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Albany James Christie

Albany James Christie (18 December 1817 – 2 May 1891) was an English academic and Jesuit priest.[1]

Life

His father was Albany Henry Christie of Chelsea, London, and he was related to the auction house family founded by James Christie. In 1835 he was elected an Associate of King's College, London from the Department of General Literature and Science. He matriculated at Oriel College, Oxford on 2 July 1835, at age 17. He graduated B.A. there in 1839, with a first class in literae humaniores, and was a Fellow of Oriel from 1840 to 1845, graduating M.A. in 1842.[2][3][4][5]

Initially Christie was in favour with the Oriel Noetics.[3] Over the summer 1838 he was occupied with editorial work on the Library of the Fathers, an Oxford Movement project of E. B. Pusey.[6] This was in a house in St Aldate's, Oxford, shared with James Mozley and Mark Pattison, as well as his brother.[7] As a Fellow Christie worked on the church history of Claude Fleury, with John Henry Newman. Then in 1843 he turned to Ambrose and his work De virginitate, which with other factors aroused suspicion that he had Catholic sympathies. Edward Hawkins, Provost of Oriel, acted on the disquiet of others to put pressure on Christie, often absent from the college. By 1844 it was made clear to Christie that he would not have a recommendation from Hawkins to take Anglican orders.[3] He failed to take deacon's orders from the Bishop of Oxford, for that reason, a decision by Hawkins connected with Tractarian opposition to Renn Hampden. He began to look at a medical career.[8]

Christie in 1844 divided his time between St Bartholomew's Hospital, as a medical student, and Littlemore, Newman's small place of retreat just south of Oxford. In the following year, 1845, he walked in silence with the tearful Newman from Oxford to Littlemore, at the critical time, according to Wilfrid Ward's biography, when Newman was breaking from the Church of England. He himself became a Catholic convert, in London during October 1845, also entering formally the College (medical school) at Bart's. In 1847 he joined the Jesuits as a novice.[3][9][10][11][12]

Christie was later known as a Catholic playwright and poet.[13] In 1856 he became Superior of the seminary at Stonyhurst Saint Mary's Hall.[1] In 1858 he was sent on mission work, and in 1862 he went to Farm Street Church in London.[1] He received Sydney Fenn Smith into the Catholic Church in 1864, and George Tyrrell in 1879.[14][15] He died in London, on 2 May 1891.[1]

Works

Christie wrote:[16]

  • The Ecclesiastical History of M. l'abbé Fleury, from the Second Ecumenical Council to the end of the fourth century (1842, 2 vols.) translator; further parts of the work were translated by George Buckle and William Kay.[17]
  • The Officium Eucharisticum of 1673 by Edward Lake (1843), preface[18]
  • On Holy Virginity; with a brief account of the life of St. Ambrose (1843)[19]
  • The Day Hours of the Church, with the Gregorian Tones (1844)[20]
  • On the philosophy of Christianity, in Essays on Religion and Literature (1867), edited by Henry Edward Manning[21][22]
  • The Martyrdom of St. Cecily: a drama (4th edition 1870)[16]
  • Union with Rome: Five afternoon lectures (1869)[23]
  • The first Christmas, a play (1875)[24]
  • The End of Man: In Four Books (1886), devotional poem of 8000 lines, based on the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius[25][26]
  • Verses for the Stations of the Cross. London: Catholic Truth Society, [1890].
  • Two Lectures on the Papacy (Preston).[21] They comprised (1) The Papacy or Catholicity the counterpoise to tyranny and (2) On Church and State, with special reference to the Austrian Concordat[16][27]

He wrote in the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology as A. J. C.;[28] and edited the monthly Catholic Progress.[29]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d "A. J. Christie - Hymnary.org". Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  2. ^ s:Alumni Oxonienses: the Members of the University of Oxford, 1715-1886/Christie, Albany James
  3. ^ a b c d Stewart J. Brown; Peter Benedict Nockles (28 June 2012). The Oxford Movement: Europe and the Wider World 1830-1930. Cambridge University Press. pp. 23–4. ISBN 978-1-107-01644-6.
  4. ^ "The Calendar of King's College, London". Internet Archive. John W. Parker. 1857. p. 289. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  5. ^ Edmund Burke (1840). The Annual Register of World Events: A Review of the Year. Longmans, Green. p. 417.
  6. ^ Skinner, S. A. "Mozley, James Bowling". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19478. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  7. ^ James Tolhurst (1988). The Church - a Communion: In the Preaching and Thought of John Henry Newman. Gracewing Publishing. p. 151 note 14. ISBN 978-0-85244-118-3.
  8. ^ Rev. Fr. Juan R. Velez (31 March 2012). Passion for Truth: The Life of John Henry Newman. TAN Books. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-89555-997-5.
  9. ^ Ward, Wilfrid Philip (1912). "The life of John Henry Cardinal Newman: based on his private journals and correspondence". Internet Archive. London; New York: Longmans, Green. p. 21. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  10. ^ Charles-François Chevé (1852). Dictionnaire des conversions: ou Essai d'encyclopédie historique des conversions au catholicisme depuis dix-huit siècles et principalement depuis le protestantisme (in French). J.-P. Migne. p. 108.
  11. ^ Paul Edwards (1990). Canute's Tower: St. Beuno's 1848-1989. Gracewing Publishing. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-85244-151-0.
  12. ^ Paget, Sir James, 1st Baronet (1902). "Memoirs and Letters of Sir James Paget". Internet Archive. London: Longmans, Green. pp. 151–2. Retrieved 8 February 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ Catherine Reilly (2000). Mid-Victorian Poetry, 1860-1879. Continuum. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-7201-2318-0. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  14. ^ s:The Catholic encyclopedia and its makers/Smith, Sydney Fenn
  15. ^ Owen F. Cummings (2007). Prophets, Guardians, and Saints: Shapers of Modern Catholic History. Paulist Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-8091-4446-4. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  16. ^ a b c Halkett, Samuel; Hjaltalin, Jon Andresson; Jamieson, Thomas Hill (1873). Catalogue of the Printed Books in the Library of the Faculty of Advocates. Vol. C–Engineering. p. 215.
  17. ^ John Henry Newman (23 February 2006). The Letters and Diaries of John Henry Newman Volume IX: Littlemore and the Parting of Friends May 1842-October 1843. OUP/Birmingham Oratory. pp. 208 note 3. ISBN 978-0-19-925458-3.
  18. ^ Lee, Sidney, ed. (1892). "Lake, Edward (1641-1704)" . Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 31. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  19. ^ Albany James Christie (1843). De virginibus. On Holy Virginity; with a brief account of the life of St. Ambrose. J. H. Parker.
  20. ^ Albany James Christie, ed. (1844). The Day Hours of the Church, with the Gregorian Tones. Translated by Albany James Christie. J. Toovey.
  21. ^ a b Catalogus librorum impressorum qui in bibliotheca collegii ...: Trinitatis ... juxta Dublin, adservantur. e Typographeo academico. 1875. p. 238.
  22. ^ Essays on Religion and Literature by various writers. Longmans, Green. 1867. p. 243.
  23. ^ "anglicanhistory.org, Union with Rome, by Albany J. Christie (1869)". Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  24. ^ Albany James Christie (1875). The first Christmas, a play.
  25. ^ Albany James Christie (1886). The End of Man: In Four Books. Burns and Oates, Limited.
  26. ^ "The Irish Monthly". Internet Archive. Dublin: M. H. Gill & Son. 1886. pp. 330–1. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  27. ^ The Critic: A Record of Literature, Art, Music, Science, and the Drama. J. Crockford. 1857. p. 532.
  28. ^ Sir William Smith (1846). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology: Earinus-Nyx. Taylor and Walton. p. 7.
  29. ^ Oldcastle, John (pseudonym of Wilfrid Meynell) (1880). "Journals and journalism: with a guide for literary beginners". Internet Archive. London: Field & Tuer. p. 112. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
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Albany James Christie
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