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8th century BC

The 8th century BC started the first day of 800 BC and ended the last day of 701 BC. The 8th century BC was a period of great change for several historically significant civilizations. In Egypt, the 23rd and 24th dynasties lead to rule from Kingdom of Kush in the 25th Dynasty. The Neo-Assyrian Empire reaches the peak of its power, conquering the Kingdom of Israel as well as nearby countries.

Greece colonizes other regions of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea. Rome is founded in 753 BC, and the Etruscan civilization expands in Italy. The 8th century BC is conventionally taken as the beginning of Classical Antiquity, with the first Olympiad set at 776 BC, and the epics of Homer dated to between 750 and 650 BC.

Iron Age India enters the later Vedic period. Vedic ritual is annotated in many priestly schools in Brahmana commentaries, and the earliest Upanishads mark the beginning of Vedanta philosophy.

Events

The bronze Capitoline Wolf suckles the infant twins Romulus and Remus, the twins added in the 15th century. They were the legendary founders of Rome.
Sargon II, King of Assyria and conqueror of the Kingdom of Israel, depicted here with a dignitary

780s BC

(Although Greece, Egypt, and other Eastern societies had mentioned solar and lunar eclipses, and had been counting their centuries on lunar and solar cycles, the mentioned solar eclipse lasted longer than previous records.)

770s BC

760s BC

750s BC

740s BC

730s BC

720s BC

710s BC

700s BC

Date unknown

Notable People

Greece and Italy

  • Thespieus, king of Athens, r. 824-797 BC
  • Agamestor, king of Athens, r. 795-778 BC
  • Aeschylus, king of Athens, r. 778-755 BC
  • Alcmaeon, king of Athens, r. 755-753 BC
  • Romulus, king of Rome, r. 753-716 BC
  • Numa Pompilius, king of Rome, r. 715-672 BC

Near East and Egypt

East Asia

  • Xuan, king of Zhou, r. 827-782 BC
  • You, king of Zhou, b. 795 BC, r. 781-771 BC
  • Ping, king of Eastern Zhou, r. 770-720 BC
  • Huan, king of Eastern Zhou, r. 719-697 BC

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

Sovereign states

References

  1. ^ "Muzeum Archeologiczne w Biskupinie". Biskupin.pl. Retrieved 2012-07-06.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Anhui Provincial Institute (2015), p. 83.
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8th century BC
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