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Abu Hamad

This section is largely based on an article in the out-of-copyright Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, which was produced in 1911. It should be brought up to date to reflect subsequent history or scholarship (including the references, if any). When you have completed the review, replace this notice with a simple note on this article's talk page. (June 2016)
Abu Hamad
أبو حمد
Abu Hamad is located in Sudan
Abu Hamad
Abu Hamad
Location in Sudan
Coordinates: 19°32′36″N 33°20′16″E / 19.54333°N 33.33778°E / 19.54333; 33.33778
Country Sudan
StateRiver Nile
Population
 (2022)
 • Total69 059
 • Density8,888/sq mi (23,019/km2)

Abu Hamad (Arabic: أبو حمد, Sudanese Arabic [abuˈħamad]), also spelt 'Abu Hamed', is a town of Sudan on the right bank of the Nile, 345 miles by rail north of Khartoum. It stands at the centre of the great S-shaped bend of the Nile, and from it the railway to Wadi Halfa strikes straight across the Nubian Desert, a little west of the old caravan route to Korosko. The population of Abu Hamad is 69,056.[when?]A branch railway, 138 mi long, from Abu Hamad goes down the right bank of the Nile to Karima in the Dongola mudiria.[1]

The town is named after a celebrated sheikh buried here, by whose tomb travellers crossing the desert used formerly to deposit all superfluous goods, the sanctity of the saint's tomb ensuring their safety.[1]

The Battle of Abu Hamed, a part of the Anglo-Egyptian reconquest of the Sudan, took place near the town on 7 August 1897.[2]

Transport

In 2023 a new road 450 km long from Abu Hamad to the site of a proposed sea port at abu Amama about 200 km north of Port Sudan.[3]

Climate

Abu Hamad has an extremely hot and arid desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh). Summers are long and extremely hot, and winters are warm. Throughout the year, humidity levels are low, and sunshine levels are high.

Climate data for Abu Hamad (1991–2020, extremes 1909–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 39.7
(103.5)
41.2
(106.2)
46
(115)
47.0
(116.6)
48.0
(118.4)
49.0
(120.2)
49.5
(121.1)
49
(120)
47.0
(116.6)
45.0
(113.0)
43
(109)
39.5
(103.1)
49.5
(121.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 28.9
(84.0)
31.3
(88.3)
35.1
(95.2)
39.7
(103.5)
42.7
(108.9)
44.1
(111.4)
42.9
(109.2)
43.0
(109.4)
43.2
(109.8)
40.2
(104.4)
34.4
(93.9)
30.1
(86.2)
38.0
(100.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
22.8
(73.0)
26.2
(79.2)
30.8
(87.4)
34.3
(93.7)
35.8
(96.4)
35.4
(95.7)
35.9
(96.6)
35.7
(96.3)
32.6
(90.7)
27.0
(80.6)
22.4
(72.3)
30.0
(86.0)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 12.8
(55.0)
14.3
(57.7)
17.4
(63.3)
21.8
(71.2)
26.0
(78.8)
27.6
(81.7)
27.8
(82.0)
28.8
(83.8)
28.2
(82.8)
24.9
(76.8)
19.6
(67.3)
14.7
(58.5)
22.0
(71.6)
Record low °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
4.5
(40.1)
7.8
(46.0)
11.8
(53.2)
12.7
(54.9)
19.5
(67.1)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
18.9
(66.0)
13.8
(56.8)
7.5
(45.5)
5.3
(41.5)
4.1
(39.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.00)
0.5
(0.02)
0.0
(0.0)
4.4
(0.17)
6.0
(0.24)
1.0
(0.04)
0.7
(0.03)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
12.7
(0.50)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 1.7
Average relative humidity (%) 33 26 20 17 17 16 22 25 21 24 30 35 24
Mean monthly sunshine hours 306.9 285.6 319.3 318.0 325.5 321.0 319.3 297.6 267.0 325.5 306.0 313.1 3,704.8
Source 1: NOAA[4]
Source 2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[5]

References

  1. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Abu Hamed". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 78.
  2. ^ Winston Churchill (1899). The River War Volume 1. Longmans. p. 294.
  3. ^ new sea port
  4. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1991-2020 — Abu Hamad". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 21, 2024.
  5. ^ "Station Abu Hamad" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 22 October 2016.

19°32′36″N 33°20′16″E / 19.54333°N 33.33778°E / 19.54333; 33.33778


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Abu Hamad
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