279 159 5,907
1473 Kızılcahamam 26,872 1,623 17
1746 Mamak 687,535 321 2,142
1539 Nallıhan 26,553 2,079 13
1578 Polatlı 128,378 3,618 35
2034 Pursaklar 162,389 169 961
1747 Sincan 572,609 880 651
1658 Şereflikoçhisar 33,140 2,155 15
1723 Yenimahalle 704,652 219 3,218
ANKARA City (9 districts / urban)[6]
Altındağ, Çankaya, Etimesgut, Gölbaşı, Keçiören, Mamak, Pursaklar, Sincan, Yenimahalle
5,187,949 [1] 3,991 [2] 1,300
TOTAL 5,782,285 [1] 25,632 [2] 226
District 1965[7] 1970[8] 1975[9] 1980[10] 1985[11] 1990[12] 1997[13] 2007[14] 2012[14] 2017[14] 2022[14]
City center[a] 130,520 114,419 94,964 77,168 no data no data no data no data no data no data no data
Akyurt no data no data no data no data no data 12,535 16,229 23,354 27,201 32,863 40,625
Altındağ 229,228 348,254 526,072 624,313 406,948 422,668 394,632 370,735 363,744 371,366 413,994
Ayaş 16,936 17,581 18,325 17,202 21,762 20,806 18,352 13,159 13,087 12,289 12,998
Bala 41,415 42,206 44,735 45,158 46,940 37,612 35,295 23,505 17,397 21,682 20,521
Beypazarı 34,297 36,435 37,140 38,568 42,008 45,977 46,903 46,884 46,738 48,476 48,357
Çamlıdere 19,596 18,982 19,444 18,521 18,341 19,365 20,992 9,329 6,739 7,389 8,100
Çankaya 496,953 683,210 927,809 968,668 667,351 714,330 765,354 792,189 832,075 921,999 942,553
Çubuk 47,601 49,539 53,114 54,616 57,716 51,964 63,700 83,826 82,614 90,063 95,449
Elmadağ 20,526 23,852 25,893 30,354 32,967 38,032 38,682 48,013 43,856 45,513 44,379
Etimesgut no data no data no data no data no data 70,800 127,395 289,601 425,947 566,500 614,891
Evren no data no data no data no data no data 6,928 6,506 4,027 3,011 2,753 2,952
Gölbaşı no data no data no data no data 31,671 43,522 49,526 73,670 110,643 130,363 150,047
Güdül 18,314 18,153 18,919 15,688 19,460 18,698 22,473 10,676 8,656 8,050 8,079
Haymana 48,908 51,256 53,275 56,171 60,823 55,527 49,730 39,310 31,058 27,277 26,016
Kalecik 28,665 29,784 27,871 28,446 27,349 25,043 25,870 17,007 13,648 12,897 12,794
Kahramankazan no data no data no data no data no data 21,837 26,076 36,147 43,308 52,079 59,123
Keçiören no data no data no data no data 443,390 536,168 615,448 843,535 840,809 917,759 939,279
Kızılcahamam 42,649 36,645 36,686 35,513 32,162 34,456 37,906 25,288 24,635 24,947 26,872
Mamak no data no data no data no data 379,460 410,359 405,066 503,663 559,597 637,935 687,535
Nallıhan 31,141 32,713 32,769 34,389 35,718 36,779 39,952 31,768 30,299 28,621 26,553
Polatlı 63,895 74,366 75,332 86,865 95,401 99,965 104,203 118,454 119,349 124,464 128,378
Pursaklar no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data 119,593 142,317 162,389
Şereflikoçhisar 69,201 75,675 82,207 79,330 87,893 60,701 55,443 34,808 35,042 33,599 33,140
Sincan no data no data no data no data 59,451 101,118 220,415 413,030 479,454 524,222 572,609
Yenimahalle 122,166 175,528 246,154 330,908 382,205 351,436 507,242 614,778 687,042 659,603 704,652
Total 1,644,302 2,041,658 2,585,293 2,854,689 3,306,327 3,236,626 3,693,390 4,466,756 4,965,542 5,445,026 5,782,285

^a The population of the city center was not included after 1980, due to the fact that Ankara received the metropolitan status.

Geography

Köppen map of Ankara Province and surrounding regions:[15]
  •   BSk
  •   Csb
  •   Dfb
  •   Dsb

Ankara is mostly in the Central Anatolia region, and partly in the Black Sea region. Ankara has mountain forests to its north, and the dry plain of Konya to its south. The province is irrigated by the Kızılırmak and Sakarya River systems, the Sarıyar reservoir and many natural lakes and pools. 50% of the land is used for agriculture, 28% is forest and another 10% is meadow and grazing land. Lake Tuz, the second largest lake in Turkey, partly lies in the Şereflikoçhisar district of the province. The highest point of the province is the 2,015 meters tall Işık Mountain in the Kızılcahamam district.

Climate

The climate is hot and dry in summer, rainy in spring and autumn, cold and snowy in winter, wetter in the north of the province than the drier plains to the south. The annual precipitation in the city of Ankara located the center of the province is 415 mm (16.3 in),[16] the annual precipitation of Kızılcahamam located in the north of the province is 592 mm (1.942 ft), and the annual precipitation of Şereflikoçhisar located in the southeast of the province is 357 mm (14.1 in).[17][18]

Places of interest

  • The Mount Sarıçal National Park (Turkish: Sarıçalı Dağı Milli Parkı) is located next to Çulhalar village in the northeast, 25 km (16 mi) northwest of Nallıhan and 185 km (115 mi) northwest of Ankara.[19]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Address-based population registration system (ADNKS) results dated 31 December 2022, Favorite Reports" (XLS). TÜİK. Retrieved 19 September 2023.
  2. ^ a b c "İl ve İlçe Yüz ölçümleri". General Directorate of Mapping. Retrieved 19 September 2023.
  3. ^ Genel Nüfus Sayımları
  4. ^ tuik
  5. ^ "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2020". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original on 2021-10-28. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
  6. ^ "TURKEY: Ankara City". Citypopulation.de.
  7. ^ "1965 General Census" (PDF) (in Turkish). Turkish Statistical Institute. 1965. Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 May 2022.
  8. ^ "1970 General Census" (PDF) (in Turkish). Turkish Statistical Institute. 1970. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 August 2022.
  9. ^ "1975 General Census" (PDF) (in Turkish). Turkish Statistical Institute. 1975. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 August 2022.
  10. ^ "1980 General Census" (PDF) (in Turkish). Turkish Statistical Institute. 1980. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 June 2022.
  11. ^ "1985 General Census" (PDF) (in Turkish). Turkish Statistical Institute. 1986. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 May 2021.
  12. ^ "1990 General Census" (PDF) (in Turkish). Turkish Statistical Institute. 1991. Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 August 2021.
  13. ^ "1997 Population Count" (PDF) (in Turkish). Turkish Statistical Institute. 1999. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 October 2022.
  14. ^ a b c d "Population Of SRE-1, SRE-2, Provinces and Districts". TÜIK. Retrieved 23 January 2024.
  15. ^ "Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution". Nature Scientific Data. DOI:10.1038/sdata.2018.214.
  16. ^ "Ankara" (in Turkish). Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  17. ^ "Kizilcahamam-Turkey". Weatherbase. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  18. ^ "Coğrafi Yapı". Sereflikochisar.gov.tr. Archived from the original on 22 October 2007. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  19. ^ "Sarıçalı Dağı Milli Park Olarak İlan Edildi" (in Turkish). Tarım ve Orman Bakanlığı 9. Bölge Müdürlüğü. 28 October 2021. Archived from the original on 10 April 2024. Retrieved 10 April 2024.


39°36′N 32°30′E / 39.600°N 32.500°E / 39.600; 32.500

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Ankara Province
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