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Adana Archaeology Museum

Adana Archaeology Museum
Adana Arkeoloji Müzesi
A statue from Tel Halaf in Adana Archaeology Museum
Adana Archaeology Museum is located in Turkey
Adana Archaeology Museum
Location within Turkey
Established1919
LocationDöşeme Mahallesi Ahmet Cevdet Yağ Bulvarı, D:No:7, 01060 Seyhan, Adana, Turkey
Coordinates36°59′42″N 35°18′50″E / 36.99489°N 35.31383°E / 36.99489; 35.31383
TypeArcheological
Area588,000 sq ft (54,600 m2) in
94 Galleries[1]

Adana Archaeology Museum (Turkish: Adana Arkeoloji Müzesi) is a museum in Adana that houses the historical heritage of Cilicia in a converted textile factory. It is one of the oldest archaeological museums in Turkey.[2]

History

Adana Archaeology Museum was founded in 1919 during the French rule of Cilicia. The collection initially comprised diverse objects found by local civilians and French military personnel; an agreement with the Imperial Museum in Constantinople also allowed for the transfer of certain antiquities held in Silifke to the Adana museum.[3][4] After the formation of the Republic in 1924, Alyanakzade Halil Kamil Bey from Adana was appointed as museum director and the collection was moved in 1928 to the medrese section of the defunct Cafer Pasha Mosque and then opened to the public.

The museum was moved to the building later also occupied by the Ethnography Museum at Kuruköprü in 1950. Items from the early ages of Cilicia which was discovered during the excavations carried out at Tarsus/Gözlükule (1934), Mersin/Yumuktepe (1936), Ceyhan/Sirkeli (1938) and Yüreğir/Misis (1958) in particular, were collected at the museum which eventually became filled to the brim with the ethnographic items collected by museum director Ali Rıza Yalman (Yalkın) between 1933 and 1940. This was also the only regional museum housing items either through bought or obtained through court orders from an area covering Kahramanmaraş to Gaziantep. The museum moved to a new city-centre location on January 7, 1972.

However, in the 2010s a new, much larger Adana Museum (Turkish: Adana Müzesi) was created some miles west of the centre in the former Milli Mensucat (National Textile) factory. There it will for a museum complex with a City Museum, Museum of Agriculture, Museum of Industry, Museum of Ethnography, Children's Museum and Mosaic Museum. In 2019 the archaeology section, including a large mosaics area, was opened. Many objects formerly in the garden of the old museum are now indoors and protected from the elements. The space is huge and will expand as more of the old industry is being restored.[1][5]

The Collections

The museum contains many objects from the Hittite period, such as a statue of a god on a chariot, and many steles. But objects from earlier and later periods (Neolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Archaic, Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman) also abound. Roman exhibits include sarcophagi with rich garland decorations, jugs, catapult shots, inscriptions, altars and various architectural elements, glassware, ceramics and jewellery. Finds from specific excavations in the region are displayed separately. A marble sarcophagus from Tarsus depicting the Trojan wars in high relief is known as the Achilles sarcophagus. There is also a sarcophagus carved with a Medusa from the ancient city of Augusta which was submerged beneath the Seyhan Dam Reservoir, and a life-sized bronze Karataş statue from the ancient city of Magarsus in Karataş.

The museum houses the only known inscription mentioning Apollonius of Tyana from 3–4th century CE [6]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Morgan, Hannah J. (29 January 2000). "Student Diary Travel Accounts". Archived from the original on 2011-05-27. Retrieved 2010-06-07.
  2. ^ Nedim Dervişoğlu: Das Neue Archäologische Museum von Adana. Von der Textilfabrik zum Fenster in die Geschichte Kilikiens. In: Antike Welt. Nr. 3/2018. Zabern-Verlag, Mainz/Darmstadt 2018, S. 86–89.
  3. ^ Shaw, Wendy. Possessors and Possessed: Museums, Archaeology, and the Visualization of History in the Late Ottoman Empire. pp. 213–214.
  4. ^ Von Der Osten, Hans. Explorations in Hittite Asia Minor in 1929. p. 45. In the afternoon we visited the small but important museum opened during the French occupation
  5. ^ Sabah, Daily (2017-05-19). "Turkey's largest museum complex unveiled in Adana". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2022-12-09.
  6. ^ Jones, C. P. (1980). "An Epigram on Apollonius of Tyana". The Journal of Hellenic Studies. 100: 190–194. doi:10.2307/630745. JSTOR 630745.
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Adana Archaeology Museum
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