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Alcobendas

Alcobendas
Flag of Alcobendas
Coat of arms of Alcobendas
Map
Location of Alcobendas
Coordinates: 40°32′N 3°38′W / 40.533°N 3.633°W / 40.533; -3.633
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityCommunity of Madrid
Government
 • MayorRafael Sánchez Acera (2019) (PSOE)
Area
 • Total44.98 km2 (17.37 sq mi)
Elevation
700 m (2,300 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total116,037
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
DemonymAlcobendense or alcobendano
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
28100, 28108, 28109
WebsiteOfficial website

Alcobendas (Spanish pronunciation: [alkoˈβendas]) is a municipality of Spain located in the Community of Madrid.

It forms an urban continuum with the neighbouring municipality of San Sebastián de los Reyes. The affluent residential area of La Moraleja lies within the municipal limits, segregated from the main urban nucleus by the A-1 highway. The municipality features the Valdelatas nature reserve and a light industrial estate. It also houses a basketball museum organised by the Pedro Ferrándiz Foundation where the FIBA Hall of Fame is located.

Once a working-class area, Alcobendas has become one of the most economically affluent municipalities in the Madrid metropolitan area.

History

The settlement is first documented in a 1208 border delimitation between the lands of Segovia and Madrid.[2] In 1369, the Castilian Crown gifted the village to the Mendozas, later passing to control of the Arias Dávila family.[3] The population boomed after 1960.[3]

Transport

Alcobendas lies within CRTM's B1 fare zone for passenger transport.

Both Alcobendas and its neighbour city, San Sebastián de los Reyes are connected with Madrid with buses operated by the 'Interbús' bus company. There are currently eight bus lines that go to and from different districts of Alcobendas to Plaza de Castilla (the hub for public transport to northern Madrid). Alcobendas also has eight bus lines that connect the different zones of Alcobendas between themselves.

Metro (Underground)

Alcobendas presently has four Metro stations (La Granja, La Moraleja, Marqués de la Valdavia and Manuel de Falla) which are all on line 10 of the Madrid Metro network. These stations were recently opened by Esperanza Aguirre, former President of the Autonomous Community of Madrid.

Buses

Buses going to and from Plaza de Castilla are:

  • 151 Madrid (Pza. Castilla) - Alcobendas (FF.CC)
  • 153 Madrid (Pza. Castilla) - Alcobendas (Rosa Luxemburgo)
  • 153B a.k.a. B53 Madrid (Pinar de Chamartín) - Alcobendas (Rosa Luxemburgo)
  • 155 Madrid (Pza. Castilla) - Alcobendas (El Soto de la Moraleja)
  • 155B a.k.a. B55 Madrid (Pza. Castilla) - Alcobendas (El Encinar de los Reyes)
  • 157 Madrid (Pza. Castilla) - Alcobendas (Pº de la Chopera)
  • 157C a.k.a. C57 Madrid (Pza. Castilla) - Alcobendas (Valdelasfuentes)
  • 159 Madrid (Pza. Castilla) - Alcobendas (Arroyo de la Vega)

Buses connecting different parts of Alcobendas are:

  • L-1 Arroyo de la Vega - El Soto de la Moraleja - La Moraleja
  • L-2 Alcobendas - La Moraleja [via Pº Alcobendas]
  • L-3 Arroyo de la Vega - El Soto de la Moraleja - El Encinar de los Reyes
  • L-5 San Sebastián de los Reyes - Alcobendas - El Soto de la Moraleja
  • L-6 Valdelasfuentes (FF.CC) - Polígono Industrial
  • L-9 Alcobendas (FF.CC) - Arroyo de la Vega

Two further circular lines are:

  • C10 Valdelasfuentes - Arroyo de la Vega - Valdelasfuentes
  • C11 Arroyo de la Vega - Valdelasfuentes - Arroyo de la Vega

Cercanías Train

Alcobendas also has two suburban railway stations (one shared with San Sebastián de los Reyes):

  • Valdelasfuentes and
  • Alcobendas-San Sebastián de los Reyes.

Both form part of the C-4a Cercanías line and can get to Sol and Atocha in half an hour.

Private transport

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Multiple motorways are going through and around Alcobendas, making the municipality easily accessible by car. The M-12 motorway connects Alcobendas with the Canillejas district of Madrid and Barajas International Airport.

List of motorways and main roads that go through Alcobendas:

  • A-1-Autovía del Norte
  • R-2-Radial 2 (Madrid-Guadalajara)
  • M-50-Autopista M-50
  • M-12-Autopista Eje-Aeropuerto
  • M-603-Carretera de Fuencarral a Alcobendas
  • M-616-Carretera de El Pardo a Alcobendas

The availability of parking spaces in Alcobendas varies depending on the district. In the Casco district it is challenging to find a parking space, but newer districts have more parking infrastructure, making it easier to find a parking space.

Economy

Air Madrid previously had its head office in Alcobendas until the company ceased operations in 2006.[4]

Education

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2016)

Sport

The Alcobendas Rugby

In 2010, Alcobendas was to be the host city of the 2010 CIRH Women's World Cup, the most important competition in Women's Roller Hockey.

Notable people

Climate

The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Csa " (Mediterranean Climate).[5]

Climate data for Alcobendas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 11
(51)
12
(53)
15
(59)
17
(62)
21
(70)
27
(81)
32
(90)
32
(89)
28
(82)
20
(68)
14
(58)
11
(52)
20
(68)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 1
(33)
2
(35)
3
(37)
5
(41)
8
(46)
12
(54)
16
(60)
16
(60)
13
(55)
8
(47)
4
(39)
2
(36)
7
(45)
Average precipitation days 15 18 21 24 25 21 22 21 22 20 15 17 241
Source: Weatherbase [6]

References

  1. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  2. ^ "Alcobendas tras la tormenta". La Vanguardia. 30 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b Cruz Plaza, Ángel; García Lledó, Fátima; Martín-Serrano García, Pilar (1991). "Alcobendas". Arquitectura y Desarrollo Urbano. Comunidad de Madrid (PDF). Vol. I. p. 18; 24. ISBN 84-451-0297-4.
  4. ^ "Servicios Centrales." Air Madrid. 15 December 2006. Retrieved on 6 September 2009.
  5. ^ Climate Summary for Alcobendas
  6. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on July 26, 2013.
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Alcobendas
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