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1986 Asian Games

X Asian Games
Host citySeoul, South Korea
Nations27
Athletes4,839
Events296 in 25 sports
Opening20 September 1986
Closing5 October 1986
Opened byChun Doo-hwan
President of South Korea
Closed byFahad Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
President of the Olympic Council of Asia
Torch lighterJang Jae-keun and Park Mi-sun[1]
Main venueOlympic Stadium
Summer
Winter

The 1986 Asian Games (Korean: 1986년 아시아 경기대회/1986년 아시안 게임, romanizedCheon gubaek palsip-yuk nyeon Asia gyeonggi daehoe/Cheon gubaek palsip-yuk nyeon Asian Geim), officially known as the 10th Asian Games and the X Asiad (Korean: 제10회 아시아 경기대회/제10회 아시안 게임, romanizedJesiphoe Asia gyeonggi daehoe/Jesiphoe Asian Geim) and commonly known as Seoul 1986 (Korean: 서울 1986, romanizedSeoul Cheon gubaek palsip-yuk) were held from 20 September to 5 October 1986, in Seoul, South Korea. The venues and facilities of the 10th Asiad were the same venues and facilities that would be used in the 1988 Summer Olympics, as it was considered a test event.

Seoul had previously been scheduled to host the 1970 games, but it received security threats from neighbouring North Korea, forcing it to give up hosting the games to previous 1966 host Bangkok, Thailand.

Host city selection

Baghdad, Iraq; Pyongyang, North Korea; and Seoul, South Korea were the bidding cities for the Games, but during the process Baghdad and Pyongyang withdrew, leaving Seoul as only bidding city.[2]

Boycott

Boycotting countries are in dark red

Communist states Mongolia, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Afghanistan, and South Yemen, as well as Burma, Syrian Arab Republic and Brunei Darussalam boycotted the Games in support of the North Korea failed proposal to host some events during the 1988 Summer Olympics. However, the only communist participating country, the People's Republic of China, which was set to host the next games in Beijing, didn't participate and sent a high profile delegation, and ultimately finished at the top of the medal table. Two years later, all except North Korea participated at the 1988 Summer Olympics, although Brunei sent only one official and no athletes.

Gimpo International Airport bomb

A North Korean spy detonated a bomb behind a vending machine in Gimpo International Airport and killed five people, including a South Korean delegate, just a few days before the Games started.

Participating nations

The following 27 nations participated.[3]

  •  Bahrain (63)
  •  Bangladesh (51)
  •  Bhutan (8)
  •  China (388)
  •  Hong Kong (184)
  •  India (300)
  •  Indonesia (205)
  •  Iran (94)
  •  Iraq (52)
  •  Japan (440)
  •  Jordan (30)
  •  Kuwait (191)
  •  Lebanon (10)
  •  Malaysia (125)
  •  Maldives (5)
  •  Nepal (105)
  •  North Yemen (10)
  •  Oman (54)
  •  Pakistan (98)
  •  Philippines (93)
  •  Qatar (62)
  •  Saudi Arabia (73)
  •  Singapore (33)
  •  South Korea (494)
  •  Sri Lanka (20)
  •  Thailand (204)
  •  United Arab Emirates (30)

Mascot

The official mascot for the 1986 Asian Games was Hodori the tiger, which was also the mascot of the 1988 Summer Olympics.

Sports

Calendar

 ●  Opening ceremony     Event competitions  ●  Event finals  ●  Closing ceremony
September / October 1986 20th
Sat
21st
Sun
22nd
Mon
23rd
Tue
24th
Wed
25th
Thu
26th
Fri
27th
Sat
28th
Sun
29th
Mon
30th
Tue
1st
Wed
2nd
Thu
3rd
Fri
4th
Sat
5th
Sun
Gold
medals
Archery 4 8 12
Athletics 4 9 10 6 8 5 42
Badminton 2 5 7
Basketball 1 1 2
Bowling 2 2 6 2 12
Boxing 12 12
Cycling – Road 1 2 3
Cycling – Track 1 1 1 3 6
Diving 1 1 1 1 4
Equestrian 2 1 1 1 1 6
Fencing 1 2 1 2 2 8
Field hockey 1 1 2
Football 1 1
Golf 2 2
Gymnastics 1 1 2 10 14
Handball 1 1
Judo 2 2 2 2 8
Rowing 8 8
Sailing 5 5
Shooting 4 5 7 2 4 5 3 30
Swimming 4 5 5 5 5 5 29
Table tennis 2 5 7
Taekwondo 2 2 2 2 8
Tennis 2 2 2 1 7
Volleyball 1 1 2
Water polo 1 1
Weightlifting 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10
Wrestling 5 5 5 5 20
Total gold medals 11 13 17 19 23 16 17 13 25 26 22 9 18 34 6 269
Ceremonies
September / October 1986 20th
Sat
21st
Sun
22nd
Mon
23rd
Tue
24th
Wed
25th
Thu
26th
Fri
27th
Sat
28th
Sun
29th
Mon
30th
Tue
1st
Wed
2nd
Thu
3rd
Fri
4th
Sat
5th
Sun
Gold
medals

Venues

The following venues were used during the Games.[1]

Venue Sports
Jamsil Olympic Stadium Ceremonies, Athletics, Football (Finals)
Busan Gudeok Stadium Football
Busan Yachting Center Sailing
Daegu Civic Stadium Football
Daejeon Stadium Football
Dongdaemun Stadium Football
East Seoul Bowling Center Bowling
Gwacheon Equestrian Park Equestrian
Gwangju Mudeung Stadium Football
Hanyang Country Club Golf
Hanyang University Gymnasium Volleyball
Hwarang Archery Field Archery
Jamsil Arena Basketball
Jamsil Indoor Swimming Pool Diving, Swimming, Water polo
Jamsil Students' Gymnasium Boxing
Misari Regatta Rowing
Seoul Olympic Gymnastics Arena Badminton, Gymnastics
Olympic Fencing Gymnasium Fencing
Sangmu Gymnasium Wrestling
Olympic Tennis Center Tennis
Olympic Weightlifting Gymnasium Weightlifting
Saemaul Sports Hall Judo
Seongnam Hockey Stadium Field hockey
Seoul Olympic Velodrome Cycling (track)
Seoul National University Gymnasium Table tennis
Suwon Gymnasium Handball
Sungkyunkwan University Suwon Campus Gymnasium Taekwondo
Taenung International Shooting Range Shooting
Tongillo Road Course Cycling (road)

Medal table

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, South Korea, is highlighted.

  *   Host nation (South Korea)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 China (CHN)948246222
2 South Korea (KOR)*935576224
3 Japan (JPN)587677211
4 Iran (IRN)661022
5 India (IND)592337
6 Philippines (PHI)45918
7 Thailand (THA)3101326
8 Pakistan (PAK)2349
9 Indonesia (INA)151420
10 Hong Kong (HKG)1135
11–22Remaining3163554
Totals (22 entries)270268310848

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "서울아시아경기대회". Encyclopedia of Korean Culture. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  2. ^ "第10届亚运会概况—1986年汉城亚运会". Tencent Sports. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  3. ^ 1986 Asian Games Opening Ceremony Athletes Parade
Preceded byNew Delhi Asian Games Seoul X Asiad (1986) Succeeded byBeijing
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1986 Asian Games
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