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Alexander II of Imereti

Alexander II
ალექსანდრე II
Alexander II, a fresco from the Gelati monastery
King of Georgia
Reign1478
PredecessorBagrat VI
SuccessorConstantine II
King of Imereti
Reign1483–1510
PredecessorBagrat VI
SuccessorBagrat III
SpouseTamar
DynastyBagrationi dynasty
FatherBagrat VI of Georgia
ReligionGeorgian Orthodox Church
KhelrtvaAlexander II ალექსანდრე II's signature

Alexander II (Georgian: ალექსანდრე II; died April 1, 1510) was a king (mepe) of Georgia in 1478 and of Imereti from 1483 to 1510.

Life

In 1478, his father Bagrat VI died and Alexander became king of Georgia, initially ruling its two major regions, Imereti in the west and Kartli in the east. Alexander was expelled from the kingdom by a rival prince Constantine II. Alexander retired to the mountainous western provinces of Racha and Lechkhumi. Alexander recovered Imereti after Constantine’s defeat at the hands of Qvarqvare II Jaqeli, a powerful atabeg of Samtskhe, in 1483, but lost the capital Kutaisi to Constantine again a year later. In 1488, Alexander took advantage of the Ak Koyunlu Turkoman invasion of Kartli, and seized control of Imereti. In 1491, Constantine had to recognise his rival as independent sovereign, and to confine himself to the government of Kartli.

Peace between the two Georgian kingdoms did not last long, and in August 1509, Alexander invaded Kartli, taking its western regions as well as the fort-city of Gori.[1] News that Imereti had been raided by the Ottomans during Alexander's absence made the king to return to Kutaisi, and Gori was soon taken back by David X of Kartli.

Family

In 1483, Alexander II married a woman named Tamar who died on March 12, 1510. Alexander died on April 1, 1510, and was buried with his wife at the Gelati Monastery near Kutaisi. They were survived by four children:

  • Bagrat III (1495–1565), who succeeded Alexander as king of Imereti.
  • Prince David (fl. 1510 – 1524).
  • Prince Vakhtang (fl. 1512 – 1548), sometime in opposition to his brother Bagrat III.
  • Prince Giorgi (fl. 1511 – 1545), who was married to a woman named Ana.
  • Prince Demetre (fl. 1511).
  • Princess Tinatin, who was married Spiridon Beenashvili (Cholokashvili).
  • Anonymous princess, who was married twice, secondly to Giorgi, son of Rostom Gurieli.

References

  1. ^ Mikaberidze 2015, p. 109.

Sources

  • Mikaberidze, Alexander (2015). Historical Dictionary of Georgia (2 ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1442241466.
Preceded byBagrat VI King of Georgia 1478 Succeeded byConstantine II
Preceded byBagrat VI King of Imereti 1483–1510 Succeeded byBagrat III
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Alexander II of Imereti
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