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2024 Turkish local elections

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2024 Turkish local elections

← 2019 31 March 2024 Next →

All 81 Provinces of Turkey
30 metropolitan, 922 district and 398 town municipal mayors
1,282 provincial and 21,001 municipal councillors
Opinion polls
Turnout78.11% (Decrease 6.56 pp)
  First party Second party Third party
 
Özgür Özel, September 17 2023 (cropped).jpg
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in January 2024 (cropped).jpg
Fatiherbakan (cropped).jpg
Leader Özgür Özel Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Fatih Erbakan
Party CHP AK Party YRP
Alliance People's Alliance
Last election 21 provinces, 29.36% 39 provinces, 42.56% Did not contest
Provinces[a] 35 24 2
Change Increase 14 Decrease 15 Increase 2
Popular vote[b] 15,200,699 13,874,511 2,991,882
Percentage[b] 35.48% 32.38% 6.98%
Swing Increase 6.12 pp Decrease 10.18 pp New

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Devlet Bahçeli VOA 2015 (cropped).jpg
Meral Akşener, November 2021 (1) (cropped).jpg
Leader Devlet Bahçeli Tülay Hatimoğulları Oruç & Tuncer Bakırhan Meral Akşener
Party MHP DEM İYİ
Alliance People's Alliance Labour & Freedom
Last election 11 provinces, 7.46% 8 provinces, 5.60%[c] 0 provinces, 7.31%
Provinces[a] 8 10 1
Change Decrease 3 Increase 2 Increase 1
Popular vote[b] 2,508,414 2,409,155 1,967,898
Percentage[b] 5.85% 5.62% 4.59%
Swing Decrease 1.61 pp Increase 0.02 pp Decrease 2.72 pp

     CHP (35)        AK Party (24)        DEM (10)        MHP (8)      YRP (2)        İYİ (1)        BBP (1)
     CHP (35)        AK Party (24)        DEM (10)        MHP (8)
     YRP (2)        İYİ (1)        BBP (1)
     AK Party (356)        CHP (337)        MHP (122)        DEM (65)      YRP (39)        İYİ (24)        BBP (14)        DP (2)        SP (1)        DEVA (1)      TİP (1)        DSP (1)        SOL (1)        Independents (8)
     AK Party (356)        CHP (337)        MHP (122)        DEM (65)
     YRP (39)        İYİ (24)        BBP (14)        DP (2)        SP (1)        DEVA (1)
     TİP (1)        DSP (1)        SOL (1)        Independents (8)

Local elections in Turkey took place throughout the country's 81 provinces on 31 March 2024.[1] A total of 30 metropolitan and 1,363 district municipal mayors, alongside 1,282 provincial and 21,001 municipal councilors were elected, in addition to numerous local non-partisan positions such as neighborhood representatives (muhtars) and elderly people's councils.

The elections took place ten months after the 2023 parliamentary and presidential elections, where the Nation Alliance opposition coalition suffered an unexpected narrow defeat to President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's governing People's Alliance. This was despite an ongoing economic crisis and rapidly rising inflation. Following the defeat, the opposition six-party coalition dissolved, with the main opposition parties Republican People's Party (CHP) and Good Party (İYİ) fielding separate candidates for effectively all mayoral positions. This was the first nationwide election to be contested by the CHP's new leader Özgür Özel, who had successfully challenged his predecessor Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu for the position in November 2023.

The Peoples' Equality and Democracy Party (DEM), which succeeded the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) as Turkey's principal Kurdish minority rights party, fielded its own candidates in many western metropoles, despite having previously withdrawn candidates in favor of the Nation Alliance.

The results were described as a "spectacular upset" victory for the opposition CHP,[2] which despite the lack of any electoral pacts managed to retain all but one of its metropolitan mayoralties, while winning four more. In particular, the party's candidates in Turkey's largest city Istanbul and capital Ankara, Ekrem İmamoğlu and Mansur Yavaş, were re-elected by landslide 51% and 60%, respectively. Both mayors also won majorities in their respective metropolitan councils, giving them significantly more powers than their previous terms, and are now seen as potential presidential contenders for the next Turkish presidential election.[citation needed] The CHP also won many unexpected victories in areas that had been under government control for the previous two decades, including Bursa, Balıkesir, Manisa, Kütahya, Adıyaman, Amasya, Kırıkkale, Kilis and Denizli. The party also managed to win swathes of districts within many provinces, many of which delivered vote swings of over 30% in the CHP's favor. Overall, the CHP won 35 of Turkey's 81 provincial capitals, with the People's Alliance winning 32.[3]

This was the first nationwide election since 1977 where the CHP came first in the popular vote, and the first election where the AK Party did not come first since its foundation in 2001. Nevertheless, the AK Party retained a narrow plurality in the number of district mayoralties won, and the People's Alliance scored small but notable victories against the CHP in Hatay and Kırklareli. The leader of the opposition Good Party (İYİ), Meral Akşener, announced her pending resignation after her party almost halved its share of the popular vote.[4]

Background

2019 elections

During the local elections of 2019, the opposition parties had formed alliances in key races, and had narrowly defeated the government in the two of the biggest cities in Turkey, namely Istanbul and Ankara. The election in Istanbul was won by a margin smaller than 0.2%, which the government successfully petitioned for a re-run. Τhіѕ сulmіnаtеd іn thе mауοrаl еlесtіοn οf Јunе 2019, whісh thе οррοѕіtіοn wοn іn а lаndѕlіdе.

2023 elections

The elections took place nine months after the 2023 parliamentary and presidential elections, where most parties opposed to President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan rallied behind the leader of the Republican People's Party, Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, including the center-right Good Party (İYİ) and the pro-Kurdish Green Left Party (YSP) (now renamed to Peoples' Equality and Democracy Party (DEM)). Erdoğan, despite the predictions of most surveys, was narrowly reelected. This was despite an ongoing economic crisis and rapidly rising inflation. Following the defeat, the opposition six-party coalition was dissolved by İYİ Party.[citation needed]

Election of Özgür Özel as the leader of CHP

After the electoral defeat, Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu remained as the leader of CHP despite calls for him to resign. This culminated in the 2023 congress, where he was ousted by the deputy leader of the parliamentary group of CHP, Özgür Özel, supported by the mayor of Istanbul, Ekrem İmamoğlu.[citation needed]

Candidates and alliances

People's Alliance

The governing AKP and their main partner MHP entered the election in a partnership, where they endorsed each others' candidates in key districts.[citation needed]

AKP nominated Murat Kurum, Member of Parliament for Istanbul (I) electoral district and former Minister of Transport, for the mayoral election in Istanbul, which was endorsed by MHP. In Ankara, the alliance nominated the mayor of the district of Keçiören, Turgut Altınok.[5]

CHP

CHP's campaign logo for the local elections

The main opposition CHP, which had won Ankara and Istanbul in 2019 nominated the same mayors for a second term. Thus, Ekrem İmamoğlu was nominated for the municipality of Istanbul, and Mansur Yavaş was nominated in Ankara.

İYİ Party

After the 2023 elections, İYİ leader Meral Akşener, along with the party's executive committee, refused to cooperate with CHP like they did in 2019. This was despite the CHP repeatedly offering an alliance with them.[6][7]

Political parties participating in the election

General information about the parties that meet the conditions to participate in the election as of 2 January 2024 is listed here.[8][9] The Innovation Party announced that it would not participate in the election.[10] The places of 35 political parties on the ballot paper were announced by the YSK on 27 January 2024.[11]

Because of long-running court cases the Green Party and the Humanity and Freedom Party were not included in the ballot.[12][13]: 38 

Positions of parties on the ballot papers 
Position Party Founded Leader Alliance
1 AK Party Justice and Development Party 2001 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan People's Alliance
2 İYİ Parti Good Party 2017 Meral Akşener
3 SOL Left Party 2019 Önder İşleyen
4 BBP Great Unity Party 1993 Mustafa Destici People's Alliance
5 Memleket Homeland Party 2021 Muharrem İnce
6 ANAP Motherland Party 2011 İbrahim Çelebi
7 DSP Democratic Left Party 1985 Önder Aksakal
8 Yeniden Refah New Welfare Party 2018 Fatih Erbakan
9 DEM Party People's Equality and Democracy Party 2012 Tülay Hatimoğulları Oruç
Tuncer Bakırhan
10 TKP Communist Party of Turkey 2001 Kemal Okuyan[d]
11 ABP Anatolia Union Party 2020 Bedri Yalçın
12 ZP Victory Party 2021 Ümit Özdağ
13 HKP People's Liberation Party 2005 Nurullah Ankut
14 TKH Communist Movement of Turkey 2015 Aysel Tekerek[d]
15 BTP Independent Turkey Party 2001 Hüseyin Baş
16 Gelecek Partisi Future Party 2019 Ahmet Davutoğlu Felicity and Future Alliance
17 YTP New Turkey Party 2013 Engin Yılmaz
18 CHP Republican People's Party 1923 Özgür Özel
19 EMEP Labour Party 1996 Selma Gürkan
20 HÜDA PAR Free Cause Party 2012 Zekeriya Yapıcıoğlu
21 HAK-PAR Rights and Freedoms Party 2002 Düzgün Kaplan
22 Ocak Hearth Party 2023 Kadir Canpolat
23 AB PARTİ Justice Union Party 2018 İrfan Uzun
24 DP Democrat Party 2007 Gültekin Uysal
25 GBP Power Union Party 2020 Ali Karnap
26 MİLLET Nation Party 1992 Cuma Nacar
27 Milli Yol National Path Party 2021 Remzi Çayır
28 AP Justice Party 2015 Vecdet Öz
29 GP Young Party 2002 Hakan Uzan
30 ADP Enlightened Democracy Party 2021 Zeynep Yıkarbaba
31 MHP Nationalist Movement Party 1969 Devlet Bahçeli People's Alliance
32 TİP Workers' Party of Turkey 2017 Erkan Baş
33 DEVA Democracy and Progress Party 2020 Ali Babacan
34 SAADET Felicity Party 2001 Temel Karamollaoğlu Felicity and Future Alliance
35 VP Patriotic Party 2015 Doğu Perinçek

Security concerns and incidents

Around 594,000 security personnel were deployed nationwide to ensure the regular conduct of the election.[14]

On 10 February, gunmen opened fire at a campaign event in the Küçükçekmece district municipality of Istanbul for AKP mayoral candidate Aziz Yeniay, critically injuring one person. Seventeen people were arrested in connection with the attack.[15]

On 10 March, 33 people suspected of involvement with Islamic State were arrested in police raids in Sakarya Province on suspicion of plotting attacks ahead of the election. Authorities also recovered weapons, cash and "organizational documents".[16]

On election day, one person was killed and 11 others were injured following a dispute over the election of a neighborhood administrator in Diyarbakır, while six people were injured in clashes in Şanlıurfa Province.[14]

Results

PartyVotes%
Republican People's Party17,391,54837.77
Justice and Development Party16,339,77135.49
New Welfare Party2,851,7846.19
Peoples' Equality and Democracy Party2,625,5885.70
Nationalist Movement Party2,297,6624.99
Good Party1,735,9243.77
Victory Party800,9051.74
Felicity Party503,2101.09
Free Cause Party253,6480.55
Great Unity Party200,3010.44
Democracy and Progress Party150,6000.33
Independent Turkey Party113,0430.25
Democrat Party92,1660.20
Homeland Party78,2890.17
Workers' Party of Turkey71,1080.15
Communist Party of Turkey51,3030.11
Democratic Left Party48,5160.11
Patriotic Party43,2400.09
New Turkey Party42,6460.09
Nation Party38,5780.08
Future Party34,2120.07
Rights and Freedoms Party31,6330.07
Labour Party29,9850.07
Left Party22,8100.05
Motherland Party17,7390.04
Communist Movement of Turkey17,4060.04
Justice Union Party15,7900.03
National Path Party15,7050.03
People's Liberation Party8,6540.02
Anatolia Union Party6,1390.01
True Path Party3,9210.01
Hearth Party2,4010.01
Enlightened Democracy Party2870.00
Independents108,1440.23
Total46,044,656100.00
Valid votes46,044,65695.42
Invalid/blank votes2,210,0424.58
Total votes48,254,698100.00
Registered voters/turnout61,430,93478.55
Source: Sözcü, Hürriyet, Anadolu Agency

Map

Changes in control

The list below shows the parties governing the capitals of the 81 provinces before and after the local elections. Provinces in bold denote metropolitan municipalities.

Summary
Party:
Before:
Elected:
Change:
 
Party totals
AK Party CHP MHP DEM Party YRP Others
39
22
11
0
1
24
35
8
10
2
2
-15
+13
-3
+2
+2
+1
 

Key races

Istanbul
Metropolitan Mayor
Ekrem İmamoğlu
51.14%
Murat Kurum
39.59%
Others
9.27%
Winner: Ekrem İmamoğlu, CHP
Margin: 11.55%, Increase 2.34 pp
      CHP HOLD
Ankara
Metropolitan Mayor
Mansur Yavaş
60.38%
Turgut Altınok
31.69%
Others
7.93%
Winner: Mansur Yavaş, CHP
Margin: 28.69%, Increase 24.88 pp
      CHP HOLD
Izmir
Metropolitan Mayor
Cemil Tugay
48.96%
Hamza Dağ
37.06%
Others
13.98%
Winner: Cemil Tugay, CHP
Margin: 11.90%, Decrease 7.50 pp
      CHP HOLD
Bursa
Metropolitan Mayor
Mustafa Bozbey
47.62%
Alinur Aktaş
38.35%
Others
14.03%
Winner: Mustafa Bozbey, CHP
Margin: 9.27%, Increase 11.86 pp
      CHP GAIN from AK PARTY
Antalya
Metropolitan Mayor
Muhittin Böcek
48.64%
Hakan Tütüncü
40.03%
Others
11.33%
Winner: Muhittin Böcek, CHP
Margin: 8.61%, Increase 4.26 pp
      CHP HOLD

Full list

Note: AK Party is abbreviated "AKP" and Yeniden Refah is abbreviated "YRP" here for visualisation purposes. Metropolitan municipalities are in bold.

Province Before Elected
Adana CHP CHP
Adıyaman AKP CHP
Afyon AKP CHP
Ağrı AKP DEM
Amasya MHP CHP
Ankara CHP CHP
Antalya CHP CHP
Artvin CHP CHP
Aydın CHP CHP
Balıkesir AKP CHP
Bilecik CHP CHP
Bingöl AKP AKP
Bitlis AKP AKP
Bolu CHP CHP
Burdur CHP CHP
Bursa AKP CHP
Çanakkale CHP CHP
 
Province Before Elected
Çankırı MHP MHP
Çorum AKP AKP
Denizli AKP CHP
Diyarbakır HDP DEM
Edirne CHP CHP
Elazığ AKP AKP
Erzincan MHP MHP
Erzurum AKP AKP
Eskişehir CHP CHP
Gaziantep AKP AKP
Giresun AKP CHP
Gümüşhane AKP MHP
Hakkâri HDP DEM
Hatay CHP AKP
Isparta AKP AKP
Mersin CHP CHP
Istanbul CHP CHP
 
Province Before Elected
İzmir CHP CHP
Kars HDP MHP
Kastamonu MHP CHP
Kayseri AKP AKP
Kırklareli CHP MHP
Kırşehir CHP CHP
Kocaeli AKP AKP
Konya AKP AKP
Kütahya MHP CHP
Malatya AKP AKP
Manisa MHP CHP
K. Maraş AKP AKP
Mardin HDP DEM
Muğla CHP CHP
Muş AKP DEM
Nevşehir AKP İYİ
Niğde AKP AKP
 
Province Before Elected
Ordu AKP AKP
Rize AKP AKP
Sakarya AKP AKP
Samsun AKP AKP
Siirt HDP DEM
Sinop CHP CHP
Sivas AKP BBP
Tekirdağ CHP CHP
Tokat AKP MHP
Trabzon AKP AKP
Tunceli TKP DEM
Şanlıurfa AKP YRP
Uşak AKP CHP
Van HDP DEM
Yozgat AKP YRP
Zonguldak AKP CHP
Aksaray AKP AKP
 
Province Before Elected
Bayburt MHP AKP
Karaman MHP MHP
Kırıkkale AKP CHP
Batman HDP DEM
Şırnak AKP AKP
Bartın MHP CHP
Ardahan CHP CHP
Iğdır HDP DEM
Yalova CHP CHP
Karabük MHP AKP
Kilis AKP CHP
Osmaniye MHP MHP
Düzce AKP AKP

Reactions

President Erdoğan acknowledged the AKP's electoral losses but said that it would mark "not an end for us but rather a turning point", adding that he would respect the result, "correct our mistakes and redress our shortcomings". The CHP’s Özgür Özel praised voters, saying that they had established a "new political order" in Turkey leading to "a new political climate".[17][14] İYİ leader Meral Akşener called for an extraordinary party congress amid demands for her resignation.[18]

Analysis

This was the first election since the governing Justice and Development Party (AKP)'s establishment in 2001 that it did not come first in a national election, with the CHP winning 37.8% of the vote compared to the AKP's 35.5%. It was the first nationwide election since 1977 in which the CHP came first. CHP affiliated mayors now govern cities which make up 64% of Turkey's population and 80% of its economy.[19] Commentators compared the vote to the 1989 local election, where the centre-left opposition at the time had scored significant victories against long-standing right-wing governments and came first in the popular vote. Nevertheless, the People's Alliance did score some victories against the opposition, taking the traditionally opposition-leaning mayoralties of Hatay and Kırklareli, and narrowly won a plurality of district municipalities.[3]

The smaller centre-right opposition İYİ Party performed poorly across the country, coming sixth in terms of popular vote and losing over half its vote share. Its leader, Meral Akşener, called an extraordinary party congress but did not announce whether she would run again for the leadership. Meanwhile, the Islamist conservative New Welfare Party (YRP) came third with over 6% of the vote, winning many municipalities in conservative areas from the AKP. The pro-Kurdish DEM Party marginally improved their share of the vote, despite some calls for boycotts in their traditional strongholds due to the likelihood of mayors being forcibly removed from office by the Interior Ministry on charges of supporting separatist terrorism. The Nationalist Movement Party (MHP), the AKP's junior alliance partner, lost votes but retained control of many key municipalities that it had won in the previous election.[3]

Described as an "electoral disaster" for President Erdoğan, commentators speculated that any intention by the government to amend the constitution to extend his presidential term would likely be put on hold.[2] Given the scale of their victories, both İmamoğlu and Yavaş are widely seen as possible opposition candidates for the next Turkish presidential election,[20] which the government refused to bring forward in light of the results despite speculation over early elections.[21]

Canceled annulment

On 2 April, authorities annulled the victory of DEM’s Abdullah Zeydan, who won more than 55% of the vote in the mayoral election in Van and declared his rival, Abdullah Arvas from the AKP, the winner despite garnering only 27% of the vote.[22] The decision led to anti-government protests in Van and Istanbul, as well as a rally in Ankara.[23] The CHP sent members to Van in support.[24] Tuncer Bakırhan of the DEM called the reversal a "political coup"[23] while the party referred to it as "unlawful and illegitimate".[25] The following day, the Supreme Election Board heard Zeydan's appeal and reinstated him as the winner.[26]

Notes

  1. ^ The total number of metropolitan mayoralties (in the 30 metropolitan provinces) plus the provincial capital mayoralties (in the remaining 51 provinces) won by each party.
  2. ^ a b Calculated using votes for municipal councillor elections, see official results here
  3. ^ as HDP
  4. ^ a b In accordance with the collective leadership principle, the most authoritative decision-making body is the Central Committee elected at the party congress.
  5. ^ as HDP

References

  1. ^ Alper Coşkun (1 June 2023). "Erdoğan's Next Fight". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Archived from the original on 4 June 2023. Retrieved 10 November 2023.
  2. ^ a b "Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan suffers an electoral disaster". The Economist. Archived from the original on 1 April 2024. Retrieved 1 April 2024.
  3. ^ a b c "Seçim 2024". Anadolu Agency. Archived from the original on 14 May 2023. Retrieved 2 April 2024.
  4. ^ https://www.bta.bg/en/news/balkans/649633-meral-aksener-gives-up-good-party-leadership-following-defeat-in-local-elections
  5. ^ "Turgut Altınok: AKP'nin Keçiören'le özdeşleşen, 'A takımı' iddiaları ve Melih Gökçek'le tartışmalarıyla bilinen Ankara Büyükşehir Belediye Başkan Adayı". BBC News Türkçe (in Turkish). 18 January 2024. Archived from the original on 30 January 2024. Retrieved 1 April 2024.
  6. ^ "Akşener: İttifak sistemini reddediyoruz". DHA | Demirören Haber Ajansı (in Turkish). 18 September 2023. Archived from the original on 26 September 2023. Retrieved 24 September 2023.
  7. ^ "İYİ Parti, CHP'nin seçim işbirliği önerisini neden reddetti?". BBC News Türkçe (in Turkish). 4 December 2023. Archived from the original on 4 December 2023. Retrieved 1 April 2024.
  8. ^ "YÜKSEK SEÇİM KURULU KARARI" (PDF). resmigazete.gov.tr. 2 January 2024. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 January 2024. Retrieved 4 January 2024.
  9. ^ "YSK Başkanı yerel seçime girebilecek partileri açıkladı". Yeniçağ Gazetesi (in Turkish). 2 January 2024. Archived from the original on 3 January 2024. Retrieved 4 January 2024.
  10. ^ "Yenilik Partisi yerel seçime katılmayacak". www.gazeteduvar.com.tr. 11 January 2024. Archived from the original on 23 January 2024. Retrieved 23 January 2024.
  11. ^ "Partilerin oy pusulasındaki yerleri belli oldu". BBC News Türkçe (in Turkish). 27 January 2024. Archived from the original on 27 January 2024. Retrieved 28 January 2024.
  12. ^ "Faaliyette Olan Siyasi Partiler" [Active political parties]. tr:Yargıtay Cumhuriyet Başsavcılığı (Türkiye) (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 13 February 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2024.
  13. ^ "Türkiye Report 2023 – European Commission". neighbourhood-enlargement.ec.europa.eu. Archived from the original on 23 December 2023. Retrieved 29 December 2023. Regarding political associations, the 8th Administrative Court of Ankara found unlawful the stance of the Ministry of Interior, which prevented the establishment of the Green Party by not providing a 'received' certificate for the application and decided to stay the execution of the process. The Court of Appeal has since removed the stay of execution decision regarding the Ministry of Interior's act, the Green Party is again prevented from being established and the case is still pending. The file for the establishment of the Humanity and Freedom Party is pending before the Constitutional Court.
  14. ^ a b c "In setback to Turkey's Erdogan, opposition makes huge gains in local election". Associated Press. 1 April 2024. Archived from the original on 1 April 2024. Retrieved 1 April 2024.
  15. ^ "17 people detained after attack at Istanbul election campaign event, official says". Associated Press. 11 February 2024. Archived from the original on 11 February 2024. Retrieved 10 March 2024.
  16. ^ "Turkish police detain 33 people accused of plotting attacks ahead of local elections, official says". Associated Press. 10 March 2024. Archived from the original on 10 March 2024. Retrieved 10 March 2024.
  17. ^ "Turkish local elections: Opposition stuns Erdogan with historic victory". BBC. 1 April 2024. Archived from the original on 1 April 2024. Retrieved 1 April 2024.
  18. ^ "Ağır hezimet sonrası Meral Akşener'den kongre kararı". Sozcu.com.tr (in Turkish). 1 April 2024. Archived from the original on 2 April 2024. Retrieved 2 April 2024.
  19. ^ "Türkiye'de tarihi sonuç: Türkiye ekonomisinin yüzde 80'i CHP'nin eline geçti". www.ilksesgazetesi.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 17 April 2024.
  20. ^ "Erdogan Nemesis Emerges as Top Rival After Istanbul Win". Bloomberg. April 2024. Archived from the original on 1 April 2024. Retrieved 1 April 2024.
  21. ^ "Erdoğan erken seçim kapısını kapattı: Önümüzde 4 yıl süre var..." ekonomim.com. 4 January 2024. Archived from the original on 1 April 2024. Retrieved 1 April 2024.
  22. ^ "Turkey replaces Kurdish mayor with government candidate two days after vote". Euractiv. 3 April 2024. Archived from the original on 3 April 2024. Retrieved 3 April 2024.
  23. ^ a b "Clashes After Turkey Annuls Pro-Kurdish Mayoral Candidate's Win". Barron's. 2 April 2024. Archived from the original on 2 April 2024. Retrieved 2 April 2024.
  24. ^ "Turkey denies newly elected pro-Kurdish mayor the right to hold office in country's east". Associated Press. 3 April 2024. Archived from the original on 3 April 2024. Retrieved 3 April 2024.
  25. ^ "DEM Parti'den mazbata açıklaması: Karar gayri meşrudur, Van'da darbe var". Gazete Duvar (in Turkish). 2 April 2024. Retrieved 7 April 2024.
  26. ^ "Turkey's top election authority restores newly elected pro-Kurdish mayor's right to hold office". Associated Press. 3 April 2024. Retrieved 3 April 2024.
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2024 Turkish local elections
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