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2023 Riojan regional election

2023 Riojan regional election

← 2019 28 May 2023

All 33 seats in the Parliament of La Rioja
17 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered251,919 0.8%
Turnout170,779 (67.8%)
1.9 pp
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Gonzalo Capellán Concha Andreu Ángel Alda
Party PP PSOE Vox
Leader since 13 October 2022 19 October 2014 13 February 2023
Last election 12 seats, 33.1% 15 seats, 38.7% 0 seats, 3.9%
Seats won 17 12 2
Seat change 5 3 2
Popular vote 76,205 53,562 12,773
Percentage 45.4% 31.9% 7.6%
Swing 12.3 pp 6.8 pp 3.7 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
Leader Henar Moreno Ángel Daniel Íñiguez
Party Podemos–IU CS
Leader since 5 April 2022 13 February 2023
Last election 2 seats, 6.6% 4 seats, 11.5%
Seats won 2 0
Seat change 0 4
Popular vote 8,543 1,473
Percentage 5.1% 0.9%
Swing 1.5 pp 10.6 pp

President before election

Concha Andreu

Elected President

Gonzalo Capellán

The 2023 Riojan regional election was held on Sunday, 28 May 2023, to elect the 11th Parliament of the autonomous community of La Rioja. All 33 seats in the Parliament were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in eleven other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.


Electoral system

The Parliament of La Rioja was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of La Rioja, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Riojan Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a regional president.[1] Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over 18 years of age, registered in La Rioja and in full enjoyment of their political rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2022 abolished the "begged" or expat vote system (Spanish: Voto rogado), under which Spaniards abroad were required to apply for voting before being permitted to vote.[2] The expat vote system was attributed responsibility for a major decrease in the turnout of Spaniards abroad during the years it had been in force.[3]

The 33 members of the Parliament of La Rioja were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with an electoral threshold of five percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied regionally.[1][4]

Election date

The term of the Parliament of La Rioja expired four years after the date of its previous election. Elections to the Parliament were fixed for the fourth Sunday of May every four years. The previous election was held on 26 May 2019, setting the election date for the Parliament on Sunday, 28 May 2023.[1][4][5]

The president had the prerogative to dissolve the Parliament of La Rioja and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process, no nationwide election was due and some time requirements were met: namely, that dissolution did not occur either during the first legislative session or within the legislature's last year ahead of its scheduled expiry, nor before one year had elapsed since a previous dissolution. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional president within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called. Any snap election held as a result of these circumstances would not alter the period to the next ordinary election, with elected deputies merely serving out what remained of their four-year terms.[1]

The election to the Parliament of La Rioja was officially triggered on 4 April 2023 after the publication of the election decree in the Official Gazette of La Rioja (BOR), scheduling for the chamber to convene on 22 June.[6]

Parties and candidates

The electoral law allowed for parties and federations registered in the interior ministry, coalitions and groupings of electors to present lists of candidates. Parties and federations intending to form a coalition ahead of an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election call, whereas groupings of electors needed to secure the signature of at least one percent of the electorate in La Rioja, disallowing electors from signing for more than one list of candidates.[4][5]

Below is a list of the main parties and electoral alliances which contested the election:

Candidacy Parties and
Leading candidate Ideology Previous result Gov. Ref.
Votes (%) Seats
PSOE Concha Andreu Social democracy 38.67% 15 checkY [7]
Gonzalo Capellán Conservatism
Christian democracy
33.06% 12 ☒N [8]
CS Ángel Daniel Íñiguez Liberalism 11.53% 4 ☒N [10]
Henar Moreno Left-wing populism
Direct democracy
Democratic socialism
6.65% 2 checkY [11]
Inmaculada Sáenz Regionalism
4.61% 0 ☒N [12]
Ángel Alda Right-wing populism
National conservatism
3.87% 0 ☒N [15]


Election debates

2023 Riojan regional election debates
Date Organisers Moderator(s)     P  Present[a]  
PSOE PP CS UP PR+EV Vox PLRi Audience Ref.
24 May TVR Carlos Santamaría P
TBD [16]

Opinion polls

The tables below list opinion polling results in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a poll.

Graphical summary

Local regression trend line of poll results from 26 May 2019 to 28 May 2023, with each line corresponding to a political party.

Voting intention estimates

The table below lists weighted voting intention estimates. Refusals are generally excluded from the party vote percentages, while question wording and the treatment of "don't know" responses and those not intending to vote may vary between polling organisations. When available, seat projections determined by the polling organisations are displayed below (or in place of) the percentages in a smaller font; 17 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of La Rioja.

Voting preferences

The table below lists raw, unweighted voting preferences.

Preferred President

The table below lists opinion polling on leader preferences to become president of La Rioja.


Summary of the 28 May 2023 Parliament of La Rioja election results
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 76,205 45.38 +12.32 17 +5
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 53,562 31.90 –6.77 12 –3
Vox (Vox) 12,773 7.61 +3.74 2 +2
We Can–United Left (PodemosIU) 8,543 5.09 –1.56 2 ±0
Riojan Party+Empty Spain (PR+EV) 6,016 3.58 –1.03 0 ±0
For La Rioja (PLRi) 4,349 2.59 New 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (CS) 1,473 0.88 –10.65 0 –4
Animalist Party with the Environment (PACMA)1 1,065 0.63 –0.03 0 ±0
VINEA La Rioja (VINEA) 954 0.57 New 0 ±0
Blank Seats to Leave Empty Seats (EB) 619 0.37 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,360 1.41 +0.46
Total 167,919 33 ±0
Valid votes 167,919 98.32 –0.67
Invalid votes 2,860 1.68 +0.67
Votes cast / turnout 170,779 67.79 +1.85
Abstentions 81,140 32.21 –1.85
Registered voters 251,919
Popular vote
Blank ballots


Gonzalo Capellán (PP)
Ballot → 28 June 2023
Required majority → 17 out of 33 checkY
  • PP (17)
17 / 33
16 / 33
0 / 33
0 / 33


  1. ^ Denotes a main invitee attending the event.
  2. ^ a b c Vote+Simpathy figures with undecided and/or abstentionists excluded.


Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ "Elecciones autonómicas: El PP arrebataría al PSOE la Comunidad Valenciana, Castilla-La Mancha y La Rioja". La Razón (in Spanish). 22 May 2023.
  2. ^ "La izquierda mejora ligeramente en las encuestas pero podría perder el gobierno de La Rioja". Público (in Spanish). 20 May 2023.
  3. ^ "Estudio electoral / Uno, el número clave para entender lo que pasará en La Rioja el 28 de mayo". El Plural (in Spanish). 20 May 2023.
  4. ^ "EP Autonómico (20My – Final): nos espera un 28M de infarto". Electomanía (in Spanish). 20 May 2023.
  5. ^ "Todo abierto en La Rioja a dos semanas para las elecciones del 28M". El Plural (in Spanish). 13 May 2023.
  6. ^ "ElectoPanel Autonómico (13M)". Electomanía (in Spanish). 13 May 2023.
  7. ^ a b c "Empate técnico en La Rioja entre el PSOE y el PP a falta de 13 días para las elecciones". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 15 May 2023.
  8. ^ "El PP expulsa a Andreu del gobierno y recupera uno de sus bastiones electorales". ABC (in Spanish). 13 May 2023.
  9. ^ "Pronóstico electoral esencial para saber quién puede gobernar en La Rioja". El Plural (in Spanish). 6 May 2023.
  10. ^ "ElectoPanel Autonómico (6M)". Electomanía (in Spanish). 6 May 2023.
  11. ^ "La Rioja depende de un puñado de votos y de la España Vaciada ante el empate técnico de izquierda y derecha". (in Spanish). 1 May 2023.
  12. ^ a b "Preelectoral elecciones municipales y autonómicas 2023. Comunidad Autónoma de La Rioja (Estudio nº 3402. Abril 2023)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 11 May 2023.
  13. ^ "Estimación de voto. Municipios, grandes ciudades y Comunidades Autónomas (Estudio nº 3402. Abril 2023)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 11 May 2023.
  14. ^ "La Rioja / El bipartidismo entre PP y PSOE continúa imponiéndose". El Plural (in Spanish). 29 April 2023.
  15. ^ "ElectoPanel Autonómico (29A)". Electomanía (in Spanish). 29 April 2023.
  16. ^ "La Rioja / Solo dos escaños de diferencia entre PP y PSOE". El Plural (in Spanish). 22 April 2023.
  17. ^ "ElectoPanel Autonómico (22A)". Electomanía (in Spanish). 22 April 2023.
  18. ^ "ElectoPanel La Rioja / El Partido Riojano decidirá si gobierna el PSOE o el PP". El Plural (in Spanish). 15 April 2023.
  19. ^ "ElectoPanel Autonómico (15A) – varias CCAA en un puño". Electomanía (in Spanish). 15 April 2023.
  20. ^ "ElectoPanel La Rioja / Todo abierto a menos de dos meses para el 28M". El Plural (in Spanish). 8 April 2023.
  21. ^ "EP Autonómico 8A – comienza el juego". Electomanía (in Spanish). 8 April 2023.
  22. ^ "El PSOE tiene siete semanas por delante para darle la vuelta a las encuestas en La Rioja y mantener su Gobierno". Público (in Spanish). 8 April 2023.
  23. ^ "El PP ganaría las Elecciones en La Rioja con el 41,6% de los votos y 16 escaños". PP (in Spanish). 30 March 2023.
  24. ^ "Sigma Dos: el PP ganaría las elecciones y PR+E entraría en el Parlamento". NueveCuatroUno (in Spanish). 30 March 2023.
  25. ^ "Capellán recupera el Gobierno para el PP en La Rioja a costa de Ciudadanos". La Razón (in Spanish). 6 March 2023.
  26. ^ "El PP roza la mayoría para gobernar La Rioja sin necesitar a Vox". El Mundo (in Spanish). 30 January 2023.
  27. ^ "[AUT] LA RIOJA. Encuesta SigmaDos 30/01/2023: PODEMOS-IU 6,1% (2), PSOE 34,2% (12/13), LRA 4,3% (0/1), CS 2,8%, PP 41,8% (15/16), VOX 7,4% (2/3)". Electográfica (in Spanish). 30 January 2023.
  28. ^ "GAD3: el PP roza la mayoría absoluta en La Rioja". NueveCuatroUno (in Spanish). 21 February 2023.
  29. ^ a b c "Un sondeo para alivio socialista". La Rioja (in Spanish). 3 February 2023.
  30. ^ "EP La Rioja (16Dic): la distancia entre PP y PSOE, en mínimos". Electomanía (in Spanish). 16 December 2022.
  31. ^ a b "Macroencuesta sobre tendencias en voto autonómico (Estudio nº 3386. Noviembre-diciembre 2022)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 22 December 2022.
  32. ^ "Estimación de escaños elecciones autonómicas (Estudio nº 3386. Macroencuesta sobre tendencias en voto autonómico)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 22 December 2022.
  33. ^ "El Refractómetro: el PP recuperaría la mayoría absoluta en La Rioja". NueveCuatroUno (in Spanish). 1 May 2022.
  34. ^ "ElectoPanel (La Rioja 15M): suben UP y Vox, bajan PSOE y PP". Electomanía (in Spanish). 15 March 2022.
  35. ^ "La izquierda resiste y Andreu podría repetir mandato en 2023". El Día de La Rioja (in Spanish). 2 February 2022.
  36. ^ "El refractómetro: PP y Vox sumarían una ajustada mayoría en La Rioja". NueveCuatroUno (in Spanish). 12 December 2021.
  37. ^ "En La Rioja, el PSOE aumenta ligeramente, mientras PP pierde fuelle y Vox se desmorona, según una encuesta". Nuestra España (in Spanish). 15 September 2021.
  38. ^ "EP La Rioja (31JL): escenario muy apretado. Sube el PSOE, baja Vox". Electomanía (in Spanish). 31 July 2021.
  39. ^ "Estimación Marzo 2021. La Rioja". SyM Consulting (in Spanish). 26 March 2021.
  40. ^ "LA RIOJA. Encuesta SyM Consulting 26/03/2021: UNIDAS PODEMOS 5,3% (2), PSOE 41,5% (15/16), PR+ 4,3%, Cs 4,6%, PP 35,1% (13/14), VOX 5,6% (2)". Electograph (in Spanish). 26 March 2021.
  41. ^ "ElectoPanel La Rioja (31E): bajada del PSOE, que deja a PP+Vox al borde de la absoluta. El PR+ se queda fuera". Electomanía (in Spanish). 31 January 2021.
  42. ^ "Estimación Mayo 2020. La Rioja". SyM Consulting (in Spanish). 10 June 2020.
  43. ^ "LA RIOJA. Encuesta SyM Consulting 10/06/2020: UNIDAS PODEMOS 7,8% (2/3), PSOE 33,5% (12), PR+ 4,2%, Cs 5,9% (2), PP 37,1% (13/14), VOX 9,1% (3)". Electograph (in Spanish). 10 June 2020.
  44. ^ "EP (17My): La Rioja – la izquierda perdería el Gobierno, aunque el PSOE roza la absoluta". Electomanía (in Spanish). 17 May 2020.
  45. ^ "MacroPanel Autonómico (17My): 8 gobiernos para PSOE+, 8 para PP+ y 3 para otros+". Electomanía (in Spanish). 17 May 2020.
  46. ^ "El PP volvería a ser el partido más votado en La Rioja". NueveCuatroUno (in Spanish). 10 May 2020.
  1. ^ a b c d "Ley Orgánica 3/1982, de 9 de junio, de Estatuto de Autonomía de La Rioja". Organic Law No. 3 of 9 June 1982 (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  2. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  3. ^ Araque Conde, Pilar (8 June 2022). "El Congreso acaba con el voto rogado: diez años de trabas burocráticas para los residentes en el extranjero". Público (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 31 July 2022.
  4. ^ a b c "Ley 3/1991, de 21 de marzo, de elecciones a la Diputación General de La Rioja". Law No. 3 of 21 March 1991 (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Ley Orgánica 5/1985, de 19 de junio, del Régimen Electoral General". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985 (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 April 2023.
  6. ^ "Decreto de la Presidenta 3/2023, de 3 de abril, por el que se convocan elecciones al Parlamento de La Rioja". Boletín Oficial de La Rioja (in Spanish) (66): 6287. 4 April 2023. ISSN 1576-8384.
  7. ^ Gil, Alberto (26 September 2022). "Andreu confirma a los militantes su candidatura oficial para las próximas elecciones de 2023". La Rioja (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 April 2023.
  8. ^ "José Ignacio Ceniceros anuncia su adiós: no optará a la reelección en el PP". NueveCuatroUno (in Spanish). 23 January 2020. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  9. ^ "Capellán, candidato por unanimidad para presidir el PP de La Rioja". El Correo (in Spanish). 13 October 2022. Retrieved 21 October 2022.
  10. ^ "Ciudadanos elige a Ángel Daniel Íñiguez como candidato a la Presidencia de La Rioja". La Rioja (in Spanish). 13 February 2023. Retrieved 22 April 2023.
  11. ^ García, Pío (14 April 2023). "Podemos e IU concurrirán en coalición tras alcanzar un pacto de última hora". La Rioja (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 May 2023.
  12. ^ "Partido Riojano y España Vaciada llegan a un acuerdo para concurrir juntos a las próximas elecciones" (in Spanish). COPE. 11 October 2022. Retrieved 2 February 2023.
  13. ^ "Inmaculada Sáenz será la candidata autonómica de ¡La Rioja Ahora!". La Rioja (in Spanish). 8 February 2023. Retrieved 15 February 2023.
  14. ^ García, Pío (13 March 2023). "PR+ y España Vaciada mantendrán sus nombres en las papeletas del 28M". La Rioja (in Spanish). Logroño. Retrieved 13 March 2023.
  15. ^ "Vox designa a Ángel Alda Pérez como candidato a la presidencia de La Rioja" (in Spanish). COPE. 27 December 2022. Retrieved 27 December 2022.
  16. ^ "Debate de los candidatos al Gobierno de La Rioja, hoy en TVR". La Rioja (in Spanish). 24 May 2023. Retrieved 24 May 2023.
  17. ^ "Publicación de los datos del escrutinio general de las elecciones al Parlamento de La Rioja 2023" (PDF). Boletín Oficial de La Rioja (in Spanish). 20 June 2023.
  18. ^ Muñoz, Iván (28 June 2023). "El popular Gonzalo Capellán, elegido por mayoría absoluta como presidente de La Rioja". El Español (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 June 2023.
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2023 Riojan regional election
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