For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for 8th century BC.

8th century BC

The 8th century BC started the first day of 800 BC and ended the last day of 701 BC. The 8th century BC was a period of great change for several historically significant civilizations. In Egypt, the 23rd and 24th dynasties lead to rule from Kingdom of Kush in the 25th Dynasty. The Neo-Assyrian Empire reaches the peak of its power, conquering the Kingdom of Israel as well as nearby countries.

Greece colonizes other regions of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea. Rome is founded in 753 BC, and the Etruscan civilization expands in Italy. The 8th century BC is conventionally taken as the beginning of Classical Antiquity, with the first Olympiad set at 776 BC, and the epics of Homer dated to between 750 and 650 BC.

Iron Age India enters the later Vedic period. Vedic ritual is annotated in many priestly schools in Brahmana commentaries, and the earliest Upanishads mark the beginning of Vedanta philosophy.


The bronze Capitoline Wolf suckles the infant twins Romulus and Remus, the twins added in the 15th century. They were the legendary founders of Rome.
Sargon II, King of Assyria and conqueror of the Kingdom of Israel, depicted here with a dignitary

780s BC

(Although Greece, Egypt, and other Eastern societies had mentioned solar and lunar eclipses, and had been counting their centuries on lunar and solar cycles, the mentioned solar eclipse lasted longer than previous records.)

770s BC

760s BC

750s BC

740s BC

730s BC

720s BC

710s BC

700s BC

Date unknown

Notable People

Greece and Italy

  • Thespieus, king of Athens, r. 824-797 BC
  • Agamestor, king of Athens, r. 795-778 BC
  • Aeschylus, king of Athens, r. 778-755 BC
  • Alcmaeon, king of Athens, r. 755-753 BC
  • Romulus, king of Rome, r. 753-716 BC
  • Numa Pompilius, king of Rome, r. 715-672 BC

Near East and Egypt

East Asia

  • Xuan, king of Zhou, r. 827-782 BC
  • You, king of Zhou, b. 795 BC, r. 781-771 BC
  • Ping, king of Eastern Zhou, r. 770-720 BC
  • Huan, king of Eastern Zhou, r. 719-697 BC

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

Sovereign states


  1. ^ "Muzeum Archeologiczne w Biskupinie". Retrieved 2012-07-06.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Anhui Provincial Institute (2015), p. 83.
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
8th century BC
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!

Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.


Get ready for Wikiwand 2.0 🎉! the new version arrives on September 1st! Don't want to wait?