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1931 Canadian census

1931 Canadian census

← 1926 June 1, 1931 1936 →

General information
Total population10,376,379 (Increase 17.9%)

The Canada 1931 census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. The census count was taken as at June 1, 1931. The total population count was 10,376,379 representing a 17.9% increase over the 1911 census population count of 8,800,249.[1] The 1931 census was the seventh comprehensive decennial census since Canadian Confederation on July 1, 1867. The previous census was the Northwest Provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba 1926 census and the following census was the Northwest Provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba 1936 census.

This census was released to the public on June 1, 2023, 92 years after the census data was collected.[2][3]

Population by province

Province 1931 census[4] 1921 census[4] Difference % change
Prince Edward Island 88,038 88,615 -577 -0.7%
Nova Scotia 512,846 523,837 -10,991 -2.1%
New Brunswick 408,219 387,876 20,343 5.2%
Quebec 2,874,662 2,361,199 514,152 21.8%
Ontario 3,431,683 2,933,622 498,021 17.0%
Manitoba 700,139 610,118 90,021 14.8%
Saskatchewan 921,785 757,510 164,275 21.7%
Alberta 731,605 588,454 143,151 24.3%
British Columbia 694,263 524,582 169,681 32.3%
Yukon Territory 4,230 4,157 73 1.8%
Northwest Territories 9,316 7,988 1,173 14.4%
Royal Canadian Navy 0 485 N/A N/A
Total 10,376,786 8,788,483 1,588,837 18.1%

The highest growth rate was in British Columbia, while Quebec added the largest number of new residents. Only Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia experienced a decline in population.


  1. ^ "Population Urban and Rural". Statistics Canada. 15 January 2001. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  2. ^ "Preparing the 1931 Census". Library and Archives Canada. 17 February 2023. Retrieved 20 April 2023.
  3. ^ "1931 Census of Canada to be released on June 1, 2023". Library and Archives Canada. 14 March 2023. Retrieved 1 June 2023.
  4. ^ a b "Historical Statistics of Canada: Population and Migration". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
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1931 Canadian census
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