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20/20 (American TV program)

20/20
GenreNews magazine
Created byRoone Arledge
Presented by
Theme music composer
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
No. of seasons46
No. of episodes500+
Production
Executive producerDavid Sloan (2005–present)
Camera setupMulti-camera
Running time
  • 60 minutes (1979–2019)
  • 120 minutes (2019–present)
Production companyABC News Productions
Original release
NetworkABC
ReleaseJune 6, 1978 (1978-06-06) –
present

20/20 (stylized as 2020) is an American television newsmagazine that has been broadcast on ABC since June 6, 1978. Created by ABC News executive Roone Arledge,[1] the program was designed similarly to CBS's 60 Minutes in that it features in-depth story packages, although it focuses more on human interest stories than international and political subjects. The program's name derives from the "20/20" measurement of visual acuity.

The two-hour-long program has been a staple on Friday evenings (currently airing at 9:00 p.m. Eastern Time Zone) for much of the time since it moved to that timeslot from Thursdays in September 1987, though special editions of the program occasionally air on other nights. For most of its history, it was led into by ABC's two-hour TGIF block of sitcoms.

Since 2019, it has shifted to a two-hour format highlighting true crime stories and celebrity scandals rather than the traditional investigative journalism associated with newsmagazines, following the same programming direction as CBS's 48 Hours and same-night competitor Dateline NBC. Special edition episodes, however, cover a wide range of topics.

History

The anchors on the premiere telecast of 20/20 were Esquire magazine editor Harold Hayes, who also served as the program's senior producer, and Time art critic Robert Hughes. The program's debut received largely harsh reviews; The New York Times described it as "dizzyingly absurd" and The Washington Post denounced it as "the trashiest stab at candycane journalism yet." In his autobiography Roone: A Memoir, Roone Arledge recalled that probably the most embarrassing part of that initial program was the Claymation segments featuring caricatures representing then-President Jimmy Carter (singing "Georgia on My Mind") and Walter Cronkite (closing the program intoning, "That's the way it was"). As a result of the scathing reviews, serious and drastic changes were immediately made: Hayes and Hughes were fired (as was original executive producer Bob Shanks), and a then semi-retired Hugh Downs was recruited to take on the role of sole host on the following week's program.

Also featured in the premiere telecast of 20/20, the opening sequence consisted of a pair of eyeglasses, whose lenses showed colored bars, which are often seen in the SMPTE color bars (used when television stations were off the air between sign-off and sign-on). The eyeglasses were keyed over a yellow background, and rotated to its rear position to reveal the 20/20 studio.

With Downs hosting, 20/20 changed into a more standard yet unique newsmagazine and received kinder reviews from critics. The program was originally launched as a summer replacement series; it was then presented on a once-a-month basis during the 1978–79 television season, before being given a regular weekly timeslot on Thursdays at 10:00 p.m. Eastern Time beginning May 31, 1979. Emmy Award-winning producer, Bernard I. Cohen began his career with ABC evening news in 1964. From 1979 to 1992, he was a lead Producer at 20/20 and helped solidify the program's top Nielsen Ratings. Ratings were generally very good during the summer months during its eight years on Thursday nights despite competition from Knots Landing on CBS and Hill Street Blues on NBC. It was around this time that the program started using the Brock Brower-written signoff line "We're in touch, so you be in touch" to end each program,[2] which continues to be used to now (the program also used the line "Around the world and into your home, the stories that touch your life" as the introduction during the program's opening titles for much of the 1990s).

Barbara Walters joined the program in 1979 in a role something less than a co-anchor and soon became a regular special contributor in the fall of 1981. In 1984, she was named as co-anchor and thus Hugh Downs's equal, reuniting a duo which had already anchored together on NBC's Today from 1964 to 1971. The team would remain together on-air for the next 15 years.

In the fall of 1987, 20/20 was moved to Fridays at 10:00 p.m. Eastern; while in that timeslot, it ranked at 21st place in the annual Nielsen ratings by the 1991–92 season. It aired in that same Friday time slot until the fall of 2001, when ABC briefly replaced the program with the scripted family drama series Once and Again, only for 20/20 to return to the lineup again four months later; it has basically retained the timeslot ever since. While the program briefly moved to the 8:00 p.m. timeslot on October 12, 2007, it reverted to its usual time two weeks later.

In the late 1990s, ABC began to expand the show to additional nights. In September 1997, a second weekly edition of 20/20 with Downs and Walters made its debut on Thursday evenings, later moving to Mondays. From September 1998 to September 2000, ABC News chose to consolidate its newsmagazine programs by combining 20/20 and Primetime Live into a singular brand under the 20/20 name and format to compete with Dateline NBC (which itself ran for four nights a week at the time), and having former Primetime Live anchors Sam Donaldson and Diane Sawyer host 20/20 on Wednesday in the former show's old timeslot. Additional nights were also added during this time with various anchors for each broadcast. At its peak, 20/20 ran on Mondays, Wednesdays and Sundays, in addition to its longtime Friday timeslot; these additional nights of 20/20 were joined by the younger-skewing 20/20 Downtown on Thursday nights in October 1999. In September 2000, ABC reinstated Primetime under the title Primetime Thursday, and spun off 20/20 Downtown as a separate newsmagazine simply titled Downtown on Monday evenings. By early 2002, 20/20 once again was airing only in its original Friday timeslot.

On March 3, 1999, Monica Lewinsky, the former White House intern who was infamously revealed to have been involved in an affair with then-President Bill Clinton a few years earlier, was interviewed by Barbara Walters on the program; that particular edition of 20/20 was watched by an estimated 70 million viewers, which ABC stated was a record audience for a news program.[3]

After Downs' retirement in 1999, Walters became the solo anchor of 20/20. This lasted until John Miller was hired as a permanent co-host of the program in 2002; Miller never got very comfortable in the anchor chair, and a year later, he jumped at the chance to rejoin law enforcement. For a few months in early 2003, Barbara Walters temporarily anchored solo again. However, in May of that year, John Stossel – an investigative correspondent for the program who was behind the controversial, though popular, "Give Me a Break" segments – was named as Walters' new co-anchor. As one of the first veteran anchors, Barbara Walters chose to go into semi-retirement as a broadcast journalist in 2004. However, she remained with 20/20 as a frequent contributor to the program. ABC News correspondent Elizabeth Vargas was promoted to the co-anchor position.

On August 25, 2008, 20/20 (alongside ABC World News and Nightline) began broadcasting in high definition, with broadcasts presented in a pillarbox format for viewers with standard-definition television sets watching either through cable or satellite television. The program also introduced a new set and upconverted its existing graphics package to HD.[4]

In September 2009, before the start of its 31st season, John Stossel announced he would leave the program after 28 years to pursue a new weekly show on Fox Business.[5] Barbara Walters and Diane Sawyer also contributed reports. On December 10, 2009, ABC News announced that Good Morning America news anchor Chris Cuomo was promoted to co-host 20/20 alongside Elizabeth Vargas. On January 29, 2013, it was announced that Chris Cuomo would leave ABC News and 20/20 for CNN to co-host the cable network's new morning news program, New Day; on the same day, ABC announced David Muir would join Elizabeth Vargas as the new co-anchor of the program, in addition to continuing as weekend anchor of ABC World News Tonight (a role he retains after being appointed to main anchor of the since-renamed ABC World News Tonight in September 2014).

The program expanded once again on March 2, 2013, with the debut of 20/20 Saturday, which mainly features rebroadcasts of archived stories from previous editions of 20/20 (mainly those dating back as early as 2008) in the same single topic format as the flagship Friday broadcasts. 20/20 Saturday airs outside of college football season, at either 9:00 p.m. as a two-hour broadcast formatted as separate hour-long episodes centered on two different topics or at 10:00 p.m. Eastern Time as an hour-long broadcast, depending on the programs that precede it that given week. Barbara Walters originally served as host of the program until her retirement from regular television broadcasting in May 2014, after which the hosting duties were turned over the anchors of the Friday editions.

On December 22, 2017, Elizabeth Vargas announced that she would be leaving 20/20 and ABC News at the end of May. On April 23, 2018, Good Morning America news anchor Amy Robach was announced to take over as co-anchor alongside Muir in May; she subsequently departed from ABC News (and 20/20 by extension) on January 27, 2023, after the Daily Mail reported the previous November on an affair between her and T.J. Holmes, who co-anchored GMA3: What You Need to Know with her.[6] Meanwhile, Deborah Roberts was named a contributing anchor to 20/20 on October 4, 2022, via a note from ABC News President Kimberly Godwin.[7]

The December 30, 2022 edition of the program was interrupted in the Eastern and Central time zones by news of Barbara Walters's death around 9:30 p.m. ET, and anchor Phil Liphof anchored coverage for 90 minutes with ABC News's official obituary and comment from other ABC News staff about her life and impact.

20/20 Downtown

Unlike most other newsmagazines, 20/20 Downtown was never carried by any big name anchor. An ensemble team of anchors fronted the broadcast, which was aimed at attracting younger viewers, but was hampered by many of the network's larger market network affiliate stations bumping the program to late night or weekend timeslots to accommodate local pre-game shows or coach's shows/highlight recap programming dealing with NFL or college football teams preceding ABC's Monday Night Football. The anchor/reporting duties were filled by the team of Elizabeth Vargas, Cynthia McFadden, Chris Cuomo, Jay Schadler and John Quiñones. The program was renamed Downtown but was canceled in 2002. In 2003, the program returned for one season as Primetime Monday, with the same anchors and format.

Special episodes

Even though 20/20 still occasionally uses a multiple topic format, the program has seen a gradual shift towards single topic editions since the late 2000s (similar to what has occurred with Dateline NBC since around the same timeframe, although continuing to include a wider range of topics), either in the form of various story packages that relate to the topic or a focus on a single story.

Bad Romance: A Special Edition of 20/20

Theme music

The distinctive theme music to 20/20 was written by Robert Arnold Israel Sr. (who among other credits, also co-wrote theme music for now-cancelled fellow ABC series All My Children and One Life to Live) and based upon the longtime Lillian Scheinert-written theme used for ABC World News Tonight. The original theme was revamped around 1993, and was subsequently replaced in 1999, along with the 20/20 logo and the anchor desk on the program's set. Finally the orchestral 20/20 theme was updated in 2001, along with a few modifications in 2003 and 2005. In 2009, the theme was once again revamped, and once more in 2010, along with new graphics to reflect the news magazine's new darker tone; this new theme was written by DreamArtists Studios. In 2012 the theme was revamped, again arranged by DreamArtists Studios.

On-air staff

Current on-air staff

Note: 20/20 has specials with other "on-air staff".[8]

Anchors

Correspondents

Former on-air staff

Anchors

Correspondents

Ratings

Season Nielsen
ranking
Average viewership
1977–78 N/A (summer)
1978–79
1979–80
1980–81
1981–82
1982–83
1983–84
1984–85 55 13.7 million[citation needed]
1985–86 40 15.5 million[citation needed]
1986–87 43 14.2 million[citation needed]
1987–88 54 12.6 million[citation needed]
1988–89 40 14.1 million[citation needed]
1989–90 44 13.5 million[citation needed]
1990–91 33 13.5 million[citation needed]
1991–92 21 14.4 million[9]
1992–93 12 15.1 million[10]
1993–94 15 14.3 million[11]
1994–95 17 14.0 million[12]
1995–96 11 13.6 million[13]
1996–97 12 12.8 million[14]
1997–98 19 15.0 million[15]
1998–99 22 13.7 million[16]
1999–2000 33 12.2 million[17]
2000–01 44 11.5 million[18]
2001–02 60 9.7 million[19]
2002–03 76 8.8 million[20]
2003–04 58 9.6 million[21]
2004–05 66 8.5 million[22]
2005–06 75 8.0 million[23]
2006–07 106 7.5 million[24]
2007–08 114 6.5 million[25]
2008–09 76 7.0 million[26]
2009–10 77 6.3 million[27]
2010–11 100 5.8 million[28]
2011–12 107 5.6 million[29]
2012–13 83 5.7 million[30]
2013–14
2014–15
2015–16
2016–17
2017–18
2018–19 97 4.8 million[31]
2019–20 90 4.4 million[32]
2020-21 72 4.11 million[33]
2021-22 58 4.23 million[34]
2022-23 63 3.87 million[35]

Syndication

True crime-focused episodes of the series air in first-run syndication on Oprah Winfrey Network and Investigation Discovery as 20/20 on OWN/ID.

International broadcasts

Local versions

  • In the Republic of Ireland, an Irish version of 20/20 launched on TV3 in 1998. The show, which was canceled in 2002, used a mix of reports produced domestically and for the American edition.
  • In New Zealand, TVNZ 1 airs an hour-long local version, featuring American-produced stories.

See also

References

  1. ^ Suzanne Trimel (April 26, 2000). "Roone Arledge Auditorium And Cinema Dedicated April 25". Columbia University.
  2. ^ "A Horrifying Satire of Hollywood Returns". The Huffington Post. November 18, 2011.
  3. ^ John Cloud (March 8, 1999). "Monica's makeover". CNN.
  4. ^ Burns, Matt (August 25, 2008). "ABC World News, Nightline, 20/20, & Primetime going high-def". TechCrunch. Retrieved March 8, 2024.
  5. ^ Brian Stelter (September 11, 2009). "John Stossel Leaving ABC for Fox Business". The New York Times.
  6. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M.; Koblin, John (January 27, 2023). "ABC Co-Anchors to Leave Network After Tabloid Scandal". The New York Times. Retrieved January 27, 2023.
  7. ^ Johnson, Ted (October 4, 2022). "Deborah Roberts Adds '20/20′ Contributing Anchor To ABC News Duties". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 27, 2023.
  8. ^ "Transcript: ABC News' George Stephanopoulos' exclusive interview with President Trump". ABC News. June 16, 2019. Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  9. ^ Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946-Present (Ninth ed.). Ballantine Books. p. 1693. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4.
  10. ^ Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946-Present (Ninth ed.). Ballantine Books. p. 1693. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4.
  11. ^ Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946-Present (Ninth ed.). Ballantine Books. p. 1693. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4.
  12. ^ Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946-Present (Ninth ed.). Ballantine Books. p. 1694. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4.
  13. ^ Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946-Present (Ninth ed.). Ballantine Books. p. 1694. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4.
  14. ^ Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946-Present (Ninth ed.). Ballantine Books. p. 1694. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4.
  15. ^ "The Final Countdown". EW.com. May 29, 1998. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  16. ^ Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946-Present (Ninth ed.). Ballantine Books. p. 1695. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4.
  17. ^ "Charts on Box Office Films, Film Trailers, Film Release, Independent Films, Music, TV Ratings, Theater, Video Games". Variety. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  18. ^ "The Bitter End". EW.com. Entertainment Weekly. June 1, 2001. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  19. ^ "How did your favorite show rate?". USA Today. May 28, 2002. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  20. ^ "Rank And File". EW.com. Entertainment Weekly. June 6, 2003. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  21. ^ "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. June 2, 2004. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  22. ^ "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. June 1, 2005. Archived from the original on March 10, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  23. ^ "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. May 31, 2006. Archived from the original on March 10, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  24. ^ "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. June 5, 2007. Archived from the original on January 7, 2009. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  25. ^ "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. May 28, 2008. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  26. ^ "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. May 19, 2009. Archived from the original on June 23, 2009. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  27. ^ "Final 2009–10 Broadcast Primetime Show Average Viewership". TV by the Numbers. Zap2It. June 16, 2010. Archived from the original on August 21, 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  28. ^ "2010–11 Season Broadcast Primetime Show Viewership Averages". TV by the Numbers. Zap2It. June 1, 2011. Archived from the original on February 9, 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  29. ^ "Complete List Of 2011–12 Season TV Show Viewership: 'Sunday Night Football' Tops, Followed By 'American Idol,' 'NCIS' & 'Dancing With The Stars'". TV by the Numbers. Zap2It. May 24, 2012. Archived from the original on May 27, 2012. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  30. ^ "Complete List Of 2012–13 Season TV Show Viewership: 'Sunday Night Football' Tops, Followed By 'NCIS,' 'The Big Bang Theory' & 'NCIS: Los Angeles'". TV by the Numbers. Zap2It. May 29, 2013. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  31. ^ "2018–19 TV Season: Live-Plus-7 Ratings for Every Broadcast Series". The Hollywood Reporter. June 10, 2019.
  32. ^ "TV Ratings: 7-Day Season Averages for Every 2019–20 Broadcast Series". The Hollywood Reporter. June 4, 2020.
  33. ^ "2020-21 TV Ratings: Complete 7-Day Ratings for Broadcast Network Series". The Hollywood Reporter. June 8, 2021.
  34. ^ "2021-22 TV Ratings: Final Seven-Day Numbers for Every Network Series". The Hollywood Reporter. June 8, 2022.
  35. ^ "100 Most-Watched TV Series of 2022-23: This Season's Winners and Losers". Variety. May 29, 2023.
  36. ^ Knox, David (April 24, 2015). "Bruce Jenner: The Interview live on SKY News Business". TV Tonight. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
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20/20 (American TV program)
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