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Accademia degli Oziosi

Accademia dei Gelati
AbbreviationGli Oziosi (“the Idle Ones”)
Formation3 May 1611 (1611-05-03)
FounderGiovanni Battista Manso
Dissolvedc. 1700
HeadquartersNaples, Kingdom of Naples
Official language
Italian
RemarksMotto: Non pigra quies

The Accademia degli Oziosi (Academy of the Idle) was the most famous Neapolitan literary academies of the Renaissance.[1]

History

The Accademia degli Oziosi was founded in 1611 by Giovanni Battista Manso, Marquis of Villa. The Academy was officially inaugurated on May 3, 1611 in the cloister of Santa Maria delle Grazie. It played a key role in introducing conceptismo to Naples, where orthodox Petrarchism had displaced the richly experimental poetry produced there in the previous decades.[1] The Academy soon became one of the places for the formation of the Neapolitan intellectual elite. When Giambattista Marino returned to his native city in 1624, he was elected the Academy's Principe.[1] After the death of Marino in 1625 Manso himself became Principe of the Oziosi, a position which he was to hold until his own death on 28 December 1645.[2]

The Academy originally met in the cloister of Santa Maria delle Grazie e Sant'Agnello. From 1615 onwards the meetings were held at San Domenico Maggiore.[3] The Oziosi numbered many notable men of letters, including Angelo Grillo, Giambattista della Porta and Giovanni Vincenzo Imperiale.[3] Among its foreign members the Academy numbered the brothers Bartolomé and Lupercio Leonardo de Argensola.[4]

The Academy enjoyed patronage from the viceroy of Naples Pedro Fernández de Castro, Count of Lemos.[3] In the early seventeenth century it was the most important cultural institution of the city outside the university. Manso introduced John Milton to the Accademia degli Oziosi in 1638.[5] By the mid 1650s the Academy became the launching platform for the literary careers of a long series of poets who moved conceptismo towards ever more elaborate and ornately erudite forms, most notably Giuseppe Battista.[1]

The Academy became defunct around 1700. The laws of the Oziosi are preserved in a manuscript in the Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III.[6]

Members

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Slawinski 2002.
  2. ^ Haan 1998, p. 122.
  3. ^ a b c Calitti 2007.
  4. ^ Pellicer, Juan Antonio (1778). Ensayo de una bibliotheca de traductores españoles. Madrid: Antonio Sancha. pp. 28 and 36.
  5. ^ Diffley, P. (2002). Manso, Giambattista. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-818332-7. Retrieved 6 June 2023. ((cite book)): |journal= ignored (help)
  6. ^ 'Regole dell'Accademia degli Oziosi,' BNN, ms. Brancacciana V.D.14 (miscellanea manoscritti), ff. 127r–134r. This text, first published in Carlo Padiglione, Le leggi dell'Accademia degli Oziosi in Napoli ritrovate nella Biblioteca Brancacciana (Napoli: F. Giannini, 1878), is now in De Miranda, Una quiete operosa, 327–43.

Bibliography

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Accademia degli Oziosi
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