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8th Guards Combined Arms Army

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8th Guards Combined Arms Army
Great emblem of the 8th Guards Combined Arms Army
Great emblem of the 8th Guards Combined Arms Army
ActiveOctober 1941 – July 1942 (7th Reserve Army)
July 1942 – May 1943 (62nd Army)
May 1943 – 1992 (8th Guards Army)
2017–present
Country Soviet Union
 Russia (1991–1992, 2017–present)
Branch Soviet Army
 Russian Ground Forces
TypeCombined arms
SizeArmy
Part ofSouthern Military District
EngagementsBattle of Stalingrad
Operation Bagration
Battle of Poznań (1945)
Battle of Berlin
others
Decorations Order of Lenin
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel General Gennady V. Anashkin
Notable
commanders
Vasily Chuikov

The 8th Guards Order of Lenin Combined Arms Army (abbreviated 8th CAA) is an army of the Russian Ground Forces, headquartered in Novocherkassk, Rostov Oblast, within Russia′s Southern Military District, that was reinstated in 2017 as a successor to the 8th Guards Army of the Soviet Union's Red Army (later Soviet Army), which was formed during World War II and was disbanded in 1998 after being downsized into a corps. Military Unit в/ч 61877.

The Soviet 8th Guards Army was formed from the 62nd Army in May 1943 and received Guards status in recognition of its actions in the Battle of Stalingrad. It went on to defend the right bank of the Donets and fight in the Donbass Strategic Offensive in August and September. It then fought in the Lower Dnepr Offensive, where it captured Zaporizhia. During winter and spring 1944 the army fought in the Dnieper–Carpathian Offensive. After the capture of Odessa, the army was transferred to the Kovel area and fought in the Lublin–Brest Offensive during the summer, capturing Lublin, crossing the Vistula and seizing the Magnuszew bridgehead. The army defended the bridgehead until January 1945, when it helped launch the Vistula–Oder Offensive. The army helped capture Łódź, Poznań and Kostrzyn nad Odrą. The army then fought in the Battle of Berlin. During the war it was led by its commander during the Battle of Stalingrad, Vasily Chuikov. After the war the army was stationed at Nohra, covering the strategic Fulda Gap during the Cold War. In 1993 the army was withdrawn from Germany to Volgograd (the former Stalingrad) and there downsized to a corps, before being disbanded in 1998.

World War II

Activated in October 1941 as the 7th Reserve Army, the Army was re-designated the 62nd Army at Stalingrad in July 1942. It was among the victors of Stalingrad and thus re-designated the 8th Guards Army on 5 May 1943, in accordance with a Stavka directive dated 16 April 1943.

In July 1943, it took part in the Izyum-Barvenkovo Offensive (July 17–27), and in August–September - in the Donbass strategic offensive operation (August 13 - September 22) . Developing the offensive in the direction of the Dnieper, the Army with other troops of the Southwestern Front liberated Zaporozhye (October 14), crossed the Dnieper south of Dnipropetrovsk south and captured a bridgehead on its right bank. By this time 28th, 29th and 4th Guards Rifle Corps were part of the army.

The army was part of the 3rd Ukrainian Front during the Dnieper-Carpathian Offensive. By March 25, 1944, the Prut River had fallen and the 3rd Ukrainian Front was dispatched to secure Odessa.[1] On April 2, Vasili Chuikov's Eighth Guards Army and Forty-Sixth Army attacked through a blizzard[2] and, by April 6, had driven the defenders past the Dniester River and isolated Odessa.[2] Odessa capitulated on April 10, and Soviet troops began entering Romania proper.[2]

In June 1944 the army was transferred to the 1st Belorussian Front and took part in the Lublin–Brest Offensive, seizing and defending a bridgehead over the Vistula river at Magnuszew. Soldiers who perished during battles over Warsaw are buried at the Soviet Military Cemetery in Warsaw.

In 1945 the army was commanded by Lieutenant General Vasily Chuikov. It was part of Marshal Zhukov's 1st Belorussian Front. One of the cities which the army took in its westward drive was Poznań, which the Army seized in January–February 1945.

In a deliberate symbolic move the 8th Guards Army was then sent northwards to the center of the front, coming under command of 1st Belorussian Front; Stalin was determined that the army that had defended Stalingrad would take part in the capture of Berlin (Battle of Berlin). On 2 May 1945, Chuikov took the surrender of the German General Weidling, the commander of the Berlin Defensive Area, and the rest of the Berlin garrison. Later the Eighth Guards Army became part of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany. On the creation of the Group of Soviet Occupation Forces in Germany in 1945, the Army consisted of:

Commanders

  • Guard Lieutenant-General Vasily Chuikov (April 17, 1943 - October 18, 1943),
  • Guard Colonel-General Ivan Maslennikov (October 21, 1943 - November 15, 1943),
  • Guard Colonel-General Vasily Chuikov (November 15, 1943 - May 9, 1945).

Cold War

In the summer of 1946, the 4th Guards Rifle Corps was disbanded along with the 35th, 74th, 82nd and 88th Guards Rifle Divisions. In July 1956, the 28th and 29th Guards Rifle Corps were disbanded.[3]

During the Cold War, 8th Guards Army stood opposed to NATO forces (specifically the US V Corps) along the strategically vital Fulda Gap in West Germany.[4] In June 1964, the 21st Guards Motor Rifle Division transferred to the 1st Guards Tank Army and was replaced by the 20th Guards Motor Rifle Division. On 22 February 1968, it was awarded the Order of Lenin[5] for success in combat training.[6] In May 1983, the 20th Guards Motor Rifle Division transferred to the 1st Guards Tank Army and was replaced by the 27th Guards Motor Rifle Division.[5]

Nohra

In 1988, 8th Guards Army consisted of:[7][8][9]

  • Headquarters at Weimar-Nohra
  • 227th Separate Protection and Enforcement Battalion - Weimar-Nohra
  • 794th Separate Spetsnaz Company - Weimar-Nohra
  • 747th Communications Center - Weimar-Nohra
  • 11th Missile Brigade - Jena-Forst[10]
  • 449th Missile Brigade - Arnstadt[11]
  • 79th Guards Tank Division - Jena, GDR: - disbanded, 1992[12]
    • 17th Guards Tank Regiment (Saalfeld)
    • 45th Guards Tank Regiment (Weimar)
    • 211th Guards Tank Regiment (Jena)
    • 247th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment (Weimar)
    • 172nd Guards Artillery Regiment (Rudolstadt)
    • 1075th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Weimar)
Memorial cemetery to Soviet soldiers in the Battle of Küstrin in 1945
  • 27th Guards Motor Rifle Division - General-Maerker-Kaserne, Halle, GDR: - to Totskoye, Volga Military District[13]
    • 68th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment (Halle)
    • 243rd Guards Motor Rifle Regiment (Halle)
    • 244th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment (Schlotheim)
    • 28th Tank Regiment (Halle)
    • 54th Guards Artillery Regiment (Halle)
    • 286th Guards Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Halle)
  • 39th Guards Motor Rifle Division - Ohrdruf, GDR: - disbanded, 1992[14]
    • 117th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment (Meiningen)
    • 120th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment (Ohrdruf)
    • 172nd Guards Motor Rifle Regiment (Gotha)
    • 15th Guards Tank Regiment (Ohrdruf)
    • 87th Guards Artillery Regiment (Gotha)
    • 915th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Ohrdruf)
  • 57th Guards Motor Rifle Division - Naumburg, GDR – disbanded, 1993[15]
    • 170th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment (Naumburg)
    • 174th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment (Weißenfels)
    • 241st Guards Motor Rifle Regiment (Leipzig)
    • 57th Guards Tank Regiment (Zeitz)
    • 128th Guards Artillery Regiment (Zeitz)
    • 901st Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Naumburg)
  • 119th Separate Tank Regiment - Bad Langensalza[8]
  • 390th Guards Artillery Brigade - Ohrdruf, disbanded, 1998[16]
  • 227th Separate Protection and Enforcement Battalion - Nohra[8]
  • 18th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade - Gotha[8]
  • 943rd Separate Anti-Tank Battalion - Altenburg[8]
  • 194th Separate Radio Engineering Regiment - Weimar[8]
  • 46th Separate Radio Engineering Battalion - Nohra
  • 678th Separate Electronic Warfare Battalion - Frankendorf
  • 91st Separate Communications Regiment - Weimar
  • 446th Separate Radio Relay Cable Battalion - Naumburg
  • 325th Separate Engineer Battalion - Gera
  • 722nd Separate Airborne Ferry Battalion - Halle
  • 134th Separate NBC Reconnaissance Battalion - Gera
  • 116th Material Support Brigade - Altenburg
  • 173rd Separate Equipment Maintenance and Recovery Battalion - Markensdorf
  • 202nd Separate Equipment Maintenance and Recovery Battalion - Oberlungwitz
  • 794th Separate Special Purpose Company - Nohra
  • 900th Separate Air Assault Battalion - Leipzig[17]
  • 336th Separate Helicopter Regiment - Nohra[18]
  • 65th Pontoon-Bridge Regiment - Merseburg[19]

In February 1989, the 486th Separate Helicopter Regiment was activated at Jüterbog from the 241st, 311th, 327th and 345th Separate Helicopter Squadrons.[20]

After the Soviet withdrawal from Germany the army was reduced in size to become 8th Guards Army Corps on 1 June 1993, and withdrawn to Volgograd, the former Stalingrad. There it appears to have taken the place of the 34th Army Corps. From June 1993 to February 1995, it was commanded by Lev Rokhlin. 8th Guards Army Corps was disbanded in May 1998.[5]

Since 2017

The formation of the new 8th Combined Arms Army began in 2017; the first stage was intended to be completed in June 2017.[21] The 8th Combined Arms Army as of 2021 includes:

  • 150th Motor Rifle Division (re-established in 2016), also based at Novocherkassk (в/ч 22179).[22][23]
    • 102nd Motor Rifle Regiment (в/ч 91706)
    • 103rd Motor Rifle Regiment (в/ч 91708)
    • 68th Tank Regiment (в/ч 91714)
    • 163rd Tank Regiment (в/ч 84839)
    • 174th Reconnaissance Battalion (в/ч 22265)
    • 381st Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment (в/ч 24390)
    • 224th Separate Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion
    • 933rd Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (в/ч 15269)
  • 20th Guards Motor Rifle Division in the Volgograd region 9 (в/ч 58550) [23]
    • 255th Motor Rifle Regiment (Volgograd) (в/ч 34605)
    • 33rd Motor Rifle Regiment (Kamyshin)
    • 944th Guards Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment (в/ч 21511)
    • 487th Separate Anti-Tank Battalion
    • 358th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (в/ч 26006)
  • 464th Rocket Brigade [24] with the former 20th Guards Brigade reportedly having expanded into a division-strength formation.[25]
  • 242nd Mechanized Regiment (Kamyshin, Volgograd Oblast);
  • 428th Separate Tank Battalion (Volgograd proximity) [26][27]
  • 47th Missile Brigade (в/ч 33166) (equipped with the Iskander surface-to-surface missile system) [28][29]
  • 238th Artillery Brigade (equipped with 2A65 Msta-B guns and 9K57 Uragan multiple launch rocket systems)[29]
  • 77th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade was deployed at Korenovsk and equipped with S-300V4 anti-aircraft missile system.[24]

Support to the army is to be provided by fighter aircraft, bombers and ground attack aircraft (primarily drawn from the 4th Air and Air Defence Forces Army) and, in certain areas, by ships and submarines of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Navy).[21]

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

Units from the 8th Guards Army participated in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine under the command of Lieutenant General Andrei Sychevoi.[30][31]

According to experts, the 8th Combined Arms Army was intended to be a centrepiece of the Southern Military District in the southern European part of the Russian Federation, protecting from threats in that region.

Ukraine, the United States, and some analysts describe the 1st (Donetsk) and 2nd (Luhansk) Army Corps of the Russian separatist forces in Donbas, Ukraine, as under the command of the 8th CAA HQ.[32][33][34][35] As of 2021, subordinate units within these corps are said to include: 4 Motorized Rifle Brigades, 2 Motorized Rifle Regiments, 2 special forces battalions, 1 tank battalion, 1 reconnaissance battalion and 1 artillery brigade (1st Corps) and 3 Motorized Rifle Brigades, 1 Motorized Rifle Regiment, 1 tank battalion, 1 reconnaissance battalion and 1 artillery brigade (2nd Corps).[24]

Ukrainian officials reported that the commander of the army's 150th Motor Rifle Division, Major General Oleg Mityaev, was killed on 15 March in the Siege of Mariupol.[36] Army commander Lieutenant General Andrey Mordvichev[37] was claimed by Ukrainian intelligence to have been killed in action near Kherson airport in Chornobaivka on March 18, 2022 during the 2022 Chornobaivka attacks.[38][39] This was proven wrong when a video showing Mordvichev and Ramzan Kadyrov was released ten days later.[40] On 16 April, Russian officials admitted the death of army deputy commander Major General Vladimir Petrovich Frolov in combat in Ukraine.[41]

The 8th Guards Combined Arms Army has been involved in the 2023 Ukrainian counteroffensive around the city of Marinka.[42]

References

  1. ^ Willmott, p. 373
  2. ^ a b c Pimlott, p. 333
  3. ^ Feskov et al 2013, p. 401
  4. ^ Powell
  5. ^ a b c Holm, Michael. "8th Guards Combined Arms Army". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  6. ^ Feskov et al 2013, p. 400
  7. ^ "Andy Johnson, Warsaw Pact Order of Battle June 1989, last updated 27 May 2000. More recent Russian sites give different Army-level units". www.genstab.ru.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Состав соединений и частей 8 я Гвардейская Общевойсковая армия" [8th Guards Army Structure]. www.gsvg.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  9. ^ Feskov et al 2013, pp. 402-403
  10. ^ Holm, Michael. "11th Missile Brigade". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
  11. ^ Holm, Michael. "449th Missile Brigade". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
  12. ^ Holm, Michael. "79th Guards Tank Division". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  13. ^ Holm, Michael. "27th Guards Motorised Rifle Division". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  14. ^ Holm, Michael. "39th Guards Motorised Rifle Division". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  15. ^ Holm, Michael. "57th Guards Motorised Rifle Division". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  16. ^ Holm, Michael. "390th Guards Artillery Brigade". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  17. ^ Holm, Michael. "900th independent Landing-Assault Battalion". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  18. ^ Holm, Michael. "336th Independent Helicopter Regiment". ww2.dk. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  19. ^ Holm, Michael. "65th Pontoon-Bridge Regiment". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
  20. ^ Holm, Michael. "486th Independent Helicopter Regiment". ww2.dk. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  21. ^ a b Алексей Рамм; Евгений Андреев (March 17, 2017). В Южном военном округе появится новая армия. Известия.
  22. ^ "The 8th Combined Arms Army". Russian Defense Policy. 17 March 2017. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  23. ^ a b "RUSSIAN REGULAR GROUND FORCES ORDER OF BATTLE" (PDF). October 2023.
  24. ^ a b c "Russian Military Forces: Interactive Map".
  25. ^ "Rondeli Russian Military Digest: Issue 81, 29 March - 9 May 2021".
  26. ^ "Rondeli Russian Military Digest: Issue 99, 13 September - 19 September 2021".
  27. ^ "Rondeli Russian Military Digest: Issue 119, 31 January – 6 February 2022".
  28. ^ Batashvili, David (2022-01-17). "Rearmament and Modernization". Rondeli Russian Military Digest. No. 117.
  29. ^ a b "Rondeli Russian Military Digest: Issue 95, 16 August - 22 August 2021".
  30. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, March 24". Institute for the Study of War. 24 March 2022. Archived from the original on 2022-03-25. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  31. ^ "#Russian forces face mounting difficulties replacing combat losses in #Ukraine, including the possible death of the commander of the 150th Motor Rifle Division near #Mariupol. (info and footage from twitter (some info may be inaccurate and/or unconfirmed) Twitter references will be replaced with better sources when possible)". Twitter. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  32. ^ Holopatiuk, Leonid (2020-07-01). Security Dialogue on the Vienna Document 2011 (PDF). 950th Meeting of the OSCE Forum for Security Co-operation.
  33. ^ "Muzhenko: There are more than 30,000 Russian soldiers in the Donbas". UAWire. 2018-08-17. Archived from the original on 2018-08-17. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  34. ^ Bielieskov, Mykola (2021-09-21). "The Russian and Ukrainian Spring 2021 War Scare". Center for Strategic & International Studies. Archived from the original on 2021-09-23. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  35. ^ Bowen, Andrew S. (2021-11-19). "Russian Troop Movements and Tensions along the Ukrainian Border". Insight. Congressional Research Service.
  36. ^ "War in Ukraine: Fourth Russian general killed - Zelensky". BBC News. 16 March 2022. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  37. ^ "Грандиозный парад Победы прошел в Волгограде". Волгоградская Правда (in Russian). 2020-06-24. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  38. ^ "Советник Зеленского: «По предварительным данным, в результате удара ВСУ убит генерал-лейтенант РФ Андрей Мордвичев»". The Insider (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  39. ^ "According to preliminary data, Lieutenant-General Andrey Mordvichev was killed when Ukrainian defenders destroyed a command post at Kherson airport. (info and footage from twitter (some info may be inaccurate and/or unconfirmed) Twitter references will be replaced with better sources when possible)". Twitter. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  40. ^ "Chechen Leader Travels to Mariupol: Reports". The Moscow Times. 28 March 2022.
  41. ^ "Russia Loses Another Major General in Ukraine Fighting". WSJ.
  42. ^ "Discussions in Russia about who is responsible for successes in vicinity of Marinka – ISW".

Bibliography

  • Beevor, Antony; Cooper, Artemis (2002). The Fall of Berlin 1945 (1st ed.). New York: Viking.
  • Feskov, V.I.; Golikov, V.I.; Kalashnikov, K.A.; Slugin, S.A. (2013). Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской [The Armed Forces of the USSR after World War II: From the Red Army to the Soviet: Part 1 Land Forces] (in Russian). Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 978-5-89503-530-6.
  • Powell, Colin L.; Persico, Joseph (1996). My American Journey (1st ed.). New York: Ballantine Books.

Further reading

  • Media related to 8th Guards Army at Wikimedia Commons
  • Vasily Chuikov, The Fall of Berlin, transl/pub 1969
  • Chuikov, Vasily (1959). Начало пути [Beginning of the Path] (in Russian). Moscow: Voenizdat.
  • Chuikov, Vasily (1972). Гвардейцы Сталинграда идут на Запад [Stalingrad Guardsmen go West] (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Rossiya.
  • Chuikov, Vasily (1973). Конец третьего рейха [The End of the Third Reich] (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Rossiya.
  • Chuikov, Vasily (1975). Сражение века [Battle of the Century] (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Rossiya.
  • Chuikov, Vasily (1985). От Сталинграда до Берлина [From Stalingrad to Berlin] (in Russian). Moscow: Sovetskaya Rossiya.
  • Dmitriev, S.N. (1994). Советские войска в Германии 1945—1994 [Soviet Troops in Germany 1945-1994] (in Russian). Moscow: Molodaya Gvardiya. ISBN 978-5-235-02221-8.
  • Lenskii, A.G.; Tsybin, M.M. (2001). Советские сухопутные войска в последний год Союза ССР. Справочник [The Soviet Army in the Last Year of the USSR: A Guide] (in Russian). St. Petersburg: B&K.
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8th Guards Combined Arms Army
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