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2022 Andalusian regional election

2022 Andalusian regional election

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All 109 seats in the Parliament of Andalusia
55 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered6,641,903 1.5%
Turnout3,728,155 (56.1%)
0.5 pp
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Juan Manuel Moreno Juan Espadas Macarena Olona
Party PP PSOE–A Vox
Leader since 1 March 2014 17 June 2021 28 April 2022
Leader's seat Málaga Seville Granada
Last election 26 seats, 20.7% 33 seats, 27.9% 12 seats, 11.0%
Seats won 58 30 14
Seat change 32 3 2
Popular vote 1,589,272 888,325 496,618
Percentage 43.1% 24.1% 13.5%
Swing 22.4 pp 3.8 pp 2.5 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Inmaculada Nieto Teresa Rodríguez Juan Marín
Party PorA Adelante Andalucía Cs
Leader since 7 May 2022 26 June 2021 6 February 2015
Leader's seat Málaga Cádiz Seville
Last election 5 seats (AA)[a] 12 seats (AA)[a] 21 seats, 18.3%
Seats won 5 2 0
Seat change 0 10 21
Popular vote 284,027 168,960 121,567
Percentage 7.7% 4.6% 3.3%
Swing n/a n/a 15.0 pp


President before election

Juan Manuel Moreno
PP

Elected President

Juan Manuel Moreno
PP

The 2022 Andalusian regional election was held on Sunday, 19 June 2022, to elect the 12th Parliament of the autonomous community of Andalusia. All 109 seats in the Parliament were up for election.

The 2018 election resulted in the first majority for right-of-centre parties in Andalusia in 36 years, paving the way for an alternative government to the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) despite the party remaining the most voted political force in the region. As a result, Juan Manuel Moreno of the People's Party (PP) unseated PSOE's Susana Díaz as regional president, forming a coalition with Citizens (Cs), with confidence and supply from the Vox party. A number of disagreements saw Vox withdraw its support from the PP–Cs government in May 2021 and reject its proposed 2022 budget in November. Concurrently, Susana Díaz was replaced as regional PSOE leader by Seville mayor Juan Espadas in June 2021.

The election saw a landslide victory for the PP under a low turnout, with incumbent president Moreno being re-elected. The PP won in all eight provinces in Andalusia, with Seville flipping from the PSOE to the PP for the first time in Spanish democracy. In total, the PP took 58 of the 109 seats in Parliament, an increase of 32 from their 2018 result and an absolute majority of seats that was the first in its history, while taking 43% of the vote (up 22 points from the last election). The PSOE, which for the first time in history contested a regional election in Andalusia from opposition, got its worst result ever in the autonomous community, while Vox failed to fulfil expectations and saw only modest gains. Support for Cs collapsed, with the party being left out of parliament, whereas the left-wing vote divided between the For Andalusia (PorA) and Forward Andalusia (Adelante Andalucía) platforms.

Overview

Electoral system

The Parliament of Andalusia was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Andalusia, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Andalusian Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a regional president.[1] Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over 18 years of age, registered in Andalusia and in full enjoyment of their political rights. Additionally, Andalusians abroad were required to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[2]

The 109 members of the Parliament of Andalusia were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with an electoral threshold of three percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Almería, Cádiz, Córdoba, Granada, Huelva, Jaén, Málaga and Seville, with each being allocated an initial minimum of eight seats and the remaining 45 being distributed in proportion to their populations (provided that the number of seats in each province did not exceed two times that of any other).[1][3]

As a result of the aforementioned allocation, each Parliament constituency was entitled the following seats:[4]

Seats Constituencies
18 Seville
17 Málaga
15 Cádiz
13 Granada
12 Almería, Córdoba
11 Huelva, Jaén

The use of the D'Hondt method might result in a higher effective threshold, depending on the district magnitude.[5]

Election date

The term of the Parliament of Andalusia expired four years after the date of its previous election, unless it was dissolved earlier. The election decree was required to be issued no later than the twenty-fifth day prior to the date of expiry of parliament and published on the following day in the Official Gazette of the Regional Government of Andalusia (BOJA), with election day taking place on the fifty-fourth day from publication barring any date within from 1 July to 31 August. The previous election was held on 2 December 2018, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 2 December 2022. The election decree was required to be published in the BOJA no later than 8 November 2022, with the election taking place on the fifty-fourth day from publication, setting the latest possible election date for the Parliament on Sunday, 1 January 2023.[1][3][6]

The president had the prerogative to dissolve the Parliament of Andalusia and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process and that dissolution did not occur before one year had elapsed since the previous one. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional president within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called.[1][7]

In the aftermath of the May 2021 border crisis between Morocco and Spain, Vox announced it would end its confidence and supply arrangement with the PPCs coalition government after it became known that the authorities had agreed to take custody of 13 unaccompanied minors from Ceuta.[8] This made the prospect of a snap election likelier, coupled with speculation about an earlier election date following the gains achieved by the PP in the 2021 Madrilenian regional election at the expense of Cs.[9] The Andalusian government initially responded by indicating a tentative date for the next election of Sunday, 27 November 2022, in order to dispel any rumours about the instability of the governing coalition.[10]

In November 2021, and amid concerns that parliamentary negotiations would fail to deliver the 2022 budget due to opposition from both the PSOE–A and Vox, it was suggested that a snap election would be called for either 27 February or 6 March, coinciding with the festivities of Andalusia Day.[11] Together with speculation on an early election in Castile and León to be held in the spring of 2022,[12] it was initially suggested that the two elections could be held simultaneously.[13] However, on 30 November 2021, several days after his budget for 2022 was voted down by the parliament, President Juan Manuel Moreno said that an early election would be held but that his will was to set the election date for either June or October 2022,[14] which meant that a Castilian-Leonese snap election, widely expected to be called before 10 March and finally called for 13 February, would be held sooner.[15] On 19 January, Juan Manuel Moreno announced that he would make up his mind about a snap election "throughout February", with an early dissolution that month bringing the regional election date to either April or May.[16][17] However, following the PP and Vox's results in the Castilian-Leonese election and the rising prospects of a coalition government between the two in that region, members of Moreno's government acknowledged that a snap election before late in the year would now be unlikely,[18] with the originally scheduled date of 27 November returning to the spotlight as one of the likeliest election dates.[19][20][21]

The election of Alberto Núñez Feijóo as new national PP leader on 2 April 2022 in replacement of Pablo Casado sparked new rumours of a snap election in Andalusia, and on 24 April Juan Manuel Moreno announced that the regional election would be held before the summer.[22] The next day, it was confirmed that the election would be held on 19 June.[23][24]

The Parliament of Andalusia was officially dissolved on 26 April 2022 after the publication of the dissolution decree in the BOJA, setting the election date for 19 June and scheduling for the chamber to convene on 14 July.[4]

Parliamentary composition

The table below shows the composition of the parliamentary groups in the Parliament at the time of dissolution.[25][26]

Parliamentary composition in April 2022
Groups Parties Legislators
Seats Total
Socialist Parliamentary Group PSOE–A 33 33
Andalusian People's Parliamentary Group PP 26 26
Citizens Parliamentary Group Cs 21 21
Vox Parliamentary Group in Andalusia Vox 11 11
United We Can for Andalusia
Parliamentary Group[27]
IULV–CA 6 6
Non-Inscrits Adelante Andalucía 11[b] 12
FE–JONS 1[c]

Parties and candidates

The electoral law allowed for parties and federations registered in the interior ministry, coalitions and groupings of electors to present lists of candidates. Parties and federations intending to form a coalition ahead of an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election call, whereas groupings of electors needed to secure the signature of at least one percent of the electorate in the constituencies for which they sought election, disallowing electors from signing for more than one list of candidates.[3][6]

Below is a list of the main parties and electoral alliances which contested the election:

Candidacy Parties and
alliances
Leading candidate Ideology Previous result Gov. Ref.
Votes (%) Seats
PSOE–A Juan Espadas Social democracy 27.94% 33 ☒N [33]
PP
List
Juan Manuel Moreno Conservatism
Christian democracy
20.75% 26 checkY [34]
[35]
Cs Juan Marín Liberalism 18.28% 21 checkY [36]
PorA
List
Inmaculada Nieto Left-wing populism
Green politics
16.61%[e] 17 ☒N [38]
[39]
[40]
[41]
Adelante
Andalucía
List
  • Anti-capitalists (Anticapitalistas)
  • Andalusian Spring (Primavera Andaluza)
  • Andalusian Left (IzA)
  • Defend Andalusia (Defender Andalucía)
Teresa Rodríguez Andalusian nationalism
Left-wing populism
Anti-capitalism
☒N [28]
[42]
[43]
Vox
List
Macarena Olona Right-wing populism
Ultranationalism
National conservatism
10.96% 12 ☒N [44]
[45]
[46]

In September 2021, citizen collectives of the so-called "Empty Spain" (Spanish: España Vacía or España Vaciada), a coined term to refer to Spain's rural and largely unpopulated interior provinces,[47] agreed to look for formulas to contest the next elections in Spain, inspired by the success of the Teruel Existe candidacy (Spanish for "Teruel Exists") in the November 2019 Spanish general election.[48] By March 2022, the platform had announced that it would contest the Andalusian election in at least the Granada and Jaén provinces.[49] However, in May the platform ruled out a candidacy in Granada,[50] and only filed candidates in Jaén within the platform Jaén Merece Más (Spanish for "Jaén Deserves More").[51][52]

In light of the party's negative outlook in recent opinion polls, Citizens (Cs) did not rule out establishing an electoral alliance with the People's Party (PP) to ease the prospects for a renewal of their coalition government, with such possibility being suggested by both the national and regional leaders of the party, Inés Arrimadas and Juan Marín, on 4 December 2021.[53][54] The PP's national leadership rejected this possibility in the following days,[55] which contrasted with the regional branch of the party being willing to study a merger between the two parties ahead of a regional election.[56]

In December 2021, Más País, Greens Equo, Andalusia by Herself (AxSí) and Andalusian People's Initiative (IdPA) had agreed in a common platform—dubbed as Andaluces Levantaos, "Arise, o Andalusians", a reference to the Andalusian anthem—to contest the election.[39] On 2 February 2022, it was revealed that Podemos, United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA), Adelante Andalucía and the Andaluces Levantaos's parties had started talks to probe a prospective electoral alliance of all various parties to the left-wing of the PSOE, in which each would retain a degree of autonomy in parliament, in order to prevent a severe vote dispersion that would deprive them of many seats.[57] An early agreement was concluded in late March 2022,[58] and by April 2022 that the new joint alliance of all these parties (with the exception of Adelante Andalucía and AxSí) would be named as Por Andalucía (Spanish for "For Andalusia"),[40] for which Podemos suggested its Congress deputy Juan Antonio Delgado as the prospective candidate.[59][60] In the end, an electoral alliance was agreed between Podemos, IULV–CA, Greens Equo, Green Alliance (AV), Más País and Andalusian People's Initiative (IdPA), but because Podemos and AV failed to fill the required documentation ahead of the legal deadline, both parties found themselves unable to be awarded full party rights within the coalition.[37][41]

In May 2022, the town council in Salobreña in the province of Granada struck the name of Vox candidate Macarena Olona from its electoral roll after a recording emerged of former Vox Granada president Manuel Martín saying that she was registered at one of his properties without living there regularly or having a rental contract.[61] She was still allowed to stand as a candidate by the province's electoral board. Olona reported the town's PSOE mayor, María Eugenia Rufino González, to the Guardia Civil for alleged abuse of office and deprivation of the right to vote.[62]

Timetable

The key dates are listed below (all times are CET):[6][63]

  • 25 April: The election decree is issued with the countersign of the President.[4]
  • 26 April: Formal dissolution of the Parliament of Andalusia and beginning of a suspension period of events for the inauguration of public works, services or projects.
  • 29 April: Initial constitution of provincial and zone electoral commissions.
  • 6 May: Deadline for parties and federations intending to enter into a coalition to inform the relevant electoral commission.
  • 16 May: Deadline for parties, federations, coalitions, and groupings of electors to present lists of candidates to the relevant electoral commission.
  • 18 May: Submitted lists of candidates are provisionally published in the Official Gazette of the Regional Government of Andalusia (BOJA).
  • 21 May: Deadline for citizens entered in the Register of Absent Electors Residing Abroad (CERA) and for citizens temporarily absent from Spain to apply for voting.
  • 22 May: Deadline for parties, federations, coalitions, and groupings of electors to rectify irregularities in their lists.
  • 23 May: Official proclamation of valid submitted lists of candidates.
  • 24 May: Proclaimed lists are published in the BOJA.
  • 3 June: Official start of electoral campaigning.[4]
  • 9 June: Deadline to apply for postal voting.
  • 14 June: Official start of legal ban on electoral opinion polling publication, dissemination or reproduction and deadline for CERA citizens to vote by mail.
  • 15 June: Deadline for postal and temporarily absent voters to issue their votes.
  • 17 June: Last day of official electoral campaigning and deadline for CERA citizens to vote in a ballot box in the relevant consular office or division.[4]
  • 18 June: Official 24-hour ban on political campaigning prior to the general election (reflection day).
  • 19 June: Polling day (polling stations open at 9 am and close at 8 pm or once voters present in a queue at/outside the polling station at 8 pm have cast their vote). Provisional counting of votes starts immediately.
  • 22 June: General counting of votes, including the counting of CERA votes.
  • 25 June: Deadline for the general counting of votes to be carried out by the relevant electoral commission.
  • 4 July: Deadline for elected members to be proclaimed by the relevant electoral commission.
  • 8 August: Final deadline for definitive results to be published in the BOJA.

Campaign

Party slogans

Party or alliance Original slogan English translation Ref.
PSOE–A « Andalucía quiere más »
« Si votamos, ganamos »
"Andalusia wants more"
"If we vote, we win"
[64][65][66]
PP « Andalucía avanza » "Andalusia moves forward" [64][65]
Cs « Andalucía, el cambio que funciona » "Andalusia, the change that works" [64][65]
Vox « Cambio real » "Real change" [64][65]
PorA « Por Andalucía » "For Andalusia" [64]
Adelante Andalucía « En defensa propia » "In self-defense" [64][65]

Leaders' debates

2022 Andalusian regional election debates
Date Organisers Moderator(s)     P  Present 
PSOE–A PP Cs PorA Vox Adelante Audience Ref.
6 June RTVE Paloma Jara
Xabier Fortes
P
Espadas
P
Moreno
P
Marín
P
Nieto
P
Olona
P
Rodríguez
541,000
(20.8%)[f]
[67]
[68]
13 June Canal Sur Blanca Rodríguez
Fernando García
P
Espadas
P
Moreno
P
Marín
P
Nieto
P
Olona
P
Rodríguez
328,000
(13.9%)
[69]
Opinion polls
Candidate viewed as "performing best" or "most convincing" in each debate
Debate Polling firm/Commissioner PSOE PP Cs Vox AA PorA Tie None Question?
6 June Data10/OKDiario[70] 24.6 34.2 6.6 20.7 3.4 10.5

Opinion polls

The tables below list opinion polling results in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a poll.

Graphical summary

Local regression trend line of poll results from 2 December 2018 to 19 June 2022, with each line corresponding to a political party.

Voting intention estimates

The table below lists weighted voting intention estimates. Refusals are generally excluded from the party vote percentages, while question wording and the treatment of "don't know" responses and those not intending to vote may vary between polling organisations. When available, seat projections determined by the polling organisations are also displayed below (or in place of) the voting estimates in a smaller font; 55 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Andalusia.

Color key:

  Poll conducted after legal ban on opinion polls   Exit poll

Voting preferences

The table below lists raw, unweighted voting preferences.

Color key:

  Poll conducted after legal ban on opinion polls

Victory preferences

The table below lists opinion polling on the victory preferences for each party in the event of a regional election taking place.

Victory likelihood

The table below lists opinion polling on the perceived likelihood of victory for each party in the event of a regional election taking place.

Preferred President

The table below lists opinion polling on leader preferences to become president of the Regional Government of Andalusia.

Voter turnout

The table below shows registered vote turnout on election day without including voters from the Census of Absent-Residents (CERA).

Province Time
11:30 14:00 18:00 20:00
2022 2018 2022 +/– 2018 2022 +/– 2018 2022 +/–
Almería 16.52% 30.41% 32.24% +1.83 45.95% 41.78% –4.17 57.39% 55.96% –1.43
Cádiz 13.57% 28.19% 31.17% +2.98 42.92% 41.37% –1.55 54.54% 53.08% –1.46
Córdoba 17.35% 31.67% 38.92% +7.25 48.89% 48.49% –0.40 62.16% 62.51% +0.35
Granada 16.83% 31.80% 34.94% +3.34 48.52% 44.48% –4.04 60.83% 59.61% –1.22
Huelva 12.22% 26.89% 29.80% +2.91 42.62% 39.90% –2.72 55.54% 54.93% –0.61
Jaén 16.97% 30.94% 37.89% +6.95 47.93% 47.22% –0.71 63.30% 63.65% +0.35
Málaga 15.62% 29.84% 32.99% +3.15 45.64% 43.59% –2.05 56.63% 56.21% –0.42
Seville 15.08% 29.88% 35.51% +5.63 48.05% 46.78% –1.27 60.59% 60.98% +0.39
Total 15.44% 29.92% 34.25% +4.33 46.47% 44.52% –1.95 58.65% 58.36% –0.29
Sources[71]

Results

Overall

Summary of the 19 June 2022 Parliament of Andalusia election results
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,589,272 43.11 +22.36 58 +32
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 888,325 24.10 –3.84 30 –3
Vox (Vox) 496,618 13.47 +2.51 14 +2
United LeftMore CountryGreens Equo–Initiative: For Andalusia (PorA)1 284,027 7.70 n/a 5 ±0
Forward Andalusia–Andalusians (Adelante Andalucía–Andalucistas)1 168,960 4.58 n/a 2 –10
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs) 121,567 3.30 –14.98 0 –21
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 35,199 0.95 –0.98 0 ±0
Jaén Deserves More (JM+) 18,873 0.51 New 0 ±0
Arise, o Andalusians Coalition (AL)2 11,980 0.32 –0.32 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 4,407 0.12 +0.04 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Andalusian People (PCPA) 4,358 0.12 –0.06 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 3,418 0.09 New 0 ±0
For Huelva (XH) 3,197 0.09 New 0 ±0
Andalusian Nation (NA) 2,839 0.08 –0.06 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Workers of Spain (PCTE) 2,766 0.08 New 0 ±0
Zero Cuts (Recortes Cero) 2,766 0.08 –0.12 0 ±0
Socialist Republican Coalition for Andalusia (CRSxA)3 2,371 0.06 +0.02 0 ±0
Self-employed Party (Partido Autónomos) 2,180 0.06 New 0 ±0
The Greens (Los Verdes) 1,457 0.04 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 1,404 0.04 –0.03 0 ±0
Together for Granada–The Party of the Granadexit (JxG) 1,308 0.04 New 0 ±0
Volt Spain (Volt) 923 0.03 New 0 ±0
Retirees Party for the Future. Dignity and Democracy (JUFUDI) 348 0.01 New 0 ±0
We Are Future (Somos Futuro) 266 0.01 New 0 ±0
Wake Up–Constitutionalist Sociopolitical Party (Despierta) 261 0.01 New 0 ±0
Revolutionary Anticapitalist Left (IZAR) 200 0.01 –0.01 0 ±0
Enough is Enough! (Federación Basta Ya!) 163 0.00 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 36,924 1.00 –0.57
Total 3,686,377 109 ±0
Valid votes 3,686,377 98.88 +1.08
Invalid votes 41,778 1.12 –1.08
Votes cast / turnout 3,728,155 56.13 –0.43
Abstentions 2,913,748 43.87 +0.43
Registered voters 6,641,903
Sources[72]
Footnotes:
Popular vote
PP
43.11%
PSOE–A
24.10%
Vox
13.47%
PorA
7.70%
Adelante
4.58%
Cs
3.30%
Others
2.73%
Blank ballots
1.00%
Seats
PP
53.21%
PSOE–A
27.52%
Vox
12.84%
PorA
4.59%
Adelante
1.83%

Distribution by constituency

Constituency PP PSOE–A Vox PorA Adelante
% S % S % S % S % S
Almería 45.6 6 22.1 3 20.7 3 5.0 1.7
Cádiz 42.5 8 21.0 3 13.2 2 7.5 1 8.0 1
Córdoba 44.7 7 23.5 3 12.4 1 10.0 1 3.5
Granada 42.2 6 25.4 4 15.4 2 7.7 1 3.2
Huelva 42.7 6 27.4 4 12.8 1 6.5 3.9
Jaén 42.5 6 27.1 4 12.8 1 5.6 1.8
Málaga 47.0 10 20.7 4 13.5 2 8.1 1 3.8
Seville 40.1 9 26.6 5 11.4 2 8.4 1 6.3 1
Total 43.1 58 24.1 30 13.5 14 7.7 5 4.6 2
Sources[72]

Aftermath

The election resulted in a landslide victory for the People's Party (PP), with incumbent president Juan Manuel Moreno being re-elected. The PP won in all eight provinces in Andalusia, with the constituency of Seville flipping from the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) to the PP for the first time since the Spanish transition to democracy. In total, the PP took 58 of the 109 seats in parliament, an increase of 32 from their 2018 result and an absolute majority of seats that was the first in its history, while taking 43% of the vote, up 22 points from the last election. The PSOE—which, for the first time in history, was contesting a regional election in Andalusia from opposition—got its worst result ever in the autonomous community with 24.1% and 30 seats, being unable to recover from the 2018 shock which saw the party being expelled from the regional government of the community for the first time in 36 years.

The far-right Vox party failed to fulfil expectations and saw only modest gains, increasing its 2018 share by 2 points and gaining two additional seats, far short of the over 20 seats they had set themselves as a target. This was the first major electoral setback for the party since the 2019 general, regional, and local elections in Spain; in particular, the November 2019 general election had seen the party secure over 869,000 votes and 20.4% of the share, which was now reduced to 494,000 votes and 13.5%. Support for the liberal Citizens (Cs) collapsed as a result of vote transfers to the PP, whereas the left-wing vote of the 2018 Adelante Andalucía alliance divided between the United Left (IU) and Podemos-led For Andalusia coalition and the new Adelante Andalucía alliance of former Podemos regional leader Teresa Rodríguez.[73][74]

Investiture
Juan Manuel Moreno (PP)
Ballot → 21 July 2022
Required majority → 55 out of 109 checkY
Yes
  • PP (58)
58 / 109
No
37 / 109
Abstentions
13 / 109
Absentees
1 / 109
Sources[75]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Within the Adelante Andalucía alliance in the 2018 election.
  2. ^ Teresa Rodríguez, Ángela Aguilera, José Ignacio García, Luz Marina Dorado, María Vanessa García, María Gracia González, Ignacio Molina, Diego Crespo, Ana Villaverde, María Isabel Mora and María del Carmen García, former Podemos legislators.[28][29][30]
  3. ^ Luz Belinda Rodríguez, former Vox legislator.[31][32]
  4. ^ a b Podemos and Green Alliance were a part of the alliance agreement, but failed to register before the 6 May deadline to be part of the joint electoral candidacy. As a result, while both parties remain politically a part of the alliance, they are unable to legally contest the election as parties within it.[37]
  5. ^ Results for Adelante Andalucía (16.19%) and Equo–Iniciativa (0.42%) in the 2018 election.
  6. ^ In Andalusia, the debate was broadcast on La 1 (414,000; 15.9%), Andalucía Televisión (84,000; 3.2%) and 24 Horas (43,000; 1.7%). Nationwide, the debate was broadcast on La 1 (1,035,000; 8.1%) and 24 Horas (144,000; 1.1%)
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm Within Por Andalucía.
  8. ^ a b c d Within PP+Cs.

References

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ "Juanma Moreno acaricia la mayoría absoluta y el PSOE se hunde según el sondeo de OKDIARIO a pie de urna". El Español (in Spanish). 19 June 2022.
  2. ^ "Gran victoria de Juanma Moreno en Andalucía: rozará la mayoría absoluta si entra Ciudadanos". El Español (in Spanish). 19 June 2022.
  3. ^ "Gran victoria de Juanma Moreno que obtendría más escaños que toda la izquierda junta". El Debate (in Spanish). 19 June 2022.
  4. ^ "Juanma Moreno, rozaría la mayoría absoluta en Andalucía, según la encuesta de LA RAZÓN". La Razón (in Spanish). 19 June 2022.
  5. ^ "Moreno obtiene mayoría absoluta en Andalucía, según el sondeo de GAD3 para Canal Sur y TVE". Canal Sur (in Spanish). 19 June 2022.
  6. ^ "El PP gana las elecciones de Andalucía con una mayoría absoluta holgada, según el sondeo de GAD3". ABC (in Spanish). 19 June 2022.
  7. ^ "Los 'trackings' de PP y PSOE hunden a Espadas (28-30) y sitúan a Moreno en más de 50". VozPópuli (in Spanish). 17 June 2022.
  8. ^ "La campaña dispara a Moreno: supera en 8 escaños a toda la izquierda pero sigue necesitando a Vox". OKDiario (in Spanish). 13 June 2022.
  9. ^ "Último ElectoPanel Andalucía: El PP, muy lejos de la mayoría absoluta". El Plural (in Spanish). 12 June 2022.
  10. ^ "Último sondeo: el PP sumaría 6 escaños más que la izquierda; solo necesita a Vox para la investidura". El Español (in Spanish). 13 June 2022.
  11. ^ a b c "El PP suma más que la izquierda y se sitúa cerca de gobernar en solitario". Andalucía Información (in Spanish). 12 June 2022.
  12. ^ "El PP es incapaz de superar los 40 escaños y de frenar a Vox". El Plural (in Spanish). 10 June 2022.
  13. ^ a b c d e "ANDALUCÍA. Encuestas publicadas el 13/06/2022 (último día legal de publicación)". Electograph (in Spanish). 13 June 2022.
  14. ^ "La debacle del PSOE andaluz dejaría a Juanma Moreno al borde de la mayoría absoluta". El Confidencial (in Spanish). 13 June 2022.
  15. ^ "El PP amplía la brecha con el PSOE y se acerca a la mayoría absoluta". El Mundo (in Spanish). 11 June 2022.
  16. ^ "Encuesta elecciones andaluzas: el PP roza los 50 escaños y el Gobierno en solitario". La Razón (in Spanish). 13 June 2022.
  17. ^ "Juanma Moreno 'pesca' votos del PSOE andaluz por su "buena reputación"". ABC (in Spanish). 9 June 2022.
  18. ^ "El PP gana un poco más de terreno en Andalucía a costa de Ciudadanos y Vox, según Ágora Integral". Canarias Ahora (in Spanish). 11 June 2022.
  19. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta Ágora Integral 11/06/2022: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 5,5% (1/3), PorA 7,8% (7/8), ANDALUCES LEVANTAOS 0,5%, PSOE 24,9% (30/33), Cs 3,0% (0/2), PP 36,5% (45/47), VOX 18,5% (19/22)". Electograph (in Spanish). 11 June 2022.
  20. ^ "El PP se dispara y se sitúa a solo 2 escaños de la mayoría absoluta en Andalucía". ABC (in Spanish). 13 June 2022.
  21. ^ "El PP ganaría hoy las elecciones de Andalucía y podría sumar más que toda la izquierda junta". El Debate (in Spanish). 13 June 2022.
  22. ^ "El PSOE cae bajo el suelo psicológico de los 30 escaños con el PP en 46 y Vox en 22". VozPópuli (in Spanish). 12 June 2022.
  23. ^ "Encuesta DYM. Juanma Moreno podría superar el 19-J los escaños de toda la izquierda". 20 minutos (in Spanish). 13 June 2022.
  24. ^ "El PP amplía su ventaja y acaricia la mayoría absoluta en Andalucía, según la encuesta Celeste-Tel". Onda Cero (in Spanish). 13 June 2022.
  25. ^ "El PSOE pierde 3 escaños en una semana mientras PP y Vox logran una aplastante mayoría absoluta de 69". OKDiario (in Spanish). 10 June 2022.
  26. ^ "La izquierda no despega y el PP afianza su ventaja en Andalucía". El País (in Spanish). 13 June 2022.
  27. ^ a b c "40dB. 2º Informe preelectoral para Andalucía. Junio 2022" (PDF). 40dB (in Spanish). 13 June 2022.
  28. ^ a b c d e "Encuesta flash. Elecciones Comunidad Autónoma de Andalucía 2022 (Estudio nº 3367. Junio 2022)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 13 June 2022.
  29. ^ "Estimación de voto. Estudio nº 3367 (Encuesta flash. Elecciones Comunidad Autónoma de Andalucía 2022. Junio 2022)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 13 June 2022.
  30. ^ "El PP conseguiría sumar más que todas las formaciones de la izquierda, según la encuesta Celeste-Tel". Onda Cero (in Spanish). 6 June 2022.
  31. ^ "El PP coge vuelo, pero sigue necesitando a Vox para gobernar". El Plural (in Spanish). 3 June 2022.
  32. ^ "19J en Andalucía: una nueva encuesta sitúa a PP y PSOE con una diferencia de solo 200.000 votos". La Voz del Sur (in Spanish). 6 June 2022.
  33. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta easiest (interna PSOE) 06/06/2022: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 4,3% (2), PorA 9,3% (9), PSOE 27,3% (35), Cs 4,1% (1), PP 32,6% (44), VOX 17,1% (18)". La Voz del Sur (in Spanish). 6 June 2022.
  34. ^ "El PSOE pierde más votos en favor del PP que de toda la izquierda". La Razón (in Spanish). 6 June 2022.
  35. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta NC Report 06/06/2022: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 4,1% (3/4), PODEMOS-IU 10,0% (8/9), PSOE 25,9% (31/33), Cs 3,8% (1/2), PP 35,0% (45/47), VOX 15,5% (17/18)". La Razón (in Spanish). 6 June 2022.
  36. ^ "Las izquierdas inician la campaña con el reto de movilizar a su electorado para evitar la debacle que dibujan las encuestas". Público (in Spanish). 3 June 2022.
  37. ^ "Juanma Moreno suma más escaños que toda la izquierda y podría gobernar en solitario". OKDiario (in Spanish). 5 June 2022.
  38. ^ "El PP arrasará en las elecciones andaluzas pero necesitará a Vox para gobernar, según Ágora Integral". Canarias Ahora (in Spanish). 3 June 2022.
  39. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta Ágora Integral 03/06/2022: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 4,8% (1/2), PODEMOS-IU 7,9% (8/9), ANDALUCES LEVANTAOS 0,5%, PSOE 24,9% (30/33), Cs 3,2% (1/3), PP 36,7% (44/46), VOX 18,9% (20/23)". Electograph (in Spanish). 4 June 2022.
  40. ^ "PP y Vox consolidan su mayoría absolutísima a tres semanas de las elecciones andaluzas: 66 escaños". OKDiario (in Spanish). 30 May 2022.
  41. ^ a b c d e "Preelectoral elecciones autonómicas 2022. Comunidad Autónoma de Andalucía (Estudio nº 3365. Mayo 2022)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 2 June 2022.
  42. ^ "Estimación de voto. Estudio nº 3365 (Encuesta preelectoral elecciones autonómicas 2022. Comunidad Autónoma de Andalucía. Mayo 2022)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 2 June 2022.
  43. ^ "El último sondeo interno del PP deja a Moreno a 6 escaños de la mayoría absoluta". VozPópuli (in Spanish). 26 May 2022.
  44. ^ a b "PP y Vox siguen creciendo en Andalucía a costa del peor pronóstico de la historia para el PSOE". El Español (in Spanish). 29 May 2022.
  45. ^ "El PP de Moreno se dispara ante el estancamiento del PSOE y el frenazo de Vox". El Mundo (in Spanish). 28 May 2022.
  46. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta SigmaDos 28/05/2022: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 4,8% (2), PorA 10,5% (8/10), PSOE 25,4% (30/32), Cs 4,9% (2/3), PP 36,1% (46/50), VOX 15,1% (16/17)". Electograph (in Spanish). 28 May 2022.
  47. ^ "ElectoPanel Andalucía: Moreno Bonilla en problemas con un PP estancado, el PSOE a un paso y Vox imparable". El Plural (in Spanish). 26 May 2022.
  48. ^ "La izquierda alternativa se desangra: Teresa Rodríguez da caza a Por Andalucía y ya empatarían a escaños". El Plural (in Spanish). 27 May 2022.
  49. ^ "El PP acaricia un Gobierno en solitario en Andalucía". El País (in Spanish). 30 May 2022.
  50. ^ a b c "40dB. Informe preelectoral para Andalucía. Junio 2022" (PDF). 40dB (in Spanish). 30 May 2022.
  51. ^ "Moreno se consolida en las encuestas como ganador tras absorber los escaños de Ciudadanos en Andalucía". Público (in Spanish). 23 May 2022.
  52. ^ "Moreno arrasará al PSOE pero necesita a una Olona en ascenso para gobernar". OKDiario (in Spanish). 23 May 2022.
  53. ^ "La izquierda andaluza llega rendida al 19-J: solo el 20% cree que pueden gobernar". El Confidencial (in Spanish). 27 May 2022.
  54. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta Metroscopia 27/05/2022: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 2,5% (1), PorA 10,5% (10), PSOE 27,0% (32/33), Cs 2,5%, PP 36,8% (45/46), VOX 18,8% (19/20)". Electograph (in Spanish). 27 May 2022.
  55. ^ "ElectoPanel Andalucía de Electomanía para ElPlural.com: El PSOE, a solo cuatro diputados de ganar a Moreno Bonilla". El Plural (in Spanish). 20 May 2022.
  56. ^ "El PP vapulea al PSOE en Andalucía pero necesitará a Vox para gobernar en pleno 'efecto Olona'". OKDiario (in Spanish). 16 May 2022.
  57. ^ "El PSOE huele a batacazo en Andalucía: la apatía de sus votantes desespera a Juan Espadas". OKDiario (in Spanish). 16 May 2022.
  58. ^ a b c d e "Preelectoral. Elecciones Autonómicas 2022". CEA (in Spanish). 30 May 2022.
  59. ^ "Vox, a menos de 10 diputados de la victoria en Andalucía: el ascenso de Olona dificulta el plan de Feijóo para Moreno Bonilla". El Plural (in Spanish). 13 May 2022.
  60. ^ "El PP ganaría las elecciones en Andalucía con una holgada ventaja frente al PSOE, según la encuesta de Sigma Dos". Antena 3 (in Spanish). 8 May 2022.
  61. ^ "ElectoPanel de Electomanía para ElPlural.com: El PSOE, muy cerca de un PP que no llega al 30% de los votos en Andalucía". El Plural (in Spanish). 6 May 2022.
  62. ^ "Moreno Bonilla mantendría una ajustada ventaja frente a la suma de la izquierda". El Español (in Spanish). 8 May 2022.
  63. ^ "Podemos daría dos escaños a PP y Vox si la Junta Electoral no les permite concurrir en coalición". El Español (in Spanish). 8 May 2022.
  64. ^ "El PP ganaría hoy las elecciones en Andalucía pero necesitaría el apoyo de Vox para gobernar". El Debate (in Spanish). 9 May 2022.
  65. ^ "Moreno (48) lograría 7 escaños más que toda la izquierda y podría gobernar 'a lo Ayuso'". VozPópuli (in Spanish). 8 May 2022.
  66. ^ "ElectoPanel Andalucía de Electomanía para ElPlural.com: La diferencia entre el PP y el PSOE es de apenas 2 puntos". El Plural (in Spanish). 29 April 2022.
  67. ^ "Moreno Bonilla se queda a 14 escaños de la mayoría y necesitaría a Vox para gobernar". El Plural (in Spanish). 29 April 2022.
  68. ^ "Barómetro GAD3: Moreno podría gobernar en solitario en Andalucía porque suma 11 escaños más que la izquierda". NIUS (in Spanish). 2 May 2022.
  69. ^ "Las encuestas disparan a Moreno para las andaluzas, que podría obtener más diputados que toda la izquierda junta". Público (in Spanish). 2 May 2022.
  70. ^ "El PP arrasaría en las próximas elecciones andaluzas, pero necesitaría a Vox para gobernar". Canarias Ahora (in Spanish). 3 May 2022.
  71. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta Ágora Integral 03/05/2022: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 3,8% (1/3), PODEMOS-IU 7,8% (8/9), ANDALUCES LEVANTAOS 2,9% (0/2), PSOE 25,9% (32/34), Cs 4,5% (1/3), PP 33,7% (44/46), VOX 17,9% (19/21)". Electograph (in Spanish). 3 May 2022.
  72. ^ "Andalucía vira a la derecha y el PP estaría al borde de la mayoría absoluta". El Confidencial (in Spanish). 29 April 2022.
  73. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta IMOP Insights 29/04/2022: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 3,1% (0/1), POR ANDALUCÍA 7,9% (6/7), PSOE 27,7% (33/35), Cs 2,8%, PP 40,2% (50/53), VOX 13,5% (14/15)". Electograph (in Spanish). 29 April 2022.
  74. ^ "El PP arrasa al PSOE en Andalucía, suma más que toda la izquierda junta y gobernaría sin Vox". OKDiario (in Spanish). 26 April 2022. Archived from the original on 26 April 2022. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  75. ^ "Ciudadanos desaparece en Andalucía: no salva ni un escaño de los 21 que obtuvo en 2018". OKDiario (in Spanish). 26 April 2022.
  76. ^ "El PP roza la mayoría absoluta con Ciudadanos". La Razón (in Spanish). 25 April 2022. Archived from the original on 25 April 2022. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  77. ^ "Juanma Moreno ve cómo la pujanza de Vox le dificulta gobernar en solitario". El Mundo (in Spanish). 24 April 2022. Archived from the original on 24 April 2022. Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  78. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta SigmaDos 24/04/2022: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 3,1% (0/1), PODEMOS-IU 9,4% (8/9), ANDALUCES LEVANTAOS 3,2% (0/1), PSOE 25,7% (33), Cs 4,7% (2), PP 33,1% (44), VOX 17,6% (20)". Electograph (in Spanish). 24 April 2022. Archived from the original on 24 April 2022. Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  79. ^ a b c "Juanma Moreno obtendría hoy más escaños que toda la izquierda y podría gobernar Andalucía sin Vox". El Español (in Spanish). 18 April 2022. Archived from the original on 18 April 2022. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  80. ^ a b c "Barómetro Andaluz. Marzo 2022". CEA (in Spanish). 6 March 2022. Archived from the original on 10 October 2020. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  81. ^ "Alarma en el PP ante el peor sondeo interno en Andalucía desde que Moreno gobierna". The Objective (in Spanish). 18 March 2022. Archived from the original on 2022-03-18. Retrieved 2022-03-18.
  82. ^ "El PP de Moreno retrocede tras la crisis nacional y se vería obligado a gobernar con un Vox que dobla escaños". VozPópuli (in Spanish). 28 February 2022. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  83. ^ "Juanma Moreno afianza su liderazgo y podría aspirar a gobernar en solitario". Andalucía Información (in Spanish). 24 February 2022. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  84. ^ "AndPanel (15F): empate técnico entre PSOE y PP. Subida de Vox y avance de la izquierda". Electomanía (in Spanish). 15 February 2022. Archived from the original on 15 February 2022. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  85. ^ "AndPanel (19E): la absoluta de Moreno pasa por un Vox que superaría los 20 escaños". Electomanía (in Spanish). 19 January 2022. Archived from the original on 19 January 2022. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  86. ^ "Juanma Moreno se acerca a la mayoría absoluta en Andalucía pero aún depende de la abstención de Vox". El Mundo (in Spanish). 17 January 2022. Archived from the original on 17 January 2022. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  87. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta SigmaDos 17/01/2022: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 4,4% (2), PODEMOS-IU 8,3% (7/8), ANDALUCES LEVANTAOS 1,6%, PSOE 26,7% (32/33), Cs 6,1% (3/4), PP 36,9% (48/49), VOX 13,6% (13/15)". Electograph (in Spanish). 17 January 2022. Archived from the original on 17 January 2022. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  88. ^ a b c "Barómetro Andaluz. Diciembre 2021". CEA (in Spanish). 20 December 2021. Archived from the original on 20 December 2021. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  89. ^ "PP y Cs, a 5 escaños de la mayoría absoluta en Andalucía: sacarían lo mismo juntos que separados". El Español (in Spanish). 9 December 2021. Archived from the original on 9 December 2021. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  90. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta SocioMétrica 09/12/2021: ADELANTE 6,0% (3), PODEMOS-IU 6,8% (5), ANDALUCES LEVANTAOS 1,1% (0), PSOE 26,2% (33), Cs 4,9% (3), PP 36,4% (47), VOX 15,0% (18)". Electograph (in Spanish). 9 December 2021. Archived from the original on 9 December 2021. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  91. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta SocioMétrica 09/12/2021: ADELANTE 6,2% (3), PODEMOS-IU 6,9% (5), ANDALUCES LEVANTAOS 1,3% (0), PSOE 26,9% (32), PP-Cs 39,6% (50), VOX 16,0% (19)". Electograph (in Spanish). 9 December 2021. Archived from the original on 9 December 2021. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  92. ^ "El PP crece medio millón de votos en Andalucía, pero necesitará a Vox". La Razón (in Spanish). 15 November 2021. Archived from the original on 15 November 2021. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  93. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta NC Report 15/11/2021: ADELANTE 3,4% (1/2), PODEMOS-IU 11,2% (10/12), PSOE 27,2% (32/34), Cs 5,1% (2/3), PP 34,9% (44/46), VOX 14,7% (15/17)". Electograph (in Spanish). 15 November 2021. Archived from the original on 15 November 2021. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  94. ^ a b c d "Barómetro Andaluz. Septiembre 2021". CEA (in Spanish). 18 October 2021. Archived from the original on 16 February 2022. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  95. ^ "El nuevo PSOE andaluz pierde hasta cinco escaños en apenas dos meses". La Razón (in Spanish). 9 August 2021. Archived from the original on 9 August 2021. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  96. ^ "EP Andalucía (30J): sube el PP, solo Marín conservaría su escaño en Cs". Electomanía (in Spanish). 30 June 2021. Archived from the original on 30 June 2021. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
  97. ^ a b c d "Barómetro Andaluz. Junio 2021". CEA (in Spanish). 12 July 2021. Archived from the original on 16 February 2022. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  98. ^ "El PP replica en Andalucía la amplia mayoría de Madrid: absorbe a Ciudadanos y arrasa a un PSOE hundido". El Mundo (in Spanish). 11 June 2021. Archived from the original on 11 June 2021. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  99. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta SigmaDos 11/06/2021: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 5,5% (6), UNIDAS PODEMOS 7,6% (8), PSOE 26,1% (31), Cs 4,2% (4), PP 36,7% (43), VOX 14,8% (17)". Electograph (in Spanish). 11 June 2021. Archived from the original on 11 June 2021. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  100. ^ "El PP consolida el cambio de ciclo en Andalucía al rozar la mayoría absoluta". Andalucía Información (in Spanish). 8 June 2021. Archived from the original on 8 June 2021. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  101. ^ "Andalucía: Juanma Moreno ganaría las elecciones y tendría mayoría absoluta con Vox". La Razón (in Spanish). 31 May 2021. Archived from the original on 31 May 2021. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  102. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta NC Report 31/05/2021: ANSR 2,7%, PODEMOS-IU 12,6% (10/11), PSOE 30,3% (38/39), Cs 5,1% (2/4), PP 31,8% (39/41), VOX 15,1% (16/17)". Electograph (in Spanish). 31 May 2021. Archived from the original on 31 May 2021. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  103. ^ "AndPanel (14M): sorpasso en votos de Andalucía No Se Rinde a Ciudadanos. El PP necesitaría a Vox para la absoluta". Electomanía (in Spanish). 15 May 2021. Archived from the original on 15 May 2021. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  104. ^ "Mayoría absoluta para PP, Vox y Ciudadanos en Andalucía". La Razón (in Spanish). 16 May 2021. Archived from the original on 16 May 2021. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
  105. ^ a b c d "Barómetro Andaluz. Marzo 2021". CEA (in Spanish). 12 April 2021. Archived from the original on 16 February 2022. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  106. ^ "BARÓMETRO ELECTORAL DE GAD3 EN ANDALUCÍA". GAD3 (in Spanish). 25 March 2021. Archived from the original on 25 March 2021. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  107. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta GAD3 25/03/2021: ANDALUCÍA NO SE RINDE 3,9% (1), UNIDAS PODEMOS 7,7% (4/5), PSOE 27,1% (32/33), Cs 5,6% (2/4), PP 37,6% (48/53), VOX 14,1% (15/18)". Electograph (in Spanish). 25 March 2021. Archived from the original on 25 March 2021. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  108. ^ "AndPanel (26F): empate entre PSOE y PP y entre UP y Cs. Vox sube y sería decisivo". Electomanía (in Spanish). 26 February 2021. Archived from the original on 29 November 2021. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  109. ^ "El PSOE volvería a ganar en Andalucía, pero el PP podría gobernar, con Vox como socio clave". Diario Córdoba (in Spanish). 27 February 2021. Archived from the original on 28 February 2021. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  110. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta Deimos Estadística 27/02/2021: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 3,3% (2/3), UNIDAS PODEMOS 8,8% (8/10), PSOE 32,3% (38/40), Cs 7,0% (5/7), PP 28,5% (33/34), VOX 15,7% (18/19)". Electograph (in Spanish). 27 February 2021. Archived from the original on 27 February 2021. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  111. ^ "El PP ganaría las elecciones en Andalucía pero necesitaría a Vox y Ciudadanos para gobernar". ABC (in Spanish). 12 December 2020. Archived from the original on 18 January 2021. Retrieved 18 January 2021.
  112. ^ "El PSOE ganaría las elecciones andaluzas con 40 diputados, según una encuesta de Celeste-Tel". El Plural (in Spanish). 17 January 2021. Archived from the original on 17 January 2021. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  113. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta Celeste-Tel (interna PSOE) 17/01/2021: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 2,4%, UNIDAS PODEMOS 11,8% (12), PSOE 31,4% (40), Cs 13,2% (13), PP 25,3% (32), VOX 11,9% (12)". Electograph (in Spanish). 17 January 2021. Archived from the original on 17 January 2021. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  114. ^ a b c "Barómetro Andaluz. Diciembre 2020". CEA (in Spanish). 12 December 2020. Archived from the original on 16 February 2022. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  115. ^ "El Gobierno del cambio se reeditaría en Andalucía". La Razón (in Spanish). 2 December 2020. Archived from the original on 2 December 2020. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  116. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta NC Report 02/12/2020: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 4,8% (2/4), UNIDAS PODEMOS 11,3% (11/12), PSOE 28,9% (37/38), Cs 12,7% (13/14), PP 25,9% (31/32), VOX 12% (12/13)". Electograph (in Spanish). 2 December 2020. Archived from the original on 2 December 2020. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  117. ^ "La derecha volvería a gobernar en Andalucía dos años después de las autonómicas". OKDiario (in Spanish). 2 December 2020. Archived from the original on 2 December 2020. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  118. ^ "PP-A ganaría con 2,5 puntos y 7 diputados sobre el PSOE-A y volvería a sumar mayoría con Vox y Cs, según un sondeo". Europa Press (in Spanish). 29 November 2020. Archived from the original on 29 November 2020. Retrieved 29 November 2020.
  119. ^ "El PP afianza su liderazgo en un año marcado por la crisis del Covid". Andalucía Información (in Spanish). 1 December 2020. Archived from the original on 1 December 2020. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  120. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta SW Demoscopia 02/12/2020: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 9,8% (8/11), UNIDAS PODEMOS 5,6% (3/6), PSOE 26,9% (31/33), Cs 10,6% (11/14), PP 28,7% (34/37), VOX 14,1% (13/16)". Electograph (in Spanish). 1 December 2020. Archived from the original on 2 December 2020. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  121. ^ "EP Autonómico (15N): Teresa Rodríguez, sin escaño, sería 'expulsada' del Parlamento andaluz. Vox saca partido de la bronca en Adelante Andalucía". Electomanía (in Spanish). 15 November 2020. Archived from the original on 29 November 2021. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  122. ^ a b "Barómetro Andaluz. Septiembre 2020". CEA (in Spanish). 7 October 2020. Archived from the original on 16 February 2022. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  123. ^ "El PSOE andaluz recupera vigor y sumaría con la izquierda ante un PP reforzado". Diario de Sevilla (in Spanish). 20 July 2020. Archived from the original on 20 July 2020. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  124. ^ "ANDALUCÍA. Encuesta Celeste-Tel 20/07/2020: ADELANTE ANDALUCÍA 16,6% (17), PSOE 31,1% (40), Cs 11,2% (10), PP 26,0% (31), VOX 10,9% (11)". Electograph (in Spanish). 20 July 2020. Archived from the original on 20 July 2020. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
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  126. ^ "PP aguanta el pulso a PSOE en Andalucía con el tripartito consolidado". Andalucía Información (in Spanish). 21 May 2020. Archived from the original on 28 May 2020. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
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2022 Andalusian regional election
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