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Abda sherd

Abda sherd
Abda sherd graffito
Createdc. 900 BC
Discoveredbefore 1933
Byblos, Keserwan-Jbeil, Lebanon
Discovered byMaurice Dunand

The Abda sherd graffito is a Phoenician inscription (KAI 8 and TSSI III 10) on a two small connecting fragment of a large vase, dating to c. 900 BC.[1]

It was published in Maurice Dunand's Fouilles de Byblos (volume II, 1926–1932, numbers 9008, plate CXLIV). It was described by Dunand as the second milestone in the history of the alphabet between the Middle Kingdom of Egypt and the reign of the King of Byblos Ahiram.[2]

Text of the inscription

The inscription, apparently a property mark on a vase, reads:[3]

[Belonging to] Abda, son of Kelbē, the po[tter]



  1. ^ Cross, Frank Moore (August 14, 2018). Leaves from an Epigrapher's Notebook: Collected Papers in Hebrew and West Semitic Palaeography and Epigraphy. BRILL. ISBN 9789004369887 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Dunand, Maurice (1945). Byblia grammata: documents et recherches sur le développement de l'écriture en Phénicie. Ministère de l'éducation, Liban. Êtudes et documents d'archéologie (in French). na. pp. 152–155. Le tesson inscrit reproduit a la pl. XV, a, constitue le deuxiéme jalon dans l'histoire dw l`alphabet entre le Moyen Empire et le règne du roi Akhiram… Ce sont deux fragments qui se raccordent de l'embouchure cylindrique et à parios verticales d'un trés grand vase (p. 152).
  3. ^ Donner, Herbert; Rölig, Wolfgang (2002). Kanaanäische und aramäische Inschriften (5 ed.). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. p. I, 2.
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Abda sherd
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