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Amanelisdze

Amanelisdze (Georgian: ამანელისძე) were a noble family in medieval Georgia with a surge in prominence in the 12th and 13th centuries.

The 13th-century anonymous Georgian chronicle The Histories and Eulogies of the Sovereigns mentions the Amanelisdze, together with the Vardanisdze and Saghiridze, as participants of the sword-girdling ceremony of Queen Tamar upon her coronation in 1184. During Tamar's reign, the family, with the title of eristavi ("duke"), held sway over the fief of Argueti[1][2] in western Georgia, which purportedly passed on to them from the Kakhaberidze. Upon the latter family's return to ascendancy, the Amanelisdze went in decline and disappeared from records.[3]

According to the 20th-century Georgian historian Ivane Javakhishvili, Queen Tamar's grandson King David VI (r. 1245–1293) was married, as his first wife, to a member of the Amanelisdze family, Tamar, who mothered three sons of David, all of them subsequently reigning monarchs. Tamar's background is not mentioned in the Georgian chronicles, but she is known from the surviving contemporary charters, one of which identifies her as "the daughter of Emenelasdze", a corrupted form of Amanelisdze, as posited by Javakhishvili.[4] The anonymous author of The Histories and Eulogies of the Sovereigns makes reference only to David's one consort, a Palaeologian princess from Constantinople.[5]

References

  1. ^ Rapp, Jr, Stephen H. (2007). "Georgian Sources". In Whitby, Mary (ed.). Byzantines and Crusaders in Non-Greek Sources, 1025-1204. Oxford University Press. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-19-726378-5.
  2. ^ Metreveli, Roin, ed. (2008). "„ასწლოვანი მატიანე"" [The Histories and Eulogies of the Sovereigns] (PDF). ისტორიანი და აზმანი შარავანდედთანი [Kartlis Tskhovreba] (in Georgian). Tbilisi: Artanuji. pp. 402, 408.
  3. ^ Shoshiashvili, N. (1975). "ამანელისძენი" [Amanelisdze]. ქართული საბჭოთა ენცილოპედია [Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia] (in Georgian). Vol. 1. Tbilisi. p. 349.((cite encyclopedia)): CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  4. ^ Javakhishvili, Ivane (1982). ქართველი ერის ისტორია, ტომი III [History of the Georgian nation, volume III] (in Georgian). Tbilisi: Metsniereba. pp. 149, 152.
  5. ^ Toumanoff, Cyril (1949–51). "The Fifteenth-Century Bagratids and the Institution of Collegial Sovereignty in Georgia". Traditio. 7: 173.
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Amanelisdze
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