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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1885 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1885
Ab urbe condita2638
Armenian calendar1334
Assyrian calendar6635
Baháʼí calendar41–42
Balinese saka calendar1806–1807
Bengali calendar1292
Berber calendar2835
British Regnal year48 Vict. 1 – 49 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar2429
Burmese calendar1247
Byzantine calendar7393–7394
Chinese calendar甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
4582 or 4375
    — to —
乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
4583 or 4376
Coptic calendar1601–1602
Discordian calendar3051
Ethiopian calendar1877–1878
Hebrew calendar5645–5646
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1941–1942
 - Shaka Samvat1806–1807
 - Kali Yuga4985–4986
Holocene calendar11885
Igbo calendar885–886
Iranian calendar1263–1264
Islamic calendar1302–1303
Japanese calendarMeiji 18
Javanese calendar1814–1815
Julian calendarGregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar4218
Minguo calendar27 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar417
Thai solar calendar2427–2428
Tibetan calendar阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2011 or 1630 or 858
    — to —
(female Wood-Rooster)
2012 or 1631 or 859

1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1885th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 885th year of the 2nd millennium, the 85th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1880s decade. As of the start of 1885, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.



Feb. 21: Washington Monument dedicated.



The Reitwagen (riding car), the first internal combustion motorcycle (1885)


Date unknown

The Benz Patent-Motorwagen, built in 1885


January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December · Date unknown


John Curtin
Claude Fuess


Bess Truman



Clementine Churchill


Otto Klemperer




D H Lawrence


Ben Chifley


Niels Bohr


George S. Patton
Heinrich Brüning


Date unknown



Victor Hugo


Ulysses S. Grant

Date unknown

In fiction


  1. ^ Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 310–311. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  2. ^ a b Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 438–440. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  3. ^ Dow Record Book Adds Another First. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
  4. ^ Hansen (1992), p. 28.
  5. ^ The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
  6. ^ "Cremation". The Times. No. 31405. London. March 27, 1885. p. 10.
  7. ^ Mackenzie, John (1887). Austral Africa: Losing It or Ruling It; Being Incidents and Experiences in Bechuanaland, Cape Colony, and England. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington via World Digital Library. Archived from the original on April 12, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  8. ^ "Silverton". The Argus. Melbourne, Vic. July 30, 1885. p. 10. Retrieved February 8, 2022.
  9. ^ Gardiner, Mark (1997). Classic motorcycles. MetroBooks. p. 16. ISBN 1-56799-460-1.
  10. ^ Brown, Roland (2005). The Ultimate History of Fast Motorcycles. Bath: Parragon. p. 6. ISBN 1-4054-5466-0.
  11. ^ Wilson, Hugo (1993). The Ultimate Motorcycle Book. Dorling Kindersley. pp. 8–9. ISBN 1-56458-303-1.
  12. ^ Benz, Carl Friedrich (1925). Lebensfahrt eines deutschen erfinders; erinnerungen eines achtzigjahrigen. Leipzig: Koehler & Amelang.
  13. ^ "Icons of Invention: Rover safety bicycle, 1885". Making the Modern World. Science Museum (London). Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
  14. ^ "Home Insurance Building". SkyscraperPage. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
  15. ^ "24,346 Christians Massacred, Altogether, In Cochin-China". The Cornishman. No. 387. December 17, 1885. p. 8.
  16. ^ Martin Bucco; G. K. Hall & Company (1986). Critical Essays on Sinclair Lewis. G.K. Hall. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-8161-8698-3.
  17. ^ Radio Liberty Research Bulletin. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 1985. p. 8.
  18. ^ Richard R. Hobbs (1997). Naval Science. Naval Institute Press. p. 160. ISBN 978-1-55750-373-2.
  19. ^ Smith, Lyn (2012). Heroes of the Holocaust: Ordinary Britons Who Risked Their Lives to Make a Difference. Ebury Publishing. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-09-194067-6.
  20. ^ O. Classe; [Anonymus AC02468681] (2000). Encyclopedia of Literary Translation Into English: A-L. Taylor & Francis. p. 158. ISBN 978-1-884964-36-7.((cite book)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  21. ^ Current Biography: Who's News and Why, 1953. Hw Wilson Company. June 1953. p. 124. ISBN 978-0-8242-0119-7.
  22. ^ Obituary, The Musical Times, September 1950, p. 362
  23. ^ Marques, Virgílio (2018). "Notas biográficas". Hemeroteca Municipal de Lisboa. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  24. ^ "Ezen a napon született Kürschner Izidor, a kiváló játékos és világjáró edző, akinek Brazíliában szobrot állítottak".
  25. ^ John Worthen (July 31, 1992). D. H. Lawrence: The Early Years 1885-1912: The Cambridge Biography of D. H. Lawrence. Cambridge University Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-521-43772-1.
  26. ^ K. R. Srinivasa Iyengar (1963). Francois Mauriac: Novelist & Moralist. Asia Publishing House. p. 2.
  27. ^ Lawrence S. Rainey (December 15, 1991). Ezra Pound and the Monument of Culture: Text, History, and the Malatesta Cantos. University of Chicago Press. p. 43. ISBN 978-0-226-70316-9.
  28. ^ Turda, Marius, and Paul Weindling. "Blood and Homeland": Eugenics and Racial Nationalism in Central and Southeast Europe, 1900-1940. Budapest: Central European UP, 2007. pp. 1 Print.
  29. ^ Mangion, Fabian (March 8, 2015). "Recalling a brave, sincere patriot forgotten by Malta". Times of Malta. Archived from the original on December 25, 2018. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  30. ^ Albert W. Halsall (January 1, 1998). Victor Hugo and the Romantic Drama. University of Toronto Press. p. 206. ISBN 978-0-8020-4322-1.

Further reading

  • "Appletons' Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events of the Year 1885". Appletons' Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events of the Year. New York: D. Appleton and Co. 25: 42 v. 1887. hdl:2027/hvd.hb0r95.
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