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1983 Extremaduran regional election

1983 Extremaduran regional election

8 May 1983 1987 →

All 65 seats in the Assembly of Extremadura
33 seats needed for a majority
Registered786,200
Turnout565,244 (71.9%)
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Juan Carlos Rodríguez Ibarra Adolfo Díaz-Ambrona Pedro Cañada
Party PSOE AP–PDP–PL EU
Leader since 20 December 1982 1976 10 December 1980
Leader's seat Badajoz Badajoz Cáceres
Seats won 35 20 6
Popular vote 296,939 168,606 47,504
Percentage 53.0% 30.1% 8.5%

  Fourth party
 
Leader Manuel Pareja
Party PCE
Leader since 1983
Leader's seat Badajoz
Seats won 4
Popular vote 36,294
Percentage 6.5%

Constituency results map for the Assembly of Extremadura

President before election

Juan Carlos Rodríguez Ibarra
PSOE

Elected President

Juan Carlos Rodríguez Ibarra
PSOE

The 1983 Extremaduran regional election was held on Sunday, 8 May 1983, to elect the 1st Assembly of the autonomous community of Extremadura. All 65 seats in the Assembly were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in twelve other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), under the leadership of pre-autonomic president Juan Carlos Rodríguez Ibarra,[1][2] won a landslide victory by securing 53% of the share and 36 out of 65 seats. The People's Coalition, the electoral alliance of the People's Alliance (AP), the People's Democratic Party (PDP) and the Liberal Union (UL), emerged as the second largest political force with 30% of the vote and 20 seats, whereas United Extremadura (EU) and the Communist Party of Spain (PCE) entered the Assembly with 6 and 4 seats, respectively.[3]

Overview

Electoral system

The Assembly of Extremadura was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Extremadura, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Extremaduran Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a regional president.[4]

Transitory Provision First of the Statute established a specific electoral procedure for the first election to the Regional Assembly of Murcia, to be supplemented by the provisions within Royal Decree-Law 20/1977, of 18 March, and its related regulations. Voting for the Assembly was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over 18 years of age, registered in Extremadura and in full enjoyment of their political rights. The 65 members of the Assembly of Extremadura were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with an electoral threshold of five percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Alternatively, parties failing to reach the threshold in one of the constituencies were also entitled to enter the seat distribution as long as they ran candidates in both districts and reached five percent regionally. Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Badajoz and Cáceres, with each being allocated a fixed number of seats: 35 for Badajoz and 30 for Cáceres.[4][5]

Election date

The Junta of Extremadura, in agreement with the Government of Spain, was required to call an election to the Assembly of Extremadura before 31 May 1983. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional president within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Assembly was to be automatically dissolved and a snap election called, with elected deputies merely serving out what remained of their four-year terms.[4]

On 7 March 1983, it was confirmed that the first election to the Assembly of Extremadura would be held on Sunday, 8 May, together with regional elections for twelve other autonomous communities as well as nationwide local elections.[6][7][8]

Parliamentary composition

The first election to the Assembly of Extremadura was officially called on 10 March 1983, after the publication of the election decree in the Official Gazette of the Autonomous Community of Extremadura, with the mandate of the provisional Assembly ending on 8 May 1983.[9] The table below shows the composition of the parliamentary groups in the provisional Assembly at the time of its expiry.[2]

Parliamentary composition in May 1983
Groups Parties Legislators
Seats Total
Socialist Parliamentary Group PSOE 41 41
People's Parliamentary Group AP 16 16
Centrist Parliamentary Group UCD 5 5
Mixed Parliamentary Group EU 2 3
PCE 1

Parties and candidates

The electoral law allowed for parties and federations registered in the interior ministry, coalitions and groupings of electors to present lists of candidates. Parties and federations intending to form a coalition ahead of an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within fifteen days of the election call, whereas groupings of electors needed to secure the signature of at least one-thousandth of the electorate in the constituencies for which they sought election—with a compulsory minimum of 500 signatures—disallowing electors from signing for more than one list of candidates.[5]

Below is a list of the main parties and electoral alliances which contested the election:

Candidacy Parties and
alliances
Leading candidate Ideology Gov. Ref.
PSOE Juan Carlos Rodríguez Ibarra Social democracy checkY
AP–PDP–UL Adolfo Díaz-Ambrona Conservatism
Christian democracy
☒N
EU
List
Pedro Cañada Regionalism ☒N
PCE Manuel Pareja Eurocommunism ☒N

Results

Overall

Summary of the 8 May 1983 Assembly of Extremadura election results
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 296,939 53.02 n/a 35 n/a
People's Coalition (APPDPUL) 168,606 30.10 n/a 20 n/a
United Extremadura (EU) 47,504 8.48 n/a 6 n/a
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 36,294 6.48 n/a 4 n/a
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 4,414 0.79 n/a 0 n/a
Extremaduran Popular Bloc (BPEx) 2,249 0.40 n/a 0 n/a
Spanish Communist Workers' PartyUnified Communist Party (PCOE–PCEU) 1,463 0.26 n/a 0 n/a
Blank ballots 2,622 0.47 n/a
Total 560,091 65 n/a
Valid votes 560,091 99.09 n/a
Invalid votes 5,153 0.91 n/a
Votes cast / turnout 565,244 71.90 n/a
Abstentions 220,956 28.10 n/a
Registered voters 786,200
Sources[10][11][12]
Popular vote
PSOE
53.02%
AP–PDP–UL
30.10%
EU
8.48%
PCE
6.48%
Others
1.45%
Blank ballots
0.47%
Seats
PSOE
53.85%
AP–PDP–UL
30.77%
EU
9.23%
PCE
6.15%

Distribution by constituency

Constituency PSOE CP EU PCE
% S % S % S % S
Badajoz 56.6 20 30.9 11 3.4 1 8.3 3
Cáceres 47.5 15 29.0 9 16.3 5 3.7 1
Total 53.0 35 30.1 20 8.5 6 6.5 4
Sources[11][12]

Aftermath

Government formation

Investiture
Juan Carlos Rodríguez Ibarra (PSOE)
Ballot → 7 June 1983
Required majority → 33 out of 65 checkY
Yes
38 / 65
No
  • EU (6)
6 / 65
Abstentions
0 / 65
Absentees
21 / 65
Sources[12]

1987 motion of no confidence

Motion of no confidence
Adolfo Díaz-Ambrona (AP)
Ballot → 18 March 1987
Required majority → 33 out of 65 ☒N
Yes
17 / 65
No
36 / 65
Abstentions
1 / 65
Absentees
11 / 65
Sources[12][13]

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Los votos de dos centristas pemiten a un socialista presidir la Junta de Extremadura". El País (in Spanish). 22 December 1982. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Juan Carlos Rodríguez y Pablo Castellano, al frente de los órganos autonómicos extremeños". El País (in Spanish). 6 March 1983. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  3. ^ "Rodriguez Ibarra conserva el cargo". El País (in Spanish). 10 May 1983. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  4. ^ a b c "Ley Orgánica 1/1983, de 25 de febrero, de Estatuto de Autonomía de Extremadura". Organic Law No. 1 of 25 February 1983 (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Real Decreto-ley 20/1977, de 18 de marzo, sobre Normas Electorales". Royal Decree-Law No. 20 of 18 March 1977 (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Se confirma el 8 de mayo como la fecha de las elecciones locales". El País (in Spanish). 8 March 1983. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  7. ^ "Hoy se hará oficial la convocatoria de elecciones locales para el 8 de mayo". El País (in Spanish). 9 March 1983. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  8. ^ "Convocadas las elecciones locales y autonómicas para el domingo 8 de mayo". El País (in Spanish). 10 March 1983. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  9. ^ "Decreto 5/83 de la Junta de Extremadura por el que se convocan elecciones a la Asamblea de Extremadura" (PDF). Boletín Oficial de la Comunidad Autónoma de Extremadura (in Spanish) (2): 7046–7047. 10 March 1983. ISSN 9957-196X.
  10. ^ "Assembly of Extremadura election, 1983". www.datoselecciones.com (in Spanish). Election Data. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  11. ^ a b "Assembly of Extremadura election results, 8 May 1983. Badajoz and Cáceres" (PDF). www.juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Central Electoral Commission. 12 September 1983. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  12. ^ a b c d "Eleccions a la Asamblea de Extremadura (1983 - 2019)". Historia Electoral.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  13. ^ "AP se quedó sola en la moción de censura contra la Junta de Extremadura". El País (in Spanish). 20 March 1987. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
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1983 Extremaduran regional election
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