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Adam Goodes

Adam Goodes
Goodes at a Recognise campaign press conference, 2014
Personal information
Full name Adam Roy Goodes
Date of birth (1980-01-08) 8 January 1980 (age 44)
Place of birth Wallaroo, South Australia, Australia
Original team(s) North Ballarat Rebels
Draft No. 43, 1997 National Draft
Height 191 cm (6 ft 3 in)
Weight 100 kg (220 lb)
Position(s) Utility
Playing career1
Years Club Games (Goals)
1999–2015 Sydney 372 (464)
Representative team honours
Years Team Games (Goals)
2008 Victoria 1 (0)
International team honours
2001–2010 Australia 3 (3)
1 Playing statistics correct to the end of 2015.
Career highlights
Sources: AFL Tables,

Adam Roy Goodes (born 8 January 1980) is a former professional Australian rules footballer who played for the Sydney Swans in the Australian Football League (AFL). Goodes holds an elite place in VFL/AFL history as a dual Brownlow Medallist, dual premiership player, four-time All-Australian, member of the Indigenous Team of the Century and representative of Australia in the International Rules Series. In addition, he has held the record for the most VFL/AFL games played by an Indigenous player, surpassing Andrew McLeod's record of 340 during the 2014 AFL season[1] before having his own record surpassed by Shaun Burgoyne during the 2019 AFL season.[2]

Known for his community work and anti-racism advocacy, Goodes was named the Australian of the Year in 2014.[3][4] From 2013, his outspokenness on racial issues contributed to his being the target of a sustained booing campaign from opposition fans, causing him to take indefinite leave from the AFL and eventually retire from the game at the end of the 2015 season. The "booing saga" sparked a national debate about racism in Australia and became the subject of two documentary films, both released in 2019. That year, the AFL formally apologised to Goodes for not taking greater action to defend him against fan abuse.

Early life and family

Goodes was born in Wallaroo, South Australia to Lisa May and Graham Goodes, with siblings Jake and Brett.[5] Goodes' father is of English, Irish and Scottish ancestry; his mother is an Aboriginal Australian (Adnyamathanha and Narungga),[6][7] and is one of the Stolen Generation.[8]

Goodes' parents were separated when he was four; his father moved to Mackay, Queensland[9] while Goodes moved between Wallaroo and Adelaide (in South Australia) and Merbein (in Victoria) with his mother.[8]

Goodes preferred soccer as a boy, playing in South Australia. While at Merbein, he attended primary school at Merbein West Primary School in 1986 and it was there that he began to play Australian rules football as there was no soccer club for him to join.[8][10] He moved with his family to Horsham, Victoria, where he played football at high school and represented at under-16 and under-18 levels. At age 16, he began playing with the North Ballarat Rebels in the TAC Cup. Goodes played in a winning premiership side with the Rebels, where he was scouted by the Sydney Swans.[8]

Goodes took his mother to the Brownlow Medal ceremony in 2003.[8]

Brett, who is 4 years younger than Adam, played 22 AFL games for the Western Bulldogs between 2013 and 2015.

AFL career

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Early career

Goodes was drafted by Sydney into the Australian Football League as the 43rd pick in the 1997 AFL Draft, Sydney's third round draft pick.[11] He spent the 1998 season in the reserves competition, but broke into the first team the following year and went on to win the league's Rising Star Award.[12]

During 2000 and 2001, Goodes played in a variety of positions, developing his game but lacking consistency at times. He played every game during this period. In early 2002, however, his form had slumped and it had been suggested that he may be dropped. However, coach Rodney Eade resigned mid-season and under interim (later permanent) coach Paul Roos, Goodes found himself playing more in the ruck. In the second half of that season his form improved immensely. After injuring his knee twice in the ruck, he moved to play on the wing and went on to win two Brownlow Medals.

2003−2007: Brownlow Medal success

In 2003, Goodes returned to the ruck position for significant parts of the year in what became his best season to that point. He played a critical role in the Swans' revival and eventual preliminary final game that year. In particular, his efforts were crucial in the Swans' win against Port Adelaide in the qualifying finals.

At the end of the season, Goodes won the club's best and fairest award (the Bob Skilton Medal)[13] and received All-Australian selection for the first time.[14] However, his greatest achievement was winning the league's highest personal honour, the Brownlow Medal, alongside Collingwood's Nathan Buckley and Adelaide's Mark Ricciuto.[15] This was the second time in the history of the medal that the award was shared between three players (the first time was in 1930). Goodes attributed his success to his longtime mentor John Winter.[citation needed]

Goodes had an indifferent 2004, much like his team, who only managed the semi-finals stage of the finals series. He did not repeat his efforts of 2003, mainly due to knee injuries, yet he still managed to play every game. The knee injuries were due to an awkward fall during the season while playing in the ruck against the West Coast Eagles. Many expected Goodes to have suffered a posterior or anterior knee ligament damage, but he battled on. After this injury, coach Roos announced that Goodes' rucking days were over and that he would be used in other positions. He played in the backline for the remainder of 2004.

Goodes returned to form in 2005, playing mainly in the midfield. His year was highlighted with a near match-winning 33 disposals in round 18 against the Adelaide Crows. He played well in the 2005 Grand Final, kicked a goal and gathering 20 possessions as the Swans won their first premiership since 1933.[16] He was also awarded life membership of the Swans after playing his 150th game during the year.[17]

Goodes playing for Sydney in 2006

In Round 7, 2006, Goodes played his 150th consecutive match, a notable effort with the injuries he had in 2004. By the end of the 2007 season, he had played 191 consecutive matches. He returned to the ruck position in 2005 and 2006, but only occasionally around the ground and not at centre bounces where his knee injury occurred.

In 2006 Goodes had another notable year and again won the Brownlow Medal.[15] He came into the count as a heavy favourite and became the twelfth player to have won two or more Brownlow Medals, the first Aboriginal Australian to win two, and the first player to win two with a non-Victorian club.[18] Goodes said of his performance, "I'd like to think with another couple of years in the midfield I could improve again.".[19] Goodes had a poor performance in the first half of the 2006 Grand Final against the West Coast Eagles in a repeat of 2005. However, he turned on the heat in the second half with his team coming close (losing by one point).

At the end of the year he was once again selected in the All-Australian team.[14]


Seasons 2007 and 2008 saw Goodes drop off in form but he was still instrumental in Sydney's finals campaigns. He had Brownlow Medal-threatening suspensions and charges during both years. In 2008 he missed games either through suspension or injury for the first time since 2000. His 2007 season ended strongly for him as he received 16 of a possible 18 Brownlow Medal votes in the last six games of the year.

Goodes played his 250th game in 2009, against Geelong. He was arguably one of the best players throughout the 2009 season, playing in the forward line because of Barry Hall's mid-season departure. He finished the season with 38 goals and averaged 21 disposals. From 2006 to 2009 he received 84 Brownlow votes which equated to 21 per season, easily a winning tally in years gone by considering he had drawn 22 votes during 2003's success. From 2007 to 2009 he played career best football in the eyes of some critics[who?] and perhaps better than 2003 or 2006 as evidenced by a career high eight goals against Fremantle in 2008 and more accurate goal kicking when in the forward 50. Goodes played some high standard football in 2009 in what was a relatively disappointing season in which the Swans finished 12th and failed to make the finals for the first time in six years. He also polled three Brownlow Medal votes in the Round 7 match against Geelong which Sydney lost by 51 points.

In 2010 Goodes averaged about 20 disposals and two goals a game, having been at the forefront of Sydney's revival. They finished the season in fifth position. Having started the season at centre half-forward and providing a target inside 50 for much of the year, Goodes was shifted into the midfield with success. He finished sixth in the Bob Skilton Medal and was named in the initial 40 player All-Australian squad but not in the final side. He was also named captain of the International Rules squad to play in Ireland in October.

After a strong 2009 season and an occasional move to half-forward, Goodes was selected last but managed to sneak into the 2009 All-Australian team on the interchange bench.[14]

Goodes started 2011 playing mostly in the Swans' forward line. While his ball-winning was considered as good as ever,[according to whom?] his goal-kicking became somewhat inconsistent. In a match against Essendon that season, Goodes had a chance to win the game for Sydney with his team down by two points, but his shot at goal drifted to the left, losing the game for Sydney by a solitary point.

Goodes played his 300th AFL game when the Sydney Swans tackled Hawthorn in a second semi-final, losing by 36 points. He became the quickest player (though not the youngest) in AFL history to reach the milestone, breaking 2003 joint-Brownlow Medalist Mark Ricciuto's record by 274 days. His late-season surge in form saw him selected in the 2011 All-Australian team in the forward pocket. This was his fourth selection in the team.[14]

In 2011 Goodes started as the second favourite for the Brownlow but finished eighth overall, and won the 2011 Sydney Swans' Best and Fairest, beating Josh Kennedy and Rhyce Shaw, who tied for second.[13]

2012−present: Career twilight and retirement

Goodes during a lap of honour after winning the 2012 AFL Grand Final

Goodes broke the Sydney games record when he played his 304th AFL game with a strong contribution in the Swans' Round 5, 2012, victory over Hawthorn at York Park in Launceston, Tasmania.[20] He suffered a quad injury in Round 6 and was expected to miss up to six games. Goodes played in his second premiership when Sydney defeated Hawthorn in the 2012 AFL Grand Final.

Goodes announced his retirement from the AFL after the 26-point semi-final loss to North Melbourne in 2015.[21] Goodes declined an invitation to be inducted into the Australian Football Hall of Fame.[22][23] This rejection was widely seen as an indication by Goodes that the AFL had acted insufficiently to curb racism.[24]

Other activities and honours

Goodes is of Aboriginal descent and is active in the Sydney Indigenous community. He has spent time working with troubled Indigenous youth, including those in youth detention centres, along with his cousin and former teammate Michael O'Loughlin. Goodes and O'Loughlin have also helped to start an Indigenous football academy. In September 2009 they launched the Goodes O'Loughlin Foundation, a foundation aimed at empowering the next generation of Indigenous role models in all walks of life across Australia. Goodes and O'Loughlin co-chair the foundation, which focuses on education, employment and healthy lifestyles.[25]

In 2014 he was named Australian of the Year.[26]

In September 2017 Goodes was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Sydney for his contribution to Australian society.[27]

A painting of Goodes by Vincent Namatjira won the 2020 Archibald Prize. It was the first win by an Indigenous artist in the almost 100-year history of the Art Prize.[28]

Goodes was patron of the 2020 Indigenous Football Week, an event founded in 2015 by the John Moriarty Foundation, an organisation supporting young Indigenous soccer players.[29]

On 10 October 2023, Goodes was one of 25 Australians of the Year who signed an open letter supporting the Yes vote in the Indigenous Voice referendum. The letter was initiated by psychiatrist Patrick McGorry.[30][31]


Goodes wrote an essay entitled "The Indigenous Game: A Matter of Choice", published in The Australian Game of Football Since 1858 (2008). The essay concerns the Aboriginal ball game, Marngrook, and its theorised link to the origins of Australian rules football. In it, Goodes wrote: "I don't know the truth, but I believe in the connection. Because I know that when Aborigines play Australian Football with a clear mind and total focus, we are born to play it."[32]

Appearing on The Marngrook Footy Show on NITV in a discussion about the origins of the game shortly after publication of the book, AFL historian Gillian Hibbins called Goodes a "racist", adding: "If you define racism as believing a race is superior in something, this is basically what he was doing." This view was challenged and criticised.[33]

GO Foundation

Goodes, Michael O'Loughlin and James Gallichan founded the GO Foundation in Dareton, New South Wales, in 2011 (or earlier?[34]), where it was involved in various community programs for the local Aboriginal population. In 2014, it started focusing on education for Indigenous Australians and established a board of directors. Founding partners include the Sydney Swans, Allens Linklaters, QBE Insurance and KPMG Australia.[35] After starting with a few scholarships to independent schools, by 2021 GO had expanded into 26 mostly public schools as well as five universities.[36]

Booing saga

Goodes at a Sydney Swans press conference in 2014

On 24 May 2013, during the AFL's annual Indigenous Round, a 13-year-old Collingwood supporter called Goodes an "ape". Upon hearing the abuse, Goodes pointed the girl out to security, who ejected her from the stadium.[37] After the game, Collingwood president Eddie McGuire apologised to Goodes on behalf of the club. McGuire said that Collingwood had a zero-tolerance policy towards racism, but also said that the girl, who later apologised to Goodes, did not know that what she had said was a racial slur.[38] Goodes said that he was "gutted" and that he had "never been more hurt" but nevertheless called on the community to support the girl instead of blame her.[39][40] He spoke to her the following day after she phoned to apologise, saying that she had not realised how deeply it had affected him. Goodes repeated that the girl should not be blamed; the environment that she grew up in had shaped her response.[41] The situation would be inflamed further five days later when McGuire joked on radio that Goodes would be a good person to advertise the new theatrical run of King Kong.[42] McGuire, who came to Goodes' defence just five days prior, would claim three years later that his joke was made while on "heavy-duty painkillers".[43]

Over the following years, and particularly in 2015, Goodes was repeatedly and loudly booed by opposition fans at most matches. The motivation for, and acceptability of, the booing generated wide public debate, which dominated media coverage from both sports and political commentators for weeks at a time.[44][45][46] The then Prime Minister of Australia, Tony Abbott, called on people to treat Goodes with "civility and respect". Many considered the booing to be unacceptable and motivated by racism—either because those booing felt affronted by his race or by the strong political positions Goodes had taken on racial issues—and called on the AFL to take direct action to stop it.[47][48] Others, such as commentator Sam Newman,[49] defended the rights of fans to continue booing as a show of disapproval for Goodes' actions, including a perception that his approach in dealing with the Collingwood fan who called him an ape was heavy-handed,[50][49] and for statements he had made during his time as Australian of the Year which had been seen to denigrate the history of European settlement of Australia.[49] The booing of Goodes has also been described as a symptom of tall poppy syndrome.[51]

The AFL Players' Association and captains showed solidarity with Goodes, releasing an open statement that included the words "We encourage supporters to demonstrate zero tolerance and report any behaviour which vilifies a person on the basis of their personal characteristics, such as race, religion, gender or sexual orientation. We would encourage every other fan to follow suit."[49]

During a match against Carlton in May 2015, again during the AFL's annual Indigenous Round, Goodes celebrated a goal by performing an Indigenous war dance in which he mimed throwing a boomerang[52][53] (though widely reported as a spear) in the direction of the Carlton cheer squad. Goodes said after the incident that the dance was based on one he learned from under-16s Indigenous team the Flying Boomerangs and that it was intended as an expression of Indigenous pride during Indigenous Round, not as a means of offending or intimidating the crowd.[54] The "symbolic act" has been compared favourably to Nicky Winmar lifting his guernsey during the 1993 AFL season and Cathy Freeman running with both the Australian and Aboriginal flags at the 1994 Commonwealth Games.[55] However, some spectators were offended by the perceived aggressive nature of the spear-throwing gesture and many considered it retaliatory against the booing he had received in previous weeks. It divided opinion among News Corp commentators, with many viewing it as inflammatory to the situation which had received particularly wide media coverage during the previous week.[56] The booing of Goodes intensified in the months after the war dance, leading further public debate and to the Indigenous affairs minister, Nigel Scullion, calling the booers "ignorant".[57] Goodes was surprised by the attention and negative reaction to his dance and later apologised for any offence, saying that because he was depicting an "Aboriginal warrior" and the ceremony was a "war cry" it needed to be directed at the opposing team's players.[46]

Departure from the game

Owing to the stress caused by the booing and attention, Goodes took indefinite leave from the game in August of the 2015 season.[44] Many clubs and players in the AFL supported Goodes in the week of his leave by wearing Indigenous-themed guernseys or armbands and a video was prepared by the eighteen club captains to discourage the crowd from booing.[49] He returned the following week and played for the remainder of the season after an outpouring of support on social media; and from fans, actors, politicians, celebrities and teammates, including two spontaneous standing ovations.[58][59][60][61]

Goodes retired from AFL in September 2015.[21] He did not attend the grand final, where retiring players traditionally take part in a parade, one of only a handful of players to decline this invitation since the parade for retiring players was established.[62][63]


In April 2019, on the eve of the premiere of one of the documentary films about the controversy and how it affected Goodes, The Final Quarter, the AFL and all of its 18 clubs, including Sydney, issued an unreserved apology for the sustained racism and events which drove Goodes out of the game. They said:

Adam, who represents so much that is good and unique about our game, was subject to treatment that drove him from football. The game did not do enough to stand with him, and call it out. Failure to call out racism and not standing up for one of our own let down all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander players, past and present. Our game is about belonging. We want all Australians to feel they belong and that they have a stake in the game. We will not achieve this while racism and discrimination exists in our game... We will stand strongly with all in the football community who experience racism or discrimination. We are unified on this, and never want to see the mistakes of the past repeated.

The statement also said that the football community "pledged to continue to fight all forms of racism and discrimination, on and off the field".[64][65]

In media and the arts


Goodes has made several television appearances, including in advertisements. In 2006, he appeared along with Shane Crawford in an advertisement for Campbell's Chunky soup. In 2007, he appeared, along with teammates, in the Barry Hall series of commercials for the AFL in Sydney. In 2009, he featured in the official advertisement for the AFL, receiving the ball from Chris Judd while striding out in front of horses on a horse racing track,[66] as well as in an advertisement for Powerade.[67] In August 2014, his ancestry was researched and shown on the SBS TV series Who Do You Think You Are?.[68]

In October 2015 David Jones department stores announced the selection of Goodes as a brand ambassador.[69] His role would include advising on matters related to indigenous reconciliation.[70] Besides that Goodes also served as a product ambassador for Qantas; according to the airline's online magazine Travel Insider he mentioned as having traveled to places such as New York City and East Africa.[71][72]


Goodes was one of the contributors to Anita Heiss' 2018 biographical anthology Growing Up Aboriginal In Australia. His piece, 'The Sporting Life', discussed Goodes' personal experiences of being an Aboriginal Australian athlete and the importance of sport to his culture. He also documented his early years, mentioning the story of his mother of the Adnyamathanha and Narungga peoples who was a member of the Stolen Generations.

In film

In 2019, two documentary films addressing the controversial end to Goodes' career, as well as the wider issues of racism and national identity in Australia, were released.[64][65]

The Final Quarter, by filmmaker Ian Darling, had its world premiere at the Sydney Film Festival.[73][64][65][74][75] Goodes played no part in the making of The Final Quarter but gave it his full support after watching it. On 12 June 2019, Network 10 announced that they and the WIN Network would be airing the film.[76]

The Australian Dream, written by Wiradjuri journalist Stan Grant, premiered at the Melbourne International Film Festival in early August 2019,[77] and it was released in Australian cinemas on 22 August 2019.[78]

Art installation

The AFL gathers biometric data on its players via a small device worn on their backs when playing. In a project taking four years, the computerised history of Goodes' performance data was transformed into an art installation commissioned by Adelaide's MOD. (Museum of Discovery), entitled Ngapulara Ngarngarnyi Wirra (Adnyamathanha for "Our Family Tree"). The tree refers to a 500-year-old sacred red river gum, or wirra, that lives on Adnyamathanha land. Sounds have been created by an algorithm that mixes recordings of the wind and Goodes' voice speaking in the Adnyamathanha language with his performance data, while a 3D scan of the wirra and Goodes' data were combined in a point cloud, resembling stars in the sky. UNSW technologist Angie Abdilla and artist Baden Pailthorpe collaborated with Goodes in the Tracker Data Project, which is open to the public from February to December 2022.[79][80]


Led the league after finals only
Season Team No. Games Totals Averages (per game)
1999 Sydney 37 20 19 12 190 66 256 90 16 186 1.0 0.6 9.5 3.3 12.8 4.5 0.8 9.3
2000 Sydney 37 22 40 22 228 67 295 98 28 115 1.8 1.0 10.4 3.0 13.4 4.5 1.3 5.2
2001 Sydney 37 23 34 17 260 69 329 120 26 96 1.5 0.7 11.3 3.0 14.3 5.2 1.1 4.2
2002 Sydney 37 22 21 17 268 82 350 111 68 125 1.0 0.8 12.2 3.7 15.9 5.0 3.1 5.7
2003 Sydney 37 24 20 13 304 127 431 142 52 299 0.8 0.5 12.7 5.3 18.0 5.9 2.2 12.5
2004 Sydney 37 24 9 10 205 131 336 116 31 103 0.4 0.4 8.5 5.5 14.0 4.8 1.3 4.3
2005 Sydney 37 26 23 14 319 130 449 145 60 116 0.9 0.5 12.3 5.0 17.3 5.6 2.3 4.5
2006 Sydney 37 25 25 13 381 140 521 170 84 5 1.0 0.5 15.2 5.6 20.8 6.8 3.4 2.05
2007 Sydney 37 23 9 9 298 166 464 134 77 31 0.4 0.4 13.0 7.2 20.2 5.8 3.3 1.3
2008 Sydney 37 21 29 14 229 130 359 95 63 22 1.4 0.7 10.9 6.2 17.1 4.5 3.0 1.0
2009 Sydney 37 22 38 17 294 175 469 134 72 23 1.7 0.8 13.4 8.0 21.3 6.1 3.3 1.0
2010 Sydney 37 24 44 41 322 159 481 177 58 6 1.8 1.7 13.4 6.6 20.0 7.4 2.4 0.3
2011 Sydney 37 24 41 32 320 191 511 144 87 17 1.7 1.3 13.3 8.0 21.3 6.0 3.6 0.7
2012 Sydney 37 19 37 19 217 115 332 103 56 4 1.9 1.0 11.4 6.1 17.5 5.4 2.9 0.2
2013 Sydney 37 12 20 9 133 81 214 60 25 1 1.7 0.8 11.1 6.8 17.8 5.0 2.1 0.1
2014 Sydney 37 20 30 12 175 91 266 81 32 1 1.5 0.6 8.8 4.6 13.3 4.0 1.6 0.0
2015 Sydney 37 21 25 13 208 119 327 118 48 1 1.2 0.6 9.9 5.7 15.6 5.6 2.3 0.0
Career 372 464 284 4,351 2,039 6,390 2,038 883 1,197 1.3 0.8 11.7 5.5 17.2 5.5 2.4 3.2

Honours and achievements


Brownlow Medal votes
Season Votes
2001 5
2002 2
2003 22
2004 4
2005 7
2006 26
2007 20
2008 21
2009 17
2010 13
2011 19
2012 2
2013 4
2015 1
Total 163
Green / Bold = Won



Other awards and recognition

Personal life

Adam married Natalie Croker in 2016. His first child Adelaide was born in 2018.[83] His second child was born in 2021.[citation needed]

See also


  1. ^ "Adam Goodes humble as he faces record-breaking AFL game". SBS. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  2. ^ Cross, Hannah (7 August 2019). "Burgoyne smashes record of most Indigenous games played". National Indigenous Times. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  3. ^ "Goodes a victim of circumstance". The Age. 24 May 2014.
  4. ^ Jackson, Lucy, and Rebecca Gallegos. "Months in review: January–February." Indigenous Law Bulletin 8.10 (2014): 31.
  5. ^ "Good to Go". Archived from the original on 23 September 2009.
  6. ^ "Adam Goodes has right stuff to light the way for us all". The Age. 8 March 2014. "My natural father was white, my mum is full blood"
  7. ^ Bagnell, G. "Goodes honoured but accepts Australia Day is also "pain and sorrow" for many", National Indigenous Times, 29 January 2014, p. 7.
  8. ^ a b c d e Lisa May's Tears of Joy, The Age, 23 September 2003.
  9. ^ "We've got the Goodes". AFL Mackay. 28 April 2015.
  10. ^ Got the Goodes: AFL legend switches to soccer, SBS Australia, Angela Habashy, 3 September 2018
  11. ^ "Adam Goodes". Archived from the original on 26 March 2019. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Australian Football – Adam Goodes – Player Bio". Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  13. ^ a b "Adam Goodes wins Bob Skilton Medal". Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d "All Australian". Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  15. ^ a b "Brownlow Medal history and winners". Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  16. ^ Swans celebrate grand final glory Archived 3 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine (25 September 2005)
  17. ^ Michael Cowley and AAP (1 October 2005) Finally, Kirk first among equals
  18. ^ Michael Cowley (26 September 2006). "It's all Goodes: Swan takes the Brownlow". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  19. ^ Mark Robinson (26 September 2006). "Second Brownlow all Goodes". Fox Sports (Australia). Archived from the original on 29 September 2007.
  20. ^ Blake, Martin (30 April 2012). "Goodes delivers when Swans need him most – for the 304th time". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  21. ^ a b "Swans champion Adam Goodes calls it a day". Bigpond. 19 September 2015. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  22. ^ "Adam Goodes declines Hall of Fame honour". 8 June 2021. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  23. ^ "'Our game did not do enough': AFL confirms Adam Goodes' Hall of Fame rejection". Fox Sports. 8 June 2021. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  24. ^ Robertson, Justin (15 June 2021). "We need to respect Adam Goodes' Hall of Fame rejection. Here's why". The Roar. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  25. ^ sport, The Guardian (19 April 2016). "Indigenous AFL legend Adam Goodes: 'Growing up, I knew I was different'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  26. ^ "Adam Goodes". Australia Day Council. Archived from the original on 6 August 2020. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
  27. ^ "Congratulations Dr Adam Goodes! Goodsey has been awarded an honorary doctorate from Sydney Uni for his outstanding contribution to Australian society. Get around him!". ABC Sydney. Facebook. 29 September 2017. Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  28. ^ "'It only took 99 years': Vincent Namatjira wins 2020 Archibald Prize". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  29. ^ Intili, Daniela (9 November 2020). "Indigenous Football Week sparks calls for greater Aboriginal representation in game". ABC News. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
  30. ^ Butler, Josh (11 October 2023). "Australian of the Year winners sign open letter saying no vote in voice referendum would be a 'shameful dead end'". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 October 2023.
  31. ^ Winter, Velvet (10 October 2023). "Voice referendum live updates: Australians of the Year Yes vote letter in full". ABC News (Australia). Retrieved 11 October 2023.
  32. ^ Goodes, Adam (2008). "The Indigenous Game: A Matter of Choice". In Weston, James. The Australian Game of Football: Since 1858. Geoff Slattery Publishing. pp. 175–185. ISBN 978-0-9803466-6-4.
  33. ^ Morrissey, Tim (15 May 2008). "Goodes caught in racism storm", The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  34. ^ See Michael O'Loughlin - uncited - says 2009.
  35. ^ "History". GO Foundation. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  36. ^ "GO Homepage". GO Foundation. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  37. ^ "Ejected teenage fan didn't know 'ape' was racist". Sydney Morning Herald.
  38. ^ Levy, Megan (26 May 2013). "Goodes abuse: teen didn't know 'ape' was racist, says McGuire". The Age. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  39. ^ Windley, Matt (25 May 2013). "Adam Goodes 'gutted' after 13-year-old girl's racial slur, who called the Sydney champion today to apologise". Herald Sun.
  40. ^ Crawford, Adrian (25 May 2013). "Adam Goodes 'gutted' by racial slur but wants AFL fan educated". ABC News.
  41. ^ Pierek, Jon; Gough, Deborah (26 May 2013). "Goodes accepts apology for teen's slur". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  42. ^ "McGuire sorry for King Kong gaffe but will not resign". ABC News. 29 May 2013.
  43. ^ "McGuire blames painkillers for Goodes gaffe". ABC News. 17 July 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2024.
  44. ^ a b "Adam Goodes' leave from AFL this weekend should fuel shame: Bartlett". SBS. 31 July 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  45. ^ Flannagan, Martin (4 October 2014). "Why do footy crowds boo Adam Goodes?". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  46. ^ a b Adair, Darryl (1 August 2015). "Man up? I see a man down: booing and being Adam Goodes". The Conversation. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  47. ^ Jake Niall (31 May 2015). "Adam Goodes debate: For too many, it's a case of 'don't think, boo'". The Age. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  48. ^ Peter Rolfe (31 July 2015). "Anyone who boos should be evicted, Aboriginal elders say". Herald Sun. Melbourne, VIC. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  49. ^ a b c d e "Adam Goodes booing: Gillon McLachlan calls for footy to get its respect back as captains of all 18 AFL clubs make plea to fans". Herald Sun. Melbourne, VIC. 31 July 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  50. ^ Sheehan, Paul (30 July 2015). "The Adam Goodes fire was lit by his conduct, not his race". The Sydney Morning Herald. Sydney, NSW. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  51. ^ "AFL must ensure shameful booing of Adam Goodes is brought to an end" (28 July 2015), The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
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Adam Goodes
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