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American Institute of Physics

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American Institute of Physics
AbbreviationAIP
Formation1931
Type501(c)(3) not-for-profit membership corporation[1]
PurposePromoting the advancement and diffusion of the knowledge of physics and its application to human welfare.[1]
HeadquartersAmerican Center for Physics (ACP)
Location
  • College Park, Maryland
Membership
120,000 scientists, engineers, educators, and students[1]
CEO
Michael H. Moloney
Budget
75 million USD[2]
Websitewww.aip.org Edit this at Wikidata

The American Institute of Physics (AIP) promotes science and the profession of physics, publishes physics journals, and produces publications for scientific and engineering societies. The AIP is made up of various member societies. Its corporate headquarters are at the American Center for Physics in College Park, Maryland, but the institute also has offices in Melville, New York, and Beijing.[1]

Historical overview

The AIP was founded in 1931 as a response to lack of funding for the sciences during the Great Depression.[3] It formally incorporated in 1932 consisting of five original "member societies", and a total of four thousand members. A new set of member societies was added beginning in the mid-1960s. As soon as the AIP was established it began publishing scientific journals.[4]

Member societies

The American Center for Physics, in College Park, Maryland
The American Center for Physics, in College Park, Maryland

Affiliated societies

List of publications

The AIP has a subsidiary called AIP Publishing (wholly owned non-profit) dedicated to scholarly publishing by the AIP and its member societies, as well on behalf of other partners.[5]

AIP style

AIP created a manual of style first introduced in 1951, called AIP style, which also includes the AIP citation format.[6] It is the most commonly used style and citation format in physics publications.[7][8][9]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "About AIP". AIP | American Institute of Physics. n.d. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  2. ^ "Organization and Governance". AIP | American Institute of Physics. n.d. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  3. ^ "History of AIP". American Institute of Physics. July 2010.
  4. ^ ". TO ADVANCE AND DIFFUSE THE KNOWLEDGE OF PHYSICS An account of the one-hundred year history of the American Physical Society May 1999.
  5. ^ About AIP Publishing
  6. ^ AIP Style Manual - Prepared under the Direction of the AIP Publication Board (PDF) (4th ed.). American Institute of Physics. 1990. ISBN 978-0-88318-642-8. OCLC 471598204.
  7. ^ Lipson, Charles (2006). Cite Right. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-48475-4. OCLC 62533865.
  8. ^ "Citation and style manuals - American Institute of Physics (AIP)". Virginia Tech. Retrieved October 25, 2023.
  9. ^ "Science & Engineering Citation Style Guide: American Institute of Physics (AIP)". USC Libraries. Retrieved October 26, 2023.

Archival collections

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

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American Institute of Physics
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