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Alliance of Patriots of Georgia

Alliance of Patriots of Georgia
საქართველოს პატრიოტთა ალიანსი
ChairmanDavit Tarkhan Mouravi
Secretary-GeneralIrma Inashvili
Political SecretaryGiorgi Lomia
Founded2012
HeadquartersTbilisi, Georgia
Ideology
Political positionRight-wing[2]

Factions:

Far-right[4]
Colours    Red, Gold
Seats in Parliament
0 / 150
Municipal Councilors
5 / 2,068
Website
http://patriots.ge/

The Alliance of Patriots of Georgia (Georgian: საქართველოს პატრიოტთა ალიანსი, romanized: sakartvelos p'at'riot'ta aliansi, APG) is a political party in the republic of Georgia.[5] It was founded in 2012 by leaders from the Resistance Movement, which opposed the government of Mikheil Saakashvili. In the 2014 local elections, it gained an aggregate vote nationwide of 4.6%, exceeding the 4% threshold required to qualify as a political party for government funding. Through party-list voting in 47 cities, it won proportional seat representation on the local councils of 30 municipalities, including Tbilisi.[6] In June 2016, the party formed a bloc with five other parties (Free Georgia, led by Kakha Kukava; Tavisupleba, led by Konstantine Gamsakhurdia; Union of Georgian Traditionalists, led by Akaki Asatiani; New Christian-Democrats, led by Gocha Jojua, and Political Movement of Law Enforcement and Armed Forces Veterans) for the scheduled 2016 parliamentary election,[7] finishing 3rd place in the proportional votе and just passing the electoral threshold of 5%.

History

The party was established in December 2012,[8] by founders including Soso Manjavidze, Davit Tarkhan-Mouravi and Irma Inashvili. Giorgi Lomia is political secretary.[6] The party leadership also includes former warlord Emzar Kvitsiani, a figure that has attracted significant controversy.[9] The Alliance party was based on the Resistance Movement, a group fiercely critical of the former ruling party, the United National Movement.

The party declared as its explicit aim to become a "third force" in Georgian politics. It was critical of both the Georgian Dream and the United National Movement, two dominant political parties, describing them as being part of the same "corrupt elite"; however, its criticism at times focused on the United National Movement, while it mainly denounced the Georgian Dream for not dealing harsher with the United National Movement for the crimes committed during its rule before the Georgian Dream took over in 2012. Even in later years, when the Alliance of Patriots grew more critical of the Georgian Dream and accused it of the rigging the 2020 Georgian parliamentary election, the United National Movement still remained its archenemy. At several times the Alliance of Patriots sought to initiate the process of banning the United National Movement, which it described as running the "criminal regime" from 2003 to 2012.

In the 2014 local elections, the Alliance of Patriots of Georgia party received 4.7% of the aggregate vote, meeting the required threshold of 4% to qualify as a political party, and making it eligible for future state funding for elections. It ran in a party-list contest for proportional city assembly seats in 47 of a total of 71 municipalities and cities. In 30 jurisdictions, its party-list voting exceeded 4%, making it eligible for seats on 30 local councils, including that of Tbilisi.[6][10]

Inashvili finished fourth in the mayoral election in Tbilisi with 5.4% of the vote; the party won two seats in the Tbilisi City Assembly. In addition, Alliance of Patriots of Georgia mayoral candidates qualified for run-off elections against Georgian Dream (GD) candidates in the cities of Poti and Ozurgeti; and Alliance candidates qualified for second-round runoffs for municipal executives in the municipalities of Lanchkhuti and Khulo.[6]

Political positions

The party supports 'Christian and democratic values', and positions itself as a moderate conservative party. It places heavy emphasis on social programs, such as expanded public housing and medical care, as well as pledges to support Georgian folk singing and dance.[11]

The party campaigned against the building of mosques in Adjara, warning of growing Turkish influence and Ankara's alleged designs on the region.[2]

The party supports military neutrality and has appealed to the Georgian government to make corresponding changes in the constitution. The party is critical of the Georgia's proposed membership into the European Union and NATO, considering them unrealistic as despite the efforts to join these organizations they have not been successful for two decades, and that, according to the party, joining NATO would make it impossible to normalize relations with Russian Federation and solve disputes with Russia over Georgia's separatist Abkhazia and South Ossetia regions and restore Georgia's territorial integrity.[3] On 21 February 2022, amid tensions between Russia and Ukraine, the party joined the public statement supporting "full military neutrality" of countries like Georgia and Ukraine as a major basis for defusing regional tensions and constructing "a new system of international security based on justice and the mutual support of the interests of the sides".

In June 2024, Conservative Movement, a pro-Russian party which calls for the alliance between Georgia and Russia and alignment with Russia, has merged with the Alliance of Patriots after being banned from 2024 Georgian parliamentary election.[4]

Television

The Alliance party has a television channel, Objective, run by Inashvili. Davit Tarkhan-Mouravi has a series on the channel in which he lectures on the Bible and Orthodox Christianity. A mathematician, he served in earlier administrations as "head of the state department for information technologies in the early 2000s, and as head of the customs department for several months in 2003."[6]

Electoral performance

Parliamentary election

Election Leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
2016 Irma Inashvili 88,097 5.01
6 / 150
new 3rd Opposition
2020 Irma Inashvili 60,480 3.14
4 / 150
Decrease 2 6th Opposition

Local election

Election Votes % Seats +/–
2014[12] 66,805 4.72
47 / 2,088
New
2017[13] 98,530 6.56
90 / 2,043
Increase 43
2021[14] 25,697 1.46
5 / 2,068
Decrease 85

References

  1. ^ a b "Parties, Parliaments and Polling Averages - Georgia". Europe Elects.
  2. ^ a b c d Kucera, Joshua (24 October 2016). "Georgia: Disillusion with Establishment Fuels Rise of Populism". Eurasianet.
  3. ^ a b Kakhishvili, Levan (2020). Georgian party political discourse on foreign policy non-alignment: How has the meaning changed since 1992? (PDF). Tbilisi, Georgia: Georgian Institute of Politics. In 2016, a small party, Alliance of Patriots of Georgia (APG) revived a discussion about Georgia's non alignment in foreign policy. However, the reasoning behind advocating for non-alignment is different from what was in the 1990s. The starting point of APG's reasoning is that Georgia has been trying to become a NATO member for almost two decades and has not yet been successful, which for APG is an indicator that the West is not planning to integrate Georgia under the security umbrella. Even if Georgia becomes a member of NATO, APG argues, it would mean to give up hope of restoration of territorial integrity.
  4. ^ a b c "Georgia's Alt Info to run in elections with Alliance of Patriots". OC Media. 11 June 2024.
  5. ^ Cecire, Michael (9 March 2015). "The Kremlin pulls on Georgia". Foreign Policy.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Local Elections Boost Alliance of Patriots' Ambitions for Parliamentary Polls" Archived 2016-10-13 at the Wayback Machine, Civil Georgia, 21 June 2014
  7. ^ "Alliance of Patriots Forms 6-Party Bloc for Elections". Civil Georgia. 9 June 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  8. ^ Georgian Electoral Amendment Clears Early Hurdle, But Vote Concerns Persist Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 19 December 2015
  9. ^ Fuller, Liz (28 January 2015). "Georgian Court Releases Jailed Warlord". Radio Free Europe. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  10. ^ Tom Lansford (2015) Political Handbook of the World 2015, CQ Press
  11. ^ Alliance of Patriots of Georgia, Party's Page, archived from the original on 13 October 2016, retrieved 22 July 2018
  12. ^ Election results 2014 archiveresults.cec.gov.ge
  13. ^ Election results 2017 archiveresults.cec.gov.ge
  14. ^ "Არჩევნების შედეგები".
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Alliance of Patriots of Georgia
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